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Biological Warfare and Survival


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As long as there have been diseases, there has been biological warfare. From throwing dead carcasses over the walls of cities to today's sophisticated genomes. What is it and how do you survive it or a Pandemic?

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Biological Warfare and Survival

  1. 1. Biological Warfare, Viruses, and Pandemic Survival
  2. 2. It is very likely we will experience a pandemic in the next 50 years. It is also likely that we will see the use of biological weapons of mass destruction. There are three types of weapons of mass destruction: nuclear, biological and chemical. Most of us are unaware of biological weapons.
  3. 3. Biological warfare is the use of infectious agents or toxins to incapacitate or kill humans, plants or animals. Bioterrorism is the same, except not state- sponsored. Biological Warfare
  4. 4. As long as there has been warfare, humans have used biological warfare in various forms. Biological Warfare
  5. 5. The problem with biological weapons has always been that they are indiscriminate. They kill the side employing them as much as the side they are used against. Biological Warfare
  6. 6. What is on the horizon, and probably already developed in secret, are genetic weapons, which are targeted toward specific ethnicities and/or genotypes. The implications of such weapons are staggering. Genetic Weapons
  7. 7. The Black Death killed between 75 to 200 million people between the years 1346-1353. Plague
  8. 8. Why are the odds of a pandemic high? 1. Global population has increased dramatically. 2. People are moving to crowded, central locations: cities. 3. World-wide travel is much faster and more common. Pandemic
  9. 9. What are the Six Stages of a pandemic? The World Health Organization has a Six Stage influenza program, plus two Periods: Stage 1 No animal influenza virus circulating among animals have been reported to cause infection in humans. Stage 2 An animal influenza virus circulating in domesticated or wild animals is known to have caused infection in humans and is therefore considered a specific potential pandemic threat. Stage 3 An animal or human-animal influenza reassortant virus has caused sporadic cases or small clusters of disease in people, but has not resulted in human-to-human transmission sufficient to sustain community-level outbreaks. Pandemic
  10. 10. What are the Six Stages of a pandemic? Stage 4 Human-to-human transmission of an animal or human-animal influenza reassortant virus able to sustain community-level outbreaks has been verified. Stage 5 The same identified virus has caused sustained community level outbreaks in two or more countries in one WHO region. Phase 6 In addition to the criteria defined in Phase 5, the same virus has caused sustained community level outbreaks in at least one other country in another WHO region. LOST PEAK PERIOD Levels of pandemic influenza in most countries with adequate surveillance have dropped below peak levels. POST PANDEMIC PERIOD Levels of influenza activity have returned to the levels seen for seasonal influenza in most countries with adequate surveillance. Pandemic
  11. 11. According to the WHO, if an influenza pandemic were to emerge today, we could expect: As people today are highly internationally mobile, the pandemic virus would spread rapidly around the world. Vaccines, antiviral agents, and antibiotics to treat secondary infections would quickly be in short supply. Several months would be needed before any vaccine became available. This is because some pandemic viruses are new ones. Medical facilities would be overwhelmed. There would be sudden and potentially considerable shortages of personnel to provide vital community services as the illness became widespread. Biological Warfare
  12. 12. What To Do? Depending on where you live and how much you travel will determine what your chances of getting infected. If you live in an urban setting, the chances are higher. Whether it’s a pandemic or just the flu, here are basic steps to take: Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw it away after use. Use a mask if you become aware that people are getting sick. Wash your hands with soap and water. Use disinfection. One curious fact brought up in Contagion was the number of times we touch our faces with our hands. Biological Warfare/Disease
  13. 13. What To Do? Stay away from the sick people. That sounds easy, but what if you’re a first responder or a health care provider? Stay away from crowds. If it’s a true pandemic, it’s not likely that a hospital is a place to go as it will quickly become overwhelmed with the sick and dying. The bottom line is to stay aware and isolate yourself and your team as quickly as possible. Biological Warfare/Disease
  14. 14. More information on infectious diseases are on another slideshare, the link is at the end. Pandemic
  15. 15. Infectious DiseasesThis topic has been central to the books below:
  16. 16. The book on the left is how you prepare NOW. The book on the right, is your guide to surviving an emergency or catastrophe given you’ve prepared. The handbook in the center is a FREE, distilled version of both books for those who might not be able to afford purchasing this important information- click on cover for any. Print Book
  17. 17. I highly recommend getting at least one print copy of the survival manual. During an emergency you can’t count on an eBook. It’s pocket-sized— shown next to my trusty, old Ranger Handbook. I keep one in the glove compartment of each car, in every Grab-n-Go bag and also give them as gifts— the gift of life. Click on image for print version Print Book
  18. 18. I’m fascinated by history, science, myths, legends, people outside the bell curve, the power of the conscious and subconscious mind, special operations, survival and more. Cool Gus is mainly interested in food. Then sleep. Then sometimes chasing a ball. But mainly food.