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A Brief History of Computer and Cyber Warfare

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From the first attempt to make a machine working with punch cards, through Alan Turing, the ENIAC Six women, Apple, Microsoft, Facebook, Youtube, Stuxnet, Red October to 2016 Presidential Election. It's interesting and it's ugly.

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A Brief History of Computer and Cyber Warfare

  1. 1. A BRIEF HISTORY OF COMPUTERS AND CYBER WARFARE
  2. 2. 1801: Joseph Marie invents a loom using wood punch cards to weave certain fabric designs, the forerunner of computer punch cards.
  3. 3. 1822: Charles Babbage conceptualizes a calculator powered by steam and is funded by the British Government.
  4. 4. 1890: Herman Hollerrith designs a punch system, not a machine, to help calculate the 1880 census and accomplishes the task in only three years (done by hand it took seven); the company he starts will eventually be known as IBM.
  5. 5. 1936: Alan Turing conceptualizes a ‘universal machine’ that would be capable of computing anything that is computable, which is the essence of a computer. Sort of.
  6. 6. 1937: Professor Atanasoff of Iowa State University tries to build a computer without gears, cams, belts or shafts. 1941: Atanasoff designs a computer that can solve 29 equations simultaneously, which is also the first time a computer can store information in a memory.
  7. 7. 1943-1944: Two University of Pennsylvania Professors build the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC), but it takes six women (ENIAC Six) to figure out how to program and maintain its over 18,000 vacuum tubes and they survive to do that (a Time Patrol mission in Valentines Day).
  8. 8. 1946: The same two professors build UNIVAC for the Census Bureau, the first commercial computer (previous ones had been military). 1947: William Shockley and two other invent the transistor, allowing vacuum tubes to be replaced by a solid electric switch.
  9. 9. 1953: Grace Hopper invents COBOL, the first computer language. 1954: FORTRAN is invented for programming.
  10. 10. 1958: The first computer chip is invented. 1964: Douglas Engelbart unveils a prototype of the modern computer using a mouse and a graphical use interface.
  11. 11. 1969: Bell Labs releases UNIX, an operating system that makes computers compatible. 1969: The first Internet message is sent from UCLA to Stanford consisting of two letters before the system crashes, but it was sent (thanks to Scout, a mission in Black Tuesday).
  12. 12. 1969: A classified report by Willis Ware of ARPANET warned about the inevitable in a classified paper which stated that once you put information on a computer network you’re creating inherent vulnerabilities—there would be no more secrets. He was, essentially, ignored.
  13. 13. 1970: A new company called Intel unveils the Intel 1103, with the first Dynamic Access Memory (DRAM) chip. 1971: The floppy disk, allowing information to be share between computers, is released.
  14. 14. 1973: Ethernet is invented to connect multiple computers. 1974: The first personal computers are released, including the IBM5100, Radioshack TRS-80 and the Commodore PET.
  15. 15. 1975: The Altair 8080 is introduced as the first minicomputer kit and two dudes named Paul Allen and Bill Gates write software for it and start their own company, Microsoft. Yes, that’s them.
  16. 16. 1976: On April’s Fool, Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak start Apple, introducing Apple I, the first single circuit board computer.
  17. 17. 1977: Radioshack’s TRS-80 sells out its 3000 copy first production run. 1977: Apple II.
  18. 18. 1979: MicroPro International releases the first word processing program: Wordstar. 1981: IBM releases its first personal computer, Acorn, using MS- DOS.
  19. 19. 1984: At a meeting of the National Security Council, Ronald Reagan, who’d watched the movie Wargames the previous weekend at Camp David, asked if anyone else had seen it? No one had. Reagan described the movie and everyone in the room is exchanging wondering glances. Reagan then tasked the Chairman of Joint Chiefs to report back to him on whether the scenario in the movie, where a kid hacks into the nuclear launch system, was possible. The next week, the Chairman reported back to Reagan that not only was it possible, the entire situation was much worse and “Our computer systems are vulnerable to electronic interference and interception by foreign powers, by criminals.”
  20. 20. 1984: Macintosh (yes, I bought one)
  21. 21. 1985: Windows.
  22. 22. 1985: The first dot.com domain is registered, Symbolics.com. 1986: Compaq introduces the Deskpro 386. 1987: Only 200 domains have been registered in the past two years.
  23. 23. 1988: The first major cyber-attack, the Morris worm, slows down computers to the point of being unusable—the inventor is convicted, and is currently a professor at MIT.
  24. 24. 1990: A researcher at CERN develops HyperText Markup Language (HTML), leading to the rise of the World Wide Web. 1993: The Pentium Processor is introduced.
  25. 25. 1996: Sergey Brin and Larry Page introduce the Google search engine.
  26. 26. 1999: Wifi.
  27. 27. 2001: Apple introduces OS X; Windows brings out Windows XP. 2003: The first 64 bit processor. 2004: Facebook aka thefacebook is essentially invented so guys could rank on girls who dumped them. Which sums that up.
  28. 28. 2005: Youtube. Stupid stunts will never be the same. Or cute dogs.
  29. 29. 2006: NASA blocks all email with attachments for fear of being hacked before shuttle launches; plans for NASA latest space launch vehicles are hacked by some unknown entity. 2010: iPad.
  30. 30. 2010: The “Iranian Cyber Army” disrupts the Chinese search engine Baidu.
  31. 31. 2010: The US and Israel introduce Stuxnet to attack the Iranian nuclear program.
  32. 32. 2011: Canada’s government and National Defense face a major cyber attack. 2011: It’s discovered that a worldwide cyber attack, dubbed ‘Red October’ has been operating since 2007, gathering data from embassies, military, energy, nuclear and other critical infrastructure systems. Look at the map on the next page and guess who was behind it. Of course, look who made the map, which is either ironic or misdirection.
  33. 33. 2012: Facebook passes 1 billion users. Yay? or Nay?
  34. 34. 2016: The United States Presidential Election.
  35. 35. A maxim of writing is: Write What You Know. The links that follow represent that and three additions. I have four pillars to my stories and you'll see that reflected: What I know? What do I want to know What interests me? What am I passionate about? This is updated often with new slideshows. Cool Gus and his niece Sassy Becca (below) hope you find it interesting!
  36. 36. One of six Time Patrol Missions on Hallows Eve. Travel to Zero Day, Zero Year. When that is, the Time Patrol doesn’t know. Where it is? One of the key Internet hubs in the world in NYC. Ivar’s Mission: Hallows Eve
  37. 37. 60 Hudson Street, New York, NY
  38. 38. Click on Image for links
  39. 39. New York Times bestselling author, graduate of West Point, former Green Beret, and feeder of two yellow Labs, most famously Cool Gus. He’s had over seventy books published, including the #1 bestselling series Time Patrol, Area 51, Atlantis, and the Green Berets. Born in the Bronx and having traveled the world he now lives peacefully with his wife and labs. Sort of. Free books below available HERE www.bobmayer.com

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