Is Your Child Ready for College?

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CollegeWeekLive Virtual College Fair Webinar 2010

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  • College prep diplomas, honors, International Baccalaureate, basic diplomas
  • Looking at the 4-year schools by themselves, excluding students who start at a community college with the intent to transfer, only 60% of students who start at a 4-year school complete a degreeThis means 40% of students who start at a 4-year college or university do not compete a degree
  • No minimum ACT or SAT score needed to get in
  • You need to look at all threeWeak students with poor time-management skills “party out”, strong students can wilt under academic pressure
  • Easiest to assess; standardized measures“grade inflation” – the practice of giving higher grades for academic work than the work meritsYou need an objective assessment – ACT is one; COMPASS through a CC is anotherACT junior year; then work w/HS counselor to strengthen skills
  • Time management is one of the biggest challenges for college freshmenStudy time outside of classIn high school, a student’s time is structured: 35 hours in a school building, moving from course subject to course subjectIn college: 15 hours is structured; with online courses, even less time is structuredmost work is done outside of class – readings, projects, group work; no “extra credit”Use a planning grid; de-brief after freshman orientation
  • Research paper, at least 10 pages; MLA style guideOnline courses: all communication, including discussions, is in writing; can’t be successful in online courses without being a strong writer
  • Delay in course sequence for a major such as business; can add another year to your total cost of college – tuition, room, board, feesCan limit student loan eligibility junior or student year
  • Unrealistic expectations can be an issue for strong students in high school who face much more competition in college; is a B acceptable? vs. pressure to maintain grades for scholarshipsHomesickness or “friend” sickness
  • Connect with both adults and fellow studentsTeach problem solving skillsTalking to instructors: role modelingAsk: “What have you already tried to resolve this?”“What did you say?”“What are some of the options you see?” “Who have you already talked to?”Be the teacher of self-advocacy skills
  • Don’t let your child get in over her head!Financial literacy
  • Is Your Child Ready for College?

    1. 1. Is Your Child Ready for College? <br />CollegeWeekLiveFall2010<br />Barbara Cooke, M.A.<br />Parent’s Guide to College and Careers (JIST 2010)<br />http://guidetocollegeandcareers.blogspot.com<br />
    2. 2. Reality Check<br />High school success does not equal college readiness!<br />Multiple HS diploma options today<br />Some students learn college-ready skills in high school; many do not<br />
    3. 3. Reality Check<br />Over 70 % of high school graduates enroll in college within two years of high school graduation<br />Less than 50% complete a Bachelor’s degree or technical career program within six years<br />The problem is more than choosing the “wrong” college<br />
    4. 4. Reality Check<br />Open-admissions institutions: colleges that admit students without regard to academic qualifications<br />Provide access, opportunity<br />Many students have the expectation of going to college without the preparation to be successful in college<br />
    5. 5. What Does It Take? <br />Three kinds of preparedness<br />Academic preparedness<br />Social/emotional preparedness<br />Financial preparedness<br />The college admissions process is heavily focused on just one: academic preparedness<br />
    6. 6. Academic Preparedness<br />What are your child’s basic skills in reading, writing, math, science?<br />You need a standardized measure<br />Take the ACT or Compass test<br />Compare scores to ACT College Readiness Benchmarks<br />
    7. 7. ACT College Readiness Benchmarks<br />ACT or COMPASS test scores needed for 50% chance of earning a B or better or 75 % chance of earning a C or better in college courses traditionally taken in the first year of college<br />College composition, psychology, biology, history, college algebra etc.<br />
    8. 8. Academic Preparedness<br />College level classes vs. remedial classes<br />Remedial (developmental) classes are one of the fastest growing segments of higher education<br />Courses taken in college to bring underprepared students to skill competency of a college freshman<br />Will cost you time and money<br />
    9. 9. Academic Preparedness<br />Time management<br />Two hours of outside study for each one credit hour in class<br />15 college credits : 15 hrs. in class + 30 hrs. of study = 45 hrs. per week needed for school<br />Add a part-time job 20 hrs./week = 65 hrs. of time is scheduled before social life begins<br />
    10. 10. Academic Preparedness<br />Writing skills<br />In college, your child will expected to:<br />Write numerous short and long papers in all classes, not just English classes<br />Read unfamiliar material, analyze it and respond to it in writing<br />Answer essay questions rather than multiple choice questions<br />
    11. 11. Academic Preparedness<br />Math skills<br />College algebra is the minimum degree requirement<br />Remedial/developmental math courses will cost you time and money<br />Insist on 4 years of college prep math in high school<br />
    12. 12. Social/Emotional Preparedness<br />A more subjective assessment <br />How mature is your child?<br />The three “R’s”<br />Responsibility<br />Resilience<br />Resourcefulness<br />
    13. 13. Responsibility<br />Turning in assignments on time<br />Showing up for work and doing a good job<br />Completing household chores<br />Following household rules and curfews<br />Managing money - checking accounts, debit cards, saving for purchases<br />
    14. 14. Resilience<br />Taking criticism well<br />Realistic expectations of self<br />The ability to bounce back after setbacks<br />Self-care:<br />Eating right<br />Exercise<br />Getting enough rest<br />
    15. 15. Resourcefulness<br />Problem solving skills<br />Connecting with other people to identify resources<br />Talking with instructors<br />Creating and using a support system<br />“Helicopter” parents: teach your child to solve the problem, don’t solve it yourself!<br />
    16. 16. Financial Preparedness<br />U.S. student loan debt now exceeds credit card debt – over $830 billion dollars!<br />College debt is an issue for both of you<br />Average student debt for graduates: $24,000<br />Doesn’t include graduate school $$ or credit card debt<br />
    17. 17. Financial Preparedness<br />Sources of money for college:<br />College savings accounts<br />Monthly family income applied to tuition and living expenses<br />Loans, both student and parent<br />Grants and scholarships a student earns or is awarded<br />
    18. 18. Savings for College<br />529 Plan and other college savings accounts<br />Divide $$ by 4.5 years in college<br />Add a year to college costs if:<br />Remedial courses are required<br />College major changes several times<br />
    19. 19. Monthly Income Used for College<br />Tuition payments by parents<br />Student earnings from work-study and part-time jobs<br />Important: Don’t borrow money for what you are already spending for cell phone, food, clothing and other expenses while your child is in high school! <br />
    20. 20. Student Loans<br />More families are borrowing for college<br />How much is too much student loan debt? <br />Both parents and students need to know their “debt threshold”<br />How much you can borrow and comfortably repay the loan?<br />
    21. 21. Parent Loans for College<br />Parent guideline: <br /> Your total household debt payments all your debts -- including mortgage payments, credit cards, car loans and education loans -- shouldn't eat up more than 35% of your gross pay<br />
    22. 22. Parent Loans for College<br />Family income: <br />$100,000/year<br />Total debt on mortgage, car payments, credit cards, other debts: <br />$25,000/year<br />Maximum amount to add in loan payments: <br />$10,000 /year<br />
    23. 23. Student Loans for College<br />8% rule<br />Your child’s total student loan payments should not exceed 8% of monthly gross income after college<br />For $30,000 student loan, payment will be $345/month<br />Salary needed: $52,000 /year<br />
    24. 24. Student Loan Repayment<br />Total Student Loans<br />Annual Salary Needed<br />$10,000<br />$15,000<br />$20,000<br />$25,000<br />$30,000<br />$17,262/ year<br />$25,893/year<br />$34,524/year<br />$43,155/year<br />$51,786/year<br />
    25. 25. Student Loans for College<br />8% rule connects amount to borrow with the student’s marketability after graduation<br />Some majors command more money in the job market than others<br />$345/month loan payment will be the same for an English major or engineering major<br />
    26. 26. College Majors and Jobs<br />Some majors develop specific job skills: engineering, nursing, education etc.<br />Most majors develop non-specific, transferable skills: English, psychology, communication studies, biology etc.<br />For most majors, work experience while in college is the key to employment after college<br />
    27. 27. Scholarships and Grants<br />Scholarships are awarded for merit<br />Grants are based on need<br />Outside vs. institutional scholarships<br />Outside vs. institutional grants<br />
    28. 28. Scholarships and Grants<br />Department of Higher Education website for your state –grants, scholarships<br />Free scholarship databases on the internet<br />College websites - automatic scholarships and competitive scholarships at the school<br />Use “Actual College Cost” worksheet<br />
    29. 29. Ways to Insure Preparedness<br />Take rigorous courses in high school<br />Four years of college-prep math<br />Writing-intensive courses: research papers<br />Use AP and dual-credit wisely<br />
    30. 30. Ways to Insure Preparedness<br />Begin exploring careers in high school<br />Career exploration vs. career decision-making<br />Understand how different majors play out in the job market<br />Separate choosing a major from choosing a 1st career<br />Use career resources on campus<br />
    31. 31. Ways to Insure Preparedness<br />Understand the “big picture” of college and careers<br />Don’t try to do it all at once<br />Encourage use of all campus resources<br />De-brief and follow-up!<br />
    32. 32. Web Resources for Parents<br />http://guidetocollegeandcareers.blogspot.com<br />Career information websites<br />Careers by college major websites<br />Financial aid (FAFSA4caster)and scholarship links<br />Links to 4-year college websites<br />Parent’s Guide to College and Careers (JIST 2010)<br />
    33. 33. Final Thoughts<br />Affirm your child’s strengths<br />Don’t be afraid to say “No”<br />Teach networking<br />Learn to let go<br />
    34. 34. Is Your Child Ready for College? <br />CollegeWeekLiveFall2010<br />Barbara Cooke, M.A.<br />Parent’s Guide to College and Careers (JIST 2010)<br />http://guidetocollegeandcareers.blogspot.com<br />

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