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PART
II
CONSTRUCTION SITE SAFETY TIPS
2 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
I
t’s no surprise that construction can be
hazardous work. Construction worker
fatalities increased 3% from 806 deaths
in 2012 to 828 deaths in 2013, according
to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It’s vital
that commercial construction businesses
are knowledgeable and vigilant of safety
protocols while on the site.
We’ve compiled a list of safety tips for workers
and employers based on OSHA’s top 10 most
cited construction safety violations. Check
out 6 - 10 in this part of our Construction Site
Safety Tips white paper.
3 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
SUBPART E – PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND LIFE SAVING
EQUIPMENT – 1926.100 HEAD PROTECTION.
6
WORKERS
Workers are required to wear head
protection wherever there is the potential
for being struck in the head, which is
basically the entire time you are on the
construction site.
Possible scenarios include falling tools
or debris,accidental nail gun discharge,
contact with electrical hazards or
swinging construction equipment.
Workers should inspect their hard hat
for any cracks, dents or any signs of
deterioration.Hard hats should fit snugly
on your head and not come loose during
normal movements or work activities.
EMPLOYERS
Employers are responsible for providing
all employees with head protection that
meets consensus standards outlined
by the American National Standards
Institute (ANSI) or is constructed in
accordance with one of those consensus
standards. Employers are not allowed to
charge employees for the cost of head
protection or require them to provide
their own hard hat unless they do so
voluntarily.
Hard hats should be kept in good
condition and be replaced immediately
if they suffer a heavy blow or electric
shock.
Hard hats are commonplace at the construction site. They protect workers a number of
hazards such as falling and flying objects, electrical shock and other impacts.
4 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
SUBPART Z – TOXIC AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES – 1910.1200
HAZARD COMMUNICATION.
7
WORKERS
Workers should be able to read and use
Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for
any hazardous chemical being used
at the construction site. Employees
should wear proper PPE when handling
hazardous chemicals and should clean
up any spill when they occur.
EMPLOYERS
Employers are required to implement
a written hazard communication
program that includes an inventory of
all hazardous chemicals used at the site.
All container of hazardous substances
must have a hazard warning and be
labeled. Employers should have a MSDS
available for each hazardous substance.
Employees should be trained regarding
the risk of all hazardous chemicals along
with proper handling instructions.
This is a general industry standard that focuses on requirements for employers that have
hazardous chemicals in their workplace.Some examples of hazardous materials commonly
found at construction sites include lead, silica, asbestos and treated wood or wood that will
be cut and generate dust. Certain building materials also contain hazardous chemicals
such as zinc, cadmium, beryllium and mercury.
5 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
SUBPART C – GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROVISIONS –
1926.020 GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROVISIONS.
8
WORKERS
The key takeaway from this standard for
workers is that they should know that
there are protections in place for their
safety while working on the construction
site. This includes receiving proper
training for specific job duties and
being provided with personal protective
equipment (PPE). Workers should never
operate any machinery or equipment
if they have not been properly and
adequately trained on its safe operation.
EMPLOYERS
Employers are required to implement
safety programs in order to protect
workers and prevent accidents. A
competent person(s) is required
to provide inspections of job sites,
equipment and materials and includes
ensuring that non-compliant tools and
machinery are taken out of use by
locking or tagging or removing them
from the job site Construction standards
take precedence over any similar or
applicable general industry standard.
In addition to providing necessary PPE
to employees at no cost, employers are
also required to provide training to all
employees on hazards and all related
matters for construction standards
applicable to a worker’s job duties.
The purpose of this standard is to protect construction workers from being required to “work
in surroundings or under working conditions which are unsanitary,hazardous,or dangerous
to his health or safety” by contractors and subcontractors.
6 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
SUBPART L – SCAFFOLDS – 1926.453 AERIAL LIFTS.
9
WORKERS
Workers must be trained and authorized
in order to operate an aerial lift. Inspect
all vehicle and lift components based on
the manufacturer’s recommendations
before operating an aerial left to ensure
it is in safe working condition. Never
operate a lift if any component is missing,
damaged or appears defective.
Always stand on the floor of the lift
platform or bucket when working, never
use a ladder or other device to increase
your working height.Make sure that your
harness or restraining belt and lanyard
are securely attached to the boom
or bucket and that they are in good
working condition.
Never exceed the load-capacity or the
vertical and horizontal reach limits of the
lift. Lower the lift platform when driving
the lift and stay at least 10 feet away from
overhead lines.
EMPLOYERS
Employers should ensure that all workers
operating aerial lifts receive proper
training before being authorized to
use them and provide retraining in the
event a worker has an accident while
operating a lift, hazards are discovered,
a different type of lift is being used or
if the workers is observed improperly
operating a lift.
In addition to ensuring that all aerial
lifts are in good operating condition,
employers are also responsible for
having work zones inspected for hazards
including holes or unstable surfaces,
overhead obstructions, inadequate
ceiling heights and slopes or ditches.
Employers should also have power
lines de-energized when possible when
workers are in the vicinity.
Aerial lifts fall under scaffolding and are vehicle-mounted devices used to elevate workers
such as articulating and extendable boom platforms, vertical towers and aerial ladders.
Hazards associated with the use of aerial lifts include fall and ejections from the lift platform,
tip-overs and structural failures of the lift, electric shock, contact with overhead objects or
ceiling and being struck by objects falling from lifts.
7 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
SUBPART P – EXCAVATIONS – 1926.651
SPECIFIC EXCAVATION REQUIREMENTS.
10
WORKERS
Wo r ke r s s h o u l d n eve r e n te r a n
unprotected or uninspected trench
excavation.If you are working in a trench
that is 4 feet or deeper a safe means
of exit must be provided within 25 feet
of where you are working. Make sure
you are familiar with the closest exit
point so you can quickly get out in the
event of cave-in or collapse. Never work
underneath loads being lifted or dug out
of the excavation by heavy equipment.
Never work in an excavation where water
has accumulated or is accumulating
unless steps have been taken to protect
you from potential hazards such as
drowning or cave-ins.
If operating excavation machinery,
keep all excavated materials and
equipment at least 2 feet from the edge
or excavations.
EMPLOYERS
Call before you dig! Employers are
required to contact utility companies
to have utility locations such as
underground electrical,sewer and water
lines and gas lines marked.Excavations,
protective systems and surrounding
areas are to be inspected daily by a
competent person before work begins
each day to ensure that it is safe for
workers to enter the area.
Employers are required to test and
control atmospheric conditions when
they are known to exist or a reasonable
potential for their existence is present. If
hazardous atmospheres exist,employers
must provide adequate ventilation and
respiratory protection to workers and
have all necessary rescue equipment
on hand.
Site excavations and trenching work pose a number of hazards including cave-ins, falling
loads, falls and hazardous atmospheres. An excavation is any man-made depression, cut,
cavity or trench in the surface created by earth removal.
CONSTRUCTION SITE SAFETY TIPS: PART II
FOLLOW US
KENDALL JONES
Editor-in-Chief
GARGI BHOLA
Marketing Director
JOHANAN COLON
Creative Designer
ANTHONY D’ELIA
Creative Director
BLOG
constructiondatacompany.com
linkedin.com/company/construction-data-company
facebook.com/cdcnews
twitter.com/cdcnews
cdcnews.com
EDITORIAL TEAM
8 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
© 2015 Construction Data Company
All Rights Reserved.

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Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II Summary

  • 2. 2 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II I t’s no surprise that construction can be hazardous work. Construction worker fatalities increased 3% from 806 deaths in 2012 to 828 deaths in 2013, according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. It’s vital that commercial construction businesses are knowledgeable and vigilant of safety protocols while on the site. We’ve compiled a list of safety tips for workers and employers based on OSHA’s top 10 most cited construction safety violations. Check out 6 - 10 in this part of our Construction Site Safety Tips white paper.
  • 3. 3 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II SUBPART E – PERSONAL PROTECTIVE AND LIFE SAVING EQUIPMENT – 1926.100 HEAD PROTECTION. 6 WORKERS Workers are required to wear head protection wherever there is the potential for being struck in the head, which is basically the entire time you are on the construction site. Possible scenarios include falling tools or debris,accidental nail gun discharge, contact with electrical hazards or swinging construction equipment. Workers should inspect their hard hat for any cracks, dents or any signs of deterioration.Hard hats should fit snugly on your head and not come loose during normal movements or work activities. EMPLOYERS Employers are responsible for providing all employees with head protection that meets consensus standards outlined by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) or is constructed in accordance with one of those consensus standards. Employers are not allowed to charge employees for the cost of head protection or require them to provide their own hard hat unless they do so voluntarily. Hard hats should be kept in good condition and be replaced immediately if they suffer a heavy blow or electric shock. Hard hats are commonplace at the construction site. They protect workers a number of hazards such as falling and flying objects, electrical shock and other impacts.
  • 4. 4 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II SUBPART Z – TOXIC AND HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES – 1910.1200 HAZARD COMMUNICATION. 7 WORKERS Workers should be able to read and use Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for any hazardous chemical being used at the construction site. Employees should wear proper PPE when handling hazardous chemicals and should clean up any spill when they occur. EMPLOYERS Employers are required to implement a written hazard communication program that includes an inventory of all hazardous chemicals used at the site. All container of hazardous substances must have a hazard warning and be labeled. Employers should have a MSDS available for each hazardous substance. Employees should be trained regarding the risk of all hazardous chemicals along with proper handling instructions. This is a general industry standard that focuses on requirements for employers that have hazardous chemicals in their workplace.Some examples of hazardous materials commonly found at construction sites include lead, silica, asbestos and treated wood or wood that will be cut and generate dust. Certain building materials also contain hazardous chemicals such as zinc, cadmium, beryllium and mercury.
  • 5. 5 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II SUBPART C – GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROVISIONS – 1926.020 GENERAL SAFETY AND HEALTH PROVISIONS. 8 WORKERS The key takeaway from this standard for workers is that they should know that there are protections in place for their safety while working on the construction site. This includes receiving proper training for specific job duties and being provided with personal protective equipment (PPE). Workers should never operate any machinery or equipment if they have not been properly and adequately trained on its safe operation. EMPLOYERS Employers are required to implement safety programs in order to protect workers and prevent accidents. A competent person(s) is required to provide inspections of job sites, equipment and materials and includes ensuring that non-compliant tools and machinery are taken out of use by locking or tagging or removing them from the job site Construction standards take precedence over any similar or applicable general industry standard. In addition to providing necessary PPE to employees at no cost, employers are also required to provide training to all employees on hazards and all related matters for construction standards applicable to a worker’s job duties. The purpose of this standard is to protect construction workers from being required to “work in surroundings or under working conditions which are unsanitary,hazardous,or dangerous to his health or safety” by contractors and subcontractors.
  • 6. 6 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II SUBPART L – SCAFFOLDS – 1926.453 AERIAL LIFTS. 9 WORKERS Workers must be trained and authorized in order to operate an aerial lift. Inspect all vehicle and lift components based on the manufacturer’s recommendations before operating an aerial left to ensure it is in safe working condition. Never operate a lift if any component is missing, damaged or appears defective. Always stand on the floor of the lift platform or bucket when working, never use a ladder or other device to increase your working height.Make sure that your harness or restraining belt and lanyard are securely attached to the boom or bucket and that they are in good working condition. Never exceed the load-capacity or the vertical and horizontal reach limits of the lift. Lower the lift platform when driving the lift and stay at least 10 feet away from overhead lines. EMPLOYERS Employers should ensure that all workers operating aerial lifts receive proper training before being authorized to use them and provide retraining in the event a worker has an accident while operating a lift, hazards are discovered, a different type of lift is being used or if the workers is observed improperly operating a lift. In addition to ensuring that all aerial lifts are in good operating condition, employers are also responsible for having work zones inspected for hazards including holes or unstable surfaces, overhead obstructions, inadequate ceiling heights and slopes or ditches. Employers should also have power lines de-energized when possible when workers are in the vicinity. Aerial lifts fall under scaffolding and are vehicle-mounted devices used to elevate workers such as articulating and extendable boom platforms, vertical towers and aerial ladders. Hazards associated with the use of aerial lifts include fall and ejections from the lift platform, tip-overs and structural failures of the lift, electric shock, contact with overhead objects or ceiling and being struck by objects falling from lifts.
  • 7. 7 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II SUBPART P – EXCAVATIONS – 1926.651 SPECIFIC EXCAVATION REQUIREMENTS. 10 WORKERS Wo r ke r s s h o u l d n eve r e n te r a n unprotected or uninspected trench excavation.If you are working in a trench that is 4 feet or deeper a safe means of exit must be provided within 25 feet of where you are working. Make sure you are familiar with the closest exit point so you can quickly get out in the event of cave-in or collapse. Never work underneath loads being lifted or dug out of the excavation by heavy equipment. Never work in an excavation where water has accumulated or is accumulating unless steps have been taken to protect you from potential hazards such as drowning or cave-ins. If operating excavation machinery, keep all excavated materials and equipment at least 2 feet from the edge or excavations. EMPLOYERS Call before you dig! Employers are required to contact utility companies to have utility locations such as underground electrical,sewer and water lines and gas lines marked.Excavations, protective systems and surrounding areas are to be inspected daily by a competent person before work begins each day to ensure that it is safe for workers to enter the area. Employers are required to test and control atmospheric conditions when they are known to exist or a reasonable potential for their existence is present. If hazardous atmospheres exist,employers must provide adequate ventilation and respiratory protection to workers and have all necessary rescue equipment on hand. Site excavations and trenching work pose a number of hazards including cave-ins, falling loads, falls and hazardous atmospheres. An excavation is any man-made depression, cut, cavity or trench in the surface created by earth removal.
  • 8. CONSTRUCTION SITE SAFETY TIPS: PART II FOLLOW US KENDALL JONES Editor-in-Chief GARGI BHOLA Marketing Director JOHANAN COLON Creative Designer ANTHONY D’ELIA Creative Director BLOG constructiondatacompany.com linkedin.com/company/construction-data-company facebook.com/cdcnews twitter.com/cdcnews cdcnews.com EDITORIAL TEAM 8 | Construction Site Safety Tips: Part II
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