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State of the World's Street Children: Violence Report

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A summary of the first ever global report on street children, with a focus on violence. The report was commissioned by the Consortium for Street Children (UK). The complete report can be read at http://www.streetchildren.org.uk/reports/State%20of%20the%20World's%20Street%20Children-Violence.pdf.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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State of the World's Street Children: Violence Report

  1. 1. ISPCAN 2008 DR. SARAH THOMAS DE BENÍTEZ Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion (CASE) London School of Economics and Political Science [email_address] STATE OF THE WORLD’S STREET CHILDREN: VIOLENCE
  2. 2. <ul><li>‘ STREET’ CHILDREN - Understandings… </li></ul><ul><li>STATE OF THE WORLD’S STREET CHILDREN REPORT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource for action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reflection of networking and cooperation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FINDINGS </li></ul><ul><li>MAIN MESSAGES </li></ul><ul><li>RECOMMENDATIONS </li></ul>OVERVIEW
  3. 3. <ul><li>© Pep Bonet </li></ul>WHO ARE ‘STREET’ CHILDREN?
  4. 4. <ul><li>© Robin Hammond </li></ul>NOT ‘JUST A THIRD WORLD’ PROBLEM’...
  5. 5. <ul><li>© Karen Robinson </li></ul><ul><li>FIRST GLOBAL REPORT </li></ul><ul><li>PRO-ACTIVE – OFFERS WAYS FORWARD </li></ul><ul><li>FROM CHILD TO POLICY </li></ul>25 YEARS AFTER STREET CHILDREN FIRST MADE THE HEADLINES, GOVERNMENTS STILL USE VIOLENT TACTICS WITH STREET CHILDREN, CONTRAVENING THEIR RIGHTS, SCAPEGOATING THEM AND THEIR FAMILIES STATE OF THE WORLD’S STREET CHILDREN REPORT
  6. 6. <ul><li>A MATURING CIVIL SOCIETY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONSORTIUM – 50 + MEMBERS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ VIOLENCE’ WORKING GROUP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EVIDENCE – 70 COUNTRIES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16 CSO CASE STUDIES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIVIL SOCIETY AND ACADEMIA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EXPERT TASK FORCE & REVIEWERS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DRAWING ‘PSYCHO’ AND ‘SOCIAL’ TOGETHER </li></ul></ul>STATE OF THE WORLD’S STREET CHILDREN: VIOLENCE WHY NOW?
  7. 7. <ul><li>CHILDREN’S RIGHTS </li></ul><ul><li>2. EXCLUSION AND AGENCY </li></ul><ul><li>4. MULTIPLE ACTORS </li></ul>STREET CHILDREN ACCUMULATE EXPERIENCES OF VIOLENCE FROM AN EARLY AGE. THESE FUNDAMENTALLY AFFECT CHILDREN’S DEVELOPMENT BUT ARE RARELY ADDRESSED BY POLICIES OR SERVICES © Dieter Telemans STATE OF THE WORLD’S STREET CHILDREN WHY FOCUS ON VIOLENCE?
  8. 8. Source: WHO (2002) World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva, World Health Organization ECOLOGICAL MODEL FOR UNDERSTANDING RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS OF VIOLENCE HOW’S OUR THINKING MOVING FORWARD? THINKING ECOLOGICALLY
  9. 9. <ul><li>TYPOLOGY OF VIOLENCE </li></ul>Source: WHO-ISPCAN (2006) Preventing Child Maltreatment: A guide to taking action and generating evidence DIMENSIONS OF VIOLENCE STREET CHILDREN
  10. 10. <ul><li>© Marcus Lyon </li></ul>CHILDREN – IN PERSISTENT EXCLUSION DEMONSTRATEAGENCY FAMILIES – BLAMED BUT LACK SUPPORT STREET CHILDREN AND FAMILIES RETAIN LINKS FINDINGS - CHILDREN AND FAMILIES...
  11. 11. <ul><li>© Dario Mitidieri </li></ul>CIVIL SOCIETY – MORE CONNECTED, BETTER RESOURCED, EXAMPLES OF GOOD PRACTICE AUTHORITIES – VIOLENCE SOMETIMES ENTRENCHED, BUT EXAMPLES OF INCLUSION & PROTECTION FINDINGS – CIVIL SOCIETY AND GOVERNMENTS...
  12. 12. <ul><li>© Donna DeCesare </li></ul><ul><li>STREET CHILDREN </li></ul><ul><li>ARE BELOW THE </li></ul><ul><li>STATISTICAL </li></ul><ul><li>RADAR </li></ul><ul><li>‘ NUMBERS’ ARE </li></ul><ul><li>A DISTRACTION </li></ul><ul><li>PSYCHOLOGICAL </li></ul><ul><li>AND SOCIAL </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH NOT </li></ul><ul><li>INTEGRATED </li></ul><ul><li>POOR RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>FOR POLICY- </li></ul><ul><li>MAKING </li></ul>© Donna DeCesare FINDINGS – ABOUT RESEARCH
  13. 13. <ul><li>‘ STREET’ CHILDREN ARE BOMBARDED OVER TIME BY ABUSE FROM A RANGE OF SOURCES AND OF VARYING NATURES </li></ul><ul><li>PREVENTION MEANS: SUPPORT FOR PARENTING AND FAMILIES, INCLUSIVE SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITIES WORKING TO REDUCE LOCAL VIOLENCE </li></ul><ul><li>PROTECTION MEANS: ENFORCEMENT OF RESPECT FOR CHILDREN, SAFE CARE SYSTEMS AND INVESTMENT IN EACH CHILD </li></ul>MAIN MESSAGES
  14. 14. <ul><li>CHILD-CENTRED SOCIAL PROTECTION – EQUIP ‘STREET’ CHILDREN WITH STRATEGIES TO PROTECT THEMSELVES </li></ul><ul><li>SUPPORT FOR FAMILIES – PARENTING, UNIVERSAL CHILD BENEFIT </li></ul><ul><li>CONNECTED COMMUNITIES – LINKING CHILDREN AND FAMILIES INTO SERVICES </li></ul><ul><li>STATE PROTECTION – MAKE JUVENILE JUSTICE AND WELFARE SYSTEMS SAFE </li></ul><ul><li>STRENGTHEN RESEARCH – HOW TO PREVENT AND PROTECT CHILDREN IN PUBLIC SPACES </li></ul>REPORT RECOMMENDATIONS
  15. 15. <ul><li>JOIN FORCES WITH CONSORTIUM www.streetchildren.org.uk – ADVOCATE AND MOTIVATE GOVERNMENTS TO PROTECT STREET CHILDREN </li></ul><ul><li>SPREAD GOOD PRACTICE – INFORM PRACTITIONERS WORKING IN PREVENTION AND PROTECTION OF ‘STREET’ CHILDREN </li></ul><ul><li>RESEARCH – ENCOURAGE PSYCHO-SOCIAL RESEARCH, AND RESEARCH FOR POLICY IMPROVEMENT </li></ul>HOW CAN WE USE THIS REPORT?
  16. 16. <ul><li>CONSORTIUM FOR </li></ul><ul><li>STREET CHILDREN </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.STREETCHILDREN.ORG.UK </li></ul>THANK YOU

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