IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

Designing for serendipity
in food chains of everyday life creativit...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

serendipity
Horace Walpole
• 4th Earl of Orford, 1717-1797

”serend...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

“The three princes of Serendip”
• Serendip = Sri Lanka
• Merton & B...
Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar
Slide 4
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

agenda
• “… discuss design dimensions across physical and
digital m...
why is serendipity interesting?
serendipity: finding interesting things in unplanned ways
important role in many scientifi...
is this serendipity?

penicillin
7
antabus
why is serendipity interesting?
serendipity: finding interesting things in unplanned ways
important role in many scientifi...
serendipity:
foreseeable phenomenon
in unforeseeable world
how we get
inspiration, ideas, insights
in everyday life

Björn...
how we explore and learn many new things in life
since infanthood

Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Co...




how and where do we get
new ideas in everyday life?
how and where do
new ideas
spread in society?

food chains of
ev...
Micro-serendipity:
Meaningful Coincidences
in Everyday Life Shared on Twitter
iConference 2013, Fort Worth, TX – http://hd...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

14
15
16
why is serendipity interesting?
serendipity: finding interesting things in unplanned ways
important role in many scientifi...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

4 network layers in mediation spaces / „food chains‟
 reachability...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

‘Tantrix’
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

3 key serendipity dimensions
traversability
• rich navigational top...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

10 serendipity sub-dimensions

modified after Björneborn (2010)
Bjö...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

3 key serendipity dimensions
traversability
• how traversable is en...
Photo: Jannik Mulvad

key serendipity dimension: traversability

Aarhus Main Library

explorability interface invites user...
key serendipity dimension: diversity

Copenhagen Main Library

imperfection allowing ‟cracks‟ and users‟ behavioural trace...
key serendipity dimension: sensoriality

Vangede Library

contrasts

sensorial differentiation incl. quiet zones + display...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

3 key serendipity dimensions
traversability
• how traversable is en...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

final remarks
• “… discuss design dimensions across physical and
di...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

Designing for serendipity
in food chains of everyday life creativit...
IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science

selected references
•

Bogers, T. & Björneborn, L. (2013). Micro-se...
Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity
Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity
Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity
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Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity

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Presentation at IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013.
Speech notes available: http://www.academia.edu/3450618/Designing_for_serendipity_in_food_chains_of_everyday_life_creativity

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Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity

  1. 1. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity Lennart Björneborn Associate Professor, PhD IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science University of Copenhagen LB@iva.dk http://ku-dk.academia.edu/Bjorneborn Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 1
  2. 2. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science serendipity Horace Walpole • 4th Earl of Orford, 1717-1797 ”serendipity … making discoveries, by accident and sagacity, of things which they were not in quest of …” • Walpole, 1754 Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 2
  3. 3. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science “The three princes of Serendip” • Serendip = Sri Lanka • Merton & Barber (2004). The Travels and Adventures of Serendipity: A Study in Historical Semantics and the Sociology of Science. Princeton University Press “the art of making an unsought finding” • Van Andel (1994). Anatomy of the unsought finding: Serendipity: Origin, history, domains, traditions, appearanc es, patterns and programmability. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 45(2): 631-648. Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 3
  4. 4. Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar Slide 4
  5. 5. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science agenda • “… discuss design dimensions across physical and digital mediation spaces – like libraries, museums, web sites and urban spaces – that may enable and trigger people to find interesting resources not planned or not known in advance.” • “… such mediation spaces enabling serendipity may be seen as important players in food chains of everyday life creativity that may feed - and be fed through – other innovation infrastructures in society as addressed by the national INNO+ initiative that the University of Copenhagen is contributing to.” Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 5
  6. 6. why is serendipity interesting? serendipity: finding interesting things in unplanned ways important role in many scientific discoveries Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 6
  7. 7. is this serendipity? penicillin 7
  8. 8. antabus
  9. 9. why is serendipity interesting? serendipity: finding interesting things in unplanned ways important role in many scientific discoveries also integral part in everyday information practices • how we get new inspiration, ideas, insights in everyday life • how we explore and learn many new things in life since infanthood • serendipity is foreseeable in unforeseeable world Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 9
  10. 10. serendipity: foreseeable phenomenon in unforeseeable world how we get inspiration, ideas, insights in everyday life Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar April 24, 2013
  11. 11. how we explore and learn many new things in life since infanthood Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 11
  12. 12.   how and where do we get new ideas in everyday life? how and where do new ideas spread in society? food chains of everyday serendipity & creativity “homo ludens” Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 12 „Revenge of the Right Brain‟. Wired, February 2005
  13. 13. Micro-serendipity: Meaningful Coincidences in Everyday Life Shared on Twitter iConference 2013, Fort Worth, TX – http://hdl.handle.net/2142/36052 Toine Bogers & Lennart Björneborn Royal School of Library and Information Science, Copenhagen
  14. 14. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science 14
  15. 15. 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. why is serendipity interesting? serendipity: finding interesting things in unplanned ways important role in many scientific discoveries also integral part in everyday information behavior • how we get new inspiration, ideas, insights in everyday life • how we explore and learn many new things in life since infanthood • serendipity is foreseeable in unforeseeable world design for stimulating and supporting serendipity • search engines, recommender systems (e.g. music, books), micro-blogging, …
  18. 18. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science 4 network layers in mediation spaces / „food chains‟  reachability structures  serendipity affordances places/ forums people/ profiles artefacts/ resources metadata Björneborn work-in-progress Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 19
  19. 19. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science ‘Tantrix’
  20. 20. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science 3 key serendipity dimensions traversability • rich navigational topology • how traversable is phys./dig. terrain? • i.e., how easy is it to move around? diversity • rich topical topology • how diversified is terrain? • i.e., how much new stuff to find? sensoriality • rich sensorial topology • how perceivable is terrain? • i.e., how easy is it to sense? Björneborn work-in-progress Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 22
  21. 21. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science 10 serendipity sub-dimensions modified after Björneborn (2010) Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 23
  22. 22. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science 3 key serendipity dimensions traversability • how traversable is environment? • accessibility + multi-reachability + explorability + stopability diversity • how diversified is environment? • diversity + imperfection + cross contacts sensoriality • how perceivable is environment? • display + contrasts + pointers Björneborn work-in-progress Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 24
  23. 23. Photo: Jannik Mulvad key serendipity dimension: traversability Aarhus Main Library explorability interface invites users to move, look around and explore
  24. 24. key serendipity dimension: diversity Copenhagen Main Library imperfection allowing ‟cracks‟ and users‟ behavioural traces in interface
  25. 25. key serendipity dimension: sensoriality Vangede Library contrasts sensorial differentiation incl. quiet zones + display zones
  26. 26. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science 3 key serendipity dimensions traversability • how traversable is environment? • accessibility + multi-reachability + explorability + stopability diversity • how diversified is environment? • diversity + imperfection + cross contacts sensoriality • how perceivable is environment? • display + contrasts + pointers Björneborn work-in-progress Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 28
  27. 27. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science final remarks • “… discuss design dimensions across physical and digital mediation spaces – like libraries, museums, web sites and urban spaces – that may enable and trigger people to find interesting resources not planned or not known in advance.” • “… such mediation spaces enabling serendipity may be seen as important players in food chains of everyday life creativity that may feed - and be fed through – other innovation infrastructures in society as addressed by the national INNO+ initiative that the University of Copenhagen is contributing to.” Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 30
  28. 28. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science Designing for serendipity in food chains of everyday life creativity Lennart Björneborn Associate Professor, PhD IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science University of Copenhagen LB@iva.dk http://ku-dk.academia.edu/Bjorneborn Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013 Slide 31
  29. 29. IVA – Royal School of Library and Information Science selected references • Bogers, T. & Björneborn, L. (2013). Micro-serendipity: Meaningful coincidences in everyday life shared on Twitter. Proceedings of iConference 2013. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/36052 • Björneborn, L. (2011). Behavioural traces and indirect user-to-user mediation in the participatory library. Proceedings of ISSOME 2011, the International Conference on Information Science and Social Media. http://bit.ly/ZZ962c • Björneborn, L. (2010a). Design dimensions enabling divergent behaviour across physical, digital, and social library interfaces. pp. 143-149. In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6137 / Proceedings of 5th International Conference on Persuasive Design, PERSUASIVE 2010. Springer. http://bit.ly/1620FG7 • Björneborn, L. (2010b). Genre connectivity and genre drift in a web of genres. pp. 255-274. In: Mehler, A. et al. (eds.). Genres on the Web : Computational Models and Empirical Studies. (Series: Text, Speech and Language Technology, vol. 42). Springer. http://bit.ly/ZBnSuV • Björneborn, L. (2008). Serendipity dimensions and users' information behaviour in the physical library interface. Information Research, 13(4): paper 370. http://informationr.net/ir/13-4/paper370.html • Björneborn, L. (2006). 'Mini small worlds' of shortest link paths crossing domain boundaries in an academic Web space. Scientometrics, 68(3): 395-414. http://bit.ly/11XHLvO more references: http://ku-dk.academia.edu/Bjorneborn Björneborn – IVA/CCC research seminar, University of Copenhagen – April 24, 2013

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