Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Online Safety 3.0: From
Fear to Empowerment
Larry Magid
Co-director
ConnectSafely.org
Founder
SafeKids.com
Revised March 2...
I wrote this in
1994. Too bad
people are still
following this old
advice
Evolution of online safety
Children as victims:
1.0 (most of the 90’s) Pornography & predators:
Protecting children from b...
From Guttenberg to broadcasting, the
masses were just consumers of media
And pretty much the same model online in
the 80’s and 90’s
Me, in 1981 on my
Apple II with an
acoustic MODEM
CompuServe
19...
But, in case anyone didn’t notice,
things have changed
Media is now:
• One to one
• One to many
• Many to many
We are all ...
Which calls for a new approach to
“online safety”
• Research-based, not fear-based, so relevant
• Flexible, layered – not ...
• View youth as participants and stakeholders in positive
Internet use rather than potential victims, and empower
them to ...
The ‘net’ is mostly like the physical
world, but …
• What’s posted can be permanent
• Material can be copied and pasted
• ...
We need to understand risk,
not exaggerate it
• Of course there are risks online, but
they are not anything new or special...
Fear works only if it’s
credible & actionable
• “How people respond to fear appeals depends on
their assessment of the thr...
Boomerang effect
If the perception of threat exceeds perception of
efficacy…
• They will avoid the message
• Deny they are...
Fear can paralyze
And lead to irrational decisions
Predator Panic of 2004-2006
Was based on faulty interpretation of accurate data
“1 out of five youth received an unwanted ...
“Juvenoia”
“There are features of the Internet that increase risk for
young people above what they already encounter or wh...
Things are getting better, not worse
• Sexual abuse of children down by 61% from 1992 to 2008
• Teen pregnancies (15-17) d...
Moving right along
The Internet Safety Technical Task Force found that:
“Bullying and harassment, most often by peers, are...
Cyberbullying Panic!
It’s a problem, not an epidemic
Source: Teens, Kindness and Cruelty on Social Networks : Pew Internet & American Life,
Nov...
Sexting Panic
A 2008 survey found that 20% of teens had sent or posted
“nude or semi-nude images of themselves”
Which led ...
Source: Crimes Against Children Research Center, Dec , 2011
• 1.3% sent an image where they
showed breasts, genitals or
so...
Should we eliminate all risks?
Why do we allow
sports, sharp
pencils &
“dangerous” books
in school, but ban
social media?
Fences have their place but …
To keep kids safe around all water,
we teach kids to swim
Ultimately, the best filter runs
between the child’s ears, not on a
device
Protection that lasts a lifetime &
works on any...
How you treat others affects your risk
* EU Kids Online +Internet Safety Technology Taskforce
“Youth who engage in online
...
Approaches to empowerment
• Encourage student-led initiatives
• Work on “cultural change” initiatives like:
• Pink Shirt D...
A few tips for educators
• Create a bullying prevention team
• Involve parents and community
• Integrate “reflection” into...
Bullying prevention programs
• A structured curriculum that provides youth with materials
over at least several sessions.
...
Social norms approach
• People emulate how they think their peers
behave
• If people think their friends don’t smoke,
they...
Example of positive norming
Source: Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social Norms
Model to...
Resources
• Born This Way Foundation (BornThisWay.org)
• Center for Safe & Responsible Internet Use (CSRIU.org)
• Committe...
Thank you!
Larry Magid
larry@connectsafely.org
Slides are available at
SafeKids.com/cue2012
More at OS3.ConnectSafely.org
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Online Safety 3.0: From Fear to Empowerment

37,303 views

Published on

ConnectSafely.org co-director Larry Magid's talk at the CUE 2012 annual conference

Published in: Education, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

Online Safety 3.0: From Fear to Empowerment

  1. 1. Online Safety 3.0: From Fear to Empowerment Larry Magid Co-director ConnectSafely.org Founder SafeKids.com Revised March 21, 2012 Slides are available at SafeKids.com/cue2012 More at OS3.ConnectSafely.org
  2. 2. I wrote this in 1994. Too bad people are still following this old advice
  3. 3. Evolution of online safety Children as victims: 1.0 (most of the 90’s) Pornography & predators: Protecting children from bad adults. Children as consumers of information, not as creators and based on assumptions of risk, not actual research 2.0 (around 2007) Protecting children from peers. Recognizing that kids can create content harm other kids and themselves. Cyberbullying & posting inappropriate or dangerous content
  4. 4. From Guttenberg to broadcasting, the masses were just consumers of media
  5. 5. And pretty much the same model online in the 80’s and 90’s Me, in 1981 on my Apple II with an acoustic MODEM CompuServe 1981 Mosaic browser, 1993
  6. 6. But, in case anyone didn’t notice, things have changed Media is now: • One to one • One to many • Many to many We are all publishers and youth are leading the charge
  7. 7. Which calls for a new approach to “online safety” • Research-based, not fear-based, so relevant • Flexible, layered – not one-size-fits-all • Respectful of youth – stakeholders in positive outcomes, not just potential victims • Positive: Not just safety from (bad outcomes) but safety for good outcomes • Comprehensive = Incorporates safety, security, citizenship, and research/information literacy From Online Safety 3.0 (os3.connectsafely.org)
  8. 8. • View youth as participants and stakeholders in positive Internet use rather than potential victims, and empower them to protect themselves & each other • Promote good citizenship • Teach media literacy & critical thinking • Understand the value of informal learning • Be accurate and honest about risks • Encourage industry to engage in best practices, including promoting good citizenship in the communities they run Elements of Online Safety 3.0 os3.ConnectSafely.org
  9. 9. The ‘net’ is mostly like the physical world, but … • What’s posted can be permanent • Material can be copied and pasted • Lots of people can see it • You don’t know for sure who’s seeing it AND • Disinhibition: Lack of visual cues reduces empathy Source: adapted from danah boyd: Taken out of Context, 2008
  10. 10. We need to understand risk, not exaggerate it • Of course there are risks online, but they are not anything new or special • Pay attention to the research • Include children in the discussion • Understand the limits of regulation and the benefits of education
  11. 11. Fear works only if it’s credible & actionable • “How people respond to fear appeals depends on their assessment of the threat and their perceived efficacy. • When assessing threat, the audience considers severity, or the seriousness of it, as well as their susceptibility, or the likelihood that it will happen to them.” Based on research from Kim White @ Michigan State http://www.thcu.ca/infoandresources/publications/fear%20appeals%20-%20web%20version.pdf
  12. 12. Boomerang effect If the perception of threat exceeds perception of efficacy… • They will avoid the message • Deny they are at risk • Mock the message or become angry at the source or issue (and ignore it). • They may even increase their unhealthy behaviors (boomerang effect).
  13. 13. Fear can paralyze And lead to irrational decisions
  14. 14. Predator Panic of 2004-2006 Was based on faulty interpretation of accurate data “1 out of five youth received an unwanted “sexual solicitation”
  15. 15. “Juvenoia” “There are features of the Internet that increase risk for young people above what they already encounter or what they encounter in other environments, or what they used to encounter.” BUT … Source: David Finkelhor: The Internet, Youth Safety and the Problem of “Juvenoia.” http://bit.ly/AxCVVD
  16. 16. Things are getting better, not worse • Sexual abuse of children down by 61% from 1992 to 2008 • Teen pregnancies (15-17) down 43% 1991-2007 • Teen suicides down 38% 1990-2007 • % of kids feeling sad down 17% • Modest increase in math & writing proficiency • High school drop-out rate down 33% 1995-2008 • Crimes committed by juveniles down 33% 1996-2008 Source: David Finkelhor: The Internet, Youth Safety and the Problem of “Juvenoia.” http://bit.ly/AxCVVD
  17. 17. Moving right along The Internet Safety Technical Task Force found that: “Bullying and harassment, most often by peers, are the most salient threats that minors face, both online and offline.” Which naturally leads to ….
  18. 18. Cyberbullying Panic!
  19. 19. It’s a problem, not an epidemic Source: Teens, Kindness and Cruelty on Social Networks : Pew Internet & American Life, November, 2011
  20. 20. Sexting Panic A 2008 survey found that 20% of teens had sent or posted “nude or semi-nude images of themselves” Which led to stories like this:
  21. 21. Source: Crimes Against Children Research Center, Dec , 2011 • 1.3% sent an image where they showed breasts, genitals or someone’s bottom • 2.5% sent an image where they were nude or partially nude But a 2011 study found
  22. 22. Should we eliminate all risks? Why do we allow sports, sharp pencils & “dangerous” books in school, but ban social media?
  23. 23. Fences have their place but … To keep kids safe around all water, we teach kids to swim
  24. 24. Ultimately, the best filter runs between the child’s ears, not on a device Protection that lasts a lifetime & works on any “device” Training wheels for young kids
  25. 25. How you treat others affects your risk * EU Kids Online +Internet Safety Technology Taskforce “Youth who engage in online aggressive behavior by making rude or nasty comments or frequently embarrassing others are more than twice as likely to report online interpersonal victimization.” + “Among those who do not bully others, being bullied is relatively rare 8% offline only, and 4% online”*
  26. 26. Approaches to empowerment • Encourage student-led initiatives • Work on “cultural change” initiatives like: • Pink Shirt Day • Friend Zone • Poll your students about bullying and attitudes • Celebrate “random acts of kindness” • Celebrate diversity & bravery Based on: Changing the Culture: Ideas for Student Action by Anne Collier, Mia Doces and Lisa Jones
  27. 27. A few tips for educators • Create a bullying prevention team • Involve parents and community • Integrate “reflection” into discipline program • Support for targets (“it’s not your fault”) • Connect students with positive adults • Increases resiliency, reinforces positive behavior • Positive staff behavior: Don’t let students see staff acting as bullies Source: Empowering Bystanders in Bullying Prevention, by Stan Davis
  28. 28. Bullying prevention programs • A structured curriculum that provides youth with materials over at least several sessions. • One-shot assemblies or pulling a few bits and pieces from a program is not going to make a difference. • Teach youth new skills. These should be spelled out in the program • Activities must let youth practice these new skills in active ways • Take a whole school or community approach to prevention. Offer training for school staff, involvement of parents, and assistance to help the school improve its response to bullying concerns and reports Source: Implementing Bullying Prevention Programs in Schools: A How-To Guide. By Lisa Jones, Mia Doces, Susan Swearer, and Anne Collier (cyber.law.harvard.edu/node/7491)
  29. 29. Social norms approach • People emulate how they think their peers behave • If people think their friends don’t smoke, they’re less likely to smoke. • Same is true with over-eating, excessive alcohol use and other negative behaviors, including bullying* *Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social Norms Model to Adolescent Violence: Craig, Perkins 2008
  30. 30. Example of positive norming Source: Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social Norms Model to Adolescent Violence: Craig, Perkins 2008
  31. 31. Resources • Born This Way Foundation (BornThisWay.org) • Center for Safe & Responsible Internet Use (CSRIU.org) • Committee for Children (http://www.cfchildren.org/) • ConnectSafely.org • Cyberbullying Research Center (cyberbullying.us) • GenYes.org • Kinder & Gentler World Working Papers (cyber.law.harvard.edu/node/7491) • Olweaus Bullying Prevention Program (Olweus.org) • RulerApproach.org: Social & emotional learning • StopBullying.gov
  32. 32. Thank you! Larry Magid larry@connectsafely.org Slides are available at SafeKids.com/cue2012 More at OS3.ConnectSafely.org

×