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How to Create (use use) Strong & Unique Passwords

  1. 1. How to Create (and use)Strong & UniquePasswordsLarry MagidCo-directorConnectSafely.org
  2. 2. Passwords should be:• At least 8 characters long• Contain at least one number• Contain at least one capital letter• Contain at least one symbol (like #, %, &)• Not be a real word, name or anything that would be relatively easy toguessGo to next slide for suggestions
  3. 3. Think of a phrase you can rememberCome up with a phrase and use a character from each word. Usecapitals where appropriateExample“I met Susan Morris at Lincoln High School in 1991”The password could be: ImSMaLHSi#91
  4. 4. An easy way to make each passwordunique• Add a letter or two to the password based on the name of the siteyou’re logging into. For example• Amazon: aImSMaLHSi#91z (added an A to beginning and a z to end)• Google: gImSMaLHSi#91• Twitter: tImSMaLHSi#91r
  5. 5. Change your passwords if & when:• There has been any type of security breach on the site or your system• You have lost a device that has the password stored• Someone else gets hold of your password• And even if none of this happens, change them every few months
  6. 6. Consider 2-Factor Authentication• A growing number of sites allow you to use two-factorauthentication: Something you know & something youhave.• Typically, the site will send a code to your phone that youtype in along with your username and password. Anyonetrying to access your site without your phone is out-of-luck.• Some sites (like Google) only require it if you’re on a newdevice. Others require it each time.• Downsides are it’s a little inconvenient and a hassle if youdon’t have your phone• Upside: It’s a lot more secure (but not 100% secure)
  7. 7. Be wary of tricks to get your passwordAvoid phishing: Never enter a password based on a link in an emailunless you’re absolutely sure it’s legitimate. It’s safer to type in the webaddress of your bank or other company rather than clicking on a link.Don’t’ give our password over phone: Be skeptical If you get a callfrom a service you use or your company’s network support departmentasking for a password. Tell them you’ll call them back and find out if it’slegitimate.
  8. 8. Consider using a password manager• Password managers store and enter passwords for you. You cancreate really strong passwords (or let them generate random ones)and all you need to remember is the password manager’s password• Examples:LastpassRoboformKaspersky Password ManagerDataVault Password Manager (iPhone)mSecure Password Manger (Android)
  9. 9. Use a very strong passwords for:• Email:• Many sites will send your password to your email address so it’s importantthat it be very secure• Social network sites• Your reputation can be affected if someone posts negative and abuse materialin your name• Banking• Pretty much goes without saying that you want a strong lock on your bankaccount• E-commerce sites• Don’t let anyone go on a shopping free with your money
  10. 10. Never share your passwordsSharing a password is not a sign of being a good friend. Even if youreally trust that person:• A friend can become an ex-friend• Your friend might not be as careful as you are• Your friend might use the password on a machine that’s not all that secure• Possible exceptions are kids sharing with parents or spouses sharing witheach other
  11. 11. For more on strong passwords:passwords.connectsafely.orgLarry MagidCo-directorConnectSafely.orglarry@ConnectSafely.org

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A short (10 slides) presentation on how to create and use strong passwords

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