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Digital citizenship, briefly Anne Collier Executive Director, Editor NetFamilyNews.org Co-director ConnectSafely.org
What we now know <ul><li>...from youth-risk research in US: </li></ul><ul><li>Harassment & cyberbullying =  most common ri...
What  else  we know <ul><li>… from youth-risk research: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Youth who engage in online   aggressive behavi...
A living  Internet HuffingtonPost.com
So the ‘ Net safety’ that doesn’t  work … <ul><li>Is one-size-fits-all </li></ul><ul><li>Appeals to adult fears </li></ul>...
A taxonomy of online safety  <ul><li>Physical safety  – freedom from physical harm </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological safety ...
What Net Safety needs to be <ul><li>Research-based , not fear-based, so  relevant  to young users, who are not fearful of ...
<ul><li>Control is difficult  anyway  in a user-driven, mobile media environment </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsequential use => ...
The POWER of ‘ social norming’ Source: Craig & Perkins, Hobart and William Smith Colleges 2008
Reinforcing  our  community’s social norms Source: Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social...
Levels  of online safety
“ Promote digital citizenship in  pre-K-12 education as a national priority.” –  Youth Safety on a Living Internet: Report...
<ul><li>It’ s  protective   </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes agency – critical thinking,  self-actualization (for user-driven me...
The most basic definition “ The central task of citizenship  is learning how  to be good to one another.”  –  A.J. Patrick...
Expanded definition (draft) <ul><li>Citizenship: the rights & responsibilities of full, positive engagement in a participa...
The  pillars  of citizenship learning By Julian Turner <ul><li>Infrastructure  </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance </li></ul><ul><l...
5 key elements <ul><li>Participation  or “civic engagement” </li></ul><ul><li>Norms of behavior  or &quot;good citizenship...
<ul><li>Opportunity to co-create the social norms of social media (or  “cyberspace”) </li></ul><ul><li>More positive perso...
<ul><li>“ If the notion of digital citizenship in  policy discourse is to have  traction  with its constituents and prove ...
Thank you! <ul><li>Anne Collier </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://os3.connectsafely.org </li></ul>
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Digital citizenship, briefly

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Anne's keynote at the International Bullying Prevention Association conference 2012

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Digital citizenship, briefly

  1. 1. Digital citizenship, briefly Anne Collier Executive Director, Editor NetFamilyNews.org Co-director ConnectSafely.org
  2. 2. What we now know <ul><li>...from youth-risk research in US: </li></ul><ul><li>Harassment & cyberbullying = most common risk </li></ul><ul><li>Not all youth are equally at risk </li></ul><ul><li>A child’ s psychosocial makeup & environment are better predictors of online risk than the technology he or she uses </li></ul><ul><li>No single technological development can solve youth online risk </li></ul>
  3. 3. What else we know <ul><li>… from youth-risk research: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Youth who engage in online aggressive behavior … are more than twice as likely to report online interpersonal victimization. ” – Archives of Pediatrics, 2007 </li></ul>
  4. 4. A living Internet HuffingtonPost.com
  5. 5. So the ‘ Net safety’ that doesn’t work … <ul><li>Is one-size-fits-all </li></ul><ul><li>Appeals to adult fears </li></ul><ul><li>Focused only on potential victimization </li></ul><ul><li>Presents potentiality, not research </li></ul><ul><li>Views tech as both problem & solution </li></ul><ul><li>Sees social media as risky because hard to control </li></ul><ul><li>Not relevant to its “beneficiaries” </li></ul>
  6. 6. A taxonomy of online safety <ul><li>Physical safety – freedom from physical harm </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological safety – freedom from cruelty, harassment, and exposure to potentially disturbing material </li></ul><ul><li>Reputational and legal safety – freedom from unwanted social, academic, professional, and legal consequences that could affect you for a lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>Identity, property, and community safety – freedom from theft of identity & property </li></ul>
  7. 7. What Net Safety needs to be <ul><li>Research-based , not fear-based, so relevant to young users, who are not fearful of technology </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible, layered – not one-size-fits-all </li></ul><ul><li>Respectful of youth agency – stakeholders in positive experience , not just potential victims </li></ul><ul><li>Positive, empowering : Not just safety from (bad outcomes) but safety for … </li></ul><ul><li>Full, constructive engagement in participatory society (context!) </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Control is difficult anyway in a user-driven, mobile media environment </li></ul><ul><li>Inconsequential use => powerlessness => hopelessness => greater risk </li></ul><ul><li>Agency, stakeholdership, citizenship => empowerment => greater safety </li></ul><ul><li>Citizenship suggests active, ethical engagement </li></ul>Control model => agency model
  9. 9. The POWER of ‘ social norming’ Source: Craig & Perkins, Hobart and William Smith Colleges 2008
  10. 10. Reinforcing our community’s social norms Source: Assessing Bullying in New Jersey Secondary Schools: Applying the Social Norms Model to Adolescent Violence: Craig, Perkins 2008
  11. 11. Levels of online safety
  12. 12. “ Promote digital citizenship in pre-K-12 education as a national priority.” – Youth Safety on a Living Internet: Report of the Online Safety & Technology Working Group To U.S. Congress, June 2010...
  13. 13. <ul><li>It’ s protective </li></ul><ul><li>Promotes agency – critical thinking, self-actualization (for user-driven media) </li></ul><ul><li>Supports civic engagement online and offline </li></ul><ul><li>Turns users into stakeholders – citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Thus supports community as well as individual goals & well-being </li></ul>Why citizenship?
  14. 14. The most basic definition “ The central task of citizenship is learning how to be good to one another.” – A.J. Patrick Liszkiewicz
  15. 15. Expanded definition (draft) <ul><li>Citizenship: the rights & responsibilities of full, positive engagement in a participatory world </li></ul><ul><li>Rights – access & participation, free speech, privacy, physical & psychological safety, safety of material and intellectual property </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibilities – respect & civility => self & others; protecting own/others’ rights & property; respectful participation; learning and benefitting from the literacies of a networked world </li></ul>
  16. 16. The pillars of citizenship learning By Julian Turner <ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Guidance </li></ul><ul><li>Practice (lots) </li></ul>
  17. 17. 5 key elements <ul><li>Participation or “civic engagement” </li></ul><ul><li>Norms of behavior or &quot;good citizenship&quot; or etiquette </li></ul><ul><li>Rights and responsibilities </li></ul><ul><li>A sense of membership or belonging </li></ul><ul><li>The literacies : tech, media, social </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Opportunity to co-create the social norms of social media (or “cyberspace”) </li></ul><ul><li>More positive personal & collective experiences in/with social media </li></ul><ul><li>Power, as agents for social good (offline too) </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for collaboration with fellow change agents </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership training and opportunities in online and offline communities. </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and support </li></ul>What’ s in it for youth?
  19. 19. <ul><li>“ If the notion of digital citizenship in policy discourse is to have traction with its constituents and prove effective, it is vital that our understanding and use of the term be directly informed by young people ’ s </li></ul><ul><li>values and insights. ” --Third & Strider, University of Western Sydney </li></ul>No citizenship without the citizens
  20. 20. Thank you! <ul><li>Anne Collier </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>http://os3.connectsafely.org </li></ul>

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