CI Think: Challenging our understanding of Development


Published on

This is a presentation to share the experiences of Arpita Raksit, Indicorps Fellow 2010. She presents her insights into development in India through the lens of women and women’s empowerment.

Published in: Economy & Finance, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Emphasis the fact that i have thus far been led to believe that leveraging income is the golden ticket to development. I knew i would have to start small, but the formula was easy.
  • Look listen learn. Interesting time, as i was comparing my ‘theoretical’ knowledge with direct observation. Learnt that development was a lot more complex and i would have to dig deeper. ‘where and how development’ was my overriding question for the first 3 months
  • Keep going back to the ‘equation’ and how I slowly started to see holes in/didn’t add up
  • Based on lessons learnt from PRA and a funding opportunity from blue door foundation- set up microenterprises.
  • Small success are the most valuable-jasna learnt to read numbers. But– after all this, and what i could see as an easy path to follow for the rest of the year– iwasnt satisfied that whatever i was doing would lead to sustainability.
  • Is a woman earning an income but then passing this on to her husband really symbolic of empowerment over finance and decision making? Can a woman enjoy freedom of thought and action and new found self-worth, supposedly bought through employment when she still has the additional pressure of upholding her household duties? Are families really supporting SHG membership, or do they only support it when convenient for economic gain? In order for the goals of Mission Shakti to be achieved, the two stage process needs to be .
  • EXPAND THE equation. Promote a just society of scale. Platform for a voice. Rise in collaboration
  • I want people to challenge me on this.
  • CI Think: Challenging our understanding of Development

    1. 1. Challenging our understanding ofdevelopment- a woman’s insight Arpita Raksit- Indicorps 2010 Fellow March 14th 2012
    2. 2. Pre fellowship ideals • Grameen Microfinance • Systematic relationship: • 1.Access to finance • 2.Investment in goods and services • 3.Rise in disposable Income • 4.Expenditure on family/community • 5.Well-Being • 6.Development • Income as a means to end
    3. 3. Background Alternative for Rural Movement ‘ARM NGO’ Baliapal, north eastern Orissa Vision: “Establishment of an equitable social order …with emphasis on women and children in the sphere of health education, human rights, economy and rural leadership”
    4. 4. The Project ‘Financial Literacy for Women’ 300 Women’s Savings Groups Where’s the development?? Look, listen, learn
    5. 5. Cultural Sensitivity & Relativismo Participatory Rural Appraisal –o Exposure visitso Market researcho Surveyso Focus group discussionso Dream mappingWhat is development?
    6. 6. 40 women areMicroenterprise learning tailoring skills 25 women are learning sari embroidery
    7. 7. How development?
    8. 8. Limitations LIMITATIONSo Lack of vocational trainingo Lack of market knowledgeo Time constraintso Microfinance - eased consumptionrather than promote poverty alleviation (Gender video)
    9. 9. Realisations•Patriarchy•Freedom, choice, opportunity•Ownership•Consumerism driving domesticabuse•Economic, Social, PoliticalViolence•Breach of Human Rights
    10. 10. GEETA Mission: To build a mass movement of social empowerment in north eastern Orissa by fostering gender equality and creating a means to propel women and their communities out of poverty
    11. 11. GEETA- Structure & Sustainability •15 female community RURAL LEADERSHIP leaders - Change makers •PWDVA act, Dowry Prohibition RULE OF LAW act, marriage registration rules •ARM as Community Service Provider •Exposure & Education CAMPAIGNS •Watchdog •Partnerships: NAWO, TATA Consultancy Services RESULTS •Reduction in dowry, violence, divorce. •Greater equality and respect •Mindset change IMPACT •Women’s empowerment •Sustainable development
    12. 12. GEETA- Activities• 3 day Exposure visit•Offsite Training•Stakeholders support• Media: TV andnewspaper•Identity- uniform &badges•Poster campaign
    13. 13. Challenges to Sustainability1. Transferring ownership2. Capability of GEETA women3. Mindset4. ‘Gender development’- Subjective and not glamorous
    14. 14. Lessons Learnt ****Women’s empowerment is the key to ALL spheres of development****o Relativism and non judgemento Connections, love, service
    15. 15. Women at the CoreExample 1:• HealthReproductive Health Rights Environment Time & Labour  Happiness and Efficiency Community Service DevelopmentExample 2:• New plant fertiliser Men and Women pilot test Diversity Innovation Productivity and Growth Women gain voice through Ownership  Investment in Sustainable Development
    16. 16. Questions &