Inclusiveness of human development in India


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This presentation is about a research proposal aiming to study inclusiveness by looking into variations in human development across different sub-groups of population in India (a country with 17% of world population but with more than 33% of the global poor) as a case.
Presentation by Hippu Salk Kristle Nathan and Srijit Mishra, National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS) and Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research
GDN 14th Annual Conference
Manila, Philippines
June 19-21, 2013

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Inclusiveness of human development in India

  1. 1. Inclusiveness ofhuman development in IndiaJapanese Award for Outstanding Research on DevelopmentGDN 14th Annual Development ConferenceHippu Salk Kristle Nathan1 and Srijit Mishra21National Institute of Advanced Studies (NIAS), Bangalore1Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR), MumbaiJun 19-21, 2013Asian Development Bank (ADB) Headquarters, Manila
  2. 2. InclusivenessINCLUSIVE GROWTH – goes beyond income dimension (money)Human Development ParadigmMotivation(UNDP, 1990; Haq, 1995; Sen, 1999; 2000)2– addresses concerns of the ‘vulnerable’HDI - 3 dimensions – health, education, income• go beyond HDI (MDGs and other parameters)• compute HDI for different population sub groups• improvise HDI
  3. 3. India – a case for analysisStudy area17% world population, with more than 33% of world’s income poorInclusive growth – ‘main agenda’ in 11th & 12th 5-year PlansIncome (vertical) and inter-group (horizontal) inequality persistHDI: India - bottom 30% of countries; 2013- rank 136/187(Planning Commission, 2008; 2013)(Jayraj & Subramanian, 2012; 2013)(UNDP, HDR, various years)3(World Bank, 2013)
  4. 4. Objectives• To understand inclusiveness using human developmentparameters• To study progress in HDI and its components across states anddifferent sub-groups of population• To explore the reasons behind certain sub-groups doing better• To derive policy lessons for sub-groups not doing well.4
  5. 5. HDI measurement (pre 2010)Methods0 ≤ h, e, y ≤ 1Life Expectancy at birth1. A long and healthy life2. Knowledge3. Ability to achieve decentstandard livingAdult literary rate (2/3)Gross enrolment ratio (1/3)Three dimensions –hGDP per capita(PPP)eyHDI = 1/3 (h) + 1/3 (e) + 1/3 (y)
  6. 6. HDI measurement (post 2010)Methods0 ≤ h, e, y ≤ 1Life Expectancy at birth1. A long and healthy life2. Knowledge3. Ability to achieve decentstandard livingMean year of schooling (1/2)Expected year of schooling (1/2)Three dimensions –hGNI per capita(PPP)eyHDI = (h * e * y) 1/3
  7. 7. Displaced Ideal MethodMethods7djdkjkehej ekhkhjI (1, 1)Zeleny (1974)HDIj > HDIk iff dj < dkHDIIj = HDIk iff dj = dkHDIj < HDIk iff dj > dkMishra and Nathan (2008)22)1()1( iii hedHDI: Additive Inverse of distancebetter system should have less distance from “ideal”.
  8. 8. Properties of HDIMethodsMANUSH Axioms –8M: MonotonicityA: AnnonimityN: NormalizationU: UniformityS: SignallingH: Hiatus SensitivityCont…(Mishra and Nathan, 2008;Nathan and Mishra, 2013)LAGMDI
  9. 9. Signalling property of HDIMethods9Cont…I (1,1)j kheMovement is along thedirection proportion toshortfallIdeal pathsIso-HDI lines
  10. 10. Analysis00. 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1yh , e(1,1)Ideal paths(UNDP, HDR, 2010)India 1970–2010 HDI components
  11. 11. Further Work Plan• Compute sub-group specific HD measures (to understand inclusiveness)• States• Rural-Urban• Socio-economic groups (caste, class, gender)(Data: Census, National Sample Survey, National Family and HealthSurvey, Annual Status of Education Report, among others)• Primary survey - interview with stakeholders of selected states;case studies on selected sub-groups (to probe and identify structuralvulnerabilities explaining reasons for some performing better than the other)11
  12. 12. Policy relevanceContribute to the public policy discourse regarding:Lessons for other developing countries, vulnerable societies.Identification of reasons structural vulnerabilities could havespecific policy implications on:- Human Development Measurement- Multi Dimensional Poverty Measures- Assessment of Inclusiveness- sub-groups (caste, class and gender) and- different aspects of human development (likeeducation, health, and livelihood)
  13. 13. Timeline13Activities Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Q5 Q6 Q7 Q8Understand the progress of HDfor different sub-groupsDevelop methodology toassess inclusiveness in HDExplore preliminary reasonsbehind certain sub-groupsdoing betterPrimary survey of selectedsub-groups and stakeholdersIdentification of policies thatpromote inclusive growthDisseminations
  14. 14. Budget14Items Amount ($)Personnel (Researchers, support staffs,field staffs )14500Data collection:Secondary 1000Primary 6500Equipment 3000Other costs (Workshops/disseminationand Overheads)5000TOTAL 30000
  15. 15. Suggestion and