Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme

CII suggestion to implement last digit automobile rationing on Delhi roads to reduce pollution and traffic levels in Delhi

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme

  1. 1. © Confederation of Indian Industry 1 CII SUGGESTION TO IMPLEMENT LAST DIGIT AUTOMOBILE RATIONING ON DELHI ROADS TO REDUCE POLLUTION AND TRAFFIC LEVELS IN DELHI Confederation of Indian Industry Delhi State Office 2nd Floor, IGSSS Building 28, Institutional Area, Lodi Road, New Delhi
  2. 2. © Confederation of Indian Industry 2 BACKGROUND: Growing urbanization coupled with increasing demand for mobility and personal motorization remains one of the key challenges of Delhi. With the advent of cheaper and smaller cars and also immigration, motorization is expected to continue to increase at an unprecedented rate in Delhi. The Government of NCT of Delhi, under the dynamic leadership of Mr Arvind Kejriwal, Hon’ble Chief Minister has launched the second phase of Odd / Even Car rationing scheme from 15 April 2016 for 15 days. Just like the Odd / Even rationing of Cars, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) suggests, the Government of NCT of Delhi in conjunction with the Delhi Traffic Police to consider implementing ‘Last Digit Automobile Rationing’ in the State. The ‘Last Digit Automobile Rationing’ of vehicles would mean that the Registration of Vehicle number plates ending with 1 would not be allowed to drive on roads on 1st , 11th , 21st and 31st (date) of a month. Similarly, cars ending with number 2 would not be allowed to drive on roads on 2nd , 12th and 22nd (date). Subsequently, we suggest this rationing should be done for every digit from 0 to 9 without giving exemption to any category other than on CNG. The Government of NCT of Delhi can implement the ‘Last Digit Automobile Rationing’ on one or two digits of vehicle’s registration
  3. 3. © Confederation of Indian Industry 3 numbers alongside other measures that are being taken for the betterment of Delhi’s Environment. This restriction should be implemented on every mode of motorized transport, except Ambulances, Police Vehicles and Fire Brigades. The ‘Last Digit Automobile Rationing’ should get implemented on 2 Wheelers, 4 Wheelers including Women Drivers and Car Poolers from 8 AM to 8 PM on all weekdays and weekends. The ‘Last Digit Automobile Rationing’ should be made permanent as this would be least inconvenient to the citizens of Delhi and also without over burdening the already burdened public transport system of Delhi. IMPACT ANALYSIS: The impact analysis has been done between Odd / Even Scheme and Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme. In Table-I, we have tried to compare the Odd / Even Scheme and Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme and their due impact on CO2 emissions in Delhi State.
  4. 4. © Confederation of Indian Industry 4 Table-I As per a study done by United States Environmental Protection Agency, the universal average (Petrol and Diesel) CO2 emission from a car is 257 grams for every Kilometer run and approximately 75 grams for 2 Wheelers and 3 Wheelers. The hypothesis in the above Table-I is that, if a vehicle travels for 10 Km’s every day for 365 days of the year, then the vehicle will emit 9.4 lac grams of CO2 in the air. Subsequently, if all registered vehicles of the Delhi State run for 10 Km’s for 365 days, then they are bound to emit 1,277,288 tons of CO2 in the Delhi’s Environment. In Column-F of Table-I, we have tried to explain the total emission of CO2 by registered vehicles (FY 2012) in a year in Delhi. A B C D E F G H I Particular No of Cars in Delhi (2012) Kms Per Km CO2 Emission * (Average of Petrol & Diesel) Total Emission in a Day Total Emission in a Year Total Emission Reduced by Odd Even in 60 days * Total Emission Reduced by Last Digit Automobile Rationing - 1 Digit ** Total Emission Reduced by Last Digit Automobile Rationing - 2 Digits *** Private 4 Wheelers 834,095 10 257 2,143,624,150 782,422,814,750 4,823,154,338 7,331,194,593 14,662,389,186 Private 2 Wheelers 1,192,033 10 75 894,024,750 326,319,033,750 Exempt 3,218,489,100 6,436,978,200 Commercial Vehicles (Includes HCV & Buses) 179,678 10 257 461,772,460 168,546,947,900 Exempt Exempt Exempt Total 2,205,806 Total Reduced Emissions 1,277,288,796,400 4,823,154,338 10,549,683,693 21,099,367,386 Percentage Reduction 0.3776% 0.8259% 1.6518% * factoring in 20% for Women Drivers and 5% CNG cars in Delhi. Half the number of cars running on roads for 60 days ** factoring 5% CNG cars in Delhi and 10% cars which are off the road everyday *** factoring 5% CNG cars in Delhi and 20% cars which are off the road everyday Disclaimer: These statistics are indicative based on approximate figures
  5. 5. © Confederation of Indian Industry 5 If Odd-Even Scheme is implemented for 15 days every quarter of the year, which means four times in a year for 60 days, then the total reduction in CO2 emission would be to the tune of 4,823 tons in a year, which is 0.37% of the total emission in the year. It is notable that the Odd Even scheme is only applicable to Private 4 wheelers. It exempts 2 Wheelers, 3 Wheelers, commercial vehicles, women drivers and CNG fitted cars. On the other hand, if the Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme is implemented for a single digit throughout the year, then the total reduction in emission would be 10,549 tons in a year, which means reduction is 0.82% of the total emission in the year, provided that only commercial vehicles including busses taxis etc., Police vehicle, Ambulances and Fire brigades are exempt from this scheme. Subsequently, if the Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme for two digits is implemented throughout the year, then the total reduction in CO2 emission would be 21,099 tons which will be a 1.6% reduction in the total Carbon Di-oxide output in the city through vehicles. Last Digit Automobile Rationing Scheme for two digits can be of 2 types: v Constant Weekday Digits: On Monday vehicles ending with 1 and 2 are restricted. On Tuesday vehicles ending with 3 and 4 are restricted. On Wednesday 5 and 6, on Thursday 7 and 8 and Friday 9 and 0 are restricted. There are no restrictions on the weekends.
  6. 6. © Confederation of Indian Industry 6 v Ascending Digit Rationing: On a particular date of every month, automobile rationing would be for vehicles ending with that particular digit of the date and also the next day’s date. E.g. on 1st of the month vehicles ending with digit 1 would be restricted and also vehicles ending with 2 will also be restricted which is the next date. Similarly, on 2nd of the month, vehicles ending with digit 2 would be restricted and also vehicles ending with 3 would be restricted. This rationing will continue during the weekends also. By the end of April this year, the Delhi Government would have completed 2 phases of the Odd-Even Scheme. The assumption of this study is that the Government will implement one Odd-Even scheme of 15 days in every quarter. Hence, 60 days of odd even rationing in a year where half of the private vehicles would not be able to ply with some exemptions such as lady drivers, CNG car etc. The Odd-Even Scheme adds pressure on the public transport system of Delhi. During the last implementation of this scheme, the Delhi Government had procured services of 3,000 buses to meet demand of public commutation in January 2016, hence adding to the cost of public transport which could have been diverted towards new infrastructure development. Also a patron at the time of replacing old vehicle if 'even' , would ensure the new vehicle would be 'odd' but the old vehicle would not be discarded and used on 'even' day - older vehicle likely to be more polluting.
  7. 7. © Confederation of Indian Industry 7 Comparative analysis of CO2 reduction The Graph shows that the Last Digit vehicle rationing, if made permanent without exemptions will have triple the impact on reduction of emissions than Odd-Even Scheme. 0.0000% 0.5000% 1.0000% 1.5000% 2.0000% Odd Even Last Digit Car Ratioining - 1 Digit Last Digit Car Ratioining - 2 Digits 46% 33% 10% 5% 4% 2% Pollution Share Trucks Two Wheelers Passenger cars Buses LCV 3-Wheelers Hence, given the above analysis, we suggest, Government of NCT of Delhi to consider implementing ‘Last Digit Automobile Rationing’ for at least one Month. As per a few report available in public, out of all the sources of PM 2.5 pollution in Delhi, 20% is apportioned to Vehicles. Within this 20% of vehicles, the distribution of pollution from various types of vehicles, as stated in the report in public is below.
  8. 8. © Confederation of Indian Industry 8 The above graph shows that 33% pollution comes from 2 wheelers and 46% comes from Trucks in Delhi. CASE STUDIES IN THE WORLD: Mexico City, Mexico: Mexico City started Last Digit Vehicle Rationing in November 1989. Their driving restriction program is known as "No-drive days" which consist of prohibiting the circulation of 20% of vehicles from Monday to Friday depending on the last digit of their license plates. The program was made permanent at the end of the 1990 winter season. The program is intended to improve air quality of Mexico City. The restriction is based on the last digit of the license plate. Two numbers are restricted to travel every day between from 5 a.m. to 10 p.m. The restrictions apply to the entire Mexico City metropolitan area. Santiago, Chile: Last Digit Vehicle Driving Restrictions were introduced in Santiago in 1986, as a measure to mitigate Chile's capital high levels of air pollution. The scheme is based on the last number of the license plate, and two numbers are banned from entering the city between Monday and Friday. Sao Paulo, Brazil: São Paulo is the largest metropolis in the world with a permanent alternate-day travel restriction. The scheme was first implemented in 1995 as a trial on a voluntary basis, and then as a mandatory restriction implemented in August 1996 to mitigate air pollution, and thereafter made permanent in June 1997 to relieve traffic
  9. 9. © Confederation of Indian Industry 9 congestion. The driving restriction applies to passenger cars and commercial vehicles, and it is based on the last digit of the license plate. Two numbers are restricted to travel every day between 7 a.m. to 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. from Monday through Friday. * * * * *

×