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Indian Roots American Soil

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CII's report, “Indian Roots, American Soil,” is a state-by-state breakdown of tangible investments made and jobs created by 100 surveyed Indian companies doing business in all 50 states, as well as Washington, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. New Jersey, Texas, California, New York and Georgia are home to the most number of workers in America directly employed by Indian companies. New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, California, and Wyoming have the highest foreign direct investment (FDI) from Indian companies. The surveyed companies also provided data regarding their corporate social responsibility (CSR) and research and development expenditures, which totaled $147 million and $588 million, respectively.

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Indian Roots American Soil

  1. 1. INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL A survey of Indian companies' investments and operations in the United States
  2. 2. Copyright ©(2017) Confederationof Indian Industry(CII).Allrights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in, or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise), in part or full in any manner whatsoever, or translated into any language, without the prior written permission of the copyright owner. CIIhasmadeeveryefforttoensuretheaccuracyoftheinformationandmaterialpresentedinthisdocument.Nonetheless,allinformation,estimatesandopinionscontained in this publication are subject to change without notice, and do not constitute professional advice in any manner. Neither CII nor any of its office bearers or analysts or employees accept or assume any responsibility or liability in respect of the information provided herein. However, any discrepancy, error, etc. found in this publication may pleasebebroughttothenoticeofCIIforappropriatecorrection. Published by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII), The Mantosh Sondhi Centre, 23, Institutional Area, Lodi Road, New Delhi 110003, India, Tel:+91-11-24629994-7,Fax:+91-11-24626149,Email:info@cii.in,Web:www.cii.in
  3. 3. Content 03 Introduction 05 Survey Overview 11 Survey Results: Top 25 states with largest Indian investment 12 New York 13 New Jersey 14 Massachusetts 15 California 16 Wyoming 17 Texas 18 Kentucky 19 Arkansas 20 Georgia 21 Illinois 22 Pennsylvania 23 Michigan 24 Missouri 25 Tennessee 26 Ohio 27 North Carolina 28 Louisiana 29 Virginia 30 Washington 31 Oregon 32 Minnesota 33 Indiana 34 West Virginia 35 Maryland 36 Florida
  4. 4. Introduction The bilateral partnership between the United States and India has been transformed in the past two decades—starting with the visit of President Bill Clinton in 2000, continuing through the Republican administration of George W. Bush, and solidifying under President Barack Obama—we expect this trend to continue under the Trump administration as well. As administrations have changed, India and the U.S. have continued to enjoy a strong, warm, and friendly relationship founded on shared values that include a commitment to democratic institutions, peace and prosperity, a robust and expanding economic cooperation agenda, and close people-to-people ties represented by 3.5 million Indian Americans. Since economic liberalization began in India in the early 1990s, the belief in individual agency—that equality of opportunity can help people get ahead in life—has gained a firm foothold in India, the way it has for millions of Americans. The United States has emerged as a natural partner in helping India achieve its developmentalgoalsandaspirations. 1 Statistics from The Office of the United States Trade Representative, “India” (updated March 22, 2017) https://ustr.gov/countries-regions/south-central-asia/india and SelectUSA, “Foreign Direct Investment: India” https://www.selectusa.gov/servlet/servlet.FileDownload?file=015t0000000LKMV Trade and commerce between the U.S. and India continues to grow: in 2016, the U.S. goods and services trade with India totaled an estimated $114.8 billion. India is currently the U.S.' 9th largest goods trading partner, and two-way goods trade stood at $67.7 billion in 2016. The ongoing success of Indian companies is why India remains in the top ten fastest-growing sources of FDI in the U.S. Indian companies are funding community workforce skills training throughout the nation, and popular CSR programs include STEM training for students and U.S. veterans. They have also invested heavily in R&D and innovation across a wide spectrum of sectors, enhancing the competitiveness of 1 theU.S.economy,andfuelinginnovation. This report is CII’s effort to shine a light on the relatively unknown story of Indian Foreign Direct Investment into the United States and the ways in which it is transformingthebilateralpartnershipinpositiveways. 03 INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  5. 5. Survey Overview Every two years, the Confederation of Indian Industry surveys Indian companies with investments and operations across a wide spectrum of sectors in the U.S. The data reflects the reach and spread of Indian FDI across all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico, and shows the significant impact that Indian companies’ investments have on the U.S. economy. The following survey report is based on responses from 100 Indian companies and pertains to tangible foreign direct investment (FDI), job creation numbers, corporate social responsibility (CSR) and research and development (R&D) activities, and also provides a peek into future investment plans within the U.S. The state-by-state breakout featured in this edition illustrates both a positive trajectory of investments and job creation, as well as the expanding geographic sprawl and impact ofIndiancompaniesontheU.S.economy. This fifth edition of the “Indian Roots, American Soil” survey report indicates that Indian companies are not only adding value to the U.S. economy, they are investinginitspeopleaswell. The top five states with the highest concentration of companies surveyed are New Jersey, Texas, California, New York, and Pennsylvania. However, Indian companies have an operational presence (i.e. physical investments, as well as leased spaces) in all 50 states, as well as in Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. 23 states were found tohave10ormoreIndiancompaniespresent. RESULTS HIGHLIGHTS Top 5 states: Beneficiaries of the highest Indian FDI Top 5 states: With the highest number of jobs 100companies in the United States responded to the survey Total Investment > $17.9 billion Total Employees > 113,423 Total Research & Development Expenditure > $588 million Total Corporate Social Responsibility Programs Expenditure >$147 million Indian companies are spread across 50 states, as well as Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico with tangible investments in 40 states STATE INVESTMENT STATE TOTAL EMPLOYEES * Numbers have been rounded to nearest ten 05 New York $1.570 billion New Jersey $1.567 billion Massachusetts $931 million California $542 million Wyoming $435 million New Jersey 8,570 Texas 7,270 California 6,750 New York 5,140 Georgia 4,550 *Numbers have been rounded to nearest million Indian companies in the United States: Presence INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  6. 6. Figure 1: Indian companies in the United States: Geographical presence Over 15 companies Between 5-15 companies Less than 5 companies AK HI WA OR CA MT ND SD IANE WY ID NV UT NM OK TN MS AL WV ME AZ CO KS TX MN WI IL MO AR LA IN MI OH PA KY VA NC SC GA FL NY MA RI CT NJ DE MD VT NH PR DC 06 INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  7. 7. Indian companies in the United States: Sector diversification Sector diversification amongst Indian companies persists with the most concentration in sectors such as IT and IT-es; life sciences, pharmaceuticals, and healthcare; manufacturing; energy; food and agriculture; automotive; financial services; design, engineering, and construction; tourism and hospitality; mining and materials; telecommunications; andaerospaceanddefense. Figure 2: Indian companies in the United States: Sector diversification Figure 3: Beneficiaries of the highest investment from Indian companies: Top 5 U.S. states Indian companies in the United States: Tangible investments The aggregate tangible investment figure across the U.S. of the Indian companies surveyed is in excess of $17.9 billion. These tangible investments are spread across 40 U.S. states and territories. 14 states list investments numbering at $100 million or more. The five states that received the maximum volume of investments from Indian companies are: New York ($1.570 billion), New Jersey ($1.567 billion), Massachusetts ($931 million), California ($542 million),andWyoming($435million). NewYork NewJersey California Wyoming $3 $2 $1 $0 Massachusetts 07 Information Technology and ITES 28% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 25% and Healthcare Manufacturing 14% Energy 11% Food and Agriculture 5% Automotive 4% Financial services 4% Design, Engineering and Construction 3% Other 2% Tourism and Hospitality 1% Mining, and Materials 1% Telecommunications 1% Aerospace and Defense 1% Totalvolmeofinvestmentby Indiancompanies(billions) INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  8. 8. Indian companies in the United States: Employment Generated Collectively, the surveyed Indian companies have generated employment for 113,423 people in the U.S. These are of course direct jobs, and taking into account the multiplier effect, which measures how a given change can cause a larger change in output, these direct jobs are certainly leading to an even greater employment boost in a range of other sectors supporting the industries, as well as jobs created through related ancillary services. The quantum impact ofdirectjobsisinthatsenseverysignificant. The top five states benefitting from employment by Indian companies are New Jersey (8,572 jobs), Texas (7,271 jobs), California (6,749 jobs), New York (5,135 jobs),andGeorgia(4,554jobs). 20 U.S. states and territories have at least 1,000 people directlyemployedbyIndiancompanies. Figure 4: Beneficiaries of maximum employment from Indian companies: Top 5 U.S. states Indian companies in the United States: Research & Development 57% of the Indian companies surveyed reported conducting research and development (R&D) across the U.S. The total expenditure by Indian companies into R&D and innovation activities in the U.S. amounted to more than $588 million. Based on the trajectory of the knowledge economy in the U.S., and indeed around the globe, and the pace at which technology is changing and shifting, we can expect investments into this area to expand going forward as well—this is true for companies across the board and notforanysinglesector. Figure 5: Do Indian companies conduct R&D in the U.S.? Yes 57% No 37% Unanswered 6% 08 Totalnumberofjobscreatedby Indiancompanies(thousands) NewJersey Texas California NewYork Georgia 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 0 INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  9. 9. Indian companies in the United States: Corporate Social Responsibility Indian companies in the U.S. are not just investing money and creating jobs: they are actively contributing to the local economies where they operate. The companies surveyed in this report listed over $147 million spent on corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives in the United States. Programming for CSR ranged from initiatives as localized as donating to the community Fire and Rescue service and building homes through Habitat for Humanity, to sponsoring and supporting students in areas as diverse as agricultural science to high end STEM programs at universities and colleges across the U.S. Indian companies also report focusing on skills and technical training programs that are designed to help local students and U.S. veterans develop the competitive skills needed to participate in the knowledge economy—investments into the future workforce or in re-skilling also enable Indian companies to continue hiring locally in the U.S. Much of the educational programming funded and supported by Indian companies is also targeted at minority and female students, who have traditionally lacked access to STEM trainingandcareeroptions. Indian companies in the United States: Future plans The U.S. has traditionally ranked among the top five destinations of FDI from India, and according to SelectUSA of the U.S. Department of Commerce, in 2015 (latest data available) Indian investment in the U.S. was the ninth fastest-growing. Expectations that Indian investment will continue to rise is supported by the data in this survey report, wherein 85% of respondents asserted the intention to invest more in the U.S. over the nextfiveyears. Figure 6: Do Indian companies engage in CSR initiatives in the U.S.? Yes 65% No 25% Unanswered 10% 09 Figure 7: Do Indian companies plan to make investments in the United States in the next five years? Yes 85% No 7% Not Sure 8% INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  10. 10. Nearly 87% of the surveyed companies also indicated that in the next five years they plan to expand their local hires, with the states of Texas, New York, New Jersey, California, and Georgia cited as the most promising statesforfutureinvestments. Figure 8: Do Indian companies plan to hire more employees locally in the United States in the next five years? Yes 87% No 6% Not Sure 7% Conclusion As borne out in the preceding pages, the investment footprint of Indian companies in the United States has continued to grow andexpandinsubstantiveways.TangibleinvestmentsandjobcreationbyIndiancompaniesisnotonlyrevitalizingandadding dynamism to the local U.S., economy but is also helping to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. companies in the global marketplace. This year’s survey report illustrates that Indian roots are growing deeper as increased participation in CSR and R&D activities indicate that Indian companies are not only investing dollars in their adopted communities in terms of brick and mortar facilities, but they are in essence investing in the communities’ future by supporting long term social, educational, capacity building, and skilling programs. As the U.S.-India partnership grows and flourishes, drawing the two countries closer together in bonds of friendship, we expect that the Indian investment story in the U.S. will continue to be a positive aspect adding ballast toanalreadystrongfoundationinbilateralties. 10 INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  11. 11. Survey Results Top 25 states with largest Indian investment 11 INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  12. 12. New York 01 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $1,569,786,086 5,135 25 NY 12 Indian companies in New York: Sector diversification Information Technology and ITES 56.00% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 12.00% and Healthcare Energy 8.00% Financial Services 8.00% Manufacturing 8.00% Tourism and Hospitality 4.00% Other 4.00% INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  13. 13. New Jersey Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $1,566,818,611 8,572 38 02 13 Information Technology and ITES 42.11% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 31.58% and Healthcare Manufacturing 5.26% Energy 2.63% Telecommunications 2.63% Mining, and Materials 2.63% Financial Services 2.63% Other 2.63% Food and Agriculture 2.63% Design, Engineering 2.63% and Construction Automotive 2.63% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationNew Jersey INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  14. 14. Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present: $930,584,298 2,318 16 Massachusetts 03 14 Information Technology and ITES 68.75% Other 6.25% Manufacturing 6.25% Tourism and Hospitality 6.25% Design, Engineering 6.25% and Construction Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 6.25% and Healthcare Indian companies in : Sector diversificationMassachusetts INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  15. 15. Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $542,421,564 6,749 29 California 04 Information Technology and ITES 51.72% Food and Agriculture 10.34% Design, Engineering 6.90% and Construction Manufacturing 6.90% Other 6.90% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 6.90% and Healthcare Financial Services 3.45% Tourism and Hospitality 3.45% Telecommunications 3.45% 15 Indian companies in : Sector diversificationCalifornia INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  16. 16. Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $435,000,000 534 2 Wyoming 05 16 Mining, and Materials 50.00% Information Technology 50.00% and ITES Indian companies in : Sector diversificationWyoming WV INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  17. 17. Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $391,999,033 7,271 31 Texas 06 17 Information Technology and ITES 45.16% Energy 25.81% Other 6.45% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 6.45% and Healthcare Manufacturing 6.45% Financial Services 3.23% Design, Engineering 3.23% and Construction Food and Agriculture 3.23% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationTexas INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  18. 18. 18 Kentucky 07 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $299,362,962 1,641 13 Information Technology 69.23% and ITES Manufacturing 15.38% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 15.38% and Healthcare Indian companies in : Sector diversificationKentucky INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  19. 19. Arkansas Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $298,850,000 1,091 8 08 19 Information Technology 62.50% and ITES Food and Agriculture 12.50% Other 12.50% Manufacturing 12.50% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationArkansas INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  20. 20. 20 Georgia 09 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $253,048,292 4,554 19 Information Technology 73.68% and ITES Manufacturing 10.53% Other 5.26% Design, Engineering 5.26% and Construction Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 5.26% and Healthcare Indian companies in : Sector diversificationGeorgia INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  21. 21. 21 Illinois Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $195,701,669 3,802 19 10 Information Technology 63.16% and ITES Other 10.53% Energy 10.53% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 5.26% and Healthcare Design, Engineering 5.26% and Construction Financial Services 5.26% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationIllinois INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  22. 22. 22 Pennsylvania 11 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $170,641,000 1,865 23 Information Technology 47.83% and ITES Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 26.09% and Healthcare Other 8.70% Manufacturing 4.35% Food and Agriculture 4.35% Energy 4.35% Automotive 4.35% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationPennsylvania INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  23. 23. Michigan Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $146,769,333 2,098 21 12 23 Information Technology 47.62% and ITES Automotive 14.29% Design, Engineering 9.52% and Construction Manufacturing 9.52% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 9.52% and Healthcare Other 4.76% Energy 4.76% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationMichigan Responses may not total 100% due to rounding. INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  24. 24. 24 Missouri 13 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $139,000,000 989 9 Information Technology 55.56% and ITES Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 22.22% and Healthcare Other 11.11% Energy 11.11% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationMissouri INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  25. 25. Tennessee Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $102,656,000 779 11 14 Information Technology 54.55% and ITES Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 18.18% and Healthcare Other 9.09% Food and Agriculture 9.09% Automotive 9.09% 25 Indian companies in : Sector diversificationTennessee Responses may not total 100% due to rounding. INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  26. 26. 26 Ohio 15 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $74,407,203 3,188 17 Information Technology 64.71% and ITES Manufacturing 23.53% Other 5.88% Design, Engineering 5.88% and Construction Indian companies in : Sector diversificationOhio INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  27. 27. North Carolina Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $63,572,000 3,992 14 16 Information Technology 71.43% and ITES Other 14.29% Design, Engineering 7.14% and Construction Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 7.14% and Healthcare 27 Indian companies in : Sector diversificationNorth Carolina INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  28. 28. 28 Louisiana 17 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $63,003,282 293 8 Information Technology 75.00% and ITES Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 25.00% and Healthcare Indian companies in : Sector diversificationLouisiana INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  29. 29. 29 Virginia Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $37,883,760 1,868 16 18 Information Technology 75.00% and ITES Other 6.25% Telecommunications 6.25% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 6.25% and Healthcare Manufacturing 6.25% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationVirginia INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  30. 30. 30 Washington 19 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $37,204,152 3,397 16 Information Technology 68.75% and ITES Manufacturing 6.25% Energy 6.25% Other 6.25% Design, Engineering 6.25% and Construction Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 6.25% and Healthcare Indian companies in : Sector diversificationWashington INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  31. 31. 31 Oregon Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $25,000,000 558 12 20 Information Technology 58.33% and ITES Other 8.33% Food and Agriculture 8.33% Design, Engineering 8.33% and Construction Automotive 8.33% Energy 8.33% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationOregon INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  32. 32. 32 Minnesota 21 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $24,142,000 2,297 14 Information Technology 71.43% and ITES Other 7.14% Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 7.14% and Healthcare Energy 7.14% Aerospace and Defense 7.14% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationMinnesota INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  33. 33. 33 Indiana Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $21,004,000 1,620 9 22 Information Technology 66.67% and ITES Energy 11.11% Other 11.11% Manufacturing 11.11% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationIndiana INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  34. 34. 34 West Virginia 23 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $20,000,000 186 5 WV Information Technology 60.00% and ITES Manufacturing 20.00% Energy 20.00% Indian companies in : Sector diversificationWest Virginia INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  35. 35. 35 Maryland Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $14,920,000 803 14 24 Information Technology 57.14% and ITES Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 21.43% and Healthcare Other 7.14% Food and Agriculture 7.14% Design, Engineering 7.14% and Construction Indian companies in : Sector diversificationMaryland INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  36. 36. Florida 25 Total volume of investment ($) Number of jobs created Number of Indian companies present $13,002,881 3,878 18 FL Information Technology 55.56% and ITES Life Sciences, Pharmaceuticals 16.67% and Healthcare Other 11.11% Manufacturing 5.56% Aerospace and Defense 5.56% Design, Engineering 5.56% and Construction 36 Indian companies in : Sector diversificationFlorida INDIAN ROOTS, AMERICAN SOIL
  37. 37. Confederation of Indian Industry The Mantosh Sondhi Centre 23, Institutional Area, Lodi Road, New Delhi – 110 003 (India) T: 91 11 45771000 / 24629994-7 | F: 91 11 24626149 E: info@cii.in | W: www.cii.in The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) works to create and sustain an environment conducive to the development of India, partnering industry, Government, and civil society,through advisoryandconsultativeprocesses. CII is a non-government, not-for-profit, industry-led and industry-managed organization, playing a proactive role in India's development process. Founded in 1895, India's premier business association has over 8,500 members, from the private as well as public sectors, including SMEs and MNCs, and an indirect membership of over 200,000 enterprisesfromaround 250nationalandregionalsectoralindustrybodies. CII charts change by working closely with Government on policy issues, interfacing with thought leaders, and enhancing efficiency, competitiveness and business opportunities for industry through a range of specialized services and strategic global linkages. It also providesaplatformforconsensus-building andnetworkingonkeyissues. Extending its agenda beyond business, CII assists industry to identify and execute corporate citizenship programmes. Partnerships with civil society organizations carry forward corporate initiatives for integrated and inclusive development across diverse domains including affirmative action, healthcare, education, livelihood, diversity management,skilldevelopment,empowermentofwomen,andwater,tonameafew. The CII theme for 2017-18, India Together: Inclusive. Ahead. Responsible emphasizes Industry's role in partnering Government to accelerate India's growth and development. The focus will be on key enablers such as job creation; skill development and training; affirmative action; women parity; new models of development; sustainability; corporate socialresponsibility,governanceandtransparency. With 67 offices, including 9 Centres of Excellence, in India, and 11 overseas offices in Australia, Bahrain, China, Egypt, France, Germany, Iran, Singapore, South Africa, UK, and USA, as well as institutional partnerships with 344 counterpart organizations in 129 countries, CII serves as a reference point for Indian industry and the international businesscommunity.

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