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Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus - Packaging

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Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - Steve Slaus - Packaging

  1. 1. Viability of EPR for packaging in Argentina? The Belgian case + feasibility in Argentina Steve ClausSteve Claus Vigorous inspriring EPR consultant Buenos Aires, Argentina November 27-28, 2017 (Nov 27, pm)
  2. 2. (1) Belgium – Where, what,…? 2/27
  3. 3. Transposing EU’s PPWD into Belgian laws Recycling & Recovery Targets for packaging waste Recycling & Recovery Targets for packaging waste Essential requirements for the marketing of packaging Essential requirements for the marketing of packaging EU Directive 94/62/EC of 20.12.1994 on packaging and packaging waste (PPWD) with 2 major chapters: 3/27 •Regional competency •Inter-regional Cooperation Agreement (04.11.2008) packagingpackaging •Federal competency •Law on product standards (21.12.1998) •Royal Decree on product standards for packaging (25.03.1999)
  4. 4. Smart translation into Belgian law Belgian legislation = take-back obligation Take-back obligation = obligation for packaging responsible to meet legal recycling and recovery targets - Via own systems of collection, sorting, recycling - Via an accredited organisation 4/27 Fost Plus = accredited body for household packaging VAL-I-PAC = accredited body for industrial packaging Fost Plus pays the full cost and chooses itself HOW to reach the targets in respect of the municipal autonomy
  5. 5. Recycling/recovery targets for packaging waste 5/27 Goals by weight per material: • 60% for glass, paper-cardboard and drink cartons • 50% for metals • 30% for plastics • 15% for wood
  6. 6. Household packaging waste mgmt system Parties responsible for packaging IPC (Interregional Accreditation Verification Citizens Contract Financial Material 6/27 (Inter)municipalities RecyclersWaste management companies (Interregional Packaging Commission) Verification Citizens
  7. 7. What is being collected and where? 7/27
  8. 8. Also collection in civic amenity parcs 8/27
  9. 9. Material and data flows Collection of materials Transfer station and/or sorting plant Delivery of materials Material flow Collector Recycler Day X 9/27 Administration and validation of a LCB-form by load Administrative flow Enrichment of LCB-form LCB-forms (>30.000/year) Day X + 1Day X + 5 Base for invoicing month M / Approval by Intermunicipality Weight
  10. 10. Quality - a key to success... ...and at every level 10/27
  11. 11. Communication - Without it, no participation 11/27
  12. 12. 6 different levels of communication National level: sensitization, focus on the importance of sorting and eventually link with recycling Local level: practical information and targeted communication in cooperation with waste intermunicipalities OOH: focus on specific places or environments Regional level: struggle against littering 12/27 Regional level: struggle against littering Corporate level: B-to-B Press
  13. 13. 13/27
  14. 14. Prevention - As little as possible, but as much as necessary -16% -13% -29% (Loss of weight between 2005 and 2014) 14/27 -16% -13% -29% PET bottle 1,5l steel can 33cl plastic butter tray
  15. 15. Money, the crux of the matter Parties responsible for packaging(producers, importers) 84 Mio USD (*) Marketing materials for recycling 76 Mio USD 15/27 Other costs** 30 Mio USD 160 mio USD • (*) Including 11 mio $ coming from the Fost Plus provisions as budgetted sales < real sales in N-2 (**) Communication, contribution to regions (6mio EUR), control, prevention, general costs,…) Collection and sorting 130 mio USD
  16. 16. Belgian’s performance = top of Europe 16/27
  17. 17. Key success factors Belgian case Realistic, feasible and flexible legislation Obliged industry (fillers) to act as onE Public Private Partnership (PPP) Optimized and standardized collection scenario, which was implemented progressively Competition on the right level 17/27 Competition on the right level Quality and control management Support for appropriate communication to meet the needs of all the target groups KEY SUCCESS FACTORS DESIGNATED ROLES FOR ALL PARTIES INVOLVED + PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
  18. 18. (2) Argentina: A window of opportunities, however there is no silver bullet No copy paste of other existing models in the world No one size fits all Always take into account the local circumstances and particularities of the country What already exists? What already works? 18/27 What already works? What are authorities’ ambitions? What is obliged industry’s willingness to take up its responsibility? What are waste operators doing and how? What’s the current recycling market and how is it maturing? Status of incorporation of informal sector? Quid with regard to other recovery possibilities (e.g. incineration,…)?
  19. 19. Waste pickers, collectors, sorters and recyclers are doing a good job, however… A lack of packaging waste data What are the packaging waste materials, volumes, … put on the market? What are the tendancies? What is collected today and by whom? What is happening with the collected packaging waste? 19/27 What is happening with the collected packaging waste? What is the financial model? Are the waste pickers, collectors and sorters receiving correct amounts of money for their services? What about the risks waste pickers, collectors, sorters are taking (health, insurance, work conditions,…)?
  20. 20. Argentina today Waste pickers: some of them belong to associations; others work stand-alone: mainly in HH and small shops Private companies: mainly collect from malls, industry (high volumes, clean material, higher prices) NGO’s collecting: what type of materials + from whom? Utility companies: do they exist, what do they collect and how?Utility companies: do they exist, what do they collect and how? Where to take to material to? - specialized shops? - sorters - repair shops? - recyclers - landfill? 20/27
  21. 21. Problems today Wiste pickers: informal (quid health, security, …?) No seperation at source (waste pickers do that job) Losing material because of no seperation at source No education to sort at source Collection of materials is price driven (depending on demand at the end ofCollection of materials is price driven (depending on demand at the end of the chain) (e.g. low prices for glass, tetrapak) Transparency with regards to costs and tariffs 21/27
  22. 22. What are potential collection and sorting scenarios for packaging waste for Argentina? Glass bins/containers in the streets? Glass collection door-to-door? Door-to-door collection of paper-cardboard? Door-to-door collection of easy to recycle and voluminous amounts of PET bottles? Door-to-door collection of HDPE bottles? 22/27 Door-to-door collection of HDPE bottles? Door-to-door collection of steel cans (food, drink,…)? Door-to-door collection of aluminum cans (food, drink,…) ? Recyclable pakaging (except for glass) in the streets via bins/containers? Distinct collection scenarios urban versus rural? In case of bins/containers, underground or not? Containerparks? For high rise buildings, bins/containers in the basement? …
  23. 23. What are real potential scenarios? EPR should include waste pickers Not exclude store houses Should obliged industry work or not work with excisting scheme or create new parallel collection/sorting system? Role of municipalities? (cf. post-consumer programs or be part of the scheme?) How manage the financial flows? (cf. tariffs, …): Obliged industry to play anHow manage the financial flows? (cf. tariffs, …): Obliged industry to play an intermediate role or leave it like it is today, being waste pickers, private companies,… receiving the money from the stores/industry? 23/27
  24. 24. Possible collection scenario’s in practice 24/27
  25. 25. Possible collection scenario’s in practice 25/27
  26. 26. Remember the Belgian KSF Realistic, feasible and flexible legislation Obliged industry (fillers) to act as onE Public Private Partnership (PPP) Optimized and standardized collection scenario, which was implemented progressively Competition on the right level 26/27 Competition on the right level Quality and control management Support for appropriate communication to meet the needs of all the target groups KEY SUCCESS FACTORS DESIGNATED ROLES FOR ALL PARTIES INVOLVED + PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
  27. 27. Thank you for your attention! Any questions? 27/27 Steve Claus Vigorous inspriring EPR consultant steve.claus247@gmail.com

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