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Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - steve claus - Historia


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Jornada Técnica sobre Responsabilidad Extendida del Productor - steve claus - Historia

  1. 1. EPR History + do’s-and-don’ts Defining the stakeholders to be included in the EPR-scheme Steve Claus Vigorous inspriring EPR consultant Buenos Aires, Argentina November 27-28, 2017 (Nov 27, am)
  2. 2. What is EPR? “Extended producer responsibility (EPR) is a strategy designed to promote the integration of environmental costs associated with goods throughout their life cycles into the market price of the products” (OECD, 2001, EPR – A guidance manual for governments) The essence of EPR: - bridge between production and waste management phase and - includes recycling and support/information about design for environment 2/25
  3. 3. EPR – Evolution 25 years ago : first collective EPR schemes were founded in Europe - not for profit - found, run, owned by legal “obliged companies” From then till now: diversity Current problems in Europe (and beyond): No framework for EPR - Guidelines? - Private and public commitment? - Abuse of competition principle - Cherry picking 3/25
  4. 4. EPR’s role and added value Incentivises companies to optimise products and reduce environmental footprint Contributes to decoupling Ensures efficient use of EPR – contributes to increase recycling targets over the past 25 years Contributes to decoupling production and waste disposal from economic growth Encourages cost and resource efficient management of HH waste (from e.g. packaging, EEE) Ensures infrastructure for collection, sorting and recycling is set up Ensures efficient use of the financial contribution made by industry 4/25
  5. 5. European policy evolution: From waste to sustainable materials management 1994 Packaging waste Directive 1999 Landfill Directive 2008 Waste Framework Directive: Waste hierachy Directives on WEEE, batteries, end-of-life vehicles, etc. 2011 Roadmap on Resource efficiency 2015: 7th EAP (Environmental Action Program) vision: Circular economy and low-carbon society 5/25
  6. 6. Europe’s municipal waste treatment - Less landfilling and more recycling Eurostat: kg/capita 6/25
  7. 7. Implementation of the Packaging Directive in Europe 3 countries without any compliance scheme => Taxes Denmark, Hungary, Croatia Tax versus EPR continuous discussion Ukraine ? 36 European countries Trading of certificates UK, (Poland) 30 with Producer Responsibility Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, Germany, Ireland, Cyprus, Luxembourg, Portugal, Sweden, Greece, Latvia, Malta, Lithuania, Czech Republic, Slovak Republic, Italy, Slovenia, Estonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Norway, Finland, Serbia, Israel, Netherlands, Poland, Macedonia, Bosnia 1 country with Fund Scheme Iceland countries 7/25
  8. 8. Several ways of EPR-implementation and no silver bullet 8/25
  9. 9. Who to involve when aiming for success? Legislator “Obliged”(*) industry / EPR schemes Municipalities Operators CitizensCitizens (*) Companies putting the products on the market, having the decision making power on the product, thus being responsible for inter alia end-of-life 9/25 KEY SUCCESS FACTORS DESIGNATED ROLES/RESPONSIBILITIES + PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
  10. 10. Take into account management fields Actor Producersand ImportersofEEE Nationalauthorities Localauthorities (municipalities& Retailers/shops Citizens Wastecollectors Transporters Recyclers Otherstakeholders Scope of the 10/25 Managementfield Scope of the legislation X X X Mission → objectives → strategy X X X X X X X X X Operations X X X X X X Marketing & Communication X X X X Data management & ICT X X X X X X X Financing X X X X X X Management organization X
  11. 11. When setting up PRO, consider: (1) Legislation current + future one --What relevant legislation exists? - Which actors are involved? 11/25 - Which actors are involved? - What are the competences and responsibilities of each actor? - What are the targets to be achieved? - What timing is enforced? - What happens when targets are not met?
  12. 12. When setting up PRO, consider: (2) Mission, objectives, strategy Mission: What role does the organization wants to fulfil? Objectives: What are the organization’s objectives and what’s the timing? Strategy: How does the organization wants to achieve its objectives? 12/25 - Who are the ‘stockholders’ of the organisation? - What mandate have they given to the organisation? - Who are the other stakeholders of the organisation? - How are these stakeholders involved? - What are their expectations? - For which legislative objectives the organisation feels itself responsible? - For which legislative objectives the organization doesn’t feel itself responsible? - What strategy is necessary for organizing the waste management?
  13. 13. When setting up PRO, consider: (3) Operations Co-ordination of the collection, sorting and recycling is the core business ‘How to’ depends on local circumstances - What waste types are presently collected? 13/25 - What waste types are presently collected? - What is the existing infrastructure for collection, sorting, recycling and recovery? - What (household specific waste) types are available for collection? - What types and quantities will be collected? - Where + how to collect and at which frequency? - How and where to sort (if necessary)? - How and where to recycle? - Which companies could be involved and how can they be designated? - What are the expected costs and incomes of each investigated option? - What strategy to follow concerning quality assurance?
  14. 14. When setting up PRO, consider: (4) Marketing & communication Two target groups (take into account local circumstances): - The companies that financially contribute to the system - The people and/or companies that have to sort their packaging waste - How strong is the involvement of industry in the product recovery organisation? 14/25 - How strong is the involvement of industry in the product recovery organisation? - Which companies need a priority approach? - Which strategy is needed towards free riders? - How familiar are citizens with selective household collection? - Which incentives can be given to citizens and/or companies to sort their waste? - Which information channels can be used (e.g. press)? - How can other stakeholders (e.g. municipalities) be involved in information campaigns? - How is industry structured (industry associations, big/small companies, import/export…)? - Sociological and demographic context for intro of selective household waste collection?
  15. 15. When setting up PRO, consider: (5) Data management & ICT Prove recycling and recovery results through sound and credible reporting Necessity for efficient, transparent and reliable DWH mgmt system - What are the reporting requirements? - What trade-off should be made between completeness and simplicity? 15/25 - What trade-off should be made between completeness and simplicity? - What data is available or can be generated, how can data be collected? - How can data quality be assured? - What degree of confidentiality has to be assured? - What information technology can be used?
  16. 16. When setting up PRO, consider: (6) Finance Most product recovery organisations in Europe are not-for-profit organisations, fulfilling a role of public interest; solid capital structure is needed guaranteeing operational continuity 16/25 - What is the expected evolution of costs (operations, communication and overhead)? - What is the expected evolution of income from materials? - What procedures concerning invoicing and payment will be implemented? - How can the necessary financial support for the start-up phase be guaranteed? - How can the net costs be allocated to specific waste streams (e.g. solidarity mechanisms between material and packaging types)?
  17. 17. Fees – Examples HH packaging material Tariff (€/kg) Tariff (ARS $/kg) Glass 0,0214 0,4409 Paper-cardboard 0,0169 0,3482 Steel 0,1244 2,5632 Aluminum 0,0326 0,6717 PET (bottles and flasks) 0,2107 4,3414 HDPE (bottles and flasks) 0,2107 4,3414 Drink cartons 0,2455 5,0584 Ohters recoverable 0,2823 5,8167 Others non-recoverable 0,3106 6,3998 31 gr board 17/25 Others non-recoverable 0,3106 6,3998 13 gr alu 43 gr alu Product / Contribution % of product price ARS $ % Cardboard box spagetti of 500 gr 0,05% Aluminum can of 354 ml 0,04% HDPE flask of 400 ml 0,23%
  18. 18. When setting up PRO, consider: (7) Management organization - After having set the strategy for the first 6 mgmt fields, design organization chart: - Policy level: Board + Executive Committee - Staff: Mgmt + Employees 18/25 - What should the dimension of the organisation be? - What are the requested peoples’ profiles? - What are the activities of the organization and its people? - What activities can/ should be outsourced?
  19. 19. PRO Board, Committees & work groups (e.g. Belgian PRO for HH packaging) Board of Directors (25+5) - Chairman: obliged industry (1) - Auditor (1) - Secretary: mngmt PRO (1) - Obliged industry (13) - Packaging producers (5) - Federations (6) Audit Committee (5) - Chairman: chairman BoD (1) - Obliged industry (2) - Managing Director PRO (1) - Mgmt PRO (1) Working groups - Communication - Materials - R&D 19/25 - Federations (6) - Managing Director PRO (1) - Observers (5) Executive Committee (6+1) (mgmt committee of BoD) - Chairman: MD PRO (1) - Members: all obliged industry (4) - Observer: chairman of BoD (1) Remuneration Committee (7) - Chairman: chairman BoD (1) - Obliged industry (4) - Managing Director PRO (1) - Mgmt PRO (1) - Managing Director PRO (1) - Mgmt PRO (1) - R&D - Green Dot (= member fees) - Operations - Legislation - Prevention - Litter - Public & Regulatory Affairs
  20. 20. PRO organizational chart - General BoDBoD MDMD Director Administration & Information Director Administration & Information Director Projects & Development Director Projects & Development Director OperationsDirector Operations Executive CommitteeExecutive Committee Remuneration Committee Remuneration Committee 20/25 Director Finance & Communication Director Finance & Communication Public & Regulatory Affairs Mngr Public & Regulatory Affairs Mngr Audit CommitteeAudit Committee Working GroupsWorking Groups
  21. 21. E.g. of PRO - HH packaging waste mgmt system Belgium Parties responsible for packaging IPC (Interregional Accreditation Verification Citizens Contract Financial Material 21/25 (Inter)municipalities RecyclersWaste management companies (Interregional Packaging Commission) Verification Citizens
  22. 22. Lessons learnt from cases in the world Every stakeholder plays its role: (1) Central/National/Regional authorities - Set legal framework for EPR + for sustainable waste management policy - Accredit organizations - Ensure control + enforcement - Outline clear roles/ responsibilities 22/25 (2) Obliged industry (OI) - Take ownership over their responsibility + act as one - Set up, run and control efficient EPR systems (3) The Product Recovery Organization (PRO) - Coordinate - Provide tender contracts + books - Ensure quality
  23. 23. Lessons learnt from cases in the world Every stakeholder plays its role (cntd’): (4) Local authorities - Cooperate with EPR-scheme - Implement + stimulate separate collection (apply PAYT) - Ensure quality of operators’ services - Acknowledge crucial role of citizens + raise awareness + create incentivesraising campaigns and create incentives 23/25 incentivesraising campaigns and create incentives (5) Waste management operators - Provide qualitative services - Come up with innovative ideas (6) The citizens - Sort!
  24. 24. Lessons learnt from cases in the world Realistic, feasible and flexible legislation Obliged industry (fillers) to act as one Public Private Partnership (PPP) KEY SUCCESS FACTORS 24/25 (PPP) Optimized and standardized collection scenario, to be implemented progressively Competition on the right level Quality and control management Support for appropriate communication to meet the needs of all the target groups DESIGNATED ROLES/ RESPONSIBILITIES + PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP
  25. 25. Any questions? Thank you for your attention! Steve Claus Vigorous inspriring EPR consultant 25/25