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Smart Cities: Technologies for Efficient and Sustainable Cities


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by Luca Cicognani

Head of Renewable Automation Unit ABB SpA - Power Systems Division

Published in: Technology, Business
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Smart Cities: Technologies for Efficient and Sustainable Cities

  1. 1. Luca Cicognani, Power Systems, CP Expo, 28-31 October 2013 Smart Cities Technologies for efficient and sustainable cities
  2. 2. Urbanization is a global megatrend and challenge The world‘s fastest growing cities The top 600 cities* Additional fast growing cities Urban population will increase from 50% to 70% by 2050 globally 2.9 billion people will move to cities in the next 40 years Over 90% of urban growth will take place in emerging countries In 2025 the 600 biggest cities will contribute 60% of global GDP Already today cities consume over 75% of natural resources © ABB Group Month DD, Year | Slide 2 *The top 600 cities by contribution to global GDP growth from 2007 to 2025 (McKinsey 2011) Source: McKinsey 2011, UNEP 2009
  3. 3. Growth, sustainability and competition are key challenges and opportunities for cities Growth Increasing population and demand growth Rising strain on aging infrastructure Urban economic growth Sustainability Local pollution Cities’ carbon reduction targets Limitation of resources Competition Cities competing for investment and talented workforce © ABB 2011-07-19 SG_IntroABB_20110502.ppt | GFSG | 3 Cities and governments recognize these challenges by putting Smart Cities on their political agendas .
  4. 4. ABB helps cities shape and execute their visions Bringing learnings and expertise to bear Where cities wish to drive top down innovation, ABB can Share experiences relating to smart city goals and visions Bring knowledge of relevant technologies and services Test business cases and identify desirable regulatory changes in a Pre-Study Bring program management expertise Manage and contribute to solution implementation Act as a collaborative, problem solving partner throughout the program Additionally, ABB has been supporting bottom up innovation, led by individual city actors, for many years | Slide 4
  5. 5. The evolving cities New intelligence in all key areas Shore-to-ship Integration of renewables Energy storage Energy efficiency Communication Networks IT/OT Grid automation E-mobility © ABB 2011-09-23 | 5 Smart Home/Buildings
  6. 6. True smartness comes from integrating across solution areas Ex 1: Adjusting loads according to wind and solar availability Segments Buildings Efficient energy management, use and control ABB Power and Automation Solutions Electricity Grid Other Energy Waste Water Grid Transport Reliable, efficient energy supply and management Efficient, flexible gas, heating and cooling supply Waste disposal and renewable energy Optimized water supply and treatment Efficient and reliable transport EV charging Waste to Energy Plants Water Distribution EV Charging Infrastructure Active House Distribution Management District Heating Active Building Demand Response District Cooling Wastewater Treatment Shore-to-Ship Industrial Energy Management Substation Automation Gas Distribution Combined Power & Desalination Public Transport Data Center Management Feeder Automation Integrated Energy, Rail Renewable Integration Battery Energy Storage Solns • • | Slide 6 Energy consumption and dispatchable distributed generation can be managed to better fit available power Example infrastructure elements that could be utilized in such a solution are highlighted in green
  7. 7. Smart Grids Technologies in operation – Some examples Converging power technologies and ICT Voltage and reactive power management Commercial demand response Longest underwater Most remote offshore power link wind farm linked to grid Smart power grid in a new district Solutions for a sustainable city district Largest battery Full-scale distribution system SCADA and energy management system Advanced Distribution Management System Largest SCADA network Solar microgrid with stabilizing and automation technology Automation of largest alumina plant First 600 kV power link Europe’s largest thermal solar power plant Fiber optical communication Intelligent Power Management System
  8. 8. ABB Solution: Smart city communications High performance wireless network for multiple applications Applications Description Supports many Smart City applications Fire Police Ambulance VLANs segment network traffic, enabling applications and user groups to have own security and quality of service Open standard network using Wi-Fi, Ethernet and IP supports off-the-shelf devices and applications One Network Many Applications Utilities Municipal field workers Scales to cost-effectively cover areas as small as a park or as large as an entire city Integrated transport Video surveillance Public internet access Mobility support enables reliable, on-the-go connections Centralized management for easy visibility and control Strategic Investment Benefits Public Internet Example build out Expected Value Mobile Municipal Workforce AMI Backhaul Public Safety Incremental Capital Commitment | Slide 8 Enhanced public safety Reduced operating costs, improved efficiency Mobile workers spend more time in field, on job Improved municipal services Shortens time for building, health, fire services Reduced use of recurring external communications costs, e.g., T-1 lines, cellular services Enhanced revenue streams, e.g., variable rate parking meters, online services Reduced energy consumption, fewer emissions, smaller carbon footprint
  9. 9. Tropos: The ABB system for public Wi-Fi The challenges: Access to a wireless public grid in historic popular areas without broadband service Reliable and fluid roaming for mobile phones on boats along the Canal Grande Nice looking nodes intregrating seamlessly with the environment Scalable grid architecture Field-proven solution © ABB 2009-04-15 ABB_SmartGrids_V42.ppt | 9 Venice is made of 118 isles interconnected by 177 canals abd 409 bridges. The center is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world, covering a mere 2 x 4 km area with a population of 60,000 and a suburb population of over 210,000. built on pilings and renowed for its architecture art and culture, is hosts about 22 milion tourists per year, about 50,000 per day
  10. 10. ABB Solution: Active House Using demand to match renewable energy supplies Active Home Schematic Description Gives customers control over their energy. For example: Set their own energy preferences e.g. what temperature the home should be at different times of the day Through participation in relevant programs, automatically respond to price, renewable or load control signals according to preset instructions Remotely access and control their energy usage Connect and control all the important DER (loads, generation, storage, electric vehicles) Solution Components Benefits Software Capacity If responding to high pricing, the solution helps defer local and system level generation and grid capacity upgrades Cost of Energy Minimizes energy costs to the consumer, and potentially helps towards smoothing system level pricing Renewables integration and System Reliability Can respond to price signals to help integrate renewables using pricing forecasts and reducing emission Consumer portal Hardware Gateway, actuators, metering, communications Services Consulting for utility customers; Work with utility’s preferred installers to provide systems integration | Slide 10
  11. 11. Smart Home ABB i-bus KNX – in use worldwide (some examples) Pudong International Airport Shanghai, China Le Reve Tower, Apartments Dubai, United Arab Emirates © ABB Group | Slide 11 School complex Neufahrn, Germany Office Building IO -1 Warsaw, Poland
  12. 12. ABB Solution: Electric vehicle charging infrastructure Charging solutions for home and public deployment ABB Charging Infrastructure Description Charging Infrastructure for customized to different applications: Ultrafast charging stations (Gas station approach) for charging time to ~6 minutes Public charging stations to recharge in a couple of hours while the driver is at work, shopping, dining out Residential charging solutions for charging overnight Solutions to be able to manage charging infrastructure – both in real-time and with usage statistics Solution Components Benefits Charging stations Capacity Enables peak load shifting Cost of Energy Peak load shifting can help networks stay balanced Renewables integration and System Reliability Highway DC, Commercial and Office DC fast charge, Residential AC level 2 charge Software Online charging network management system Services Consulting, system delivery and lifecycle | Slide 12 Reduction in CO2 and other pollutants Can be scheduled to adsorb excess renewable energy
  13. 13. Highlighted project: ABB-RWE cooperation More than 1400 on-street AC chargers installed RWE & ABB have developed a whole range of AC chargers in the period 2009-2012 11 kW AC 22 kW AC 44 kW AC Wallbox & Charge Posts © ABB Group October 15, 2013 | Slide 13
  14. 14. Project Estonia: Country wide network ABB awarded Europe’s largest EV infrastructure project ABB awarded Europe’s largest ever EV infrastructure deployment Nationwide network: every main road in Estonia will have a fast charger approximately every 50 km ABB manages full turnkey project Completed in Q4, 2012 200 DC + AC combined fast chargers 507 AC chargers at office locations Turnkey project & network services © ABB Group October 15, 2013 | Slide 14
  15. 15. ABB helps cities shape and execute their visions © ABB Month DD, YYYY | Slide 15
  16. 16. King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University – Saudi Arabia Powering the first rapid transit project in Saudi Arabia The campus of the newly built King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences in Riyadh stretches over an area of five square kilometers © ABB 2011-07-19 SG_IntroABB_20110502.ppt | GFSG | 16 Customer Spanish company SICE Key objectives • Create an emissions-free transport zone within the university grounds • Enable students, staff and visitors to the campus to use the rapid transit system with its 24 stations for free • Ensure smooth and efficient passenger transit thanks to priority control at the crossroads to the other streets ABB’s response – scope of supply • Design, engineering, testing, commissioning and installation of electrical equipment and a SCADA control and monitoring system • Three traction power substations will feed King Saud University’s RTP system • ABB to supply transformers, rectifiers, uninterruptible power supply systems, switchgears, and low-voltage equipment
  17. 17. TOSA 2013 project - Switzerland New transport mode with optimized powering system Vision Promote new standards of public transportation and the development of relevant clean technologies Key objectives The TOSA 2013 project aims at developing a large urban capacity electrical bus and being free of catenary power network The project conforms to the cleantech masterplan of the Swiss Government Focus areas Technological innovation oriented on smartgrid and electrical equipments Energy efficiency regarding network size and energy consumption Environmentally efficient public transportation © ABB 2011-07-19 SG_IntroABB_20110502.ppt | GFSG | 17
  18. 18. ABB Solution: Shore-to-ship power Eliminating in port emissions from berthed ships Shore-to-Ship Schematic Description Ships can shut down their engines while berthed and plug in to an onshore power source The ship´s power load is transferred to the shore-side power supply without disruption to onboard services Emissions to the local surroundings are eliminated Supports both 50Hz and 60Hz vessels Can be coordinated with other large loads in the area Solution Components Benefits Port-side Efficiency Substation with 50/60Hz frequency converter; shore-side transformer; power outlet; underground cabling On-board Reduced maintenance and operating costs Sustainability Reduced emissions, noise and vibration pollution at port Shore connection panel; automation panel Societal for synchronization of loads Improved quality of life for residents near the port; Services more comfort on board berthed ships; improved perception among tourists Consulting, system delivery and lifecycle | Slide 18
  19. 19. A vessel emets equivalent amount of NOX in 8h at the port as 10,000 cars in transit from Zurich to London 10’000 cars x 0.1 g/km x 1000 km = 1.0 t NOx 11.8 kg/MWh x 8 h x 12 MW = 1.1 t NOx © ABB Group October 15, 2013 | Slide 19
  20. 20. Smart Grid Gotland - Sweden Full-scale distribution system on the island of Gotland Customer Vattenfall / Gotlands Energi AB (GEAB), Sweden Key objectives Create a unique, large-scale smart grid demonstration using most of today’s smart grid technologies in one single place Vattenfall is Europe’s fifth largest generator of electricity and the largest producer of heat with 7.7 million of electricity customers GEAB is Gotland’s largest energy company Scale Model of Sweden year 2030 with >30% wind and >15% e-mobility reducing environmental impact ABB’s response - Smart grid scope Integration of wind generation Integration of electric vehicles Energy storage Demand Response Reliability/efficiency Improvements © ABB Group October 15, 2013 | Slide 20
  21. 21. Stockholm Royal Seaport project - Sweden An integrated approach for metropolitan areas… Customers Fortum Stockholm Municipality Key objectives Develop a world class sustainable city district Reduce CO2 emissions to a level below 1.5 tonnes per inhabitant by 2020 Become fossil fuel free by 2030 Adapt to climate change Focus areas Efficient energy use Environmentally efficient transports Local ecocycles Environmental life styles Regulatory framework © ABB 15.10.2013 Communications - Smart Grids | 21
  22. 22. Stockholm Royal Seaport project – Sweden …and a Smart Grid for reaching sustainability targets 1 Use of electric vehicles and smart charging 4 Energy storage for customers and grid 5 Smart and electrified port 6 Smart grid infrastructure 7 6 Integration of local energy production 3 6 Active homes with demand response 2 7 Smart grid lab – Innovation Center 2 6 3 4 1 4 2 5 © ABB Group October 15, 2013 | Slide 22
  23. 23. Microsolution: Genova Smart City - Italy Towards sustainable life Customer Genova municipality Objectives Make the city energy efficient and reduce pollution to gain place in the elite of Europe’s most sustainable cities Reduce CO2 emissions of 23% by 2020 The Genova municipality is one of the first cities in Italy to present an action plan for sustainable energy (SEAP) Develop flexible grids, intelligent buildings and means of transportation ABB’s answer within Smart Cities Integration and management of renewable sources Integration of electric vehicles Energy storage Demand-response © ABB Group Month DD, Year | Slide 23