CTO Cybersecurity Forum 2013 Pierre Dandjinou


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Supporting the global efforts in strengthening the safety, security and resilience of Cyberspace, the Commonwealth Cybersecurity Forum 2013, organised by the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation. The ceremonial opening examined how Cyberspace could be governed and utilised in a manner to foster freedom and entrepreneurship, while protecting individuals, property and the state, leading to socio-economic development. Speakers of this session, Mr Mario Maniewicz, Chief, Department of Infrastructure, Enabling Environment and E-Applications, ITU; Mr David Pollington, Director, International Security Relations, Microsoft; Mr Alexander Seger, Secretary, Cybercrime Convention Committee, Council of Europe; Mr Nigel Hickson, Vice President, Europe, ICANN and Mr Pierre Dandjinou, Vice President, Africa, ICANN, added their perspectives on various approaches to Cybergovernance, with general agreement on the role Cyberspace could play to facilitate development equitably and fairly across the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications of Cameroon together with the Telecommunications Regulatory Board of Cameroon and backed by partners and industry supporters including ICANN, Council of Europe, Microsoft, MTN Cameroon, AFRINIC and Internet Watch Foundation, the Commonwealth Cybersecurity Forum 2013 seeks to broaden stakeholder dialogue to facilitate practical action in Cybergovernance and Cybersecurity, some of which will be reflected in the CTO’s own work programmes under its Cybersecurity agenda.

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CTO Cybersecurity Forum 2013 Pierre Dandjinou

  1. 1. The Future of the Internet : IPv6 integration in African networks Innovation Africa Digital Summit 2013, Addis Ababa Pierre Dandjinou, Vice President, Africa
  2. 2. Agenda •Introducing the ‘new season’ at ICANN •What could the future of the Internet be?? •IPv6 : An enabler of the Future Internet : •IPv6 readiness in Africa •Conclusion
  3. 3. Multiple Stakeholders Create Policy Civil Society, e.g At-Large Governments and IGOs, via GAC Registries and Registrars, e.g. ccTLDs and gTLDs ICANN Board Approval ICANN Staff & Policy Making Process Business, NGOs and Non Profit Organizations Security and Stability Advisors, e.g. Root Server Operators Numbering and Addressing Organizations Engineering and Technical Community, e.g. IETF
  4. 4. A “New Season” •Appointment of New President & CEO, Mr Fadi Chehade in September 2012; •A new approach; •Listening; engaging; responding •Internal excellence; external accountability;
  5. 5. • Africa, like other regions, will heavily embrace fiber technology in order to make (broadband) Internet access a universal service. • Africa has the opportunity to transform its weak copper infrastru- cture into an opportunity for innovation by exploring new form of Internetworking infrastructure and services. The Future of the Internet Seen from Africa
  6. 6. Globally the internetworking focus will gradually move from the core to the edge. –Today we rely on Internet Service Providers to connect us, and also to provide us with essential Internetworking services (Routing, redundancy, DNS, mail, web, etc.) – Tomorrow everyone will be able to operate as such: every house will be multi-homed, ordinary people will run more and more complex networks in their homes in combination with a permanent ability to control such network using mobile ability and convergence of technologies
  7. 7. •Last mile provision will be critical (Mobile, Satellite, Fiber …) • There will be a distinct need for more Internet Identifiers: IP addresses To be able to support the forecasted •growth and evolution of network Infrastructure, and running services there is a real need for adequate identifiers (IP addresses). •– IPv4 the protocol on which Internet has run during the past 40 odd years, is running out (few more weeks to go?)
  8. 8. Why talk about IPv6 • Why do we have to care for IPv6 when we have not finished deploying IPv4? It is important to bear in mind that the Internet works on a point to point peering agreement basis: •Thus, You have to announce your prefixes to run a network! And at some point in time the default will be IPv6 for the major players … if you are not already testing IPv6 you will find yourself in a situation where you would not be able to announce IPv4 (at a reasonable cost) as service levels for this will gradually erode over time!
  9. 9. IPv6 allocation in Africa (/32s)
  10. 10. IPv6 allocation in Africa by country
  11. 11. This graph shows the percentage of networks (ASes) that announce an IPv6 prefix for a specified list of countries or African ASNs globally visible over IPv6
  12. 12. All countries: 15.69% (6864 out of 43748 ASes) AFRINIC Region: 14.38% (90 out of 626 ASes) African ASNs globally visible over IPv6
  13. 13. A hand full of countries interconnect together over IPv6 * Africa IPv6 BGP Map, curtsy of Hurricane Electric, September 2012. * Thicker lines indicate more BGP sessions * Not all links will show within these graphs, due to the limited number of collectors in Africa African Interconnection IPv6 only BGP Map
  14. 14. In Summary • in 1/1/2011Africa had 28 out of a total of 435 networks visible over IPv6 (6.44%) • in 1/1/2012 Africa had 55 out of a total of 505 networks visible over IPv6 (10.89%) • in 1/1/2013 Africa had 86 out of a total of 603 networks visible over IPv6 (14.26%)
  15. 15. Summary 2 • These numbers by themselves indicate that "SOMETHING" is happening! • These numbers would not have been achieved without community involvement, knowledge transfer and certain level of awareness dissemination. • And sure we still have last mile, security, management issues on IPv6, but so does the rest of the world. • That is why the global IPv6 deployment rate is 15.69% (6864 of 43748 ASNs) vs. Africa's 14.38% (90 out of 626 ASNs) [1]
  16. 16. http://v6asns.ripe.net/v/6?s=_RIR_AfriNIC http://www.afrinic.net/en/services/sta tistics/ipv6-resources References Slide 1 and 2 Slide 3 and 4 Slide 5 http://www.he.net/
  17. 17. The way forward •While thinking about the future of network and e- infrastructure we should not forget what this Infrastructure is being developed for. If this is not thought out in an holistic way, we will miss some critical aspects of our goal: Which is to improve the overall socio-economical environment of people.! •There will be no future Internet without an Internet protocol that will be able to support it. IPv6 has been designed for that, so it has to become a key element of any future plan.
  18. 18. Pierre Dandjinou VP, Africa Pierre.dandjinou@icann.org