CTO Cybersecurity Forum 2013 Alexander Seger

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Supporting the global efforts in strengthening the safety, security and resilience of Cyberspace, the Commonwealth Cybersecurity Forum 2013, organised by the Commonwealth Telecommunications Organisation. The ceremonial opening examined how Cyberspace could be governed and utilised in a manner to foster freedom and entrepreneurship, while protecting individuals, property and the state, leading to socio-economic development. Speakers of this session, Mr Mario Maniewicz, Chief, Department of Infrastructure, Enabling Environment and E-Applications, ITU; Mr David Pollington, Director, International Security Relations, Microsoft; Mr Alexander Seger, Secretary, Cybercrime Convention Committee, Council of Europe; Mr Nigel Hickson, Vice President, Europe, ICANN and Mr Pierre Dandjinou, Vice President, Africa, ICANN, added their perspectives on various approaches to Cybergovernance, with general agreement on the role Cyberspace could play to facilitate development equitably and fairly across the world.

Hosted by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications of Cameroon together with the Telecommunications Regulatory Board of Cameroon and backed by partners and industry supporters including ICANN, Council of Europe, Microsoft, MTN Cameroon, AFRINIC and Internet Watch Foundation, the Commonwealth Cybersecurity Forum 2013 seeks to broaden stakeholder dialogue to facilitate practical action in Cybergovernance and Cybersecurity, some of which will be reflected in the CTO’s own work programmes under its Cybersecurity agenda.

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CTO Cybersecurity Forum 2013 Alexander Seger

  1. 1. The cost of cybercrime – the benefits of cooperation www.coe.int/cybercrime CTO Cyber Security Forum 2013 Bringing safety, resilience and security into cyberspace Yaoundé, Cameroon, 25 April 2013 Alexander.seger@coe.int
  2. 2. 2 www.coe.int/cybercrime 2 Standards: - Budapest Convention - others Follow up: Cybercrime Committee (T-CY) Technical cooperation for capacity building 1 3 2 “Protecting you and your rights” Crime prevention and criminal justice for human rights and the rule of law Cybercrime: the approach of the Council of Europe
  3. 3. 3 www.coe.int/cybercrime 3 ICT as an opportunity for societies 1. We, the representatives of the peoples of the world, assembled in Geneva from 10-12 December 2003 for the first phase of the World Summit on the Information Society, declare our common desire and commitment to build a people- centred, inclusive and development-oriented Information Society, where everyone can create, access, utilize and share information and knowledge, enabling individuals, communities and peoples to achieve their full potential in promoting their sustainable development and improving their quality of life, premised on the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and respecting fully and upholding the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. World Summit on the Information Society (Geneva 2003) Declaration of Principles
  4. 4. 4 www.coe.int/cybercrime 4 The threat and cost of cybercrime  Fraud  1.5 million victims of consumer) cybercrime daily  Global “price tag” of consumer cybercrime: US$ 110 billion/year (Symantec)  50,000+ unique phishing attack/month  Malware  Online child sexual violence  Criminal money flows  Terorrist use of ICT  DDOS and CCIP attacks  Organising for cybercrime  Botnets Cybercrime undermines Trust, confidence and security in ICT ICT as a development opportunity
  5. 5. 5 www.coe.int/cybercrime 5 The solution: COOPERATE!  Establish legislative framework – and safeguards  Specialised cybercrime units  Law enforcement training  Judicial training  Inter-agency cooperation  Public/private cooperation  International cooperation • Police-to-police • Judicial cooperation
  6. 6. 6 www.coe.int/cybercrime 6  Stronger and more harmonised legislation  More efficient international cooperation between Parties  Better cybersecurity performance  More investigation, prosecution and adjudication of cybercrime and e-evidence cases  Protecting children online (Budapest + Lanzarote Conventions)  Trusted partnerships and public/private cooperation  Catalyst for capacity building  Contribution to human rights/rule of law in cyberspace = “Protecting you and your rights” The Budapest Convention on Cybercrime as an opportunity
  7. 7. 7 7 States using Budapest Convention Ratified/acceded: 39 Signed: 11 Invited to accede: 8 = 58 Other States with laws/draft laws largely in line with Budapest Convention = 22 Further States drawing on Budapest Convention for legislation = 45 125 Indicative map only
  8. 8. Experience in Africa Many countries have used Budapest Convention as guideline or source! Examples:  Benin,  Botswana  Cameroon  Ghana  Mauritius  Morocco  Niger (draft law)  Nigeria (draft law)  Senegal  South Africa  Uganda The laws of some of these States are sufficiently in line with the Budapest Convention to seek accession already now! Note:  Senegal and South Africa have been invited or have signed  For some others, invitations to accede are in process  Others may require further support to adjust their legislation  Contact Council of Europe for advice Issue: criminal justice capacity to apply legislation
  9. 9. Acceding to the Budapest Convention Benefits  Trusted and efficient cooperation with other Parties  Participation in the Cybercrime Convention Committee (T-CY)  Participation in future standard setting (Guidance Notes, Protocols and other additions to Budapest Convention)  Enhanced trust by private sector  Technical assistance and capacity building “Cost”: Commitment to cooperate Disadvantages? Alexander.seger@coe.int
  10. 10. More…… Interested to discuss more? Join the “stream” on Thursday, 25 April, 16h30 – 17h30: Alexander.seger@coe.int Multilateral legislative frameworks: An analysis of the Budapest Convention

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