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Occupy the commons - by James Quilligan


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James Quilligan's presentation at OWS Making Worlds Conference Feb 16-18 2012

Published in: Education, News & Politics, Career
  • @mbsteisslinger thanks for being the first to acknowledge this valuable resource. I have just found it and though it was more recent, to do with the May 'Quilligan seminars' in London.
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  • this is a powerful awareness raising tool for communities to understand how to create checks and balances to address corporate greed and undue influence on government
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Occupy the commons - by James Quilligan

  1. 1. Occupy the Commons James B. Quilligan
  2. 2. Garrett Hardin• A pasture is shared by herders• No herder has an incentive to limit the number of cattle put into the pasture• Pasture will be overgrazed and destroyed
  3. 3. Tragedy of the CommonsPrivate Sector Government Failed Commons
  4. 4. Open AccessCommon Pool Resources - unorganized,unclaimed resources Open SourceCommons - organized through informalpractices, norms and rules
  5. 5. Commons Inherited or created gifts that we organize, use and steward during our lifetimes through informal practices and ruleswhich we pass on to future generations
  6. 6. Modes of Commons• Traditional - seas, rivers, land, forests, atmosphere, arts, indigenous communities• Emerging - solar energy, internet, social networks, intellectual property
  7. 7. Key Elements • Resources • Community • Boundaries • Rules • Value
  8. 8. Resources Depletable Replenishablematerial, natural, genetic social, cultural, intellectual, solar, digital, natural, genetic
  9. 9. Community• Producers• Managers• Providers• Users
  10. 10. Boundaries• Extent of the Resource• Community Membership
  11. 11. Rules• Preservation• Access• Use• Governance• Production
  12. 12. Value• Arises from the gifts of nature• The capacities and cultures of past generations• The collective capacities of people today
  13. 13. Karl PolanyiSociety-centered markets Market-centered societiesRural households Urban marketsMatriarchal PatriarchalCredit-based Debt-based
  14. 14. How Did We Lose The Commons?• Inalienable rights eroded• Commodification• Enclosure of property• Division of labor• Universal standard of value• Private and public goods
  15. 15. DuopolyMarket State
  16. 16. Liberal Capitalism Market State freedom equality Distorted throughcapital accumulation enforced private propertyeconomic & social inequality sovereign boundariesinterest-bearing money state coercion
  17. 17. Modern Society Market Stateless government more governmenteconomic freedom social equality (people & their common resources taken for granted)
  18. 18. Third Sector?Market State Civil Society
  19. 19. Civil Society• A genuine voice of public opinion, but ...• Endorses private ownership models• Doesn’t involve resource users in production
  20. 20. CommonsGroups of people produce and organizetheir own resources and create valuethrough their practices, norms and rules
  21. 21. Devolves Power toLocal Communities • Pluralism • Subisdiarity • Polycentrism • Checks & Balances • Horizontal Democracy
  22. 22. Ends the Division of LaborPrivate Producers Govt Producers& Managers & Managers Workers/Users/Consumersbecome producers of their own resources
  23. 23. Restores Democratic Decision-Making • Co-Governance • Co-Production • Social Charters • Commons Trusts
  24. 24. Creates Trusts• Marx: Ownership of the means of production• Commoners: Production of the means of non-ownership, i.e. trusts
  25. 25. Transforms PropertyPrivate Ownership State Ownership Commons Trusteeship Cooperative associations distribute decision-making andproductive power among resource users, workers and producers
  26. 26. RedefinesResource Domains
  27. 27. Recovers the Vision of Democracy Market State spontaneous, rule-basedself-organizing society system Commons self-organizing communities produce and manage theirown resources through informal practices, norms and rules
  28. 28. Creates Living Democracies Market State freedom equality Commons people participate actively in their own cultureresource users become producers of their own resources ownership > trusteeship
  29. 29. Enclosure Movement Liberal Capitalism 15th C - TodayGovernment and market enclosures remove peoplefrom the sources of their living wealth and sustenance
  30. 30. Nonclosure Movement Occupy the Commons• Governments and markets are not the solution to failed commons, but the cause of their overuse and deterioration• Roll back enclosures that deny the rights of people to their means of survival, livelihood and well-being• ... and do not promote life, human dignity, security and peace
  31. 31. Occupy all Commons • Social • Cultural • Intellectual • Digital • Solar • Natural • Genetic • Material
  32. 32. Why Occupy?• Financial system >• Monetary system >• Ecological and energy crises >• Low-carbon production and trade >• Redefine the boundaries of resource domains
  33. 33. Occupy the Commons• Transform the economy and government into component parts of the biosphere >• Redefine the boundaries of resource domains >• Occupy the commons ...