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The Importance of Learning Objectives in eLearning - CommLabIndia

  1. Understanding the Importance of Learning Objectives in eLearning
  2. A learning objective (performance-based learning objective) is a statement, in specific and measurable terms, that describes what learners will be able to do on completion of an eLearning course. Why Use Learning Objectives
  3. Learning objectives set the stage for course development. Setting proper learning objectives will help us link the training we are providing with the expected performance outcomes of learners. Why Use Learning Objectives
  4. Characteristics of Learning Objectives Learning objectives should be…SMART S M A R T Specific – Say exactly what learners should be able to do after the training Measurable – Observable and quantifiable Attainable – Learners should be able to accomplish them without external help and within the specified conditions Relevant – Applicable to learners’ job roles and tasks Targeted – Aligned to the learners’ expected performance level
  5. Components of Learning Objectives 1 2 3 Performance A description of what the learner is expected to do. “What should the learner be able to do?” Condition The conditions (environment) under which learners are expected to perform. “Under what conditions do you want the learner to be able to do it?” Criteria The level of performance to be achieved for the learner to be considered component. “How well must it be done?”
  6. Bloom’s Taxonomy Bloom’s Taxonomy is widely used to set performance- based learning objectives for training programs. For each of the 6 levels of the cognitive domain (knowledge-based domain comprising intellectual skills), Bloom’s taxonomy provides a list of action verbs to describe the intended behavior. behavior.
  7. List of Action Verbs (Revised Bloom’s Taxonomy) Level Action Verbs Rememberin g Understandin g Applying Analyzing Evaluating Creating Define, List, Recall, Recognize, Identify, Name Explain, Infer, Match, Compare, Distinguish, Summarize, Expand, Classify, Calculate, Describe, Interpret, Outline Classify, Demonstrate, Execute, Solve, Use, Implement Appraise, Compare, Contrast, Formulate, Examine, Test, Sequence, Appraise, Check, Critique, Judge, Monitor, Rate, Prioritize, Verify Change, Combine, Design, Formulate, Invent, Improve, Generate, Plan, Predict, Produce, Compile
  8. What Do Learning Objectives Define? 1 3 2 4 Scope of the Course Instructional Strategy Evaluation Methodology Cost and Duration
  9. What Do Learning Objectives Define? Scope of the Content Having a clear scope helps identity which content will help attain the learning objectives and what can be skipped. Even from the content that has been chosen, we can distinguish the absolute essential ‘need to know’ from the rest which may be ‘good to know’ but can be covered at the discretion of the learner.
  10. What Do Learning Objectives Define? Instructional Strategy Clearly framed learning objectives help identify the level of complexity of the course, which in turn helps select the most suitable learning strategy. For example, if a course has learning objectives at level 3 of Bloom’s taxonomy (classify/use), we can use scenarios to provide learners experiential learning.
  11. What Do Learning Objectives Define? Evaluation Methodology If we plan to have an online assessment at the end of a classroom training program or an eLearning course, learning objectives provide the much-needed parameters to test learners. Learning objectives provide clear guidelines on the expected performance learners need to demonstrate. This, in turn, helps select the right assessment strategy.
  12. What Do Learning Objectives Define? Course Duration and Cost Complex learning objectives demand a longer duration to ensure an effective transfer of knowledge. Learning objectives influence the instructional strategy, which in turn defines the cost and duration of the course and also guides us in making sure our money is well-spent.
  13. Conclusion If we define learning objectives clearly, we will be able to evaluate and assess the direction in which the course is going. Therefore, it pays to define precise learning objectives at the offset of designing an eLearning course. And here’s a tip: Always ensure learning objectives are cascaded from your organizational goals and performance expected from employees. Desired organizational results Desired performance Performance- based objectives
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