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Instructional Design Model in E-learning

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Check out the SlideShare to know what an instructional design model is and the benefits of using it.

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Instructional Design Model in E-learning

  1. 1. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  2. 2. Introduction Instructional Design Models In E-learning Information is a source of learning. But unless it is organized, processed, and available to the right people in a format for decision making, it is a burden, not a benefit. ─ C. William Pollard, Chairman, Fairwyn Investment Company CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  3. 3. Instructional Design Models In E-learning Dumping information in the form of bland, text-heavy manuals does not facilitate an effective learning experience. Information needs to be organized in a way that helps learners understand easily and retain it for a long time. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! How do you ensure your training is organized, processed, and available to the right people? Introduction
  4. 4. Instructional Design Models In E-learning You need a well-defined process CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! Instructional Design Model Introduction
  5. 5. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! What is an Instructional Design Model An Instructional Design Model is a tool or framework to develop instructional material. An Instructional Design Model: • Helps instructional designers provide a structure and meaning to the learning material • Allows them to visualize the training need and break down the process of designing training material into steps • Provides guidelines to ensure training addresses the learning objectives and meets the desired expectations
  6. 6. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! Benefits of Using an Instructional Design Model You will be able to figure out:
  7. 7. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! Benefits of Using an Instructional Design Model The effective implementation of this step: Prevents you from developing training for problems that do not require training
  8. 8. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! Different Instructional Design Models The 2 most commonly used Instructional Design Models are: 1. The ADDIE Model
  9. 9. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! The 2 most commonly used Instructional Design Models are: 2. The SAM Model Different Instructional Design Models
  10. 10. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! Created by the Florida State University in 1975, this model was used to develop training programs for the United States army. But the term ADDIE was coined only after 20 years of its creation – in 1995. ADDIE stands for: E I D D AAnalysis Design Development Implementation Evaluation An Overview of the ADDIE Model
  11. 11. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! What do the 5 phases of the ADDIE model deal with? E I D D A Analysis Design Development Implementation Evaluation Try to answer questions such as why is the training needed, who are the learners, what they must be trained on, where they will undergo this training, and other constraints. Analyzing this data, we set the goals and learning objectives. Instructional designers (IDs) come up with a detailed course outline and decide on the instructional strategy, assessment strategy, multimedia strategy and other details that would go into the course. Create a blueprint (storyboard) of the training program, develop the course using a rapid authoring tool, and publish it to the desired format. The course is rolled-out and delivered to learners through a Learning Management System (LMS) that tracks their progress. Evaluate the effectiveness of the training program, check if it has been successful in achieving the desired goals. The program is revised based on feedback, if necessary. An Overview of the ADDIE Model
  12. 12. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! This is an agile development model created by Michael Allen, a pioneer and leader in the design of interactive multimedia learning tools and applications. SAM stands for: M A S It has 3 phases: 1. Preparation 2. Iterative design 3. Iterative development It emphasizes on taking small and manageable steps, while collaborating with the client at each step, and iterating, getting closer to the client’s expectation. Successive Approximation Model An Overview of the SAM Model
  13. 13. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! What do the 3 phases of SAM deal with? Preparation Phase This phase has 2 steps: Information Gathering • Gather all the background information before jumping into the design aspects. • This information helps you narrow your focus on the requirements of the client by better understanding the organization’s needs, goals, and expected outcomes. Savvy Start • It is a solution brainstorming event. • The design team and key stakeholders review the gathered information and come up with initial design ideas. An Overview of the SAM Model
  14. 14. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! What do the 3 phases of SAM deal with? Iterative Design Phase This phase too has 2 steps: Project Planning • Deals with assessing project development details that could affect the timeline and budget. • Involves considerations about the communication, risk, schedule, scope, and resource implications. Additional Design • The additional design team considers the complete content to understand the different varieties of instructional treatment. • The iteration of design- prototype-evaluate considering the client’s suggestions would help finalize the instructional treatment needed eliminate surprise objections. An Overview of the SAM Model
  15. 15. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! What do the 3 phases of SAM deal with? Iterative Development Phase The iteration of develop-implement-evaluate starts and the product of the first iteration would be the design proof. This phase has 4 steps: 1. Design Proof – A visual and functional demonstration of the suggested solution with samples of all the components to test and prove viablity, but is more functional and usable than the prototype 2. Alpha – A complete version of the instructional application to be validated against the approved design proof 3. Beta – Course after the feedback in Alpha version 4. Gold – Course after the feedback in Beta version Once the gold version is approved, it is rolled out to be delivered to the learners. An Overview of the SAM Model
  16. 16. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On! Summary An Instructional Design Model is a tool or framework to develop instructional material. It: • Helps provide a structure and meaning to the learning material • Allows visualize the training need and break down the process of designing training material into steps • Provides guidelines to ensure training addresses the learning objectives The effective implementation of this step: • Saves a lot of money for the organization • Prevents you from developing training for problems that does not require training • Helps you find possible gaps in the content The 2 most commonly used Instructional Design Models are: 1. The ADDIE model 2. The Successive Approximation Model
  17. 17. Instructional Design Models In E-learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!

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