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Adult Learning Principles

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In this slideshare, we will learn about adult learning principles.

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Adult Learning Principles

  1. 1. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  2. 2. Agenda  What is learning?  How does learning occur?  How children learn?  How adults learn?  The six adult learning principles CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  3. 3. What is learning? If your parents repeatedly tell you "kick the ball" and react positively when you swing your foot against that round object on the floor, you have just learned what the words kick and ball mean. So, learning can be defined as a relatively lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  4. 4. Learning is a complex process that involves multiple factors. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  5. 5. Psychologists today not only study how learning occurs but also how social, emotional, cultural, and biological variables might influence the learning process. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  6. 6. Now, we can infer two things from the definition:  Learning is relatively permanent  There is always a stimulus that kick starts learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  7. 7. How does learning occur? We learn from the things that happen to us - our experiences. For example, we learned that lightning is followed by thunder, we learned not to lie because it can cause us to lose our credibility and to lose our friends, we learned how to dance by watching others demonstrate dance steps to us. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  8. 8. How do children learn? CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  9. 9. Children learn because they are told and expected to learn. They anticipate their learning will help them in the future. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  10. 10. They are prone to learning information by rote or memory. They will not try to comprehend the idea behind 1+1=2 CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  11. 11. They are dependent on their teacher to lead the learning. If their activities are not teacher-directed, chaos and confusion are the result. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  12. 12. How do adults learn? CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  13. 13. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  14. 14. They have a well developed, sensible self-belief system, allowing them to reject information that contradicts their beliefs. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  15. 15. They gain knowledge from practical everyday experiences. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  16. 16. Malcolm Knowles, an American practitioner of adult education, popularized the concept of adult learning as a theory and model in the 1970s. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  17. 17. If we know why we are learning and if the reason fits our needs as we perceive them, we will learn quickly and deeply. — Malcolm Knowles on Adult Learning CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  18. 18. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  19. 19. SIX Adult Learning Principles CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  20. 20. 1. The need to know Adults need to know why they’re learning something. They assess the benefits they will gain and what they risk by not learning something. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  21. 21. 2. Changes in self-concept Adults enjoy self-direction in their lives i.e., they accept responsibility for their own decisions. They feel responsible for the decisions pertaining to learning and the evaluation of their instruction (why and how to learn). CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  22. 22. 3. The role of experience Most adults draw upon the experiences they’ve assimilated throughout their lifetime to aid their learning. In other words, their experiences act as a foundation for their learning. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  23. 23. 4. Readiness to learn As an individual matures through adolescence, they become ready to learn only those things they "need" to. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  24. 24. 5. Orientation to learn Adults tend to have a problem-centered orientation to learning and focus on tasks and problems. Adults take up learning largely because they are experiencing some inadequacies in coping with current life problems. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!
  25. 25. 6. Motivation to learn Motivation in adults is more likely to be intrinsic such as confidence, self-satisfaction, enjoyment, or having a choice over what is learned. CommLab India: The Global Learning Partner You Can Depend On!

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