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  1. 1. Portugal
  2. 2. Information about Portugal Capital = Lisbon (largest city) Official language = Portuguese Recognised regional language = Mirandese Government = republic President = Aníbal Cavaco Silva Prime Minister = Pedro Passos Coelho Assembly President = Assunção Esteves Population 2011 estimate = 10,647,763 Population 2011 census = 10,555,853
  3. 3. Information about Portugal 1. Lisbon 2,761 km2 2,244,984 2. Santarém 6,747 km2 454,456 3. Setúbal 5,064 km2 849,842 4. Beja 10,225 km2 152,706 5. Évora 7,393 km2 167,434 6. Faro 4,960 km2 450,484 7. Évora 7,393 km2 167,434 8. Portalegre 6,065 km2 118,952 9. Castelo Branco 6,675 km2 195,949 10. Guarda 5,518 km2 160,931 11. Coimbra 3,947 km2 429,714 12. Aveiro 2,808 km2 714,351 13. Viseu 5,007 km2 378,166 14. Bragança 6,608 km2 136,459 15. Vila Real 4,328 km2 207,184 16. Porto 2,395 km2 1,816,045 17. Braga 2,673 km2 848,444 18. Viana do Castelo 2,255 km2 244,947
  4. 4. Holidays. Most Portuguese holidays are centered around the Christian calendar . Many include Easter, Good Friday, All Saints’ Day and New Year’s; only a handful are the most important to mention. The most important holiday celebrated by the Portuguese is Christmas on December 25th, called Christmas in Vila Vehla. The ceremony in the church is concluded when the priest holds up an image of the baby Jesus so the congregation can kiss him. Holidays are not the only recognized traditions in Portugal. The Portuguese are also very religious and superstitious, believing and taking part in magical practices and witchcraft. These ceremonies are usually performed when dealing with illnesses and healing.
  5. 5. Interaction traditions When you interact with people from Portugal there is some things you should know about: Some of these examples can occur on our own place but does surely belongs to common sense. 1. Every time you greet or meet somebody, show them a smile. It will show that you are a cheerful person and therefore, when people talk to you next, they know they will have a pleasant time. 2. Start a conversation with somebody using the polite form (0 senhor / A senhora) 3. If you are invited over to someones house you mustnt take off your jacket unless the host suggests you to do so. 4. If you are wearing a hat, you should take it off when you enter someones house.
  6. 6. Portuguese explorers Vasco da GamaPortuguese empire
  7. 7. MegalithsAnta (dolmen) in Cabeção,near Mora, in the Alentejo
  8. 8. Pre-Roman villages Iron age house inCitânia de Briteiros
  9. 9. Roman periodRoman Temple of Évora
  10. 10. Roman periodRoman Temple of Évora
  11. 11. Roman periodRoman bridge of AquaeFlaviae, todays Chaves
  12. 12. Pre-RomanesqueSaint Frutuoso Chapel near Braga, a Greek cross building of Byzantine influence (7th century)
  13. 13. Moorish period Main gate (Porta de Loulé) of theold Moorish city centre (Almedina) of Silves.
  14. 14. Castles View of Mértola; the MainChurch, formerly a mosque, is on the foreground.
  15. 15. Romanesque style (1100-c. 1230) West façade of the church of the Benedictine Monastery of Rates(façade built in the second half of the 12th century).
  16. 16. Romanesque style (1100-c. 1230) Façade of the Old Cathedral of Coimbra (begun 1162).
  17. 17. Romanesque style (1100-c. 1230)Almourol Castle, built c. 1171 on anisland of the Tagus by the Templar Knights. The highest tower is the square-shaped keep of the castle
  18. 18. Gothic (c. 1200 - c.1450) Central aisle of the church ofAlcobaça Monastery (12th-13th century).
  19. 19. Gothic (c. 1200 - c.1450)Flamboyant Gothic in the Monasteryof Batalha: church façade (left) and Founders Chapel (right).
  20. 20. Gothic (c. 1200 - c.1450)View of Bragança Castle. The large keep tower was built in the 15th century
  21. 21. Manueline style (c.1490 - c.1520) Manueline nave of Jerónimos Monastery in Lisbon.
  22. 22. Renaissance and Mannerism (c.1520 - c.1650)Nave of Church of São Roque in Lisbon (1565-1587).
  23. 23. Plain style (1580-1640) View of the Monastery of Tibãeswith the church façade, near Braga
  24. 24. Restoration architecture (1640-1717)Church of Santa Engracia, Lisbon
  25. 25. Baroque style (1717-1755) Palace of Queluz
  26. 26. Baroque style (1717-1755)Intricately worked façade of the Palácio do Raio in Braga
  27. 27. Pombaline style (1755-1860) Praça do Comércio with the archleading to Augusta street, in Lisbon
  28. 28. Modern Architecture Portuguese modern architecture: buildings atParque das Nações, Lisbon