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Korea at a Glance <ul><li>About 100 thousand sq kms </li></ul><ul><li>48 Million Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>7 Metropolitan ...
Brief history and culture <ul><li>Brief history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Knigdoms(BC 1C - AD 7C) ~ Shilla(7 - 10C) ~ Koryo(...
Economic development Type 1970 1980 1990 2000 2009 Population (Millions) 32 38 43 47 48 GNI per capita (USD) 650 2,324 7,7...
Economy and education 1960 ~ 1970 1970 ~ 1980 1980 ~ Present Economy Take off & export-driven in ’60s: export acceleration...
Formal education system Graduate school College/University  Junior College 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7...
Governance of education <ul><li>Ministry of Education, Science & Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for policies...
Higher education sector <ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>182 universities(1.8 million enrolments each year) </li...
Qualification framework HE Type Academic Qualifications Vocational Qualifications Junior college Associate Degree Industri...
Financial invested in HE Type A : University, Graduate school Type B : Junior college, Technical college Korea OECD GDP pe...
 
Introduction WCU projects <ul><li>The WCU(World Class University) project is a higher education subsidy program of the Kor...
Components
Strategy <ul><li>Establishment world class faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Secure excellent student & professor </li></ul><ul><l...
Propulsion system Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Basic Planning National Research Foundation Evaluation WCU...
Which fields? New growth-engine fields Interdisciplinary studies <ul><li>NBIC(Nano Bio Info Cogno) technology </li></ul><u...
Actual outputs <ul><li>Total Expense : USD 4,115Million </li></ul><ul><li>Total Projects : 78,882 </li></ul><ul><li>Increa...
Actual outputs Research expense (USD, million) Research project Research expense Research project University research proj...
Actual outputs Research expense The scale of research projects and expense by discipline(2009) Humanities Social Science N...
 
Strengthening Educational Competencies  for Undergraduate <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance total quality of...
Strengthening Educational Competencies  for Undergraduate Changing times and social demands excellent human resource VISIO...
Strengthening Educational Competencies  for Undergraduate Vision, goals, and strategy Select and Concentrate on Excellent ...
Strengthening Educational Competencies  for Undergraduate Process 2008 <ul><li>Expand   $ 1 billion Budget expansion for h...
Strengthening Educational Competencies  for Undergraduate Procedure Dept. of MEST NRF University  president management  co...
Strengthening Educational Competencies  for Undergraduate Plan for 2011   Strengthening undergraduate educational competen...
 
Introduction of KOSAF www.kosaf.go.kr/eng/index.jsp <ul><li>The “Advances of the National Scholarship Project” has been de...
Brief history 2008 Feb May Dec The customized national scholarship system was selected as administrative Strategy The Basi...
Vision & Mission
Loan operation guideline Type Income Contingent Loan-Scheme Student Loan with Amortization Repayment Amortize the principa...
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H ein korea final

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H ein korea final

  1. 4. Korea at a Glance <ul><li>About 100 thousand sq kms </li></ul><ul><li>48 Million Peoples </li></ul><ul><li>7 Metropolitan cities & 9 Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>GNI : USD576.4 Bil. </li></ul><ul><li>(per capita GNI USD 12,020 as of FY03) </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment : 3.5% in 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>(Youth unemployment 7.9%) </li></ul>Seoul Busan Pyongyang
  2. 5. Brief history and culture <ul><li>Brief history </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 Knigdoms(BC 1C - AD 7C) ~ Shilla(7 - 10C) ~ Koryo(10 – 14C) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>~ Chosun(1392 – 1910) : “Country of Morning Calm” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese colonial rule(1910 – 1945) ~ Korean War(1950 – 1953) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Authoritarian Regime(until 1980s) ~ Democratization(1990s ~ ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural features </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homogeneous people and language : prevalence of egalitarianism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tradition of Confucianism : high regard for learning & zeal for education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-> excessive demand for educatin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education ideal : Broadly All Human Being </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tradition hierarchy of professions : scholar – farmers – engineers/scientist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>– merchants ; preference for “generalist” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 6. Economic development Type 1970 1980 1990 2000 2009 Population (Millions) 32 38 43 47 48 GNI per capita (USD) 650 2,324 7,751 9,675 19,830 Unemployment rate(%) 4.4 5.2 2.4 4.1 2.7 Labor force (Millions) 10 14 19 22 24.4 (2008) Labor force Participation rate(%) 47.6 59.0 60.0 60.7 60.8 (2008)
  4. 7. Economy and education 1960 ~ 1970 1970 ~ 1980 1980 ~ Present Economy Take off & export-driven in ’60s: export acceleration in early ’70s Structural adjustment in late ’70s: from imitation to innovation in ’80s National competitiveness in early ’90: Knowledge-based economy in mid-’90s Major Industry /Exports <ul><li>Light manufacturing goods(Clothing, textile, shoes,etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Electronic goods(TV, radios) </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy & chemical industry </li></ul><ul><li>Iron industry, shipyard, precision manufacture </li></ul><ul><li>Semiconductor, Information & communication technology </li></ul><ul><li>Computer, Cellular phone, Memory chips, Flat panel TV and Automobile </li></ul>General Education <ul><li>Expansion of primary & lower secondary education </li></ul><ul><li>School equalization policy </li></ul>Expansion of upper secondary education <ul><li>Establish life-long learning infra-structure </li></ul><ul><li>Promote deregulation & diversity </li></ul>VET/HE <ul><li>Emphasis in VET(late ’60s) </li></ul><ul><li>Separate VET track </li></ul><ul><li>Limited access to university education </li></ul><ul><li>Strenthening Junior College & Open University </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion of HE(gradutaion enrollment quota) </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum integration & school diversification </li></ul><ul><li>Employment insurance system </li></ul><ul><li>Cyber university, credit bank system, etc. </li></ul>
  5. 8. Formal education system Graduate school College/University Junior College 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 General high school Vocational high school Middle school Elementary school Kindergarten Age
  6. 9. Governance of education <ul><li>Ministry of Education, Science & Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible for policies related to human resources development including </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>school education, higher education, and lifelong learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headed by Minister: Ministry status, the national coordinating authority for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science and Technology division. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National HRD Committee </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of 14 line ministries (sub-cabinet meeting) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Monitor and evaluate the implementation of HRD policies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Educational Policy Advisory Councils </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministrerial Education Policy Council </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidential Commission on Educational Innovation Council </li></ul></ul>
  7. 10. Higher education sector <ul><li>Universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>182 universities(1.8 million enrolments each year) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Polytechnics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 Industrial universities(200,000 enrolments each year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 technical college(196 enrolments) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Junior college </li></ul><ul><ul><li>158 Junior colleges(900,000 enrolments each year) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Junior college </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Air & corr. University(230,000 enrolments each year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>17 Cyber colleges & Universities(40,000 enrolments each year) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 11. Qualification framework HE Type Academic Qualifications Vocational Qualifications Junior college Associate Degree Industrial Engineer University Bachelor’s Degree Engineer Master Craftsman Graduate school Master’s Degree Doctoral Degree Professional Engineer
  9. 12. Financial invested in HE Type A : University, Graduate school Type B : Junior college, Technical college Korea OECD GDP per Capita(’04) USD15,916 USD26,685 Expenditure per student(’04) USD6,618 USD12,319 Public expenditure on HE as a percentage of GDP 0.5 1.3 Ratio of students to teaching staff - 15.4 Survival rates in tertiary education Type A 79 70 Type B 74 73
  10. 14. Introduction WCU projects <ul><li>The WCU(World Class University) project is a higher education subsidy program of the Korean government, which invites international scholars who possess advances research capacities to collaborate with Korean faculty members and establish new academic programs in key growth-generating fields. </li></ul><ul><li>With a vision to enhance the competence of Korean universities and nurture high-quality human resources, </li></ul><ul><li>the WCU project seeks to achieve the two following goals : </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance national, higher educational and industrial </li></ul><ul><li>competitiveness in inter-disciplinary fields </li></ul><ul><li>Transform Korean universities into world-class research </li></ul><ul><li>institutions </li></ul>
  11. 15. Components
  12. 16. Strategy <ul><li>Establishment world class faculty </li></ul><ul><li>Secure excellent student & professor </li></ul><ul><li>Best educational environment </li></ul><ul><li>Gradualistic program of enhancement </li></ul>Education Research Management Etc. <ul><li>Secure star professor </li></ul><ul><li>Creative research in basic & adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>Joint research study with advance research institute </li></ul><ul><li>Expansion ratio of graduate student </li></ul><ul><li>Joint research network </li></ul><ul><li>Financing plan </li></ul><ul><li>Raining contribution </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic roadmap </li></ul><ul><li>Student & professor hiring by advanced system </li></ul><ul><li>Public relation </li></ul><ul><li>Increase foreign student </li></ul><ul><li>Joint research with foreign expert </li></ul><ul><li>Lecture by English language </li></ul><ul><li>Journal & thesis </li></ul>Basis composition of WCU on the worldwide research oriented universities
  13. 17. Propulsion system Ministry of Education, Science and Technology Basic Planning National Research Foundation Evaluation WCU admission committee Budget control Head of WCU admission Planning & Management Team Performance Management Team Dept. of WCU Assessment Depute a execution Contingency agenda Deliberation & Decision
  14. 18. Which fields? New growth-engine fields Interdisciplinary studies <ul><li>NBIC(Nano Bio Info Cogno) technology </li></ul><ul><li>Disruptive technology </li></ul><ul><li>Breakthrough technology </li></ul><ul><li>Energy science </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-pharmaceutics </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded software </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive/brain science </li></ul><ul><li>Financial mathematics </li></ul><ul><li>Financial engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Digital storytelling </li></ul><ul><li>Human resource and organizational development </li></ul><ul><li>Space national defense science </li></ul><ul><li>Business management </li></ul><ul><li>(personnel/organizational management) </li></ul><ul><li>+ Industrial workforce/adult studies </li></ul><ul><li>Design/arts + Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Mathematics + Computing + Business management </li></ul><ul><li>Biology/physics + Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Humanities + Natural science </li></ul><ul><li>Social science + Natural science </li></ul>
  15. 19. Actual outputs <ul><li>Total Expense : USD 4,115Million </li></ul><ul><li>Total Projects : 78,882 </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing rate : 16.5%(2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Expense per professor : USD60,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Total rate of national investment : 23.1% </li></ul>
  16. 20. Actual outputs Research expense (USD, million) Research project Research expense Research project University research projects and expense-scale trend 2,375 2,512 3,285 3,534 4,117 5,000 4,500 4,000 3,500 3,000 2,500 2,000 1,500 1,000 500
  17. 21. Actual outputs Research expense The scale of research projects and expense by discipline(2009) Humanities Social Science Natural Science Engineering Medical Science Agriculture Fisheries Oceanography Art, Physical Multi Science Research project Research project 2,000 1,800 1,600 1,400 1,200 1,000 800 600 400 200 Research expense (USD, million) 143 304 792 1,895 660 214 73 32
  18. 23. Strengthening Educational Competencies for Undergraduate <ul><li>Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>To enhance total quality of Korean university education through: </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating free competition among universities </li></ul><ul><li>Performance based financial support </li></ul><ul><li>To establish advanced undergraduate education model through: </li></ul><ul><li>Developing diverse and competitive curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>- Advancing educational support system including academic organization, faculty achievement evaluation process, quality management system </li></ul><ul><li>Continuing governmental support based on selection and concentration principle </li></ul>
  19. 24. Strengthening Educational Competencies for Undergraduate Changing times and social demands excellent human resource VISION <ul><li>Improve the quility of university education competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Reorganization of Curriculm </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the teaching competency and learning ability </li></ul><ul><li>Expand educational Infrastructure etc. </li></ul>GOAL Vision, goals, and strategy
  20. 25. Strengthening Educational Competencies for Undergraduate Vision, goals, and strategy Select and Concentrate on Excellent Universities & Expand Leading Model Strategy Educational Competency Enhancement Leading Model Establishment Expand Leading Model Establish Advancing Foundation <ul><li>Support for Competency </li></ul><ul><li>Improvement of educational environment and facilitation of competition </li></ul><ul><li>2. Diverse and creative improvement of educational competency </li></ul><ul><li>Support for Leading University </li></ul><ul><li>Development and expansion of leading undergraduate education model </li></ul><ul><li>2. Total advancement of undergraduate education </li></ul>
  21. 26. Strengthening Educational Competencies for Undergraduate Process 2008 <ul><li>Expand $ 1 billion Budget expansion for higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce to formula funding method for financial support </li></ul><ul><li>Establish of basic plan for educational competency enhancement </li></ul><ul><li>select the leading universities (64 universities, $ 50 million) </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm and announce basic plan </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Select the leading universities (88 universities, $200 million) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Confirm and announce revised basic plan (undergraduate education advancement plan included) </li></ul><ul><li>Select the leading university (99 universities, $260 million) </li></ul>2009 2010 2011 <ul><li>Select the leading university (89 universities, $280 million) </li></ul>
  22. 27. Strengthening Educational Competencies for Undergraduate Procedure Dept. of MEST NRF University president management committee KCUE Information posting center Management/ review/ consultation Formula and indicator <ul><li>Confirm and announce working plan </li></ul><ul><li>Organization and management of management committee </li></ul><ul><li>University selection and budget confirmation </li></ul><ul><li>Work management and performance evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Working committee organization/management </li></ul><ul><li>Work implementation and management, evalouation </li></ul>consulting Selection& evaluation committee Evaluation report Report consultation Trust Business plan/ achievement report Budget execution/ management Result report
  23. 28. Strengthening Educational Competencies for Undergraduate Plan for 2011 Strengthening undergraduate educational competencies Supporting leading universities for advancing undergraduate education subject Korean regular 4-year Universities (National, Public, and Private) except for distance universities, and postgraduate universities) ±80 Universities ±9 Universities budget $ 230 million per 1 year (capital $ 65 million, provincial $ 165 million $ 50 million per 1 year (capital $ 15 million, provincial $ 35 million) duration multiyear, if qualified 2011~2015 (2year + 2year, if qualified)
  24. 30. Introduction of KOSAF www.kosaf.go.kr/eng/index.jsp <ul><li>The “Advances of the National Scholarship Project” has been designated as one of the government issues in the wake of the establishment of the KOSAF. </li></ul><ul><li>We are determined to prevent anyone in Korea From Giving up on learning due to financial hardship(quoted from the President’s 2009 New Year’s speech) </li></ul><ul><li>Greater need to increase the student loans it offers to low-income families, and to lower the interest rates of such loans, to help the students and their parents overcome their financial crisis. </li></ul><ul><li>We efficiently operate the national scholarship funds by building a customized student scholarship system so that all the Koreans would gain access to higher education regardless of their financial situation, which will ultimately empower them to contribute much to the development of their country. </li></ul><ul><li>We specialize in offering student loans for college education. </li></ul><ul><li>Basic principles of the customized national scholarship system(08.5) </li></ul><ul><li>The Korea Student Aid Foundation Establishment Act(09.2) </li></ul>Backgrounds Objectives Grounds
  25. 31. Brief history 2008 Feb May Dec The customized national scholarship system was selected as administrative Strategy The Basic Principles of the Customized national scholarship system were established The Korea student Aid Foundation Establishment Act draft was finalized. 2009 Jan Feb Jun Jul Nov The Korea Student Aid Foundation Establishment Act was passed by the National Assembly. The Act was enacted, and the KOSAF Preparations Committee was organized. Korea Student Aid Foundation’bond received the credit rating of AAA(Korea ratings) Direct loan plan for student loans Announced the implementation of the Income Contingent Loan Scheme 2010 Jan Feb Designated as the semi-government institute for consignment execution. Began executing the Income Contingent Loan Scheme The National Assembly passed the Income Contingent Loan Scheme Special Act and the amendments on the Korea Student Aid Foundation Act. President Lee Myung-Bak paid a visit to KOSAF to offer encouragement.
  26. 32. Vision & Mission
  27. 33. Loan operation guideline Type Income Contingent Loan-Scheme Student Loan with Amortization Repayment Amortize the principals only when the income which gratifies a certain standard accrues after graduation Amortize the principals according to the prescribed grace / amortization period Credit Standard None Undergraduate (graduate) students with minimum credit levels Tuition Fee Support Ceiling Entire amount of the actual tuition fees Up to KRW40, 60, and 80 million by school system Requirements <ul><li>Undergraduate students at the age of 35 and younger in the 1st to 7th household income quartile </li></ul><ul><li>Academic scores should be higher than 80 for the previous semester and over 12 credits should be completed. </li></ul><ul><li>Undergraduate students at the age of 55 and younger in the 8th to 10th household income quartile </li></ul><ul><li>Academic scores should be higher than 80 for the previous semester and over 12 credits should be completed. (The student loan with amortization is available for the entrants before the 1st semester of 2010 even if their household income falls in the 1st to 7th quartile.) </li></ul><ul><li>Also available to graduate students </li></ul>Waiver of  Obligation In case there is no other income than the national pension given for those at the age of 65 and older, or the income recognition amount is lower than what is designated by president None
  28. 34. Thank You !

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