Nanotechnology

2,391 views

Published on

vedhameena

Published in: Technology, Business

Nanotechnology

  1. 1. NANOTECHNOLOGY CRITICAL ENDEAVOR IN CANCER
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Human genome project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diagnosis,therapeutics & preventives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progress </li></ul></ul>ABSTRACT:
  3. 3. DEFINITIONS <ul><li>NANO - One nanometer (nm) is one billionth (short scale), or 10-9, of a meter </li></ul><ul><li>NANOTECH - It is the study of the control of matter on an atomic and molecular scale </li></ul><ul><li>Cancer - group of cells display uncontrolled growth (division beyond normal limit). </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>NCI alliance for cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Imaging agents & diagnostics </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time assessments for therapeutic and surgical efficacy </li></ul><ul><li>Targeted devices to deliver therapeutic agents </li></ul><ul><li>Agents preventing precancerous cells from becoming malignant </li></ul><ul><li>Novel methods </li></ul><ul><li>Research tools </li></ul>INTRODUCTION
  5. 5. NANOTECHNOLOGY IN CANCER <ul><li>Size of nanoscale devices </li></ul><ul><li>Biomolecules </li></ul><ul><li>Ex:Haemoglobin is approximately 5nm in size </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoscale devices easily interact with biomolecules </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoscale materials have potential to detect disease </li></ul><ul><li>Nanotechnology offers wealth of tools to treat cancer </li></ul>
  6. 6. NANOTECHNOLOGY AND CANCER THERAPY <ul><li>Nanoscale devices increase the number of </li></ul><ul><li>therapeutic agents </li></ul><ul><li>Serve as customizable, drug delivery vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Efforts are focused on constructing robust and </li></ul><ul><li>smart nanostructures </li></ul><ul><li>They are capable of locating malignant cells </li></ul><ul><li>Operational objectives are modularity and </li></ul><ul><li>multifunctionality </li></ul>
  7. 7. NANOWIRES: <ul><li>Sensing wires </li></ul><ul><li>Micro fluid channel </li></ul><ul><li>Selectivity & specificity </li></ul><ul><li>Sensors </li></ul><ul><li>Molecular signatures </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor biological phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Altered genes associated with cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Exact location </li></ul>
  8. 8. CANTILEVERS <ul><li>lithographic techniques </li></ul><ul><li>microscopic, flexible beams resembling a row of diving boards </li></ul><ul><li>coated with molecules capable of binding specific substrates </li></ul><ul><li>cantilever fingers selectively bind to secreted proteins. </li></ul><ul><li>concentration of different molecular expressions </li></ul><ul><li>provide rapid and sensitive detection </li></ul>
  9. 9. NANOSHELLS <ul><li>Core of silica and metallic outer layers </li></ul><ul><li>Its size useful in cancer </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced permeation Retention (EPR) </li></ul><ul><li>Kills tumor cells </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce side effects </li></ul>
  10. 10. NANOPARTICLES <ul><li>Nanoscale devices have the potential to radically change cancer therapy </li></ul><ul><li>highly effective therapeutic agents </li></ul><ul><li>ability to see cells and molecules </li></ul><ul><li>to monitor therapeutic intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Nanoparticulate technology </li></ul><ul><li>effective and targeted drug delivery </li></ul>
  11. 11. MAJOR CHALLENGES
  12. 12. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF CANCER
  13. 13. EARLY DETECTION & PROTEOMICS
  14. 14. Imaging Diagnostics
  15. 15. Multifunctional therapeutics
  16. 16. Quality of Life Enhancement in cancer
  17. 17. INTERDISCIPLINARY TRAINING
  18. 18. THANK YOU PRESENTATION BY VEDHAMEENAKSHI.R & Vinotha.s.T

×