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Irmi Seidl - Economic growth on a finite planet-status quo and perspectives - Colloqui di Martina Franca 2014

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Irmi Seidl - Economic growth on a finite planet-status quo and perspectives - Colloqui di Martina Franca 2014

  1. 1. Economic growth on a finite planet – status quo and perspectives Irmi Seidl Swiss Research Institute WSL
  2. 2. 2 Content 1. Earth – a materially closed system 2. Anthropocene: transgression of planetary boundaries 3. Exponential growth in human impacts 4. Footprint - measurement of human impact 5. The energy question 6. Major environmental objectives 22/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  3. 3. 3 1. Earth – a materially closed system 3 Radiation of sun Heat Stock of energy and materials is limited
  4. 4. 4 From an empty to a full world Herman Daly
  5. 5. 522/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere 2. Anthropocene
  6. 6. 622/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere 2. Anthropocene Human activities - have significant global impact on the Earth's ecosystems - influence land use, ecosystems, biodiversity, and atmosphere - impact irreversibly - constitute a new geological epoch 1873 first evocation of 'anthropozoic era‘ by Italian geologist Antonio Stoppani
  7. 7. 722/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere Rockströmetal.2009,Nature,Vol461,24Sept.,p.472ff.
  8. 8. 8 8 www.newscientist.com/article/dn14950-special-report-the-facts-about-overconsumption.html(13.11.13) 3. Exponential growth in human impacts
  9. 9. 9 9 www.newscientist.com/article/dn14950-special-report-the-facts-about-overconsumption.html(13.11.13)
  10. 10. 10 UNEP 2011, following Krausmann et al. 2009
  11. 11. 1122/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  12. 12. 1222/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere Limits to growth – scenarios verified? Turner,2012
  13. 13. 1322/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere 4. Footprint - Measurements of human impacts in EEA countries
  14. 14. 14 14
  15. 15. 15 R² = 0.6408 0 10,000 20,000 30,000 40,000 50,000 60,000 70,000 80,000 90,000 0.0 2.0 4.0 6.0 8.0 10.0 12.0 GPDperhead[US$] Ecological Footprint [Gha] Correlation GDP/head and ecological footprint/head Asien Afrika Europa Südamerika/Karibik Nordamerika Ozeanien Welt 1.8 Gha (Total Biocapacity/cap) Data: Ecological Footprint (www.footprintnetwork.org), World Bank; Data for 2010 (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD) Ita
  16. 16. 1622/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  17. 17. 1722/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere 5. The energy question
  18. 18. 18 18 Murphy/Hall2010,S.109
  19. 19. 19 Law of Entropy
  20. 20. 20 20 Prices in last century Source: McKinsey Global Institute, Resource Revolution. Tracking global commodity markets, Sept. 13, S. 6
  21. 21. 21 6. Major environmental objectives Rise in global temperature max 2-2.4 C Reduce European CO2-emission by 85-95% by 2050 Sustainable resource use Reduce European resource consumption by 80-90% by 2050 22/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  22. 22. 2222/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  23. 23. 2322/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  24. 24. 2422/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere
  25. 25. 25 Challenge and task: Produce and consume for a future within limits 22/24 maggio 2014 - Quale Economia, per quale Benessere

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