This student presentation was presented in Dr. Eric Wilson’s “History of Golf” class at the College of Golf at Keiser University.Keiser University is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, 1866 Southern Lane, Decatur, Georgia 30033-4097, 404.679.4501, to award certificates, associate, bachelors, masters, and doctoral degrees.Visit: http://collegeofgolf.keiseruniversity.edu for more information!
• 1931-- Shows an early catalog for Fruitland Nurseries.• The original plot of land was purchased in 1857 and developed by Belgian Baron Louis Mathieu Edouard and his son Prosper Julius Alphonse.• Prosper is credited with bringing the azalea plant to Fruitland Nursery which remains the oldest and most popular plant on Augusta National’s golf course.• Fruitland Nursery ceased operations a few years after Prosper’s death in 1910
• In 1931 Fruitland Nurseries was purchased to be the site of Augusta National Golf Club for $70,000.
• Dr. Alister Mackenzie was retained as golf course architect.
• The early stages for Bobby Jones as he watches the demolishing of Fruitland Nursery and visions the greatest golf course of the South.• Jones wanted a golf course that he could design after his retirement from golf in 1930.
• Bobby Jones shown here setting the bar as he plays golf shots to the barren land.• Jones designed the course with this method by hitting golf balls to certain places and marking them. This is where he would later add the greens, fairways, and hazards for Augusta.
• This is the earliest known photo of the clubhouse. It was built in 1854 as the home of Dennis• Redmond. It was believed to be the first concrete house in the south.
• 1931– A map of the early, original design of the Augusta National golf course. This particular map hangs in the Bobby Jones room at the law firm Alston and Bird LLP in Atlanta, GA• The 1934 Augusta National Invitational Tournament remains to be the only time the course was played in a reverse format with the back nine being played as the front and the front nine as the back.
• Here we see a photo of the co-founders Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts.• “Our overall aim at the Augusta National has been to provide a golf course of considerable natural beauty enjoyable for the average golfer and at the same time testing for the expert player striving to better par. We want to make bogies easy if frankly sought pars readily obtainable by standard good play and birdies except on par 5’s dearly
• In which Horton Smith Would be come the Inaugural champion.
• Gene Sarazen would be the winner in the following year. Gene would get a double eagle on hole 15. And since this was the first nation wide radio broadcast it would be called the “shot heard round the world”.
• Then in 1936 Horton Smith would take the title again becoming the first two time winner.
• In 1940 Lloyd Mangrum seen here on the left scored a record 64 that would not be broken until 1986.
• The course was closed due to the war. And in support of the war the grounds were used to raise cattle and turkey as seen here in front of the clubhouse.
• Which is an interesting year due to the fact that a man by the name of Herman Keiser won.
• In 1947 a field was cleared to Berckmans road for parking. And here is what it looked like.
• 1948 Bobby Jones played his last competitive round of golf seen here on the right.
• In that same year Bobby donated his Grand Slam clubs to Augusta National Golf Club.
• In 1949 Sam Snead received the first green jacket.
• In that same year Ben Hogan wrote a letter to Clifford Roberts suggesting the idea of a champions dinner. Which was held for the first time that year.
• The next year Ben would set a tournament record of 274 beating the old record by five strokes this record would stand for 12 years.
• Dedicated to Gene Sarazen on April 6, 1955 for the double eagle he hit on the 15th hole during the 1935 Masters.• The placard reads, “Erected to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the famous double eagle scored by Gene Sarazen on this hole, April 7, 1935, which gained him a tie for first place with Craig Wood and in the play-off the playoff won the second Masters Tournament.”
• 1956 was the first Masters broadcast on TV by CBS
• Then in 1958 Arnold Palmer takes his first green jacket
• 1958-- The Par 3 contest is designed by George Cobb and Clifford Roberts and measures out to 1060 yards over its nine hole structure.• 1960– The first Par 3 contest is played and won by Sam Snead. He shot a 23 in its inauguration.• No player who has won the Par 3 Contest has ever went on to win the Masters. A record that still stand 51 years later.
• Jacks first Masters victory and the last year Gene Sarazen qualified• Introduction of the honorary starter with Jock Hutchinson and Fred Mcleod• First Masters winner Horton Smith made his last appearance
• 1964 Arnold wins his 4th green jacket becoming the first to do so.
• A one two three finish of Nicklaus Palmer Player• Great competition right? NO SIR . Jack wins by 9 strokes. Bobby Jones said “ Nicklaus played a game with which I am not familiar.”
• Jack becomes the first back to back winner• Byron Nelson makes his final competitive appearance
• Also in 1966 we see the first in color broadcast.
• 1970 was the first rear- operated leader boards.
• Jack becomes the first wire to wire winner and only player to finish under par• The first Masters played without Bobby Jones who passed away in December 1971
• Jacks 5th Masters Championship and 13th major• Lee Elder is the first African American to participate in the Masters
• In 1978, The Par 3 Course changed the greens from Bermuda to Bentgrass.• The Bentgrass greens were• Able to be cut lower, which reduced the grain of the• green and allowed the green contour to roll faster.
• Here in 1981 we see the first Masters that was played on bent grass greens. And a heating and cooling system is installed under the 12th green.
• In 1982 after making 23 consecutive cuts Gary Player fails to advance to weekend play
• In 1983 players were given the option of using their own caddies.
• Jack becomes the first and only 6 time winner of the Masters