King Sturge
250 years in partnership
   250 years in partnership


        Tim Stapleton

Edited by Mark Perowne and Paul Gray

THE START - 1760                                                      11

NINETEENTH CENTURY                   ...

Two hundred and fifty years – It is a significant milestone                            This publication would not...

    The 1760 Charity Appeal is our way of celebrating the        Our regional and mainland Europ...
gs and          pean
                                f buildin         in Euro                  2010
THE START - 1760

The story of a partnership that began 250 years ago is           worked into the modern age. This would...
trade as part of the British success on the world’s oceans;        It was in this changing environment that in 1760, John ...
Although the rise of Bristol was partly due to the slave
     trade it should be noted that the city was the first to set  ...

                                                                             In 1811 Jacob Sturge die...
The Great Western Railway was the most significant                      by the Railway Clauses Consolidation Act of 1845. I...
In 1860 and 1870 he was one of three surveyors to value                      In his paper on the “Education of the Surveyo...
In 1888 the local branch was formed, “The Surveyors’

                                                                         RICHARD MILLET

                                                In the early part of the 20th century as JP Sturge con...
David Marsh also started work at Stanley Alder & Price in              Philip Franklin, who died in 2006, was succeeded as...
Bristol Tramways were all mounted on quality linen and           KING & CO
was a great deal of industrial and manufacturing activity in     as he was universally known, obtained compassionate
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
King Sturge - 250 years in the making
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King Sturge - 250 years in the making

  1. 1. King Sturge 250 years in partnership
  2. 2. KING STURGE 250 years in partnership by Tim Stapleton Edited by Mark Perowne and Paul Gray 1
  3. 3. CONTENTS THE START - 1760 11 NINETEENTH CENTURY 17 TWENTIETH CENTURY 27 JP Sturge 27 King & Co 31 THE MERGER 41 KING STURGE 45 UK 45 Europe 47 The culture 49 FORWARD FROM 2010 51 Opposite: Aerial view of London, 2010. King Sturge headquarters at 30 Warwick Street circled. 3
  4. 4. FOREWORD Two hundred and fifty years – It is a significant milestone This publication would not have been possible without for any organisation. In a time when we are forever driving considerable work put in by the author, Tim Stapleton, and forward, such a milestone does give us an opportunity to the editorial input of Mark Perowne and Paul Gray with the reflect on the myriad of changes that the world as a whole, King Sturge marketing group behind them. Our thanks go and the property profession specifically, have undergone to the whole team. over this time. Join us in our celebration, but more importantly help us to We welcome you in joining us to understand how one piece make the 1760 charity appeal a success so we can make a of the property jigsaw was created and nurtured. real difference in 2010, and beyond. The culture and essence of King Sturge have been forged during these 250 years by responding to, and taking advantage of, changes in our market place. The firm thrives on the challenge that change creates. Innovation has been the key element of ensuring that we approach each circumstance with new and fresh ideas. The expression ‘’forward thinking people” equally applies to the farmer who started a surveying business measuring up fields 250 years ago, as it does today to the members of the multi-faceted Richard Batten and Chris Ireland firm of international real estate advisers that is King Sturge Joint Seniors Partners in 2010. King Sturge LLP Independence of thought and practice characterise our approach to the momentous changes that the firm has been through over the last 250 years, be it the advent of the railway, two World Wars, the Great Depression, or now, the impact of the credit crunch and recession. We are very proud of our heritage but, rather than 2010 purely being a celebration of the historical fact of our 250th anniversary, we see this as an opportunity to help others in society who are less fortunate and also by raising money for research into disease, to help others in the future. As well as assisting a number of charities to fund their activities, the 1760 Charity Appeal will enable us to engage far more with the property industry as a whole, with our clients, and with our staff throughout all our offices. Our aim is to raise at least £250,000 for charity during the year with the main focus being on the charities chosen by our staff across Europe. As you can see on page 7 these are many and various. Opposite: Aerial view of Bristol, 2010. King Sturge Berkeley Square office circled. 5
  5. 5. FORWARD THINKING PEOPLE The 1760 Charity Appeal is our way of celebrating the Our regional and mainland European offices are also 250th anniversary of the founding by John Player of a supporting: business which was the original precursor of King Sturge. Afroaid The main focus for the year is to be on the future rather Björn Schulz Foundation than the past. We are not going to simply look inwards to Civil Licit what has happened to the firm in the last 250 years but Claire House outwards to what is going on around us and what may ComiClown happen in the future. Demelza Dorothy House As the senior partners have written in their foreword, the Grace House 1760 Charity Appeal is an opportunity to help others in Guide Dogs for the Blind society who are less fortunate and also by raising money Home for Mentally Disabled in Psary for research into disease, to help others in the future. Hospice Casa Sperantei IDEM In the UK the two corporate charities are THE CHILDREN’S JDRF TRUST and ORCHID. Kingsweston Special Needs School L’Envol NSPCC Orphanage in Milovice Pajacyk charity organization Phys-Cap The Royal British Legion St Rocco’s Hospice Sue Ryder Foundation The Notts Lincs Air Ambulance Service The Princess Royal Trust for Carers The Sick Kids Friends Foundation Wooden Spoon 2 7
  6. 6. gs and pean f buildin in Euro 2010 An array o nd 1760 ffices in in arou e has o t paces pes urg differen ROPE citysca King St ping at s - as s where me was develo r empire countrie ntries o ntries EU sca pe in Eu rope at this ti e grow th of the var ious cou n conta in ed so m any cou 1760 an land ing on th ires the The urb depend an Emp t ways nd Otto m differen ssian a tr ian, Ru the Aus indepen dent. that are now ary st, Hung Budape ania st, Rom Buchare m , Belgiu Brussels England Bristol, ermany Turkey Berlin, G tinople, Constan ia e, Serb Belgrad Wales Cardiff, d , Englan London tland gh, Sco Edinbur blic) (Czec h Repu , Bohemia Prague rance Paris, F ulgaria Sofia, B kia tislava ), Slova Pressb urg (Bra Croatia Zagreb, ,P oland Warsaw
  7. 7. THE START - 1760 The story of a partnership that began 250 years ago is worked into the modern age. This would also sow determined by the character of the many individuals who the seeds of the railway revolution of the 19th century, have been or are part of the firm. A partnership, unlike a which created the opportunity for the early success of Plc, in both law and practice is no more than the sum of the firm. these individuals. The success of such a partnership, which started with a sole trader in 1760, and grew to one that now On his accession George III was only 22, and he almost has nearly 90 equity partners and 1,600 staff, suggests immediately made a prescient move when he proposed there are strong forces that hold these organisations that the Crown lands be managed on behalf of the together. These characteristics are attractive in retaining government and that the surplus revenue should go to both staff and several thousand clients of every possible the treasury rather than the monarch. In return the king type in a business that operates across the world. would receive a fixed annual payment - today known as the Civil List. This decision was, in part, his recognition of the The reason why King Sturge can now celebrate the 250th increasingly important role that property was going to play anniversary of its foundation only makes sense with some in the lifeblood of the UK economy. Thus the Crown Estate understanding of the significance of 1760, which is the year was born, a major client of King Sturge, also celebrating its George III came to the throne. semiquincentenary in 2010. The middle of the 18th century was a remarkable time: The role of the land surveyor had begun to develop in the Britain was winning the Seven Years War - the first truly 17th century and the body of knowledge grew with the world war, involving India, America and the islands of the Young Surveyor’s Guide in 1716 and the Duty and Office West and East Indies as well as Europe. This was also the of a Land Steward in 1731, both published by Edward age of the enlightened despot in Europe: Catherine the Great Lawrence. At the same time there were many technical in Russia, Frederick the Great in Prussia, Maria Theresa in advances to create an improved theodolite, upon which the Austria, Louis XV in France and Charles III in Spain. And entire surveying profession was based. in 1768 James Cook, probably the greatest explorer ever, began the first of his three voyages to the Pacific in search Much of the work was driven by the enclosure movement, of the great southern continent and started the revolution undertaken initially by private agreement, replacing the strip from exploration to navigation. farming system. This enabled the new larger landowners to invest, improve, rotate and thus vastly increase the The 1760s was a decade of great change: although productivity of agricultural land; hence farming became agriculture was the main employer the industrial revolution a business and the assets needed to be managed and was about to begin. With James Hargreaves’ spinning- valued. jenny starting the industrial revolution and the coffeehouse society of Sheridan, Boswell, Johnson and Goldsmith It was also in the 18th century that Bristol overtook creating an artistic revolution, it was an age of wonder Norwich as the second most populous city due to three as the scientists moved our understanding of how things factors: the significance of the port and its role in the slave 1760 1760 1764 1768 Accession of Hamleys Hargreaves’ Royal Academy George III founded Spinning founded Jenny 1760 1760 1763 Crown Estate founded Lanson Peace of Paris ends Champagne Seven Years War founded Opposite: George III (1738-1820) 11
  8. 8. trade as part of the British success on the world’s oceans; It was in this changing environment that in 1760, John Player, easily mined coal; and the Bristol Navigation built in 1728, a Quaker of Stoke Gifford, near Bristol, began to combine linking Bristol to Bath, supplying its building materials. surveying with his farming activities. It proved rewarding and he was joined in 1772 by his nephew Jacob Sturge and, under the style “Player and Sturge”, they continued the surveying business from Red House Farm in Coombe The triangular trade drove Bristol’s economy throughout Dingle. Player was also an authority on geology, fossils the 18th century. In 1698 the first ship sailed from and leather tanning according to papers in the Gloucester Bristol to Africa, then to Jamaica and back to Bristol. Record Office. In 1778 Jacob Sturge married Mary Young, the sister of Samuel Young whose direct descendant, John On the outward journey the ships carried cargos for Young, was the senior partner of JP Sturge in the 1980s. trading - cloth, guns, metalware, much made locally. Another, Simon Young, is a current partner of King Sturge. Jacob’s and Mary’s elder son, Young Sturge, born in 1781, On the middle passage it has been estimated that left the country practice of his father in 1799, to set up a new 10,000,000 slaves were transported, British ships office in Small Street, Bristol, having come to an agreement carried 2,800,000 of whom about one fifth were that he would take over the land measuring and planning carried on Bristol ships, though Liverpool later became aspects of the business. the main port. On the return passage there were three main goods: Memorandum made the 8th of the 2nd Month, 1799. Sugar: “My Father, Jacob Sturge, has agreed to yield up to me For which there were 20 refineries in Bristol in 1760, the Business and Profits of land measuring and planning, one of which still stands as the Hotel du Vin. heretofore carried on by him, on the following Conditions, viz: Tobacco: For which three 19th century tobacco bonds still “I am to assist him in all the other Branches of Land and Timber stand, the 20th century bonds in Canons Marsh Surveying and he will assist me in procuring Employment in were demolished to make way for the Harbourside the above Business. redevelopment. He also gives me a Reflecting Telescope, a Spirit Level, Surveying Quadrant, Pocket Case of Instruments, a Measuring The 19th century Bedminster factory of WD and HO Chain, A small Bureau, and Adam’s Graphical Essays. Wills was demolished in the 1970s and its replacement at Hartcliffe demolished in the 1990s. I am to pay for my Board and Washing the annual sum of £15, and for the Keep of my Horse 4/- per week; to pay the Chocolate: assessed Taxes charged on the said Horse and to find myself The Fry’s factory at Keynsham, which employed 1000 in Wearing Apparel and all other Articles for my own use. staff in 1880, was acquired by Cadburys after the First World War, and has only recently closed. This Agreement is to commence from 4thmo., 5th, 1798.” “YOUNG STURGE” 1770 1772 1776 Captain Cook discovers Slavery judged illegal American Declaration of Botany Bay Independence Top left: Young Sturge (1781-1844) 1775-1781 1780 Top right: 1786 Dursley survey by John Player American War of The first Derby run Middle: 1783 Gloucestershire survey by Jacob Sturge Independence Bottom: 1781 Somerset survey by John Player 12 13
  9. 9. Although the rise of Bristol was partly due to the slave trade it should be noted that the city was the first to set Sturge Town, named after Joseph Sturge, the up an abolition committee in 1788 - the slave trade being Quaker philanthropist who advocated the end of the abolished in 1807. The institution of slavery itself was not apprenticeship system, was established in 1839 by the however abolished until 1833. This was in part due to a Reverend John Clark, a Baptist missionary, and was member of the Quaker Sturge family who led the campaign the second designated free town in Jamaica. It had for abolition in Birmingham. about 120 acres of good land and was located about eight miles from Brown’s Town. The cost of the land, Joseph Sturge, a first cousin of Young Sturge, born in 1793 including expenses of conveyance and surveying was in Elberton, South Gloucestershire, moved to Birmingham about £700. Of this, more than £400 was paid down as a corn merchant in 1822 and became secretary of the by about 90 people, and the remainder by instalments Birmingham Anti-Slavery Society in 1826. He campaigned and additional purchasers. It has been estimated that tirelessly for the rights of slaves and Little Birmingham in settlers paid about £7 per acre for their holdings. Jamaica was renamed Sturge Town in appreciation of his work. He died in 1859 and three years later his statue, “An Below: Apostle of Peace”, was unveiled in Birmingham before a Island of Jamaica, circa 1840, crowd of 12,000. The statue was restored and rededicated Sturge Town highlighted with a blue plaque on the site of his former home in 2007, supported by members of the Sturge family and the firm. 1787 1793-1815 Premiere of Mozart’s Napoleonic Wars Don Giovanni, in Prague 1789 1801 French Revolution Act of Union creates United Kingdom Opposite: Statue of Joseph Sturge (1793-1859), Five Ways, Birmingham 12 15
  10. 10. NINETEENTH CENTURY In 1811 Jacob Sturge died and in 1814 his younger son, tithe payer,” and though they turned some business away it Jacob Player Sturge, (who had started work aged only 13 was “in consequence of the great pressure of work.” in 1807 on a salary of £30 pa with a promised rise of £10 pa) joined his brother, Young Sturge, in partnership. The The 1830s was a time of tumultuous change in political, firm was now known as “Y and JP Sturge, Land Agents economic, social and communication terms, all creating and Surveyors” - initially most of its business was with the opportunities in Bristol. In 1836, at the age of 16, William, enclosure of common land and the surveying of parish and JP Sturge’s eldest son, entered the office. He recorded the private land. In the early 19th century much of the common business hours of those days: land of England was enclosed and re-apportioned to the detriment of some, but to the profit of most landowners “When I first entered my father’s office as a pupil, the and many surveyors – including in Gloucestershire, Young office hours were 9am to 8pm with intervals for meals. I Sturge. went home to dinner at 3 o’clock returned to the office at 4 and for a short time walked home to tea at 6 o’clock and As Quakers, the Sturges were not renowned for their sense returned at 7.” of humour. Once, when Young’s health was drunk at a city feast, a worthy alderman who had imbibed generously accosted him with, “Your good health, Mr Sturge!” Young replied, “Friend, I hope that in drinking my health thou wilt The 1830s saw transition from the decadence at the have a care not to injure thine own.” end of the Georgian period to the vision, organisation, opportunity and energy of the Victorians. This is Difficulties were caused by an Act of Parliament of illustrated by major projects showing commercial or 1814, concerning the Congresbury Enclosure Award. philanthropic vision to deliver urban infrastructure in This Act had been passed to establish the validity of Bristol: the commissioners’ findings and required oaths to be administered to the commissioners. Young Sturge, being 1831 Clifton Suspension Bridge started but not a Quaker, could not take such oaths. Later, a further finished until 1864, by which time Brunel was problem arose over the Quakers’ opposition to the dead payment of tithes. With the Tithe Commutation Act of 1836 1832 Bristol and Gloucester Railway completed had come yet more work for surveyors: new maps were needed for nearly every parish and the apportionment of Great Western Railway, Act of Parliament the tithe rent charge involved detailed valuations for the Bristol Municipal Charities formed to bring parishes. Should the Quaker firm of Y and JP Sturge have together the management of endowed handled this business? In the words of JP Sturge’s third schools, hospitals and alms houses son Walter, “My uncle and father took the common sense view that it was perfectly legitimate for a Friend [Quaker] 1836 Bristol Zoological Gardens opened to act as the intermediary between the tithe owner and 1805 1808 1815 1820 1821 Battle of Trafalgar Goethe’s Faust Battle of Waterloo Accession of George IV Constable’s published Hay Wain painted Top left: Jacob Player Sturge (1793-1857) 1807 1813 Top right: Prominent Quakers at the Friends’ Meeting House in Bristol Abolition of slave Jane Austen’s circa 1850. JP Sturge is in the second row, fourth from left trade Pride and Prejudice Bottom: Clifton Suspension Bridge circa 1865 published 16 17
  11. 11. The Great Western Railway was the most significant by the Railway Clauses Consolidation Act of 1845. In opportunity for Bristol at this time as it needed the railway practice a percentage, typically 25% to 50%, was added to compete with Liverpool and Manchester. On a salary of to market value to reflect the compulsion of sale. William £2,000 pa and expenses of £300 pa Isambard Kingdom Sturge was the dominant agent in the West Country - in Brunel was appointed Engineer in Chief with his, ultimately 1848 he was an expert witness for the South Wales Railway. failed, broad gauge of 7ft (2.13 metres). He wrote “I became acquainted with the eminent railway compensation counsel, John Horatio Lloyd, who formed so Central to the project for the station in Bristol was the high an opinion of me as an expert witness that he once purchase of Temple Meads, largely owned by the city did me the honour to say that he considered it a mark of corporation, advised by JP Sturge. GWR, advised by WH inexperience in a counsel to cross-examine me.” Townsend, offered £600 per acre for the site of nearly 19 acres (£11,300); the corporation’s figure was £12,000. This latter figure was agreed on 13th December 1836 with completion on 20th December. In 1846 William Sturge acted for Bristol Waterworks Company for which there are records of acquisitions More land fronting Bath Road was needed, owned by at Ubley in 1891, of continuing work in the 1940s, the the Society of Merchant Venturers and occupied by a acquisition of the Chew Valley Reservoirs in the 1950s, clothmaker, John Hare & Co. Negotiations were not started and management work into the 1980s. until 1838 by which time Y and JP Sturge were acting for the railway company. We are fortunate that Mary Sturge, Young’s daughter, was able to describe the burden of work on her mother in her poem, The Miseries of a Land In 1857, on his father’s death, William became senior Surveyor’s Wife, written in 1840. partner working with his brothers. Their core business was the local land agency and management of estates, At a meeting in January 1839, with JP Sturge in attendance, collecting rents, building work and sales. Disposals were it was agreed that the occupiers would receive £2,700. important, illustrated by the Wrington Estate of some Bristol 3 mo 24 1838 6,000 acres sold in April 1895. The particulars comprising Esteemed Friend William Sturge became a partner at the age of 22 in 1842. plans, illustrations and conditions of sale ran to 128 pages The death of his uncle, Young Sturge, in 1844 resulted including 14 plates and 17 plans. Robert managed the I am requested by the Great Western Railway in greater responsibility and a change in the name of the estates of Bristol Municipal Charities which provided the Company to see thee as to the price of the premises between Temple Meads & the Bath Road in case firm to JP Sturge & Son. After William’s younger brothers, endowment to schools, hospitals and alms houses - and they should be required as part of the terminus. Walter and Robert, became partners the name of JP Sturge still a client of the firm. & Sons was adopted. I am also requested on behalf of the Bristol & William’s talents resulted in a more diverse career. Exeter Company to treat for the premises at the The development of, first, the canals, then railways and other He followed his father and uncle as Land Steward to Brick Yard and respecting which an application was made some time since. utilities created a vast amount of work for land surveyors Bristol Corporation from 1857 to 1905, but his work was who, of necessity, also became the valuers. not restricted to Bristol as, in 1855, he was appointed as If Tuesday at 12, 1 or 2, or Thursday at 10 will be arbitrator under the Hereford Improvement Act of 1854 to suitable I shall be happy to give thee the meeting. The canal development of the 18th century had created settle disputed compensation between the Corporation of A note naming a time when I may wait upon thee a compensation code which was then applied to railways Hereford and others, including the Bishop of Hereford. will oblige. in the 19th century. Railway land purchase was regulated My friend respectfully Jacob P Sturge John Hare Jr Esq 1830 1837 1848 Accession of Accession of Year of revolutions in William V Queen Victoria Europe 1829 1831 1842 Stephenson’s Rocket Belgium granted Hong Kong becomes Top: Bristol Temple Meads circa 1836 independence Crown Colony Bottom left: Letter from JP Sturge to John Hare concerning the acquisition of Temple Meads land for the GWR Bottom right: William Sturge (1820-1905) 18 19
  12. 12. In 1860 and 1870 he was one of three surveyors to value In his paper on the “Education of the Surveyor” read to the all the property in Bristol for local taxation purposes, and Institution on 7 December 1869, William Sturge spoke as a in 1864 was employed by the Somerset County Rate land surveyor and observed that just being a pupil for three Committee. or four years was not enough. The Institution flourished and in under ten years William Sturge was President. A Land Surveyors’ Club had been founded in 1834, whose membership was primarily agriculture-based on the work of Enclosure and Tithes Commutation, (the converting of We can still reflect on William Sturge’s views on the bushels of wheat into a rent charge). This core work was merits of an Oxford or Cambridge education for a the basis for the skills needed to service the demands of surveyor: the railway mania of the 1830s, when surveyors probably earned total fees of the order of £½m. William Sturge had “If he acquires the manners and tastes of gentlemen, he may acquired a national profile and he was elected to the Club also acquire the desultory and expensive habit, if not the in 1861. vices, of too many of his associates and instead of reading, he may waste his time in frivolity and dissipation. Even if The founding of the Surveyors’ Institution in 1868 by 20 he avoids these evils, the tastes and habits he will form will members of the Land Surveyors’ Club was a milestone in probably render the drudgery of a surveyor’s office peculiarly this story, since only three came from outside London, one distasteful to him … on leaving school he should pass the of whom was William Sturge. The members practised in all matriculation examination of London University … the young branches of surveying and the formation of the Institution man need not as a matter of course continue his studies at tipped the scales in favour of regarding the term “surveyor” London University … I may mention the Royal Agricultural as the designation of a profession, rather than as a College at Cirencester.” description of a type of appointment. The members sought to institutionalise the new identity as it gave authority to their work and distinguished them and their expert opinion. In his Presidential Address on 11 November 1878 William Sturge covered a broad canvas: The Surveyors’ Institution (now the RICS) led the • An invitation to attend the International debate about the role of professional bodies, as they Congress of Surveyors in Paris sought to balance the functions of: • The Highways and Locomotives (Amendment) Act 1878 • Education • The Public Health (Water) Act 1878 • Regulation in the interest of the public • The Weights and Measures Act 1878 • Promotion • The Contagious Diseases (Animals) Act 1978 • Independent opinion • The growth of imports of food • The necessity of labour saving devices The growth of a professional press through the Estates Though the content of these issues may be different Gazette, founded in 1858, was essential in providing today, the context is identical and explains why a study information, coherence, debate and therefore authority as of history by surveyors, economists and, perhaps most the profession grew. Its fruit was the granting of a Royal important of all, politicians has much to commend it. Charter to the Institution in 1881. 1854-1856 1869 1870-1871 Crimean War Suez Canal completed Franco-Prussian War 1851 1859 1873 Great Exhibition Darwin’s British Land in London Origin of Species founded published Opposite: The first issue of The Estates Gazette, May 1, 1858 21
  13. 13. In 1888 the local branch was formed, “The Surveyors’ Institution, Provincial Committee; Somerset, Dorset and In 1893, Ports of the Bristol Channel was published, Bristol Committee”. William and Robert were founder which included a resume of the firm: members and Robert was Chairman from 1893 until 1899. JP Sturge & Sons, Surveyors and Land Agents, 34 William Sturge, who was born in 1820 and died in 1905, was Corn Street, Bristol. This old-established firm was clearly an extraordinary man. His working life was longer founded more than a century ago, and was for many than the entire Victorian period, during which the country years located in Broad Street, but in the year 1869 changed from a largely agricultural to an urban economy; they removed to the more extensive and commodious he travelled that journey through the development of the premises now occupied at 34, Corn Street. Messrs. railways, into the 20th century. In 1893 he published Some Sturge & Sons here occupy a spacious suite of Recollections of a Long Life, in which he prophetically handsomely appointed offices, with an efficient staff observed: of draughtsmen and assistants. The firm have an extensive old-established connection in the West of The Socialists, not at present a numerous party, desire that England and South Wales. As land and estate agents the State should acquire all realised property of every kind, they have the charge and management of a large and either hold it in trust for, or divide it amongst, the people extent of valuable property, Mr William Sturge, the at large. With their views, they would not only nationalise senior partner, being land steward to the Corporation the land, but confiscate railways and other public works, of Bristol, and Mr Robert F Sturge having under his and repudiate the national debt. I dismiss the consideration care the extensive landed estates of the Bristol of these schemes as too visionary for the present day, Municipal Charities, and their clientèle is numerous and whatever be their power fifty years hence. influential. The partnership consists of three brothers – Mr William Sturge, a past president of the Surveyors’ The railways were nationalised 55 years later! Institution, London; Mr Robert F Sturge, a fellow of that Institution; and Mr Walter Sturge, all of whom take an William’s approach to business may be compared with active part in the business. Douglas King’s, a century later. They were both responding to the business opportunities presented by the economic upheavals in their respective centuries – William by following the opportunities presented by the industrial revolution and Douglas by taking advantage of the second industrial revolution which followed the two world wars and the Great Depression. Each built up lasting legacies that created the two halves which formed King Sturge in 1992. 1876 1888 1894 Alexander Graham Bell Van Gogh’s First modern invents telephone Sunflowers Olympic Games painted 1878 1882 1895 First petrol fuelled car Australia beats England Marconi transmits Above: Surveyors’ Institution, 12 Great George Street, London SW1 - in Test cricket, beginning wireless message watercolour illustration by the architect, Alfred Waterhouse, 1898 The Ashes Inset: Some Recollections of a Long Life by William Sturge, 1893 22 23
  14. 14. PLAYER / STURGE / YOUNG PEDIGREE RICHARD MILLET d.1645 WILLIAM MILLETT ELIZABETH MILLETT CHRISTOPHER YOUNG d.1699 d.1684 d.1695 MARY MILLETT JOHN PLAYER CHRISTOPHER YOUNG JACOB YOUNG b. 1657 b. circa 1655 d.1699 d.1716 JACOB PLAYER JOSEPH STURGE III MARY YOUNG JACOB YOUNG 1698 -1772 b.1684 b.1687 1690 -1757 JOHN PLAYER MARY MILLETT FRANCES PLAYER JOSEPH STURGE IV EDWARD YOUNG 1725 -1808 b. 1743 1728-1770 1722-1779 1721-1782 The founder JOSEPH STURGE V FANNY STURGE JACOB STURGE MARY YOUNG SAMUEL YOUNG 1752-1817 m. JOSEPH CLARK 1754-1811 1757-1831 1759-1816 JOSEPH STURGE VI YOUNG STURGE JACOB PLAYER STURGE THOMAS YOUNG 1793-1859 1781-1844 1793-1857 1808-1843 “Apostle of peace” MARY STURGE WILLIAM STURGE HENRY STURGE WALTER STURGE ROBERT STURGE HENRY YOUNG 1818-1867 1820-1905 1822-1905 1830-1914 1834-1915 1836-1886 This pedigree illustrates the propinquity of Quaker families, and the longevity of their businesses. MARGARET STURGE FRANCIS GOODBODY THOMAS YOUNG THEODORE STURGE EDWARD YOUNG The Player, Sturge and Young 1848-1921 1865-1957 1868-1948 1859-1949 families all intermarried in the eighteenth century, their common ancestors being the Millett family FREDERICK ALLEN – also from Gloucestershire. The PAUL STURGE JOHN SPENCER YOUNG ROBERT STEPHENS YOUNG STURGE GOODBODY 1899-1967 b.1916 1891-1974 people highlighted all worked in the 1879-1929 firm, and one still does. The Young family also produced generations WILLIAM SCOULAR JOHN GERALD of land agents, unconnected with SIMON CHARLES YOUNG GOODBODY SPENCER YOUNG King Sturge, who managed estates 1912-1962 b.1955 1929-2009 around Bristol. 24 25
  15. 15. TWENTIETH CENTURY In the early part of the 20th century as JP Sturge continued for which he was awarded an MBE. He was later seconded to carry on its business in the South West of the country, to the Sudan Defence Force with the temporary rank of King & Co was just starting in London. lieutenant-colonel, at the age of 26. He was made a partner in 1948 and built on the firm’s Quaker heritage acting for Clarks Shoes of Street (Jacob Sturge’s sister, Fanny, had married a Clark in the 18th century) and the Fry chocolate JP STURGE family. Before William’s death in 1905 his nephew, Theodore Sturge, In 1952 he was elected national chairman of the RICS and his grandson, Frederick Allen Sturge Goodbody, had Junior Organisation, succeeding Douglas King of King & joined the firm, as none of William’s three surviving sons Co. They became close friends, taking pre-war cars around had any inclination to be surveyors. By now the address the country together, justifying the journeys by visits to local had changed several times, from Young Sturge’s office in RICS branches. In 1976 Philip became President of the St James Barton to Shannon Court then, via Corn Street, RICS, almost a century after William Sturge. to Broad Street. In 1869 the firm left Broad Street for Corn Street again, and in 1917 they moved to 11 Orchard Street. Theodore was the last Sturge to become a partner, though After the death of William Partners in 1958: Goodbody, Philip Franklin his son Paul briefly worked for the firm between leaving university and going into the Friends’ Ambulance Unit in PE Tyhurst became senior partner 1914. He then dedicated his life to Quaker interests, ending WS Goodbody in 1963, and under his career as General Secretary of the Friends’ Service CP Franklin his leadership the firm Council. MHA Fraser completed the transition RGHM Kirkwood from a firm of land agents After the First World War it appears the firm lost momentum. MR Clark to the leading firm of In 1929, on Frederick Goodbody’s early death, the first JGS Young commercial agents in the partner outside the family, EJ Clarke, was appointed. He South West of England. and Theodore Sturge saw the firm through the depression and Theodore retired in 1933 although he lived to the age A rival Bristol firm, Stanley Alder & Price, became the training of 90, dying in 1948. In due course, in 1937, PE Tyhurst ground for JP Sturge partners. Michael Clark joined the and Frederick Goodbody’s son, William Scoular Goodbody, firm from there in 1956 and became deeply involved in the became partners, and the firm was once again ready to development of the Broadmead shopping area and in the expand. Sadly, two of the three partners both died aged 50, war-damaged parts of the city. The 1947 Town & Country EJ Clarke in 1950 and WS Goodbody in 1962. Planning Act created a considerable amount of work. One unusual task carried out in Broadmead was clearing the Philip Franklin, who had joined the firm as a trainee in medieval plague pit on the site where the Primark store 1938 aged 17 when the firm had fewer than 20 staff, now stands, and ensuring that the remains were decently returned from war service in 1947. During the war he had reinterred. served in the Royal Engineers in Italy, building bridges, 1899-1902 1903 1908 1912 1912 Boer War Wright brothers’ Bulgaria declares Captain Scott’s Titanic sank first flight independence from expedition to the Ottoman Empire Antarctic First Tour de France Top left: Theodore Sturge (1859-1949) 1901 1910 Top right: Paul Sturge (1891-1974) Accession Accession of George V Bottom left: Philip Franklin (1921-2006) of Edward VII Bottom right: Michael Clark (1920-84) 26 24 27
  16. 16. David Marsh also started work at Stanley Alder & Price in Philip Franklin, who died in 2006, was succeeded as senior 1951, but on his return from National Service in 1958 he partner by Michael Clark in 1981. He died shortly after he joined Michael Clark at JP Sturge. Bob Durie joined Stanley retired in 1984 and was succeeded by John Young, who Alder and Price in 1958 and moved to JP Sturge in 1962. died in November 2009. David Marsh became senior He started the commercial agency department, becoming a partner in 1989 until the merger with King & Co. partner in 1967 - the same year as Peter Harrison who dealt with the professional side, including the work for the Bristol More time was spent in London with partners contributing Diocese. Later, as the firm expanded into other business to various RICS affairs and building contacts across the areas, Richard Allen became head of building services and property industry. David Marsh recalls a dinner in London, was made a partner. when he was Vice Chairman of the RICS JO, in 1966, which was also attended by Herbert James King, the grandfather At this time it was considered inappropriate for sons to of Malcolm King - with whom David was to become joint train with their family firms. Consequently John Young, who senior partner in 1992. joined JP Sturge in 1959, did his training with Lalonde Bros & Parham while Richard Lalonde and John Pool (who became joint senior partners of that firm) trained with JP Sturge. At the RICS Council dinner on 1st June 1966 in the presence of the Duke of Edinburgh there was In the 1960s JP Sturge was unique in Bristol with no distinguished attendance of eponymous members residential agency and generally acting for landlords in and senior partners of major firms, including: the management of investment and operational estates. Between the 1960s and 1980s the partners played a major Oliver Chesterton Norman Harris role in the city and the local chamber of commerce, similar Cecil Clutton H James King to that of the three Sturge brothers at the end of the 19th Brian Eve David Marsh century. Philip Franklin Mark Strutt In 1960 WG Goodbody recorded the firm’s first 200 years, referring to a total of 30 staff. By the time of the 225th anniversary, in 1985, John Young, the penultimate link at From the end of the 1960s the firm began opening what the firm with the Sturge family, being the great, great, great, were called branch offices, the first in Swindon by Simon great nephew of Jacob Sturge, John Player’s nephew, was Bitmead who had joined from Healey & Baker. There senior partner and there were 100 staff. followed Bath, Oxford and finally Exeter in 1990. Cardiff was opened through the acquisition of Powell & Powell, with In the early 1970s three young staff came and stayed. both Mike Davies and Bob Croydon becoming partners of Max Crofts arrived as a graduate, straight from the College the firm and Bill Caddick a consultant. The need to secure of Estate Management - he opened the Bath office in a foothold in London grew and a London office was opened 1974 and became a partner in 1981. Ned Cussen, who by Tim Poulston in 1984. led development, joined from Montagu Evans and Roger Lawrence, who led investment, from Knight Frank - both In the late 1980s the firm occupied numerous Georgian having just qualified in London. They became partners in buildings around Berkeley Square, where it had moved to 1984. John Payne joined the investment team and due to in 1945 - at which time a valuable legacy of William Sturge its success became a partner in 1989. came into its own. The immense drawings produced for 1913 1917 1918 Suffragette Emily Davison Russian Revolution Poland granted throws herself in front of independence the King’s horse at the Derby Top left: Philip Franklin 1914-1918 1919 1921 World War 1 College of Estate SEGRO founded Top right: John Young (1929-2009) Management Bottom left: David Marsh (b.1934) founded Bottom right: Max Crofts (when he joined the firm in 1970) HJ King 28 24 29
  17. 17. Bristol Tramways were all mounted on quality linen and KING & CO to overcome rationing and shortages they were carefully removed to provide sheets, tablecloths, even shirts, for the King & Co was founded in 1920 in Winchmore Hill, North partners and employees of JP Sturge. London, by Herbert James King who was born in Cambridge in 1887. He had a forebear who was a land agent who In 1988, at the height of the property boom, the opportunity would, no doubt, have known William Sturge and it was this arose to purchase 40 Berkeley Square, comprising influence which helped him make up his mind to become a 25,000 ft², from the University, advised by Mike Henry of surveyor. He initially worked in Cambridge and qualified at Chesterton (later to join the firm). The move in the spring of the age of 23. He also worked in London at Fuller Peiser, 1991 gave the opportunity to reconfigure both thinking and now part of BNP Paribas Real Estate, but before the start operations, but the boom conditions had ceased and the of the First World War he had become a volunteer in the firm occupied only about half the space (the freehold was Royal Engineers and this in due course led to his inevitable later sold to the Duchy of Cornwall) and it took a long time deployment to France. to let the remainder and to dispose of the remaining leases around the square. HJ King was badly wounded on the Somme and he returned to the military hospital at Millbank and convalesced Tim Stapleton, who was a part-time consultant whilst a in Torquay. After 16 operations on his leg he recovered and lecturer at The University of the West of England for a number he and his wife Trudie, whom he had married in 1915, of years, joined the firm fully in 1988 on the professional and moved to Enfield where he had obtained a post on the staff public sector fronts. He and Mike Finucane, head of office of Deason & Lester, an old-established firm of surveyors agency, became partners in 1991 just before the merger. and house agents. The final year’s accounts of JP Sturge in 1992-93 show a Five years later, with his war pension and a small gratuity firm with a turnover of just over £6 million, with a continuing from a grateful government, he set up a business on his shift from agency to professional work, adjusting to the own account in a rented, later purchased, timber building economic conditions. with two rooms and a cloakroom in Winchmore Hill, North London. The business was called King & Co and traded as “Surveyors, Auctioneers, Valuers and Estate Agents”. The firm has provided three Presidents of the RICS, It was, initially, primarily residential-based and participated one in each century: at the London Auction Mart in both property auctions and 1878 - 1879 William Sturge the consequent sales of contents. There was also some 1976 - 1977 Philip Franklin building consultancy work. 2009 - 2010 Max Crofts In 1923 the remainder of a lease with eight years to run was taken of 11 The Broadway (now 725 Green Lanes) and subsequently a new 21 year lease was granted by The Oceana Laundry. In 1925, recognising the increasing amount of work and further potential in commercial property, a lease was taken in a suite of offices at 3 and 4 Clements Inn, Strand, adjoining the Law Courts. In those days there 1922 1922 1929 BBC founded Wimbledon Wall Street Centre Crash Court built Above: Herbert James King (1887-1978) 1923 1926 Original Wembley General strike Stadium built 30 24 31
  18. 18. was a great deal of industrial and manufacturing activity in as he was universally known, obtained compassionate North London and many of the clients were in and around leave and was allowed back to the UK to assist with the Enfield and Winchmore Hill. By 1928 the firm had a turnover family business as his father was very ill with peritonitis. He of £2,991/1s/6d and a profit of £1,032/5s (£138,000 and subsequently rejoined the army and was posted to the staff £48,000 in 2010 terms). college at Haifa, finally returning to rejoin King & Co in 1946. He soon completed his studies and became a chartered Between 1928 and 1939 the City office became recognised surveyor. in rating matters with instructions from local authorities and trade associations. In 1935 the Clements Inn lease could The City office shut during the war but the rent had not be renewed and more space was needed, as by then to continue to be paid. Once DJ was demobbed it was there were about 16 staff in the office, so a 21 year lease decided that the office should reopen under his control, his was taken at 71 Bishopsgate. father concentrating on Winchmore Hill. After minor bomb damage was repaired, the City office opened for business with much of the work being devoted to business rates HJ King was active throughout the profession as a and war reparations for which the firm gained an excellent member of: reputation. The Rating Surveyors’ Association Douglas Barton, who joined in 1949, worked closely with Auctioneers’ Institute and local branch DJ in the City office and together they won the government RICS Council and local branch chairman contract to value for rating purposes all industrial property, Local Estate Agents’ Association – chairman football grounds, cinemas and convents in North and East London. Work started in 1951 for the 1956 valuation. His service to the profession was recognised by the award of an OBE. He retired in 1959 and died in 1978, aged 90. Once this was completed it was possible to concentrate on private clients, and instructions in the industrial sector He and his wife had two sons. Geoffrey, the younger, was poured in due to the expertise established whilst working born in 1921, but was killed in action during the Second for HMG. In 1966 Peter Reed joined the firm and, after stints World War during a raid over Germany in a Lancaster out of London in Brussels and Leeds, he joined the thriving bomber. rating team in 1973. At that time it was still a substantial part of the firm’s business; in the recession of 1974 it was The elder, Douglas James Edward King, was born in 1919. the rating department’s income that secured the future. He left Taunton School in 1938 when he was 17 and was Peter joined the partnership shortly afterwards. articled to his father during which time he was paid 7/6 (35p) a week, of which he gave his mother 2/6 (12p) for his keep. He took his first and second exams for the RICS To date the firm has provided four Presidents of the before the outbreak of the War in 1939 and, like his father Rating Surveyors’ Association: before him, he was a volunteer with the Royal Engineers. This meant that in 1939 he joined the regiment full time. 1969 Douglas King 1996 Peter Reed Once the war started he was posted overseas, not returning 1981 Douglas Barton 2006 Graham Beaumont to the UK for a period of two and half years. In 1944 DJ, 1936 1936 1939-1945 1950 Jesse Owens wins four gold Accession of World War 2 First medals at the Olympic George VI Formula One games in Berlin championship Above: 3 & 4 Clements Inn, Strand, London WC2 1936 1944 Top right: Douglas Barton (b.1919) Accession Land Securities Bottom right: Colin Marsden (1931-2005) and founded abdication of Edward VIII 32 24 33