Freshwater inland wetlands


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Freshwater inland wetlands

  1. 1. Fr eshwater Inland Wetlands By Lexi Martin and Wesley Guerrero
  2. 2. What we will be going over 1. Climate 2. Vegetation type 3. Structure 4. Animal Species 5. Location on the Globe 6. Major Environmental Threats
  3. 3. Climate The climate for Freshwater Inland Wetlands varies greatly because they are located on so many different parts of the globe. They can exist in many different climates as long as temperatures are not extreme like a tundra or desert. There also needs to be a certain amount of precipitation in the area for them to exist. Tidal marsh along the Edisto River, South Carolina
  4. 4. Vegetation Type and structure  Plants are well suited to highly saturated soils.  There are three main types of wetlands with their own vegetation types  Bogs have thick mats of moss, trees, shrubs and some carnivorous plants.  Swamps have woody trees and shrubs.  Marshes have rushes, sedges, grasses, and cattails. Marshes also have open water plants such as lilies. Cattails a common plant in wetlands
  5. 5. Animal species  Animal species are diverse and include many different species of birds, insects, fish, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.  Red-winged black bird, great blue herons, snapping turtles, mosquitoes and dragonflies are just a few of the many different animal species.
  6. 6. Animal Species
  7. 7. Location on the Globe  The location of freshwater inland wetlands varies much like the climate.  They are found away from coastal areas.  Most wetlands are made by glaciers and are located near rivers and lakes.
  8. 8. Major environmentalthreats  Wetlands are a very important part of our environment, they are our environments natural way of retaining water.  Wetlands store water and filter dirty run-off water.  They are the breeding grounds for many different animals.  The biggest threat is that people are starting to build on wetlands. We drain and fill wetlands for building grounds.  If we start to build on all of our wetlands the economy will have to put money into filtering water and making man-made lakes to prevent flooding in the area.  The government is starting to understand the importance of wetlands and has started enforcing mitigation to fight the degradation of wetlands.
  9. 9. References Environmental science book
  10. 10.  (great blue heron) (red winged black bird) (mosquito) Chelydra.Org (snapping turtles) (wood duck) (northern water snake) (northern river otter) (muskrat) (dragonfly) (water moccasin) (trout) (apple snail)