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When artificial intelligence meets human stupidity


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There is a rough agreement among many AI experts that the technological singularity ( the moment when machine intelligence supersedes human intelligence, and life as we know it changes un recognisably )- will take place soon after 2030.

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When artificial intelligence meets human stupidity

  1. 1. WHEN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE MEETS HUMAN STUPIDITY REF- MCKINSEY Slide Composed and conceptualized By Col Mukteshwar Prasad
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION  The race to develop advanced AI is accelerating more rapidly as evident from under mentioned work  US Government's Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnology initative (BRAIN)  Google’s deep-learning artificial intelligence (AI) project, Brain;  Facebook’s hiring neuroscientists to work on a brain-computer interface  Elon Musk’s Neuralink, a company that aims to download your mind  Bryan Johnson’s Kernel, a company that wants to merge the human brain with AI  There is a rough agreement among many AI experts that the technological singularity ( the moment when machine intelligence supersedes human intelligence, and life as we know it changes un recognisably )- will take place soon after 2030.
  3. 3. QUESTIONS  Question is  How should this machine intelligence be configured?  Could it be based on the structure and function of the human brain?  What makes us what we are ?  Our learning,  Our memories and  Our Emotions  Which part of our brain is difficult to be replicated?  Common sense,  Decisions,  Intuitions,  Free-will,  Morality and  Consciousness  What is our brain made of?  A brain is composed of approximately 100 billion neurons.  Neurons are interconnected electrically and chemically by around 100 trillion connections  They make us feel, imagine and think.  Imagine the permutation and combination?
  4. 4. QUESTIONS  Questions about singularity  Should we be worried at the prospect of the singularity?  Excited?  Afraid?  Surprised?  Or lost in this scientific jargon?  Or should we be more worried about merging artificially intelligent machines (AIM) not with human intelligence, but with human stupidity?
  5. 5. MICHELANGELO’S SECRET MESSAGE IN THE SISTINE CHAPEL  To answer these overwhelming questions, let’s start from the beginning: the Book of Genesis, and the creation of Adam.  On the ceiling of the Sistine chapel, Michelangelo has depicted God wrapped in a shape that represents the brain.  He wanted to suggest that God not only endowed Adam with life, but also with intelligence.  This shape mirrors the form of the human brain cortex: the site of our intelligence, decision-making, conscious awareness and morality.  Intriguingly, God’s arm reaches out from the brain’s frontal lobe - specifically the cingulate gyrus, a brain region known to be implicated in cognitive and emotional error monitoring and decision-making.  With it, God is touching Adam’s hand.  The simple message encoded in this painting conveys the merger between the brain and HI.  Since our ‘creation’, our cognitive and emotional behaviours have been shaped by our brain, and undeniably these behaviours shape our brain.
  6. 6. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENT MACHINE(AIM)  Today, ‘Adam’ strives not only to create AIM, but also to endow these machines with a human touch.  The question is will he also endow AIM with ‘free-will’ - the ability to make their own decisions?  In this modern creation story, humans first created AIM and then discovered that they could not compete or follow these machines’ wild pace of capabilities.  Energy and resources have thus been mobilised to accelerate the creation of neuroprosthetics, brain-machine interfaces, a neural lace surrounding the cortex (to augment HI) by linking it to AIM, and even uploading minds to the cloud.  Igniting a human-AIM revolution opened a Pandora’s box full of ambiguous possibilities and difficulties.  For example, imagine making a certain decision intuitively, when an AIM knows or prefers an alternative answer – accordingly it sends suppressive neural code to certain brain regions and changes your brain’s decision.  Who is in charge now?  Designing and implementing AIM capable of communicating or merging with human intelligence demands knowledge about the human brain.  Last decades have witnessed a plethora of neuroscience studies investigating the brain’s functional and anatomical regions, hubs, nodes and networks.
  7. 7. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENT MACHINE(AIM)  fMRI and EEG are the building blocks on which visionaries and scientists are building their ideas about merging humans and AIM.  The singularity movement is striving to interface the digital world with the human brain for the purpose of  Augmenting or repairing human cognition and emotions, and  Potentially human longevity.  Augmented human intelligence is full of both promises and pitfalls.  It suggests the possibility that  We can turn short-term memories into stronger long-term memories;  Erase traumatic memories, or make them weaker;  Inhibit unwanted thoughts;  Improve our decision-making and enhance both deep learning and reinforcement learning.  However, our knowledge about these brain functions and their anatomical structures is still under investigation - and because of the possible limitations of neuroimaging studie and technology, the results we have may be full of false positives.  Neuroimaging neuroscience research has indeed made giant leaps towards providing a live stream of our brain activity - but nevertheless, our journey into the depths of the human brain and mind remains long and mysterious.
  8. 8. DILEMA AND CHALLENGES  The dilemma of merging rational, tangible and mathematically configured AIM with a human mind - which is, in contrast, irrational and intangible both emotionally, socially and cognitively - is extremely challenging.  We are still far from fully scrutinising the inner workings of the human mind.  And so before we can connect it to AIM, we should remain aware that the bar to doing so is immensely high.  Hopefully brain science fiction will soon become brain science facts - and that the merger of humans with AIM will turn to be a merger with human intelligence, and not human stupidity.  Because a poorly created human-AIM merger has the potential to rapidly escalate dangerous situations, with catastrophic conclusions.  A poorly merged system that gets hacked, controlled or shut down may comprise our morality, privacy or security.  AIM are currently built without a capacity for self-modification; humans, however, are created with this capacity: it is called neuroplasticity.  Imagine an intelligent machine (a warrior-robot, for example) having access to human neuroplasticity.  Now imagine a stupid, greedy and immoral human having access to the power of a warrior-robot.  Are you worried yet?
  9. 9. CONCLUSION  Notwithstanding the scale and pace of neurotechnology, the merger of human intelligence with AIM is still in its infancy - albeit an infant that we are vigorously feeding, both intellectually and financially, in order to bring it to maturity as soon as possible.  While feeding this infant, we should not forget that humans are fiendishly complex and unpredictable.  Human evolution was ignited by an uneven process of natural selection, based itself on greed and fear. Imagine merging these qualities with AIM.  What would be the result?  Brain hacking, loss of free-will, cognitive thoughts becoming dependent on AIM, fewer self-generated thoughts… Maybe this is the natural course of evolution for humans - or maybe we need to merge with super-intelligent machines if we are to become super humans.