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Future of the article C Mavergames March 2013


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Future of the article C Mavergames March 2013

  1. 1. FUTURE OF THE ARTICLELinked data, “the dish“ and thevalue of an interfaceChris MavergamesDirector of Web Development, The Cochrane Collaboration
  2. 2. AcknowledgementsThanks and h/t to: Silver Oliver, Ontoba ( Lorne Becker, Cochrane Innovations ( Linn Brandt, DECIDE Project ( Scott Brinker, ( Duncan Bloor, BBC Sophie Hill, Cochrane Consumers and Communication Review Group Ilkka Kunnamo, ( Julian Elliott, Monash University and Cochrane Collaboration Cochrane Linked Data Project colleagues Many others who inspired me
  3. 3. Key concepts
  4. 4. Forgot one – “dish“
  5. 5. Cochrane Reviews
  6. 6. Cochrane Reviews Have always been electronic Summary of a research project, not really article PICO framework Search, assess and analysis Many of the key components buried in thedocument: Forest plots, Risk of Biasassessments, etc. Continuously updated when new studies arereported
  7. 7.  PICO Population Intervention Comparison Outcome
  8. 8. Ilkka Kunnamo
  9. 9. Cochrane has lots of user groups Clinicians Consumers Guideline writers Policy makers Journalists Authors of other systematic reviewsDifferent users have different needs...
  10. 10. Getting outside thereview/article “container“
  11. 11. Document viewXML<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1" standalone="no"?><COCHRANE_REVIEW DESCRIPTION="For publication"DOI="10.1002/14651858.CD008440" GROUP_ID="HIV"ID="589309120202025823" MERGED_FROM=""MODIFIED="2011-05-06 12:29:46 +0100"MODIFIED_BY="Rachel Marshall" REVIEW_NO=""REVMAN_SUB_VERSION="5.1.1" REVMAN_VERSION="5"SPLIT_FROM="" STAGE="R" STATUS="A"TYPE="INTERVENTION" VERSION_NO="2.0">........
  12. 12. Key components
  13. 13. linked data
  14. 14. The “age of pointing at things“- h/t Tom Coates, 2005: ttp:// The realization [behind creation of the [Internet] was, "Itisnt the cables, it is the computers which areinteresting". [World Wide Web] the realization was "It isnt thecomputers, but the documents which are interesting".Now you could browse around a sea of documentswithout having to worry about which computer they werestored on. Now, people are making another mental move. There isrealization now, "Its not the documents, it is the thingsthey are about which are important”.-Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web
  15. 15. “The problem is not informationoverload. It„s filter failure.“- Clay Shirky
  16. 16. nimble
  17. 17. NimbleStructured and linked data can help make content “nimble”Nimble content can:• Travel Freely• Retain Context Meaning• Create New Products- R. Lovinger,
  18. 18. Current web = Web of documents
  19. 19. Docs are linked not data (things) in docs
  20. 20. Machines aren„t good at readingweb pages and documents Data on the web is meant for humanconsumption Machines need the data to be structured Then, information can be more easily sharedwithin and across datasets and web pages Interfaces and APIs can be built to allow better(and programmatic) access The article could evolve into an interface ontoa “web of data“
  21. 21. Reviews, studies, referencesthing thingthingthingthingthingPPPPPPIIIIIICCCCCCOOOOOO
  22. 22. Graphs of knowledge
  23. 23. drugconditionsideEffect CR:ID#CR:ID#CR:ID#studystudystudystudystudystudystudystudystudyStart anywhere, go anywhere
  24. 24. Page furniture
  25. 25. Chart: Linn Brandt/DECIDE Project
  26. 26. Access points
  27. 27. Access points
  28. 28.
  29. 29. Linked datasets
  30. 30. Linked Open Data
  31. 31. the “dish“
  32. 32. SilverOliver
  33. 33. Scalable considered linkingh/t SilverOliver
  34. 34. PICO* = the “dish“ Population Intervention Comparison Outcome* (some also add another C for conditionand/or an S for setting or context)
  35. 35. What„s your “dish“?
  36. 36. interface
  37. 37. interfacefriendly front endsappssmart searchbetter filters=potential value
  38. 38. QuestionDo articles still fulfill their purpose?
  39. 39. Future of article is not about thearticle at all.It„s about:CONTENT & DELIVERY***NIMBLE***
  40. 40. Think: record companyexecutives once upon atime debating the “futureof the album“...
  41. 41. “Operating system” for science? “Scientific bundles of knowledge must bestructured and accessible by API, with theconnections among those bundles andappropriate utility metrics being what connectsand prioritizes scientists.”- Marcio von MuhlenSource:
  42. 42. CDSRCRS/CENTRALDAREHTAsCMRDrugBankUMLSDiseasomeSymptomOntologyetc.Evidence-based healthcare OS
  43. 43. Future of the article? Should really be: Future of content and delivery Interface to web of data Filter API Code Dynamic or “living“ question or series of questions Editors become curators (?) Things we have yet to think of or can„t imagineyet...
  44. 44. How did I do? content knowledge nimble delivery graph PICO question quote
  45. 45. Thank you