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COBWEB
COBWEB technology platform and future
development needs,
ISPRA,
27th Jan, 2016
Chris Higgins
chris.higgins@ed.ac.uk...
Introduction to COBWEB
• Research Project: Funded under the European
Commission’s Framework Programme 7
• SME Targeted Col...
Citizen Observatory Web
• Generic crowdsourcing infrastructure
– A toolkit which can be downloaded and used
in multiple sc...
Project Partners
UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves
Sites of excellence to foster
harmonious integration of people and
nature for s...
COBWEB Biosphere Reserves
Biosffer Dyfi Biosphere
Mount Olympus
Gorge of Samaria
Wadden See & Hallig islands
COBWEB is not a collection of Apps…
A number of demonstrator mobile phone
applications
– Exactly what, deliberately left o...
Co-design
COBWEB Framework
Technology Readiness Levels (TRL)
TRL Definition
1 basic principles observed
2 technology concept formulated
3 experimenta...
Key components at different TRL’s
• QA workflow editor
• QA WPS/services
• Conflation
• Sensor networks
• GeoNetwork/Porta...
View COBWEB Portal
COBWEB Framework
The COBWEB version of GeoNetwork
• Open source implementation of the OGC
Catalogue Services for the Web
• Input and storag...
Customise your own app for your survey
Customise your own app for your survey
Customise your own app for your survey
Citizen captures data on their phone
COBWEB Framework
Classifying quality: Seven pillars
Pillar Example Test Notes
Pillar 1 – Location Based
services
Assessment of spatial
accu...
Quality process web editor
COBWEB Framework
Conflation
• Combination of spatial data from multiple
sources to produce a combined view that
contains the most valuable ...
SWE4CS
Publishing
Data
SWE4CS – Why bother?
• If a significant amount of Cit Sci data can be
published to this standard
• It becomes more useful;...
Sustainability
• Intending to open source as many of the
COBWEB components as possible
• OSGeo one option and looking at t...
Synchronising #1 – ‘Hackathon’ @ ECSA Berlin May
• COBWEB offers to fund
• Line up a variety of Cit Sci project developers...
Synchronising #2 – OGC-ICA-AGILE workshop June
• Association GI Laboratories Europe (AGILE) pre-
conference workshop 14th ...
Synchronising #3 – Activity at Dublin TC in June
• OGC Technical Committee meeting 20-24 June
• Paid for by COBWEB
• Will ...
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COBWEB technology platform and future development needs, ISPRA 2016

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On 26 and 27 January 2016, the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission invited international experts for a two-day workshop in Ispra (Italy) in order to discuss data and service infrastructures for Citizen Science. The participants were challenged to:
- identify the major requirements for Citizen Science project repositories and their relation to existing Citizen Science platforms;
- draft a reference model for analysing and sharing Citizen Science tools and data – with first examples;
- define a high-level roadmap with checkpoints for synchronising already ongoing activities.

More information on the workshop and other presentations can be found here: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/event/workshop/citizen-science-workshop

Published in: Environment
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COBWEB technology platform and future development needs, ISPRA 2016

  1. 1. COBWEB COBWEB technology platform and future development needs, ISPRA, 27th Jan, 2016 Chris Higgins chris.higgins@ed.ac.uk Sta
  2. 2. Introduction to COBWEB • Research Project: Funded under the European Commission’s Framework Programme 7 • SME Targeted Collaborative project • Required to work within GEOSS framework • Started Nov 2012, ends Oct 31st 2016 (4 years) • Why? – GPS enabled, internet connected mobile devices now ubiquitous – Lots of potential, eg, can citizen sourced environmental data be useful for decision making?
  3. 3. Citizen Observatory Web • Generic crowdsourcing infrastructure – A toolkit which can be downloaded and used in multiple scenarios • Data which supports policy • Address data quality issues • Open standards
  4. 4. Project Partners
  5. 5. UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves Sites of excellence to foster harmonious integration of people and nature for sustainable development through participation, knowledge sharing, poverty reduction and human well-being improvements, cultural values and society's ability to cope with change, thus contributing to the Millennium Development Goals
  6. 6. COBWEB Biosphere Reserves Biosffer Dyfi Biosphere Mount Olympus Gorge of Samaria Wadden See & Hallig islands
  7. 7. COBWEB is not a collection of Apps… A number of demonstrator mobile phone applications – Exactly what, deliberately left open and subject to discussion with community 3 pilot case study areas: 1. Validating earth observation products 2. Biological monitoring 3. Flooding
  8. 8. Co-design
  9. 9. COBWEB Framework
  10. 10. Technology Readiness Levels (TRL) TRL Definition 1 basic principles observed 2 technology concept formulated 3 experimental proof of concept 4 technology validated in lab 5 technology validated in relevant environment (industrially relevant environment in the case of key enabling technologies) 6 technology demonstrated in relevant environment (industrially relevant environment in the case of key enabling technologies) 7 system prototype demonstration in operational environment 8 system complete and qualified 9 actual system proven in operational environment (competitive manufacturing in the case of key enabling technologies; or in space)
  11. 11. Key components at different TRL’s • QA workflow editor • QA WPS/services • Conflation • Sensor networks • GeoNetwork/Portal • Middleware • Authoring tool/Survey designer • Apps • User management and privacy • Access control • Authentication
  12. 12. View COBWEB Portal
  13. 13. COBWEB Framework
  14. 14. The COBWEB version of GeoNetwork • Open source implementation of the OGC Catalogue Services for the Web • Input and storage schemas: – ISO19139, ISO199115-1 • Alternative output schemas available: – Dublin core – SensorML – DCAT – PPSR_CORE • Supports registration of ‘surveys’ or ‘citizen science projects’ • ACTION: CH to put group in touch with GeoCat
  15. 15. Customise your own app for your survey
  16. 16. Customise your own app for your survey
  17. 17. Customise your own app for your survey
  18. 18. Citizen captures data on their phone
  19. 19. COBWEB Framework
  20. 20. Classifying quality: Seven pillars Pillar Example Test Notes Pillar 1 – Location Based services Assessment of spatial accuracy – estimate from a mobile device and number of satellites Tests often carried out on the mobile device Pillar 2 – Cleaning Removal of junk data via an attribute text check Very lightweight, can flag or remove malicious entries Pillar 3 – Automatic validation Analysis whether an image is blurry Higher level testing, often used to assess ranges Pillar 4 – Comparison with authoritative data Use of a set of boundary polygons to check whether an observation is in or out Wide variety of tests that involve comparison with what it known Pillar 5 – Model based validation Running a flood model Can be complex, and may also include question based modeling Pillar 6 – Big/Linked data Querying Twitter via a hashtag for similar phenomena Tapping into large databases such as sensor records and social media Pillar 7 – Semantic harmonisation Rationalisation of entries via an ontology Attempts to recognise multiple entries of the same observation
  21. 21. Quality process web editor
  22. 22. COBWEB Framework
  23. 23. Conflation • Combination of spatial data from multiple sources to produce a combined view that contains the most valuable data from the inputs • Used in Quality Assurance • Used for data enrichment, eg, from sensors • OGC Web Processing Service interface used
  24. 24. SWE4CS Publishing Data
  25. 25. SWE4CS – Why bother? • If a significant amount of Cit Sci data can be published to this standard • It becomes more useful; its immediately understood by people who understand the standard • The same tooling can be used and reused • Integration costs decrease
  26. 26. Sustainability • Intending to open source as many of the COBWEB components as possible • OSGeo one option and looking at the incubation process • SME’s leading this aspect of COBWEB
  27. 27. Synchronising #1 – ‘Hackathon’ @ ECSA Berlin May • COBWEB offers to fund • Line up a variety of Cit Sci project developers who have access to data • Provide materials and assistance to show how transformation to SWE4CS can be done • Use to show how easy it is and the benefits that come with interopeability
  28. 28. Synchronising #2 – OGC-ICA-AGILE workshop June • Association GI Laboratories Europe (AGILE) pre- conference workshop 14th June • The Role of Geospatial Standards for Sustainable Development • Emphasis on the use of these standards for leveraging volunteered geographic information and enabling community observatories • Debate: 'Are OGC and related standards fit for purpose in a fast changing technological society?‘ • Identify major research questions for maximising the value of open geospatial interoperability standards in support of the Sustainable Development Goals
  29. 29. Synchronising #3 – Activity at Dublin TC in June • OGC Technical Committee meeting 20-24 June • Paid for by COBWEB • Will have an OGC Best Practice paper ready for publication: – SWE4CS – Metadata profile for Citizen Science • How can we make best use of this week?

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