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Cold War Review


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Cold War Review

  1. 1. Chapters 18, 19, 20
  2. 2. 8
  3. 3. 7
  4. 4. 6
  5. 5. 5
  6. 6. 4
  7. 7. 3
  9. 11. Essay Question: What was the Cold War? <ul><li>Define </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Goals vs. Soviet Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Strategies/Policies (Doctrines) </li></ul><ul><li>Alliances </li></ul><ul><li>Key Places </li></ul><ul><li>Key Events </li></ul>
  10. 12. Korean War (1950-1953) <ul><li>Causes: </li></ul><ul><li>North Korean Aggression/Invasion </li></ul><ul><li>China Influence </li></ul><ul><li>Containment/Truman Doctrine </li></ul><ul><li>Significance </li></ul><ul><li>38 th Parallel </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese involvement </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur vs. Truman </li></ul>
  11. 13. Legacy of the Korean War <ul><li>1 st armed confrontation of the Cold War. </li></ul><ul><li>Created the idea of “limited war.” </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded the Cold War to Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Created the heavily guarded De-militarized Zone (DMZ) which still exists today. </li></ul><ul><li>Contributed to the 2 nd Red Scare. </li></ul>
  12. 14. The Shipping Miracle: The Berlin Airlift (June 48 – May 49) <ul><li>Early Cold War Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>West Berlin’s location </li></ul><ul><li>Response to the Berlin Blockade </li></ul><ul><li>“ Impossible” feat </li></ul><ul><li>1 plane landed every minutes </li></ul><ul><li>The Hero: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Father of the Berlin Airlift </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Held the city in defiance to the Soviets. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 15. The Shipping Miracle: The Berlin Airlift (June 48 – May 49) <ul><li>Outcome </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated the stubborn will of the U.S. to uphold Cold War policies. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. looked good </li></ul><ul><li>Soviets looked bad </li></ul><ul><li>Candy Bomber lifts the </li></ul><ul><li>spirits of the German kids. </li></ul>
  14. 16. The Berlin Airlift
  15. 17. Bay of Pigs – April 1961 <ul><li>The Bay of Pigs is a small, southern inlet on the island of Cuba. (Bay of Triggerfish) </li></ul><ul><li>It was a failed invasion in attempt to overthrow the Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eisenhower’s Idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Headed by the CIA (approved by JFK) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main force was Cuban exiles trained by the CIA. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 18. Bay of Pigs <ul><li>Immediate Outcome: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Totally unsuccessful. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>115 Killed/1,189 Captured </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embarrassment for the U.S. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long Term Effects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More Soviet weapons for Cuba. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased hostility between the 2 nations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped pave the way for the Cuban Missile Crisis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U.S. = “looked like fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetents to the rest.” </li></ul>
  17. 19. Cuban Missile Crisis–October 1962 <ul><li>The U.S. confronted Cuba and the Soviet Union about nuclear weapons that had been placed 90 miles from the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy issued a “quarantine” to restrict more ships with weapons from going to Cuba. </li></ul>
  18. 20. Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>Result: </li></ul><ul><li>Both Kennedy and Khrushchev feared the start of a nuclear war. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They successfully negotiated an agreement to end the stand-off. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soviet Union had to remove missiles from Cuba </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>U.S. had to remove missiles from Turkey (secretly). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcome: </li></ul><ul><li>The world was saved. </li></ul><ul><li>Khrushchev loses power. </li></ul>
  19. 21. Cuban Missile Crisis <ul><li>Long Term Effects: </li></ul><ul><li>Hot-Line Created : a direct line between the White House and the Kremlin for communication between the two. </li></ul><ul><li>Limited Test Ban Treaty : barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere. </li></ul>
  20. 22. contrast of cold war presidents Kennedy Truman Eisenhower
  21. 23. What was the Cold War? <ul><li>Period of conflict, tension, and competition between the U.S. & Russia (USSR) from 1945 – 1991. </li></ul>
  22. 24. What was the United States’ policy in the Cold War in dealing with Russia? <ul><li>Containment: Stopping the spread of Communism </li></ul>
  23. 25. What is the term given to the Eastern European nations that were dominated by the Soviet Union? <ul><li>Satellite Nations </li></ul>
  24. 26. What was the purpose of NATO? <ul><li>Defensive military alliance between the U.S. and it’s allies. </li></ul>
  25. 27. What was the defensive military alliance for the Communists? <ul><li>The Warsaw Pact </li></ul>
  26. 28. What is the significance of the 38 th Parallel? <ul><li>Dividing line between North & South Korea </li></ul><ul><li>Where the Korean War began, and ended </li></ul><ul><li>Dividing line between Communism and Democracy </li></ul>
  27. 29. Who was the Commanding General for the United Nations in Korea and what did he want to do with the war? <ul><li>General MacArthur wanted to nuke China. </li></ul>
  28. 30. What group help topple governments in Iran and Guatemala? <ul><li>The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) </li></ul>
  29. 31. What was the foreign policy proposed by John F. Dulles that used the threat of all-out nuclear war? <ul><li>Brinkmanship </li></ul>
  30. 32. How did the Marshall Plan help to contain Communism in Europe? <ul><li>By giving loans to countries whose economies were weak and vulnerable. </li></ul>
  31. 33. What did the Iron Curtain divide? <ul><li>Divided Europe in half symbolically and physically between Communism and Democracy. </li></ul>
  32. 34. What action brought vital supplies to a region blockaded by the Soviet Union? <ul><li>The Berlin Airlift </li></ul>
  33. 35. What is a “blacklist”? <ul><li>A list that denies rights or privileges to the people on the list. </li></ul>
  34. 36. What was the purpose of the Hollywood “blacklist”? <ul><li>To deny jobs to people that were suspected of having a communist background. </li></ul>
  35. 37. What is Joseph McCarthy’s claim to fame? <ul><li>He sought out suspected Communists in the government. </li></ul>
  36. 38. What did Alger Hiss and the Rosenberg’s have in common? <ul><li>They were Communist spies. </li></ul>
  37. 39. What government organization made news by going after suspected Communists in Hollywood? <ul><li>HUAC (The House Un-American Activities Committee) </li></ul>
  38. 40. Who was the leader of the Soviet Union from 1953-1964 and how do you spell his name? <ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev </li></ul>
  39. 41. How did the U2 Spy Plane incident affect Cold War relations? <ul><li>The Soviet leader Khrushchev called off an invitation to meet with Eisenhower. – Tensions grew… </li></ul>
  40. 42. How did the Beat Movement signify a growing social conflict in the 1950’s? <ul><li>The beatniks were non-conformists who disliked the mainstream culture - later would lead to other groups. </li></ul>
  41. 43. How did Rock n’ Roll demonstrate racial problems during the 1950’s? <ul><li>Many black artists inspired the rock n’ roll movement but did not receive the same fanfare. </li></ul>
  42. 44. What was the failed invasion of Cuba? <ul><li>The Bay of Pigs </li></ul>
  43. 45. Who lost the 1960 presidential election? <ul><li>Richard Nixon </li></ul>
  44. 46. 1960 Election Notes
  45. 47. What divider separated West Berlin from East Germany? <ul><li>The Berlin Wall </li></ul>
  46. 48. Who ordered the wall to be built? <ul><li>Nikita Khrushchev </li></ul>
  47. 49. Why was Kennedy’s religious beliefs important in the 1960 election? <ul><li>He was Roman Catholic; people were worried about the Pope’s influence. </li></ul>
  48. 50. How did the Cuban Missile Crisis end? <ul><li>Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles as long as the U.S. promised not to invade Cuba and removed its own missiles from Turkey. </li></ul>
  49. 51. What was the new communication method created to help ease Cold War tensions? <ul><li>The Hot Line </li></ul>
  50. 52. What did the Limited Test Ban Treaty accomplish? <ul><li>It barred nuclear testing in the atmosphere. </li></ul>