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Chapter 9 Section 1


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Chapter 9 Section 1

  1. 1. Section 1 The Origins of Progressivism
  2. 2. <ul><li>Chapter 9 Section 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is Progressive Movement? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the 4 goals of the Progressive Movement? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What reforms were used in each areas? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>4 Goals of Progressivism </li></ul><ul><li>Protecting Social Welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting Moral Improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Economic Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Fostering Efficiency </li></ul>Progressive Movement: aimed to return control of the government to the people, to restore economic opportunities, and to correct injustices in American life.
  4. 4. <ul><li>To put or change into an improved form or condition. </li></ul><ul><li>Introducing a better method or course of action. </li></ul><ul><li>To abandon evil ways. </li></ul><ul><li>People who practiced this were called: Reformers </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Harsh conditions of industrialization. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Overworked women & children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Social Gospel Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>YMCA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salvation Army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Settlement Houses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Florence Kelley </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An advocate for improving the lives of children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief inspector of factories for Illinois. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of morality </li></ul><ul><li>Personal behavior, like drinking, caused problems for poor people and immigrants. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Prohibition </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The banning of alcoholic beverages. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WCTU </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Women’s Christian Temperance Union </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cary Nation </li></ul><ul><li>18 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><li>21 st Amendment - repealed </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Capitalism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uneven balance among big business, government, and ordinary people. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Eugene Debs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of the Socialist movement. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muckrakers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 10. <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses overwork employees and do not get enough in return. </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses need a better way to produce more and keep employees happy. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analyzing manufacturing tasks to help improve efficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assembly Line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Henry Ford </li></ul></ul>
  9. 11. <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Local Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster Relief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large businesses need to be regulated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporations are too involved with politics. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>Local Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform Mayors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Convert utilities into public control. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform Governors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Robert La Follete (WI) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>James S. Hogg (TX) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate big business including railroads. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens lacked power over corporations or party bosses. </li></ul><ul><li>State legislators elected US Senators, not citizens. </li></ul><ul><li>Reform </li></ul><ul><li>17 th Amendment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct election of senators. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gave ordinary citizens more power. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Initiative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bill originated by citizens. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Referendum </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A vote on an initiative. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Call for vote to remove public officials. </li></ul></ul>