Chapter 7 Section 3

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Chapter 7 Section 3

  1. 1. Chapter 7 Section 3 Politics in the Gilded Age
  2. 2. Key Terms <ul><li>Political Machine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Offered services to voters in exchange for political or financial support. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Graft - the illegal use of political influence for personal gain. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kickbacks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bribes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Patronage – A.K.A. “The Spoils System” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a politicians power to appoint people who helped him get elected. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People were not as qualified to work. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Political Machine Political Boss Ward Boss Purpose: Secured vote in all the precincts in the ward. Local Precinct Workers and Captains Purpose: To gain voters’ support in local areas.
  4. 4. The Political Boss <ul><li>Controlled city jobs, business licenses, the courts, and other agencies. </li></ul><ul><li>Bosses were not all dirty. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many used their influence to help their people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped to solve urban problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many immigrants were bosses or captains. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Boss Tweed <ul><li>Head of Tammany Hall – New York’s political machine </li></ul><ul><li>Defrauded New York </li></ul><ul><li>Used graft as method. </li></ul><ul><li>Caught in 1871. </li></ul><ul><li>Sentenced to prison twice…second time he escaped and was caught in Spain. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Tammany Tiger Loose – p. 269
  7. 7. Hayes, Garfield, and Arthur <ul><li>Reformers of the Spoils System. </li></ul><ul><li>Rutherford B. Hayes (1876-1880) hires independents in his cabinet. </li></ul><ul><li>James A. Garfield (1880-1881) was elected and continued to reform. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shot by assassin. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Died September 19, 1881. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chester A. Arthur turned to reformer and passed Pendleton Civil Service Act of 1883 to use merit system for jobs. </li></ul>
  8. 8. What was the purpose of the political machine?
  9. 9. Who was at the top of the political machine?
  10. 10. What did Boss Tweed do wrong?

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