Ch 7 & 8 Picture Review


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Ch 7 & 8 Picture Review

  1. 1. US History Chapter 7 & 8 Picture Review
  2. 2. Essay Review: Question #1 <ul><li>Discuss the reasons immigrants came to the United States in the last half of the 19 th century and the problems they encountered upon arriving. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why did the Immigrants come? <ul><li>The promise of a better life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Escape difficult conditions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Famine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Land shortages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious/political persecution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Temporary money seekers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discovery of gold </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Biggest Problems <ul><li>Language </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most did not speak English. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Money </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many were very poor upon arrival. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very few immigrants had job skills because they came from an agricultural background. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Essay #2 <ul><li>Describe the problems that growing cities encountered in the last half of the 19 th century and the solutions that were used to fix these problems. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Urban Problems <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: Overcrowded in cities, or too far away to travel to work. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution: Row Houses, Minimum Standards laws, Air Vents/Windows. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: Demand of expanding populations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution: New mass transit systems using Electric Street Cars, Subways, & El Trains. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Urban Problems <ul><li>Water </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: Low supply of safe drinking water leads to diseases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution: Filtration and Chlorination systems are introduced. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sanitation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: Growing cities are tough to keep clean – no dependable trash collection. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution: Cities develop sewer lines and sanitation departments. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Urban Problems continued… <ul><li>Crime </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: Growing populations and tough conditions lead to increased criminal activity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution: Cities tried to hire a fully paid police force. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problem: Limited water supply, wooden buildings, and the use of candles & kerosene heaters caused many fires. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solution: Full-time professional fire departments, fire sprinklers, and replacing wood with concrete, brick, and stone. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Essay #3 <ul><li>Compare and contrast the careers and ideas of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois for achieving racial equality. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Booker T. Washington & W.E.B. DuBois <ul><li>Freed from slavery as a child. </li></ul><ul><li>African-American educator & Civil Rights Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Founded Tuskegee University </li></ul><ul><li>Believed racism would end once black students acquired useful labor skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: Work from the bottom up. (gradually) </li></ul><ul><li>First African American to be invited to the White House. </li></ul><ul><li>Born into a free mixed race family in Massachusetts. </li></ul><ul><li>Scholar & Civil Rights Leader </li></ul><ul><li>Founder of the NAACP </li></ul><ul><li>Believed racism would end using the “talented tenth” principle. </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: Work from the top down. (quickly) </li></ul><ul><li>First African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Differences in Theory B. T. Washington & W. E. B Dubois <ul><li>Booker T. Washington </li></ul><ul><li>believed that African Americans should be given a technical education so that they could become valuable and successful workers. </li></ul><ul><li>“ it is at the bottom of life we must begin, and not at the top.” </li></ul><ul><li>W. E. B. Du Bois </li></ul><ul><li>believed that African Americans had to demand political equality before they could Achieve economic or social equality. </li></ul><ul><li>“ We refuse to surrender… leadership…to cowards and trucklers. We are men; we will be treated as men.” </li></ul>
  12. 12. What was the name of the policy that the U.S. and Japanese government agreed upon that slowed Japanese immigration to the U.S.? <ul><li>Gentleman’s Agreement </li></ul>
  13. 13. What did the Chinese Exclusion Act ban? <ul><li>All Chinese immigration of worker’s into the U.S. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Who believed in the power of the “Talented Tenth”? <ul><li>W.E.B. Du Bois </li></ul>
  15. 15. The poll tax, literacy test, and grandfather clause had what effect on African Americans? <ul><li>Took away their right to vote. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Settlement Houses were founded in the late 1800’s by who? <ul><li>Social Reformers. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called…? <ul><li>Graft. </li></ul>
  18. 18. What act required applicants for government jobs to pass an examination? <ul><li>The Pendleton Civil Service Act. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Who created the White City for the World’s Columbian Exposition in 1893? <ul><li>Daniel Burnham </li></ul>
  20. 20. What precedent did the Supreme Court establish in Plessy v. Ferguson ? <ul><li>“ Separate but Equal” </li></ul>
  21. 21. What amendment did Homer Plessy claim was violated in his famous Supreme Court case? <ul><li>14 th Amendment – Rights of Citizenship </li></ul>