Ch 5 & 6 Picture Review


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Ch 5 & 6 Picture Review

  1. 1. Chapters 5 & 6 Picture Review
  2. 2. What group(s) did the populist party support? <ul><li>The common people – farmer’s, laborers, poor people. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What was the difference between bimetallism and the gold standard? <ul><li>Bimetallism was a policy in which currency was backed by gold and silver, the gold standard was a policy in which currency was backed by gold. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Did the Dawes Act help or hurt the Native Americans and their culture? <ul><li>It hurt Native American culture by having a negative impact on Native American unity and most of the land eventually went to white settlers. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How did the buffalo and horse change the way of life for Native Americans? <ul><li>The horse gave them greater mobility and helped them to hunt buffalo which became a central food to the Native Americans. </li></ul>
  6. 6. What characteristics can be used to describe the “long drive”? <ul><li>Grueling, dangerous, dirty, and of course…long. </li></ul>
  7. 7. When and where was the United States’ first transcontinental railroad completed? <ul><li>Promontory, Utah – May 10, 1869 </li></ul>
  8. 8. What types of people were commonly mistreated as railroad workers? <ul><li>Immigrants (Chinese & Irish) </li></ul>
  9. 9. What problem occurred for railroad crews when traveling from east to west? <ul><li>There were no time zones. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What were some of the industries that railroads helped to grow? <ul><li>Iron, coal, steel, lumber, & glass. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Name some towns that grew and were known for the markets from the railroad industry. <ul><li>Chicago, Minneapolis, Abilene, Flagstaff, Denver, Seattle </li></ul>
  12. 12. What was it like living in the town of Pullman? <ul><li>Clean living areas, all basic needs provided, controlled behavior. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What was the name of the construction company involved in the Union Pacific scandal? <ul><li>Credit Mobilier </li></ul>
  14. 14. How did the Grange help to regulate the railroad industry? <ul><li>By helping to pass laws that established maximum rates and prohibited discrimination. </li></ul>
  15. 15. In Munn v. Illinois did the Supreme Court rule in favor of the farmers or the railroads? <ul><li>The farmers. </li></ul>Why? The federal government has a right to regulate private industry to serve the public interest.
  16. 16. What did the Interstate Commerce Commission regulate? <ul><li>Railroads </li></ul>
  17. 17. What did the Morrill Act do? <ul><li>Gave federal land to finance agricultural colleges. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Why is Oklahoma called the Sooner State? <ul><li>Many people took possession of the land from the Homestead Act before the government declared it open. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What Native American chief was killed at the Massacre at Wounded Knee? <ul><li>Bigfoot </li></ul>
  20. 20. Who invented the typewriter? <ul><li>Christopher Sholes </li></ul>
  21. 21. What did Cyrus McCormick invent? <ul><li>The Reaping Machine. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Who invented the steel plow? <ul><li>John Deere </li></ul>
  23. 23. Who invented the incandescent light bulb and figured out a way to harness electrical power? <ul><li>Thomas Edison. </li></ul>
  24. 24. What was the name of Edison’s research lab? <ul><li>Menlo Park </li></ul>
  25. 25. What was the name of Edison’s research lab? <ul><li>Menlo Park </li></ul>
  26. 26. What protest broke out in violence with the police in Chicago? <ul><li>The Haymarket Affair </li></ul>
  27. 27. The Great Strike of 1877 involved which industry? <ul><li>The Railroad </li></ul>
  28. 28. Eugene Debs was thrown in jail for organizing what strike? <ul><li>The Pullman Company Strike </li></ul>
  29. 29. The Homestead Strike was singled around what company? <ul><li>The Carnegie Steel Company </li></ul>
  30. 30. Who was the oil tycoon who owned the Standard Oil Company? <ul><li>John D. Rockefeller </li></ul>
  31. 31. Who developed a cheap and effective manufacturing process for making steel? <ul><li>Henry Bessemer </li></ul>
  32. 32. What act outlawed the formation of trusts that interfered with free trade? <ul><li>Sherman Anti-Trust Act </li></ul>
  33. 33. What marked the collapse of populism? <ul><li>The Election of William McKinley (1896) </li></ul>