Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts

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Revolutionary way of teaching the Olympic Lifts to athletes. Presenter at the Symposium of Strength, Nashua, NH 09/2008

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  • www.backwardchaining.com
  • Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts

    1. 1. Backward Chaining of the Olympic Lifts Chris Blake,MA,LATC,CSCS
    2. 2. The Everyday of A Strength & Conditioning Coach <ul><li>Coach Goals/Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Your Goals/Objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Training Experience (Freshman) </li></ul><ul><li>Past and Current Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Time Devoted To Training </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment Availability </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    3. 3. Factoring In the OL’s <ul><li>You Want and Need your athletes to do the OL’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching OL’s Can Be Challenging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time….Why You Punish Me? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Athlete’s Perspective: “This Stuff Is Weird!” </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    4. 4. The Traditional Teaching Style <ul><li>Logical Progression: From Initiation To Completion. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific Start To Finish. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Forward Chaining” Style </li></ul><ul><li>Deadlift, RDL, Power Shrug, Scoop into Front Squat, Catching. </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    5. 5. Traditional Teaching Style www.backwardchaining.com
    6. 6. 6 –Step Progression Model for Teaching the Hang Power Clean <ul><li>Hang Position (RDL) </li></ul><ul><li>Catch Position (Front Squat) </li></ul><ul><li>Power Shrug </li></ul><ul><li>Power Shrug + Row </li></ul><ul><li>Power Shrug + Row + Catch </li></ul><ul><li>Power Shrug + Catch </li></ul><ul><li>Hang Power Clean </li></ul><ul><li>James Duba, CSCS, William J. Kraemer, PhD, CSCS, FNSCA, Gerard Martin, MA,CSCS,*D University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT </li></ul><ul><li>NSCA; Vol. 29, Number 5, Pages 26-35. </li></ul>www.nsca-lift.org www.backwardchaining.com
    7. 7. Traditional Teaching Style Downfalls <ul><li>Learning becomes more difficult as the progression advances. </li></ul><ul><li>Mental work is required of the learner. </li></ul><ul><li>Interference and thinking reduces the learning rate. </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional issues further retard performance improvements. </li></ul><ul><li>RETENTION IS REDUCED!!! </li></ul><ul><li>Rushall, B. S., & Ford, D. (1982). Teaching backwards - An alternate skill instruction progression. CAHPER Journal, 48(5), 16-20 </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    8. 8. Backward Chaining? <ul><li>Rehabilitation World: </li></ul><ul><li>Backward Pedaling Increased Knee ROM Faster. </li></ul><ul><li>Walking Backwards Improved Knee Extension with Gait. </li></ul><ul><li>Backstep Lunges Improved Forward Lunges. </li></ul><ul><li>Business Planning/Info: </li></ul><ul><li>Establish The Vision, Work Backward From There to Current Day. </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Service. </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Training Systems </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    9. 9. Backward Chaining? <ul><li>Military Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Software Troubleshooting </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Medical School </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    10. 10. Definition of Backward Chaining <ul><li>The process in rule-based systems that constructs a hypothesis, then tests it by working backward through the rules to see if the hypothesis is supported. </li></ul><ul><li>The strategy of teaching tasks in reverse of the order in which they are done on the job. </li></ul><ul><li>a form of reasoning that starts with the conclusion and works backward. The goal is broken into many subgoals or sub-subgoals which can be solved more easily. Known as top-down approach. </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    11. 11. Where Is It In The Literature? <ul><li>“ Altering and Improving Swimming Technique Using A Reverse Teaching Progression”[An abridged version of Sherman, C.A., & Rushall, B.S. (1993). Improving swimming stroke using reverse teaching: a case study”. In W.K. Simpson, A.D. LeUnes, & J.S. Picou, (Eds.), Applied research in coaching and athletics annual 1993 . Boston, MA: American Press.] </li></ul><ul><li>“ Reverse Teaching Progressions”[An abridged version of Sherman, C.A., & Rushall, B.S. (1993). Improving swimming stroke using reverse teaching: a case study. In W.K. Simpson, A.D. LeUnes, & J.S. Picou, (Eds.), Applied research in coaching and athletics annual 1993 . Boston, MA: American Press.] </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    12. 12. Where Is It In The Literature? <ul><li>“ Virtual Reality Simulation for the Operating Room”Proficiency-Based Training as a Paradigm Shift in Surgical Skills Training”, Gallagher, A.G, Ritter, E.M (MD); Champion, H. (MD); Higgins, G. (MD); Fried, M.P. (MD); Moses, G.; Smith, C.D. (MD); Satava, R.M. (MD): Annals of Surgery; Vol. 241 (2), February 2005; pp. 364-372.􀁺 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Teaching Backwards-An Alternative Skill Instruction Progression”Modified version of Rushall, B.S., & Ford, D. (1982). CAHPER Journal, 48(5), 16-20.􀁺 </li></ul><ul><li>“ Comparison Between Forward Chaining and Backward Chaining Techniques in Children with Mental Retardation”, Batra, M., & Batra, V.; The Indian Journal of Occupational Therapy: Vol. XXXVII: No. 3 (December 2005-March 2006. pp. 57-63. </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    13. 13. How I Applied The Backward Chaining Concept <ul><li>Find Out What Kind of A Learner Your Athlete Is! </li></ul><ul><li>Visual Learners: See demonstration or written. </li></ul><ul><li>Auditory Learners: Learns best with sound; coaching with verbal instruction. </li></ul><ul><li>Kinesthetic Learners: Needs to perform what is being taught </li></ul><ul><li>Combination Learners: Any combination of the above. </li></ul><ul><li>(Developmental Essentials, Official Textbook of the IYCA Development Essentials Coaching System, pp46-47) </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    14. 14. In The Trenches <ul><li>Division I Field Hockey Team </li></ul><ul><ul><li>January: Start of Off-season Training Program. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16-24 female athletes. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No prior OL training or coaching. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 OL Platforms with Bumper Plates. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on learning styles, grouped athletes together with similar learning backgrounds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Started with teaching Hang Cleans first year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moved to Snatch Cleans the following year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>8 weeks, 3 times a week Basic Training. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supplemental Exs(RDLs, Overhead Squats, Front Squats, Shrugs, etc….). </li></ul></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    15. 15. 4-Step Progression of the Hang Clean <ul><li>Front Squat Position </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Elbows Up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rest Bar On Shoulders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chest Out and Upright </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Front Squat </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Perform ¼ Front Squat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Elbows Up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chest Out and Upright </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look Straight Ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weight On The Heels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sitting Back </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Critical Point of the Hang Power Clean is the Catch!!! </li></ul>www.nsca-lift.org www.backwardchaining.com
    16. 16. 4-Step Progression of the Hang Power Clean <ul><li>2. Power Shrug </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Extension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving Feet Through the Floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Bar Close to the Body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrug and Heel Raise Timed Together at the Same Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO PULLING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO ROWING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO ARM USE (except to hold onto the bar!!!) </li></ul></ul>www.crossfit.com www.backwardchaining.com
    17. 17. 4-Step Progression of the Hang Power Clean <ul><li>3. RDL into Power Shrug </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Shoulder-Width Apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Pointing Straight Ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Chest Up, “Big Chest” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push Hips Backward As You Lower The Bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Back Flat and Strong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Knee Bending, Should All Be From The Hips (Hip Check, J-Lo, Duck Butt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Move From RDL Position To Upright, Full Extension. </li></ul></ul>http://www.flickr.com/photos/56708643@N00/371469186/ www.backwardchaining.com
    18. 18. 4-Step Progression of the Hang Power Clean <ul><li>4. Romanian Dead Lift </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Shoulder-Width Apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Pointing Straight Ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Chest Up, “Big Chest” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push Hips Backward As You Lower The Bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Back Flat and Strong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Knee Bending, Should All Be From The Hips (Hip Check, J-Lo, Duck Butt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should Feel Stretch In Hamstrings </li></ul></ul>www.protraineronline.com www.backwardchaining.com
    19. 19. 5-Step Progression of the Power Clean <ul><li>Same Progression of the Hang Power Clean </li></ul><ul><li>5. Just Add A Deadlift From The Floor As The Last Thing To Teach. </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    20. 20. 4-Step Progression of the Jerk (Clean & Jerk) <ul><li>Overhead Holds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stand with Bar Held Overhead </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Split Lunge Jumps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Without Bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get the Feel For Foot Placement and Balance. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Split Lunge with Overhead Holds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase Comfort Level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Foot Placement and Balance </li></ul></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    21. 21. 4-Step Progression Jerk Continued…. <ul><li>4. Front Squat (Catch Position of the Cleans) </li></ul>www.nsca-lift.org http://www.flickr.com/photos/56708643@N00/371469186/ www.backwardchaining.com
    22. 22. 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans <ul><li>Stand With Bar Overhead (Snatch Grip) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holding Bar In Snatch Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elbows Locked In Extension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar Positioned Directly Overhead or Just Slightly Behind Head (inline with center of body) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get Feel of Where Bar Should Be Positioned When Catching </li></ul></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    23. 23. 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans <ul><li>2. Overhead Squat Holds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar Held In Snatch Grip Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar Held In-line </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progress Into Overhead Squat and Hold For A Period of Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get ROM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get Comfort Level Established </li></ul></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    24. 24. 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans <ul><li>3. Overhead Squats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bar Held Overhead In Snatch Position </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keeping Bar In Position, Drop Into Squat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look For Position and Technique Breakdown </li></ul></ul>Crossfit.com www.backwardchaining.com
    25. 25. 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans <ul><li>4. Power Shrug with Snatch Grip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just Like Power Shrug During Hang Power Clean </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triple Extension </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving Feet Through the Floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Bar Close to the Body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shrug and Heel Raise Timed Together at the Same Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO PULLING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO ROWING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO ARM USE (except to hold onto the bar!!!) </li></ul></ul>www.throw1deep.com www.backwardchaining.com
    26. 26. 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans <ul><li>5. Romanian Deadlift with Snatch Grip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Shoulder-Width Apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Pointing Straight Ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Chest Up, “Big Chest” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Push Hips Backward As You Lower The Bar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep Back Flat and Strong </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Knee Bending, Should All Be From The Hips (Hip Check, J-Lo, Duck Butt) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Should Feel Stretch In Hamstrings </li></ul></ul>Crossfit.com www.backwardchaining.com
    27. 27. 6-Step Progression of the Snatch Cleans <ul><li>6. Deadlift With Snatch Grip </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pulling From Floor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet Shoulder-Width Apart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toes Pointing Straight Ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chest Up, Head Up…But Looking Straight Ahead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive Feet/Legs Through The Floor As You Lift Weight Off Floor. </li></ul></ul>www.crossfitnyc.org www.backwardchaining.com
    28. 28. Benefits of Backward Chaining <ul><li>Easier to Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Takes Less Time To Teach </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes Report Better Training Response To Program (Buying into the system) </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes training memory improved: Allowing the coach to do more intense teaching, coaching, and training! </li></ul>www.backwardchaining.com
    29. 29. Thank You www.proathletictraining.org www.backwardchaining.com www.backwardchaining.com

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