Innovation of Rural Information Systems - Using Telecentres in Improving Farming Practices in Africa

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Innovation of Rural Information Systems - Using Telecentres in Improving Farming Practices in Africa

  1. 1. Using TelecentrEs <br />in improving Farming systems in Africa<br />By A. Koda Traore, CTA<br />Seminar on ICT for Development - Innovation of Rural Information Systems<br />Wageningen, 18 May2011<br />
  2. 2. Outline<br />Brief description of the context <br />Telecentres: schemes and service models (sample)<br />Food for thought<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  3. 3. Context<br />Declining agricultural population<br />… need for increasing productivity<br />New extension.. <br /> …combining face-to-face information and knowledge sharing with ICT based tools<br />Pre-dominance of Youth (43% < 24 years)<br />…and their unique role in the modernisation of agriculture using agricultural and non agricultural technologies including ICTs<br />3<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  4. 4. Context<br />… For an inclusive information society<br />Connect key sectors with ICTs including health, education, public information centres and libraries with a special focus on isolated rural areas; <br />Ensure the insertion of ICTs to education including the development of adapted curricula at all levels; <br />Facilitate the development and access to content in all languages. <br />WSIS Plan of Action C7: “ICT applications: benefits in all aspects of life”. <br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  5. 5. Context<br />Technological changes …<br /><ul><li> Lower costs
  6. 6. Convergence
  7. 7. Open standards</li></ul>ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  8. 8. Telecentre (noun): a public place where people can access computers, the Internet and other technologies, and that help people to gather information and communicate with others at the same time as they develop digital skills…<br />Telecentres exist in almost every country on the planet, although they sometimes go by different names (e.g. village knowledge centres, infocentres, community technology centres, community multimedia centres or school based telecentres). [Wikipedia]<br />
  9. 9. Focus<br />Use of technologies to… <br />support community and social development <br />access information, share knowledge and innovations (technical, institutional…)<br />create (socio)economic opportunities for a given community <br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  10. 10. ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />A Common Service Centre in India (CSC)<br />Sample Telecentres (premises)<br />A telecentre in Tanzania<br />
  11. 11. Common Service Centre Scheme, (CCS) India<br />Objective to enable `Anytime –Any device, Anywhere Service delivery’ to rural communities<br />Three pillar model:<br /><ul><li>Enabled Framework Governments
  12. 12. Wide Area Networks Private Public Partnership
  13. 13. Tele(service)centres Front-end</li></ul>Adapted from Dr Arun Varma, CCS scheme in India<br />Photo credit: cta<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  14. 14. Main approach: service integration<br />Social Inclusion<br />Community Networking<br />Economic Inclusion<br />Employment, Information<br />and Knowledge Services<br />Commercial Services<br /> Market Linkages, Supply Chain, Distribution & Logistics<br />Social Services<br />Education, Healthcare, Agricultural Extension, etc<br />Source: Dr Arun Varma, CCS scheme in India<br />Public Services<br />E-Government Services<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  15. 15. CCS overview<br />Adapted from Dr Arun Varma, CCS scheme in India<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  16. 16. CCS - Services<br />Akshaya Common Service Centres, India<br />Photo credit: Koda<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  17. 17. Rural Service Centres, Zambia<br />National Hub & Spoke<br />Network<br />Rural <br />Service<br />Centre<br />Agriculture<br />Education<br />Health<br />Govt Extension<br />More at: www.connectafrica.net<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />Electoral & Census<br />Business & Banking<br />
  18. 18. Literacy /broadcasting services, Uganda<br />Nakasseke Community Multimedia Centre, Uganda<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  19. 19. Content adaptation/translation, Kenya<br />www.rudsat.org<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  20. 20. Linking Communities to Markets, UgandaUsers sign up to be buyers or sellers by texting to a number from any mobile phone<br />To: 8998<br />Buyer<br />To: 8998<br />Seller<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />Buyer<br />Seller<br />
  21. 21. Linking Communities to Markets, Uganda Users fill out a simple questionnaire to create an advertisement for their goods – including location, quantity available and price desired<br />Buyer<br />Seller<br />To: 8998<br />Buyer in Kampala seeks 100 UGX per kilo for 100 kg of wheat<br />To: 8998<br />Seller in Kampala offers 100 UGX per kilo for 100 kg of wheat<br />Linking Rural Communities to Markets in Uganda<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  22. 22. Linking Communities to Markets, Uganda With one text message, see all the buyers or sellers in your area who are seeking your same good (s) for a similar price.<br />Buyer<br />Seller<br />From: MoMEALS<br />1 of 1 Match: Seller in Kampala offers 100 UGX per kilo for 100 kg of wheat. Call 2567777777<br />From: MoMEALS<br />1 of 1 Match: Buyer in Kampala seeks 100 UGX per kilo for 100 kg of wheat. Call 2565555555<br />Uganda<br />More information at: http://www.share4dev.info/telecentres/<br />
  23. 23. Issues to consider<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  24. 24. Sustainable national e-strategies<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  25. 25. Sustainable Services<br />Community Service Centres <br />Capacity to deliver sustainable and appropriate ICT-related initiatives<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  26. 26. Sustainable services: Entrepreneurship<br />Develop business and strategic plans<br />Select, use and maintain appropriate technologies<br /> Keep capital and recurrent cost low<br />Community Service Centres <br />Capacity to deliver sustainable and appropriate ICT-related initiatives<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  27. 27. Service diversification<br />Using mobile devices to bring the service at the door step of the communities <br />Add value to content through alliance building (e.g. community radios, extension services, research stations)<br />Develop alternative sources of income services: education, outsourcing, etc.<br />Community Service Centres <br />Capacity to deliver sustainable and appropriate ICT-related initiatives<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />
  28. 28. Community ownership<br />Community Service Centres <br />Capacity to deliver sustainable and appropriate ICT-related initiatives<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />Involve community in defining the services that have the highest levels of demand <br />Use participatory approaches to track and monitor demand survey<br />Provide checks and balances on services provided and outcomes delivered<br />
  29. 29. To conclude<br />ACP agricultural development ICTs media rural communities value chain youth networking opportunities communication knowledge sharing par<br />

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