05 sölvell day1_ecc2012

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05 sölvell day1_ecc2012

  1. 1. Professor Örjan Sölvell 25.04.2012 1
  2. 2. Top-100 Clusters in Europe
  3. 3. Regions Data – Success of RegionsTypology of regions Findings: Positive relationship between GDP per capita and • Cluster mix index (measures how much regions benefit from the cluster mix effect rather than strong performance within any individual cluster) • Employment in strong clusters (clusters highly over-represented in the region)
  4. 4. Exit Strategy – The Global Cluster Observatory www.clusterobservatory.orgSponsored by:
  5. 5. 1
  6. 6. I? 8
  7. 7. 1. New knowledge, products, services… I2. that come into use and create commercial value 9
  8. 8. Seeds of Innovation 1. New knowledge, products, services… Research I Consumers and users Firms, inventorsand entrepreneurs 10
  9. 9. 2. that come into use and create commercial value Regions Size and diversity I Human resources Entrepreneurship Infrastructure Attractiveness Global connections … 11
  10. 10. 2. that come into use and create commercial value Clusters I 12
  11. 11. Volvo – From Seed to PlantAssar Gabrielsson Gustaf Larson 13
  12. 12. Automotive Cluster in the 1920s Bofors Pentaverken Köpings Mekaniska Verkstad SKF Volvo Svenska Stålpressnings AB 14
  13. 13. producing a stream of innovations....I Safety belt standard 1959 SIPS Kids safety 15
  14. 14. and a stream of emerging industries....Sugar 1729 1854 Textile 1907 Bearings 1924 Cars, trucks, components 1956 Automotive Safety Telematics 3D-technology 2001 2012
  15. 15. 2
  16. 16. ClustersGlobal flows and markets Other clusters 18
  17. 17. The Seven Innovation Gaps 4 17 56 3 2 19
  18. 18. 3
  19. 19. International PolicyNationalRegional ILocal
  20. 20. Policy for Regions I Attraction andP dynamics of regions 22
  21. 21. Policy for Innovation I P 23
  22. 22. Policy for Clusters I P=
  23. 23. Future plant Board Growth officeChinese cooperation Innova incubatorIT cluster cooperation Papermaker’s Night Energy Square VIPP PhD program New College 25
  24. 24. Cluster Organisations as ”neutral” bridge builders1. Change norms to stimulate mobility, change and cooperation2. Create bridges and platforms for exchange across actors3. Create a common vision and a common ”language”4. Enhance traffic for a better innovation climate5. Start innovation projects linking cluster actors 26
  25. 25. 27
  26. 26. ”Coffee Policy” Paper Province 10 years Regional public support 12 MSEK Corporations 12 MSEK EU Regional Funds 13 MSEK TOTAL 10 years 37 MSEKEvaluation:- 81% of firms new products/services through the initiative- 60% of firms better access to the right human resources- 40% of firms improved sales- Increased networking- Increased number of innovation projects- A new spirit of belonging to a successful cluster 28
  27. 27. Thank You! European Commission Enterprise and Industry 25.04.2012 29

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