Compliance in the Public Cloud
and the
Cloud Security Alliance's
Open Certification Framework
Dr David Ross
CISO, Bridge P...
• Security issues encountered with cloud services
• Trust Issues
• Governance, Compliance, Control, Assurance and Certific...
Security issues encountered with cloud services
• #1 The Cloud Consumer assumes the Cloud Service is “secure” without
unde...
Security issues encountered with cloud services
• #2 Insecure management or administration interfaces
– Real Example: Clou...
Security issues encountered with cloud services
• #3 No separation of duties, detection of abuse, or escalation of privile...
Issues particular to cloud services in the GRC space
• #4 Weak, vague, or one-sided SLAs and contracts
– Real Example: “Th...
Impacts on the typical IT governance model
• Require a trust relationship with the Cloud Service Provider
• Require indire...
What are the Trust Issues?
8
Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications
( I just ordered this from zazzle.com.au )
What are the Trust Issues?
• Will the CSP be transparent about governance and operational issues?
• Will the user be consi...
A new Governance Model
• Users need to understand the shift in the balance of responsibility and
accountability for key fu...
Assurance
• Consumers do not have simple, cost effective ways to evaluate and
compare their providers’ resilience, data pr...
Certification Challenges
• Provide a globally relevant certification to reduce duplication of efforts
• Address localised,...
Certification Challenges
This gap of trust mainly lies down in the difficulties of cloud users in addressing
fundamental a...
How do we build Trust and Transparency?
• The Cloud Security Alliance’s Open Certification Framework for cloud
services
14...
The Cloud Security Alliance’s Open Certification Framework
• Daniele Catteddu, CSA Managing Director EMEA
• Open Certifica...
The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA)
• Global, not-for-profit organisation
• Over 40,000 individual members, more than
160 co...
Open Certification Framework Vision Statement
• The CSA Open Certification Framework is an industry initiative to allow
gl...
OCF: The structure
• The open certification
framework is structured
on 3 LEVELs of TRUST,
each one of them
providing an in...
OCF Governance
19
Copyright © 2013 Cloud
Security Alliance
OCF Level 1: CSA STAR Registry
• CSA STAR (Security, Trust and Assurance Registry)
• Public Registry of Cloud Provider sel...
OCF Level 2:
21
Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
Certification
What is STAR Certification?
• Continuous monitoring of cloud service contract execution
• STAR CERTIFICATION evaluates the...
The Cloud Security Alliance’s STAR Certification
• The concept of the scheme is to use to the ISO/IEC 27001:2005 certifica...
PDCA Model for an ISMS
24
Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
STAR Certification
25
Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
STAR Certification: the role of CCM
• The CCM is specifically designed to provide fundamental security
principles to guide...
Benefits of STAR Certification
Sales and Marketing Benefits:
• Added to the current management system.
• A ISO 27001 certi...
Benefits of STAR Certification
Strategic Benefits:
• A 360º enhanced assessment giving senior management full visibility t...
Benefits of STAR Certification
Operational Benefits:
• Scalable to organisations of all sizes. Provides information that a...
OCF Level 2:
30
Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
Attestation
What is STAR Attestation?
Star Attestation (through the type 2 SOC attestation examination) helps companies meet the asses...
AICPA SOC Reporting Options
32
Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
STAR Attestation
• SOC 2SM Report
• If the report will be used by customers and/or stakeholders to gain
confidence and pla...
SOC 2 (AT 101): Key strengths
• AT 101 is a mature attest standard (it serves as the standard for SOC 2 and
SOC 3 reportin...
Contact
Help Us Secure Cloud Computing:
• www.cloudsecurityalliance.org
• https://chapters.cloudsecurityalliance.org/austr...
Thank You
36
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Compliance in Public Cloud & CSA Framework

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CSA Framework Presentation at Trend Micro Conference in Australia

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Compliance in Public Cloud & CSA Framework

  1. 1. Compliance in the Public Cloud and the Cloud Security Alliance's Open Certification Framework Dr David Ross CISO, Bridge Point Communications Founding Director, Cloud Security Alliance Australia Chapter
  2. 2. • Security issues encountered with cloud services • Trust Issues • Governance, Compliance, Control, Assurance and Certification • Open Certification Framework – STAR Certification – STAR Attestation 2 A collaboration of a number of security experts from the Cloud Security Alliance in Australia
  3. 3. Security issues encountered with cloud services • #1 The Cloud Consumer assumes the Cloud Service is “secure” without understanding the contract. – Real Example: Cloud Service includes “automatic backup service that copies customer data to an external backup service, providing a further level of security to customer data … stored for 3 months after being made … can be extended to up to 7 years if required” • Perfectly legitimate, but there are 2 meanings for “secure” here – By default, the backup is overwritten after 3 months … no restores over 3 months old! – The backups go to a third party … with whom you have no contract for handling your data! – The backups are … NOT encrypted! 3 Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications
  4. 4. Security issues encountered with cloud services • #2 Insecure management or administration interfaces – Real Example: Cloud Service uses insecure, clear-text protocol (HTTP) for remote administration logins. – The username and password are transmitted in clear-text and may be intercepted by a network sniffer, relay, server logs, proxy or firewall logs, or a man-in-the-middle attack to provide credentials for a subsequent attack. 4 Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications
  5. 5. Security issues encountered with cloud services • #3 No separation of duties, detection of abuse, or escalation of privilege – Real Example: Cloud Service Systems Administrator has access to all layers, from Application down to Physical hardware. – The entire security of the Cloud Consumers’ data relies on the integrity and expertise of a single person with no checks or balances to prevent malicious or accidental compromise of security controls. The Systems Administrator can do anything with the hosts, networks, and storage … including the audit trails that detail just what has been done. 5 Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications
  6. 6. Issues particular to cloud services in the GRC space • #4 Weak, vague, or one-sided SLAs and contracts – Real Example: “The following list presents an overview of some of the audits and assessments that the” Cloud Service “undergoes on a regular basis”... – The Cloud Service did indeed undergo regular audits … but only held certifications for two of the five in their list in that year. – Difference between ‘undergo audits’ and ‘meet requirements’. – Require certification 6 Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications
  7. 7. Impacts on the typical IT governance model • Require a trust relationship with the Cloud Service Provider • Require indirect administrative and contractual controls over the CSP in place of the direct controls over in-house infrastructure and personnel • Require transparency and assurance of the CSP operations • Therefore -> Require independent verification of CSP assertions 7 Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications
  8. 8. What are the Trust Issues? 8 Copyright © 2013 Bridge Point Communications ( I just ordered this from zazzle.com.au )
  9. 9. What are the Trust Issues? • Will the CSP be transparent about governance and operational issues? • Will the user be considered compliant? • Does the user know what legislation applies? • Will a lack of standards drive unexpected obsolescence? • Is cloud really better at security than traditional IT solution? 9 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  10. 10. A new Governance Model • Users need to understand the shift in the balance of responsibility and accountability for key functions such as governance and control over data and IT operations, ensuring compliance with laws and regulations. • Cloud computing requires a new model for assessing organisational risks related to security and resilience. 10 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  11. 11. Assurance • Consumers do not have simple, cost effective ways to evaluate and compare their providers’ resilience, data protection capabilities and service portability. 11 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  12. 12. Certification Challenges • Provide a globally relevant certification to reduce duplication of efforts • Address localised, national-state and regional compliance needs • Address industry specific requirements • Address different assurance requirements • Address “certification staleness” – assure provider is still secure after “point in time” certification • Do all of the above while recognising the dynamic and fast changing world that is cloud 12 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  13. 13. Certification Challenges This gap of trust mainly lies down in the difficulties of cloud users in addressing fundamental assurance issues with cloud providers, such as: • Understanding legal compliance and contractual liabilities, • Defining and allocating responsibilities • Enforcing accountability • Translating requirements into cloud language/controls/checks • Identifying means for an ex-ante analysis assessment of cloud services and for a • Continuous monitoring of cloud service contract execution 13 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  14. 14. How do we build Trust and Transparency? • The Cloud Security Alliance’s Open Certification Framework for cloud services 14 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  15. 15. The Cloud Security Alliance’s Open Certification Framework • Daniele Catteddu, CSA Managing Director EMEA • Open Certification Framework for cloud services • Announced 9May2012 Frankfurt (DE),detail 20Aug2012 Edinburgh (UK) 15 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  16. 16. The Cloud Security Alliance (CSA) • Global, not-for-profit organisation • Over 40,000 individual members, more than 160 corporate members, over 60 chapters • Building best practices and a trusted cloud ecosystem • Agile philosophy, rapid development of applied research 16 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance The Cloud Security Alliance – not-for-profitorganisation with a mission… “To promote the use of best practices for providing security assurance within Cloud Computing, and provide education on the uses of Cloud Computing to help secure all other forms of computing.”
  17. 17. Open Certification Framework Vision Statement • The CSA Open Certification Framework is an industry initiative to allow global, accredited, trusted certification of cloud providers. • The CSA Open Certification Framework is a program for flexible, incremental and multi-layered cloud provider certification according to the Cloud Security Alliance’s industry leading security guidance and control objectives. • The program will integrate with popular third-party assessment and attestation statements developed within the public accounting community to avoid duplication of effort and cost. ~Jim Reavis & Daniele Catteddu; CSA~ 17 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  18. 18. OCF: The structure • The open certification framework is structured on 3 LEVELs of TRUST, each one of them providing an incremental level of visibility and transparency into the operations of the Cloud Service Provider and a higher level of assurance to the Cloud consumer. 18 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  19. 19. OCF Governance 19 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  20. 20. OCF Level 1: CSA STAR Registry • CSA STAR (Security, Trust and Assurance Registry) • Public Registry of Cloud Provider self assessments • Based on Consensus Assessments Initiative Questionnaire • Provider may substitute documented Cloud Controls Matrix compliance • Voluntary industry action promoting transparency • Free market competition to provide quality assessments • Provider may elect to provide assessments from third parties • Available since October 2011 20 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  21. 21. OCF Level 2: 21 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance Certification
  22. 22. What is STAR Certification? • Continuous monitoring of cloud service contract execution • STAR CERTIFICATION evaluates the efficiency of an organization’s ISMS and ensures the scope, processes and objectives are “Fit for Purpose.” • Help organizations prioritize areas for improvement and lead them towards business excellence. • Enables effective comparison across other organizations in the applicable sector. • Focused on the strategic & operational business benefits as well as effective partnership relationships. • Based upon the Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA) approach and the controls outlined in the Cloud Controls Matrix (CCM) • Enables the auditor to assess a company’s performance, on long-term sustainability and risks, in addition to ensuring they are SLA driven, allowing senior management to quantify and measure improvement year on year. 22 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  23. 23. The Cloud Security Alliance’s STAR Certification • The concept of the scheme is to use to the ISO/IEC 27001:2005 certification integrated with the CSA Cloud Control Matrix (CCM) as additional or compensating controls as applicable and the organisation’s own internal requirements or specifications to assess how advanced their systems are. • The scheme will be compliant with ISO 17021 and ISO 27006. • Will be open to all 3rd party Certified Bodies (CB) • Will be an additional scheme to the CB organisations internal ISO 27001 scheme requirements. It is not meant to be a replacement. 23 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  24. 24. PDCA Model for an ISMS 24 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  25. 25. STAR Certification 25 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  26. 26. STAR Certification: the role of CCM • The CCM is specifically designed to provide fundamental security principles to guide cloud vendors and to assist prospective cloud customers in assessing the overall security risk of a cloud provider. • The Cloud Controls Matrix is meant to be integrated into the assessment by the auditor, referencing the applicable CCM control to the associated ISO 27001 controls (SOA) The output will be the result of the overall performance of the organization within the scope of certification. 26 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  27. 27. Benefits of STAR Certification Sales and Marketing Benefits: • Added to the current management system. • A ISO 27001 certification plus a STAR certificate as evidence of both compliance and performance to both suppliers, customers and other interested parties. • The ability to benchmark your organization’s performance and gauge your improvement from year to year. • An independently validated report from an external Certified Body (CB) body which can be used to demonstrate an organisation’s progress & performance levels. • Exclusive to the STAR Registry. 27 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  28. 28. Benefits of STAR Certification Strategic Benefits: • A 360º enhanced assessment giving senior management full visibility to evaluate the effectiveness of both their management system and the roles and responsibilities of personnel within the organisation. • A flexible assessment that can be tailored through the Statement of Applicability. This guarantees the results and measurements of assessments are both relevant and necessary in helping organisations manage their business. • A comprehensive business report that goes beyond a usual assessment report and gives a strategic and accurate overview of an organisations performance to enabling senior management to the identify action areas needed. • A set of improvement targets to encourage an organisation to move beyond compliance toward continued improvement. 28 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  29. 29. Benefits of STAR Certification Operational Benefits: • Scalable to organisations of all sizes. Provides information that allows you to know where they are now and measure any improvements, internally benchmark their sites and potentially externally benchmark their supply chain to stimulate healthy competition. • A visual representation of the status of a business and instantly highlights where the strengths, weaknesses, allowing clients to maximize resources, improve operational efficiencies and reduce costs • Independent reassurance to prove to senior management where the risks, threats, opportunities lie within a business 29 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  30. 30. OCF Level 2: 30 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance Attestation
  31. 31. What is STAR Attestation? Star Attestation (through the type 2 SOC attestation examination) helps companies meet the assessment and reporting needs of the majority of users of cloud services, when the criteria for the engagement are supplemented by the criteria in the CSA Cloud Controls Matrix (CCM). This assessment: • Is based on a mature attest standard • Allows for immediate adoption of the CCM as additional criteria and the flexibility to update the criteria as technology and market requirements change • Does not require the use of any criteria that were not designed for, or readily accepted by cloud providers • Provides for robust reporting on the service provider’s description of its system, and on the service provider’s controls, including a description of the service auditor’s tests of controls in a format very similar to the now obsolete SAS 70 reporting format, and current SSAE 16 (SOC 1) reporting, thereby facilitating market acceptance 31 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  32. 32. AICPA SOC Reporting Options 32 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  33. 33. STAR Attestation • SOC 2SM Report • If the report will be used by customers and/or stakeholders to gain confidence and place trust in a service organisation’s system: • Need to understand the details of processing and controls at your organisation, the tests performed & results of those tests? 33 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  34. 34. SOC 2 (AT 101): Key strengths • AT 101 is a mature attest standard (it serves as the standard for SOC 2 and SOC 3 reporting ) • Provides for robust reporting on the service provider’s description of its system, and on the service provider’s controls, including a description of the service auditor’s tests of controls in a format very similar to the now obsolete SAS 70 reporting format, and current SSAE 16 (SOC 1) reporting, thereby facilitating market acceptance • Evaluation over a period of time rather than a point in time • Recognition with an AICPA Logo 34 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  35. 35. Contact Help Us Secure Cloud Computing: • www.cloudsecurityalliance.org • https://chapters.cloudsecurityalliance.org/australia/ • http://www.linkedin.com/groups?gid=3966724 • Archie Reed archer@hp.com • David Ross David_Ross@bridgepoint.com.au 35 Copyright © 2013 Cloud Security Alliance
  36. 36. Thank You 36

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