Solomon Islands


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Solomon Islands

  1. 1. NAPA Project Identification Form Consultation in Solomon Islands Constraints and Challenges Presentation at the Pacific Side Event, 02 Dec 2010, Cancun, Mexico
  2. 2. Outline of Presentation <ul><li>Physical Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Hazards </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of Natural Hazards Impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Level of Vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Addressing Vulnerability </li></ul><ul><li>Constraints and Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Expectations </li></ul>
  3. 3. Geography
  4. 4. Physical Characteristics <ul><li>Lies SE of Papua New Guinea and NW of Vanuatu </li></ul><ul><li>Has a tropical and humid climate </li></ul><ul><li>Population: more than 500,000- </li></ul><ul><li>Land Area: More than 28,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Exclusive Economic Zone: 1.34 million </li></ul><ul><li>Double Chain of 6 main islands that make up a total of 997 islands </li></ul>
  5. 5. Natural Hazards <ul><li>Tropical cyclones </li></ul><ul><li>Earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>Tsunamis </li></ul><ul><li>Volcanic Eruptions </li></ul><ul><li>Drought </li></ul><ul><li>Flooding </li></ul><ul><li>Storm Surges and extreme High tides </li></ul><ul><li>Sea Level Rise </li></ul><ul><li>Landslides due to earthquakes and flooding </li></ul>
  6. 6. Impacts
  7. 7. Flooding due to King Tides – Sikaiana 2006 and Taarutoona, West Are’Are 2008
  8. 8. Flooding of West Guadalcanal 2009
  9. 9. Tropical Cyclone Zoe 2003
  10. 10. Level of Vulnerability <ul><li>Climate Change is a very important environmental and development issue </li></ul><ul><li>Small population </li></ul><ul><li>Remoteness, susceptibility to natural disasters, vulnerability to external shocks, </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive dependence on international trade and foreign aid </li></ul><ul><li>Growth and development is often further stymied by high transportation and communication costs, </li></ul><ul><li>Disproportionately expensive public administration and infrastructure due to its small size </li></ul><ul><li>Little to no opportunity to create economies of scale </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>NAPA (Addressing Immediate and Adaptation Needs) </li></ul><ul><li>Solomon Islands NAPA submitted during Poznan COP </li></ul><ul><li>April/May 2009 – World Bank (IA) Identification Mission to Solomon Islands: Progress on Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation </li></ul><ul><li>April 2009, started work on a PIF with assistance from SPREP </li></ul><ul><li>Further consultation with IA and feedback from GEF </li></ul><ul><li>March 2010: Another Mission to further to finalise project concept </li></ul><ul><li>Project : Strengthening Adaptation to Climate Change Risks in Solomon Islands (SACCSI) </li></ul><ul><li>Two funding sources: GFDRR (USD2.0m) and GEF (USD5.0m) </li></ul><ul><li>Early 2010: Submission of two PIF to access both GFDRR and GEF </li></ul><ul><li>GFDRR accepted submission and GEF require PIF as one package </li></ul>The PIF Consultation
  12. 12. Cont’d <ul><li>WB is working on the revision of SACCSI for next round of submission to GEF </li></ul><ul><li>PPG will probably start early next year </li></ul>
  13. 13. Challenges and Constraints <ul><li>Bureaucratic process of finalising PIF </li></ul><ul><li>Accessibility and availability of IA for feedbacks </li></ul><ul><li>Applications by IA for two separate projects to be integrated into one (addressing co-financing) </li></ul><ul><li>Process within a process causes slowness and delays </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of National Capacity in dealing with PIF </li></ul><ul><li>Endorsement by Cabinet of the Disaster Risk Management Plan and gazetting of moving of the National Disaster Management Office to the new Ministry of Environment, Climate Change, Disaster Management and Meteorology </li></ul>
  14. 14. Expectations <ul><li>Expedited process in PIF approval and Project Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Assistance from LEG and relevant regional institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing Local Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Synergies </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tenk yu tumas