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Bede the Venerable

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The life and influence of the Venerable Bede, monk of Wearmouth and Jarrow in the 8th Century. Presented at the anniversary of the dedication of the Chapel of St. Bede, Holy Trinity Episcopal Church, Oxford, OH, May 2009. PDF format of a Keynote original.

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Bede the Venerable

  1. 1. Bede theVenerable Holy trinity adult forum May 10, 2009
  2. 2. why study bede? . . . learn about the Middle ages . . . explore theology . . . or . . . Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  3. 3. Crosswords! Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  4. 4. Crosswords! Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  5. 5. Crosswords! Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  6. 6. bede the venerable“God, the orderer of natures,who raised the Sun from theEast on the fourth day ofCreation, in the sixth day ofthe world has made Bede risefrom the West as a new Sun toilluminate the whole Earth.” --Notker the stammerer (late 9th century) Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  7. 7. bede the venerablebede “holds a privileged andunrivaled place among firsthistorians of ChristianEurope."--historian walter Goffart Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  8. 8. the ruinWrætlic is þes wealstan. Wyrde gebræcon.Burgstede burston; brosnað enta geweorc. is masonry is wondrous. Fates broke it.Courtyard pavements were smashed; the work of giants is decaying. Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  9. 9. the ruin Beorht wæron burgræced, burnsele monige, heah horngestreon, heresweg micel, meodoheall monig mondreama full. Bright were the castle buildings, many the bathing-has, high the abundance of gables, great the noise of the multitude, many a meadha fu of festivity. Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  10. 10. the ruin oþþæt þæt onwende wyrd seo swiþe. Crungon walo wide, cwoman woldagas, swylt eall fornom secgrofra wera. until Fate the mighty changed that. Far and wide the slain perished, days of pestilence came, death took a the brave men away. Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  11. 11. c. 2500 BCE XHoly trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  12. 12. c. 2500 BCE Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  13. 13. c. 2500 BCE Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  14. 14. c. 600-500 BCE Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  15. 15. Roman britain, 55 BCE Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  16. 16. Roman britain, 55 BCE Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  17. 17. A-S Chronicle: 449 Angles, Saxons, Jutes Invited by Vortigern Traditionally 449 Hengest and Horsa Called descendants of Woden (Odin) Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  18. 18. Sutton Hoo (1) Site near Woodbridge in SE Sussex, 1939 Richest burial ever discovered in Britain Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  19. 19. Sutton Hoo (2) Anglo-Saxon ship and treasures Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  20. 20. Sutton Hoo (3) King Raedwald of East Anglia (died c. 627)? Baptized, reverted to paganism Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  21. 21. bede the venerable monk at monasteries of Wearmouth and jarrow in northumbria may have come from noble family name from OE beda, ‘prayer’? entered when 7 years old wrote over 60 books Bede: 673-735 Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  22. 22. bede the venerable scientific, historical and theological works familiar with Latin, greek and probably hebrew historial wal Goffard: bede “holds a privileged and unrivaled place among first historians of Christian Bede: 673-735 Europe." Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  23. 23. bede the venerable best-known for ‘ecclesiastical history of the english people’ Established custom of A.d. dating ‘doctor of the church’ 1899 declared a saint 1935 Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  24. 24. stages of canonization Servant of god Venerable (“heroic in Virtue”) faith, hope, charity prudence, justice, fortitude, temperance beatification sainthood Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  25. 25. Bede’s Ecclesiastical History Pope Gregory appoints Augustine 597 Canterbury 597 Northumbria mid- seventh Irish missionaries & monasteries Synod of Whitby: reconciliation Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  26. 26. Bede: conversion of Edwin Northumbria, mid-7th century Missionary Paulinus, priest Coifi, other Sparrow in the hall Comitatus ideal Destruction of idols/ Pagan v. Christian Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  27. 27. Bede: Caedmon Illiterate brother at Whitby Vision of stranger Holy songs using traditional Germanic verse ‘Caedmon’s Hymn’ ‘School of Caedmon’ existence unclear Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  28. 28. Caedmon’s Hymn Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  29. 29. Caedmon’s Hymn Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  30. 30. Caedmon’s Hymn Simple lyric Variations on ‘God’: guardian(2), ruler, glory-father, creator, lord (3) ‘Middle-earth’ Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  31. 31. the Franks Casket (1) Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  32. 32. the Franks Casket (2) Whalebone box, early 8th century Runic carvings of OE verse Mixture of cultures: Roman (Romulus and Remus) Pagan Germanic (Weland & Beadohild) Christian: Adoration of the Magi Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  33. 33. the Franks Casket (3) front panel Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  34. 34. the Franks Casket (4) Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  35. 35. c. 2500 BCE Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  36. 36. the Franks Casket (5) Weland & Beadohild Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  37. 37. the Franks Casket (6) Adoration of the Magi Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  38. 38. The Battle of Maldon Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009
  39. 39. A-S Chronicle: 1066 Harold defeats Vikings at Stamford Bridge Battle of Hastings Oppression Halley’s comet (Bayeux tapestry) Holy trinity adult forum • May 10, 2009

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