Location Northern Europe orWestern
Area 84,421 km
(32,595.1 sq mi)
Coastline 2,797 km (1,738 mi)
Highest elevation 1,041 m (3,415 ft)
Highest point Carrauntoohil
Republic of Ireland
Capital city Dublin
Constituent Country Northern Ireland
Largest city Belfast
Population 6,399,115 (as of 2011)
Density 73.4 /km
(190.1 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Irish, Anglo-Irish, Ulster Scots, Irish
• Ireland is an Island to the north-west
of continental Europe.
• It is the third largest island in Europe.
• Politically, Ireland is divided between
the Republic of Ireland, which covers
just under five-sixths of the island,
and Northern Ireland, a part of
the United Kingdom, which covers
the remaining area and is located in
the north-east of the island.
• The population of Ireland is
approximately 6.4 million.
• Just under 4.6 million live in the
Republic of Ireland and just over
1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.
• Ireland is situated in the
Atlantic Ocean and separated
from Great Britain by the Irish
• Ireland resembles a basin—a
central plain rimmed with
mountains, except in the
• The mountains are low, with
the highest peak, Carrantuohill
in County Kerry, rising to 3,415
ft (1,041 m). The principal river
is the Shannon, which begins in
the north-central area, flows
south and southwest for about
240 mi (386 km), and empties
into the Atlantic.
• The Irish War of Independence was a guerrilla war mounted against
the British government in Ireland by the Irish Republican Army (IRA).
It began in January 1919, following the Irish Republic’s declaration of
independence, and ended with a truce in July 1921. The subsequent
negotiations led to the Anglo-Irish Treaty, which ended British rule in
most of Ireland and established the Irish Free State. However, six
northern counties would remain under British rule.
Irish culture has had a significant
influence on other cultures,
especially in the fields of
literature and, to a lesser degree,
science and education. Alongside
mainstream Western culture, a
strong indigenous culture exists,
as expressed for example through
Gaelic games, Irish music, and the
Irish language. The culture of the
island has also many features
shared with Great Britain,
including the English language,
and sports such as association
football, rugby, horse racing and
NIALL HORAN 20He became known as one of the
members of the British boy band, One Direction, who
won a BRIT Award for "What Makes You Beautiful" in
SHEAMUS 35Born Stephen Farrelly, he became a WWE
Champion and a World Heavyweight Champion before
appearing in The Escapist and Assault of Darkness.
SIVA KANESWARAN 24He rose to fame as a member of
The Wanted, which released the top-five singles, "All
Time Low" and "Heart Vacancy."
PIERCE BROSNAN 60James Bond star who
began his career as TV's Remington Steele, and
played a role in Mamma Mia!, which won the
National Movie Award in 2008.