CVA A&P - Chapter 1b Terminology

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CVA A&P - Chapter 1b Terminology

  1. 1. PowerPoint® Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings PART C 1 The Human Body: An Orientation
  2. 2. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Language of Anatomy  Special terminology is used to prevent misunderstanding  Exact terms are used for  Position  Direction  Regions  Structures
  3. 3. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 1.5a Regional Terms  Anterior body landmarks
  4. 4. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Regional Terms  Posterior body landmarks Figure 1.5b
  5. 5. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Directional Terms Table 1.1 (1 of 3)
  6. 6. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Directional Terms Table 1.1 (2 of 3)
  7. 7. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Directional Terms Table 1.1 (3 of 3)
  8. 8. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Body Planes and Sections  A sagittal section divides the body (or organ) into left and right parts  A median, or midsagittal, section divides the body (or organ) into equal left and right parts  A frontal section divides the body (or organ) into anterior and posterior parts  A transverse, or cross, section divides the body (or organ) into superior and inferior parts
  9. 9. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Body Planes and Sections Figure 1.6
  10. 10. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Body Cavities  Dorsal body cavity  Cranial cavity houses the brain  Spinal cavity houses the spinal cord  Ventral body cavity  Thoracic cavity houses heart, lungs and others  Abdominopelvic cavity houses digestive system and most urinary system organs
  11. 11. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Body Cavities Figure 1.7
  12. 12. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Abdominopelvic Quadrants (Used by Medical Professionals) Figure 1.8a
  13. 13. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Abdominopelvic Regions (Used by Anatomists) Figure 1.8b
  14. 14. Copyright © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Abdominopelvic Major Organs Figure 1.8c

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