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Europaisches Patentamt
European Patent Office
Office europeen des brevets
© Publication number: 0 5 9 1 4 7 5 B 1
© EUROPEAN PATENT S P E C I F I C A T I O N
© Date of publication of patent specification: 20.12.95 © Int. CI.6: D21 B 1/32
© Application number: 92924474.7
@ Date of filing: 01.06.92
© International application number:
PCT/FI92/00172
© International publication number:
WO 92/21812 (10.12.92 92/31)
&) A METHOD OF AND AN APPARATUS FOR TREATING WASTE PAPER
® Priority: 07.06.91 Fl 912745
@ Date of publication of application:
13.04.94 Bulletin 94/15
© Publication of the grant of the patent:
20.12.95 Bulletin 95/51
© Designated Contracting States:
AT DE FR SE
© References cited:
DE-C- 2 941 898
DE-C- 3 225 538
00
Oi
W
Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person
®
may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition
CL shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee
LU has been paid (Art. 99(1) European patent convention).
Qj) Proprietor: A. AHLSTROM CORPORATION
FIN-29600 Noormarkku (Fl)
Proprietor: Kamyr, Inc.
Ridge Center
Glens Falls, New York 12801-3686 (US)
@ Inventor: KEMPPINEN, Teuvo
Kosselinkatu 6
SF-48600 Karhula (Fl)
Inventor: OLKKONEN, Jorma
Kihlinkatu 10 D
SF-48600 Karhula (Fl)
© Representative: Fuchsle, Klaus, Dipl.-lng. et al
Hoffmann, Eitle & Partner,
Patentanwalte,
Arabellastrasse 4
D-81925 Munchen (DE)
Rank Xerox (
U
K
) Business Services
(3.10/3.09/3.3.3)
1 EP 0 591 475 B1 2
Description
The present invention relates to a method of
and an apparatus for treating waste paper, the
method and apparatus being specially suitable for
comminuting those kinds of paper and board which
are difficult to comminute, e.g. different packing
and wrapping papers, corrugated boards, polyethyl-
ene-covered wrappings, other plastic-covered
boards, Tetrapak™ -packings and other layered pa-
pers with a great amount of contaminants.
The so-called Fibreflow™ -drum is previously
known from, e.g., US Patents 4,518,500 and
4,687,146, and is a drum which is capable of
defibrizing easily comminutable waste paper, such
as newsprint or the like. Both the construction and
operating principle of the Fibreflow™ -drum are rel-
atively simple. The drum comprises two zones,
separated by a partition wall, the first zone, the so-
called comminuting zone, receives the material to
be treated and is provided with a non-perforated
mantle having ribs extending radially towards the
axis of the drum. The ribs are to lift the material to
be defibrized upwards and then to allow the ma-
terial to fall down against the bottom of the drum,
the impact comminuting the waste paper into fiber
flocks. The flocculated fiber pulp is then led
through an opening in the partition wall to the
second, perforated, portion of the drum, where the
accepted pulp particles are screened through the
openings and the reject, such as pieces of plastic,
thread, wire etc. are directed to a discharge via an
outlet at the end of the drum. A characteristic
feature of a drum such as this is that the more
difficult the material is to defibrize, the longer it will
be allowed to be tumbled in the drum. Another
characteristic feature of a drum such as this is that
difficult materials cannot be treated, as the opera-
tion of the drum is very gentle, which as itself
saves the fibres.
Further, DE patent publication 32 25 538 dis-
closes an apparatus for treating waste paper or the
like, in which apparatus a drum-like screening de-
vice is in communication with a high consistency
pulper comprising a cylindrical vessel and a high
speed rotor arranged at the bottom thereof, the
rotor subjecting the pulp to strong shearing forces
and naturally, to some extent, also physically cut-
ting the pieces on its way, thus also physically
cutting the fibres. According to said DE publication,
pulp initially comminuted in a batch-type pulper is
discharged at a consistency of a little over 10% to
an intermediate or buffer vessel arranged on a
horizontal axis, the wall of the vessel being pro-
vided with a screw feeding the pulp towards a
coaxial screen drum. The consistency of the pulp
in the intermediate vessel is, as mentioned, about
10%, from which value the consistency is diluted to
about 4-5% while the pulp is being conducted
towards the screen drum. The screen drum com-
prises two zones, a first, very short, non-perforated
portion, into which the liquid needed for diluting the
5 pulp is directed via a concentric duct, and a sec-
ond, long, conventional screening portion provided
with relatively large (15 mm) perforations, in which
portion the fibrous material is separated from the
material to be rejected.
io EP specification 194 332 discloses another pri-
or art solution in which waste paper is treated in
two subsequent drums arranged to rotate on sepa-
rate shafts. In a way, in this solution the above-
mentioned Fibreflow™ -drum is divided in two. In
75 the EP specification, nevertheless, the pulp pre-
treated in the first drum is discharged via a con-
necting tube to the inlet end of the second, mainly
perforated, drum. Nozzles for introducing dilution
liquid are arranged at the connecting tube. The
20 inlet end of the perforated drum comprises a so-
called mixing zone, where the pre-comminuted
pulp is diluted and mixed with water for the consis-
tency to suit the screening. The mixing zone of the
drum is provided with internal ribs like the
25 Fibreflow™ -drum.
Both the Fibreflow™ -drums and the defibrizer
according to the EP specification have the dis-
advantage that they are hardly or not at all suitable
for treating difficultly comminutable materials. In
30 order to achieve satisfactory results with the above
defibrizers, the temperature of the treated suspen-
sion has to be as high as 90 °C and chemicals
have to be fed into the suspension so as to make
the suspension heavily alkaline. Nevertheless, be-
35 cause of both the temperature and the alkalinity of
the suspension the reject is also comminuted, dis-
solved or melted into the suspension, thus leaving
the result far from optimal. In addition to this,
treatment times are long and energy consumption
40 accordingly high. Further, if a defibrizing drum only
is used for treating difficultly comminutable waste
paper, there will be problems with de-inking, as the
drum does not physically stress the secondary
material so as to cause the ink etc. particles to be
45 easily separable from the suspension in the
screening/washing stage.
The combination of a high consistency pulper
and a screen drum as described in the above DE
publication is not optimal, because the material is
50 comminuted solely in the so-called HC-pulper,
which is, of course, capable of performing that task,
but which in the process of comminuting the ma-
terial also cuts the fibres and consumes large
quantities of energy. As is known, the motors used
55 in HC-pulpers are of the order of 1000 kW, and in
this case all the energy consumption of the waste
paper treatment process can be considered to be
due to the HC-pulper. A typical treatment time in a
2
3 EP 0 591 475 B1 4
batch pulper is about 15-30 minutes, and thus the
energy consumption is about 250-350 kWh/batch.
The object of the method and apparatus ac-
cording to the invention is to optimize the treatment
of waste paper, the optimal treatment including
- reduced energy consumption
- reduced amount of impurities and cut fibres
- improved screening results
- efficient deinking
- efficient removal of stickies.
A characteristic feature of the method accord-
ing to the invention is that the treatment time in the
HC-pulper has been considerably reduced, the
time now being about 8-15 minutes. Accordingly,
the screen drum has been provided with a further
defibrizing zone, not only for diluting and evenly
mixing the suspension, but also for further de-
fibrizing the suspension, the defibrizing being as-
sisted by the initial comminution in the HC-pulper.
The bonds, whether glue- or other bonds, between
the particles of the pulp discharged from the HC-
pulper have been loosened to the extent that even
the relatively gentle operation of the screen drum
will attain practically the same result as an HC-
repulping lasting twice as long, but without violently
cutting the fibres the way an HC-pulper would do.
The characteristic features of the apparatus
and method according to the invention will become
clear from the accompanying claims.
In the following, the invention will be described
by way of example in closer detail with reference
to the accompanying drawings, in which
Fig. 1 is a schematic cross-section of an appara-
tus according to the invention, and
Fig. 2 is a fragmentary elevation of an advanta-
geous construction of a defibrizing drum of an
apparatus according to the invention.
As illustrated in Figure 1, the apparatus accord-
ing to the invention generally comprises a con-
veyor 2 or the like, by means of which the material
to be treated is introduced into a high consistency
pulper 4, wherefrom the partly comminuted ma-
terial is discharged into the defibrizing drum 6. The
high consistency pulper or, in short, the HC-pulper,
comprises an actual pulper vessel 8, a rotor 10
arranged at the bottom thereof, advantageously in
the central part of the bottom, a liquid inlet 12, and
an outlet 14 for the initially comminuted material,
advantageously arranged at an angle of about 35-
60 °, preferably at an angle of about 45 °. The
outlet 14 is provided with a valve 16 for closing the
outlet during the initial comminution in the pulper 4.
A dilution liquid inlet 18 for controlling the consis-
tency of the material to be treated further is ar-
ranged to communicate with either the outlet 14 or
the first end of the defibrizing drum 6. The inlet 18
can be replaced by a plurality of inlet nozzles
connected to an annular dilution liquid inlet duct,
the nozzles being arranged around the outlet and
possibly slanted to the direction of the flow of pulp.
The defibrizing drum 6 comprises parts described
in the above-mentioned US patents, in other words
5 the drum 6 is divided into two parts by a partition
wall 20, the receiving, first end 22 of which is non-
perforated and provided with substantially axial in-
terior ribs 24 for lifting the pulp as the drum
rotates, after which the pulp is allowed to fall down
io against the bottom of the drum, thus comminuting
the low-consistency pulp further. This so-called fur-
ther comminution zone is provided with either ad-
justable or fixed baffles 30 for retaining the pulp in
the zone long enough to achieve the desired de-
15 gree of defibrizing. As the material is treated in the
defibrizing drum its consistency becomes that of
being homogenized, after which it can be dis-
charged by a feed scoop or the like through an
opening 26 in the partition wall 20 into the screen-
20 ing portion 28 of the defibrizing drum. The screen-
ing portion 28 is perforated, thus enabling all the
pulp particles smaller than the openings to be
accepted through the openings while the larger
particles remain inside the drum, wherefrom they
25 are discharged via the second end of the drum to
the rejects and for further treatment. The screening
portion can be provided with, as illustrated in Fig.
2, a two-stage screening portion 28' consisting of
two perforated drums 32 and 34, one within the
30 other, the inner drum 32 of which is provided with
larger openings (7-10 mm) for separating the larg-
est contaminant particles, whereas the outer drum
34 is provided with the actual screening openings
(4-6 mm) for withdrawing the accept.
35 From the either single- or two-stage screening
portion 28 the accepted pulp is discharged through
the perforated drum to a vessel 40 preferably hav-
ing a mixer 42 for keeping the pulp moving and
preventing the pulp from settling down on the bot-
40 torn of the vessel. Dilution liquid can additionally be
mixed into the pulp with the mixer, if needed. The
pulp is discharged from the vessel by a pump 44,
preferably a degassing centrifugal pump. Connect-
ing such a pump to the process according to the
45 invention will further optimize the above-described
process and contribute to the total economy there-
of. At least some gas will in any case be mixed
with the pulp during the repulping, while it is known
that gas is disadvantageous to subsequent pulp
50 treatment stages.
An apparatus according to the invention op-
erates so that the secondary material to be de-
fibrized is firstly conveyed to the pulper vessel 8
by conveyor 2, the pulper vessel being separated
55 from the defibrizing drum 6 by a valve 16. The
consistency of the material is adjusted to the de-
sired level, e.g. 12-18%, by feeding dilution liquid
into the pulper via duct 12. The material is com-
3
5 EP 0 591 475 B1 6
minuted in the pulper by rotor 10. The rotor is
rotated for, e.g., 8-15 minutes at 140-160 rpm,
depending on the material to be defibrized. Subse-
quent to that, the material initially comminuted by
the HC-pulper is periodically discharged unscreen-
ed to the defibrizing drum 6 by opening the valve
16, thus enabling the material to flow under gravity
to the further comminuting/homogenizing portion
22. It is also possible, if the operation and the
construction of the HC-pulper are optimized to the
limit, to continuously discharge the HC-pulper by
keeping the valve fully open or partly throttled.
Liquid is introduced either into outlet 14 or to the
further comminuting zone of the defibrizing drum
for diluting the consistency of the initially com-
minuted material to about 8-12% prior to further
treatment, a consistency suitable for the screening
portion. The material is treated in the further com-
minuting zone of the drum as long as necessary to
achieve the desired defibrizing efficiency. The pulp
is thereafter allowed to be discharged into the
screening portion, where the pulp is further diluted.
In the screening portion the accepts fraction is
separated from the pulp through the drum open-
ings at a consistency of about 3-4%, while the rest
of the material is discharged through the second
end of the drum. The accepts fraction is withdrawn
for further processing by a degassing centrifugal
pump, thus eliminating the disadvantages caused
by gas in further processing.
It can exemplarily be stated that the length of
the drum treatment zone is desirably about the
same as the diameter of the drum or maybe even
slightly more than that. The exact dimensions of
the drum do naturally depend on how difficult the
material is to treat. The diameter of the drum will
usually be between 2-4 m, depending on the exact
application, whereas a typical retention time, when
utilizing the method according to the invention, is
about 20-30 minutes, and the power consumption
is 15-25kW/ton of pulp. If the same amount of pulp
were to be defibrized utilizing a conventional
Fibreflow™ -drum only, the retention time would be
about 40-60 minutes, the treatment result, as far as
yield is concerned, would be lower, and the con-
sumption of hot water and chemicals would be
remarkably higher. In addition to this, the process
conditions in general would in most cases be nega-
tive to the total process.
As can be seen from the above, the method of
defibrizing according to the invention clearly differs
from the prior art solutions. Previously the material
was completely comminuted in either a HC-pulper
or a defibrizing drum. On the one hand, the violent
treatment subjected to the fibres by the HC-pulper
results in a great amount of chopped fibres and
contaminants, thus causing the pulp to include a
great amount of very short fibres and small con-
taminants, e.g. plastic, but only a small amount of
long fibres. Further, the HC-pulper had to be larger
than that of the present invention, because it had,
in a way, to perform the tasks of two different
5 apparatuses. On the other hand, the defibrizing
drums previously used for defibrizing difficult ma-
terials were large, gave a poor yield and the reten-
tion times were long. Thus our invention has solved
the disadvantages of the prior art and thereby
io enables the defibrizing to be optimized, with the
result that the length of the fibres is not reduced
during the treatment, energy consumption and the
size of the necessary machinery have been re-
duced and treatment times have been shortened.
is Further, removal of stickies and ink from the pulp is
now considerably more efficient, as well as the
removal of fibres from plastic and foils. In addition
to that, the controllability and economy of the pro-
cess of comminuting difficult materials have been
20 substantially increased, because there no more is a
need for a high temperature or for the process to
be strongly alkaline, but the pH of the process can
as well be neutral.
Finally, please note that the above is a descrip-
25 tion of only one embodiment of the method and
apparatus according to the invention, with no inten-
tion whatsoever of limiting the scope of protection
from that described in the accompanying claims.
30 Claims
1. A method of treating waste paper and board,
especially material that is difficult to defibrize,
such as different packings and wrappings, cor-
35 rugated boards, polyethylene-covered wrapp-
ings, other plastic-covered boards, Tetrapak-
packings and other difficultly treatable layered
papers, by means of initially comminuting the
material to be treated so that the fibrous ma-
40 terial is separated from the plastic, foils, and
other reject material, the method being further
characterized in the steps of
- comminuting said material further so that
fibrous material is defibrized to the extent
45 that it can be screened, and
- screening said material.
2. The method as recited in claim 1, character-
ized by the following treatment steps of
50 - introducing the material to be defibrized
into an HC-pulper,
- introducing dilution liquid into the pulper,
- performing the initial comminution in the
HC-pulper,
55 - discharging the unscreened initially com-
minuted material into the defibrizing
drum for further comminution,
4
7 EP 0 591 475 B1 8
- diluting the consistency of the material
so as to be suitable for the further com-
minution,
- comminuting the material further in the
further comminuting zone of the defibriz-
ing drum,
- homogenizing the consistency of the ma-
terial in the further comminuting zone;
- discharging the material into the screen-
ing zone,
- separating the accepted fibrous material
into the accepts, and
- discharging the reject from the defibriz-
ing drum.
3. The method as recited in claim 2, character-
ized in the step of separating gas from accept
by a degassing pump.
4. The method as recited in claim 2, character-
ized in the step of diluting the the material in
the HC-pulper to a consistency of between 12
and 18%.
5. The method as recited in claim 2, character-
ized in the step of diluting the material in the
defibrizing drum to a consistency of between 8
and 12%.
6. The method as recited in claim 2, character-
ized in that the duration of the initial com-
minution is about 8-15 minutes.
7. The method as recited in claim 2, character-
ized in the step of performing screening in two
stages.
8. The method as recited in claim 2, character-
ized in the step of discharging the initially
comminuted material into the defibrizing drum
in a continuous flow.
9. An apparatus for treating waste paper and
board, especially material that is difficult to
defibrize, such as Tetrapak or like polyethyl-
ene-covered wrapping papers, the apparatus
including an initial comminutor (4), or a so-
called HC-pulper,
material inlet means (2) to the HC-pulper,
and
material discharge means (14) from the
HC-pulper,
and being further characterized in that it
comprises
- a defibrizing drum (6) with a further com-
minuting portion (22) and a separate
screening portion (28, 28') arranged
therein, and
- accept and reject discharge means (40,
44).
10. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char-
5 acterlzed in that said material discharge
means (14) is a tube arranged at an angle of
35-60° with a valve (16) arranged therein.
11. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char-
io acterlzed in that the further comminuting por-
tion (22) of the defibrizing drum (6) is non-
perforated and provided with substantially axial
ribs (24) and baffles (30) for improving the
homogenization of the pulp, the ribs and baf-
15 fles both being inside the drum (6).
12. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char-
acterized in that the length of the further com-
minuting portion (22) of the defibrizing drum
20 (6) is at least equal to the diameter of the drum
(6).
13. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char-
acterized in that the screening portion (28') of
25 the drum comprises two perforated drums (32,
34), one located within the other.
14. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char-
acterized in that there is a partition wall (20)
30 inside the drum (6), located between the fur-
ther comminuting portion (22) and the screen-
ing portion (28, 28'), the partition wall being
provided with an opening (26) and a lifting
scoop or the like for discharging the material
35 from the further comminuting portion (22) to
the screening portion (28, 28').
15. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char-
acterized in that the accept discharge means
40 is a vessel (40) located below the screening
portion (28, 28') with a degassing centrifugal
pump (44) connected thereto.
Patentanspruche
45
1. Verfahren zur Behandlung von Altpapier und
-pappe, insbesondere von Material das schwer
zu zerkleinern ist, wie verschiedenen Verpak-
kungen und Umschlagen, Wellpappen, poly-
50 athylenbeschichteten Fabriksumschlagen, an-
deren kunststoffbeschichteten Pappen, Tetra-
pak-Verpackungen und anderen schwer zu be-
handelnden mehrlagigen Papieren, durch Vor-
zerkleinerung des zu behandelnden Materials
55 auf solche Weise, dal3 das Fasermaterial von
den Kunststoffen, Metallfolienpapieren und an-
derem Spuckstoff abgeschieden wird, welches
Verfahren ferner durch die folgenden Schritte
5
9 EP 0 591 475 B1 10
gekennzeichnet ist:
- Weiterzerkleinerung des Materials auf
solche Weise, dal3 das faserhaltige Mate-
rial in solchem Mal3e zerfasert wird, dal3
es sortiert werden kann, und
- Sortieren des Materials.
2. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet
durch die folgenden Behandlungsschritte
- Einfuhrung des zu zerfasernden Materi-
als in einen HC-Pulper,
- Einfuhrung von Verdunnungsflussigkeit in
den Pulper,
- Durchfuhrung der Vorzerkleinerung im
HC-Pulper,
- Ableitung des unsortierten vorzerkleiner-
ten Materials fur Weiterbehandlung in die
Zerfaserungstrommel,
- Verdunnung der Konsistenz des Materi-
als so, dal3 sie fur die Weiterzerkleine-
rung geeignet ist,
- Weiterzerkleinerung des Materials in ei-
ner weiteren Zerkleinerungszone der Zer-
faserungstrommel,
- Homogenisierung der Konsistenz des
Materials in der Weiterzerkleinerungszo-
ne,
- Ableitung des Materials in die Siebzone,
- Abscheidung des akzeptierten Faserma-
terials zum Gutstoff, und
- Austragung des Spuckstoffs aus der Zer-
faserungstrommel.
3. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet
durch den Schritt der Abscheidung von Gas
aus dem Gutstoff mit einer entgasenden Pum-
pe.
4. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet
durch den Schritt der Verdunnung des Materi-
als im HC-Pulper auf eine Konsistenz von 12
bis 18 %.
5. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet
durch den Schritt der Verdunnung des Materi-
als in der Zerfaserungstrommel auf eine Konsi-
stenz zwischen 8 und 12 %.
6. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daB die Dauer der Vorzerkleine-
rung ungefahr 8 bis 15 Minuten ist.
7. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet
durch den Schritt der Durchfuhrung der Sortie-
rung in zwei Stufen.
8. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet
durch den Schritt der Abfuhrung des vorzer-
kleinerten Materials als kontinuierlicher Strom
in die Zerfaserungstrommel.
9. Vorrichtung zur Behandlung von Altpapier und
5 -pappe, insbesondere schwer zu zerfaserndem
Material, wie Tetrapak oder ahnlichen poly-
athylenbeschichteten Umschlagspapieren, wel-
che Vorrichtung einen Vorzerkleinerer (4) oder
einen sog. HC-Pulper, Material-Eingabemittel
io (2) in den HC-Pulper, und Material-Austrags-
mittel (14) aus dem HC-Pulper umfaBt, und
ferner dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, daB sie
- eine Zerfaserungstrommel (6) mit einem
Weiterzerkleinerungsabschnitt (22) und
is einem darin angeordneten getrennten
Siebabschnitt (28, 28'), und
- Austragsmittel (40, 44) fur Gut- und
Spuckstoff umfaBt.
20 10. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daB es sich bei den Material-
Austragsmitteln (14) urn ein mit einem Winkel
von 35 bis 60° angeordneten Rohr mit einem
daran angeordneten Ventil (16) handelt.
25
11. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daB der Weiterzerkleinerungsab-
schnitt (22) der Zerfaserungstrommel (6) nicht-
perforiert und zur Verbesserung der Homoge-
30 nisierung der Pulpe mit hauptsachlich axialen
Rippen (24) und Prallblechen (30) versehen ist,
welche Rippen und Prallbleche sich beide auf
der Innenseite der Trommel (6) befinden.
35 12. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daB die Lange der Weiterzerklei-
nerungszone (22) der Zerfaserungstrommel (6)
zumindest dem Durchmesser der Trommel (6)
entspricht.
40
13. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daB der Siebabschnitt (28') der
Trommel zwei ineinander angeordnete perfo-
rierte Trommeln (32, 34) aufweist.
45
14. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daB es innerhalb der Trommel
(6) eine Trennwand (20) gibt, die zwischen
Weiterzerkleinerungszone (22) und Siebab-
50 schnitt (28, 28') angeordnet ist, welche Trenn-
wand mit einer Offnung (26 und einer Forder-
schaufel oder dergleichen versehen ist zur
Austragung des Materials aus der Weiterzer-
kleinerungszone (22) zum Siebabschnitt (28,
55 28').
15. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge-
kennzeichnet, daf3 es sich bei den Gutstoff-
6
11 EP 0 591 475 B1 12
Austragsmitteln um einen unterhalb des Sieb-
abschnitts (28, 28') angeordneten Behalter (40)
mit einer damit verbundenen entgasenden
Kreiselpumpe (44) handelt.
Revendicatlons
1. Procede de traitement de papier de recupera-
tion et de carton, en particulier de materiau
difficile a defibrer, tel que les empaquetages et
emballages divers, les cartons ondules, les
empaquetages recouverts de polythene, autres
cartons recourverts de matiere plastique, les
emballages Tetrapak et autres papiers enduits
difficilement traitables, par disintegration initia-
le du materiau a traiter de fagon que le mate-
riau fibreux soit separe du plastique, des feuil-
les de metal et d'autre materiau rejete, le pro-
cede etant en outre
caracterise par les etapes consistant
- a desintegrer davantage ledit materiau
de maniere que le materiau fibreux soit
defibre jusqu'a ce qu'il puisse etre tami-
se, et
- a tamiser ledit materiau.
2. Procede selon la revendication 1, caracterise
par les etapes suivantes de traitement consis-
tant
- a introduire le materiau a defibrer dans
un triturateur HC,
- a introduire du liquide de dillution dans
le triturateur,
- a executer la desintegration initiale dans
le triturateur HC,
- a evacuer le materiau non tamise initiale-
ment desintegre dans le tambour de defi-
brage pour la desintegration ulterieure,
- a diluer la consistance du materiau de
fagon a ce qu'elle convienne a la desin-
tegration ulterieure,
- a desintegrer davantage le materiau dans
la zone de desintegration ulterieure du
tambour de defibrage,
- a homogeneiser la consistance du mate-
riau dans la zone de desintegration ulte-
rieure,
- a evacuer le materiau dans la zone de
tamisage,
- a separer le materiau fibreux accepte
dans la partie acceptee, et
- a evacuer la partie rejetee du tambour
de defibrage.
3. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise
par I'etape consistant a separer du gaz de la
partie acceptee a I'aide d'une pompe de dega-
zage.
4. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise
par I'etape consistant a diluer le materiau dans
le triturateur HC jusqu'a une consistance com-
prise entre 12% et 18%.
5
5. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise
par I'etape consistant a diluer le materiau dans
le tambour de defibrage jusqu'a une consistan-
ce comprise entre 8% et 12%.
10
6. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise
en ce que la duree de la desintegration initiale
est de I'ordre de 8-15 minutes.
15 7. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise
par I'etape consistant a executer le tamisage
en deux etages.
8. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise
20 par I'etape consistant a evacuer le materiau
initialement desintegre dans le tambour de de-
fibrage en un courant continu.
9. Dispositif pour traiter du papier de recuperation
25 et du carton, particulierement du materiau diffi-
cile a defibrer, tel que Tetrapak ou les papiers
d'emballage similaires recouverts de polythe-
ne, le dispositif comprenant :
- un desintegrateur initial (4), ou ce qu'il
30 est convenu d'appeler un triturateur HC,
- un moyen d'admission (2) du materiau
au triturateur HC,
et
un moyen d'evacuation (14) du materiau
35 depuis le triturateur HC, et etant en outre
caracterise en ce qu'il comprend
un tambour de defibrage (6) avec une por-
tion de desintegration ulterieure (22) et une
portion de tamisage separee (28, 28') dispo-
40 sees a I'interieur de celui-ci, et des moyens
d'evacuation de la partie acceptee et de rejet
(40, 44).
10. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise
45 en ce que ledit moyen d'evacuation (14) du
materiau est un tube dispose sous un angle de
35° -60° avec une vanne (16) disposee dans
celui-ci.
50 11. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise
en ce que la portion de desintegration ulterieu-
re (22) du tambour de defibrage (6) est non
perforee et elle presente des nervures sensi-
blement axiales (24) et des deflecteurs (30)
55 pour ameliorer I'homogeneisation de la pate,
ces nervures et deflecteurs etant menages a
I'interieur du tambour (6).
7
13 EP 0 591 475 B1 14
12. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise
en ce que la longueur de la portion de desinte-
gration ulterieure (22) du tambour de defibrage
(6) est au moins egale au diametre du tambour
(6). 5
13. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise
en ce que la portion de tamisage (28') du
tambour comprend deux tambours perfores
(32, 34), I'un situe a I'interieur de I'autre. w
14. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise
en ce qu'il existe une cloison (20) a I'interieur
du tambour (6), situee entre la portion de des-
integration ulterieure (22) et la portion de tami- is
sage (28, 28'), la cloison comportant une ou-
verture (26) et une ecope de relevage ou simi-
laire afin d'evacuer le materiau de la portion de
desingegration ulterieure (22) vers la portion
de tamisage (28, 28'). 20
15. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise
en ce que le moyen d'evacuation de la partie
acceptee est une enceinte (40) situee au-des-
sous de la portion de tamisage (28, 28') avec 25
une pompe centrifuge de degazage (44) reliee
a celle-ci.
30
35
40
45
50
55
8
EP 0 591 475 B1
3
EP 0 591 475 B1
10

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EP0591475B1 (1).pdf

  • 1. Europaisches Patentamt European Patent Office Office europeen des brevets © Publication number: 0 5 9 1 4 7 5 B 1 © EUROPEAN PATENT S P E C I F I C A T I O N © Date of publication of patent specification: 20.12.95 © Int. CI.6: D21 B 1/32 © Application number: 92924474.7 @ Date of filing: 01.06.92 © International application number: PCT/FI92/00172 © International publication number: WO 92/21812 (10.12.92 92/31) &) A METHOD OF AND AN APPARATUS FOR TREATING WASTE PAPER ® Priority: 07.06.91 Fl 912745 @ Date of publication of application: 13.04.94 Bulletin 94/15 © Publication of the grant of the patent: 20.12.95 Bulletin 95/51 © Designated Contracting States: AT DE FR SE © References cited: DE-C- 2 941 898 DE-C- 3 225 538 00 Oi W Note: Within nine months from the publication of the mention of the grant of the European patent, any person ® may give notice to the European Patent Office of opposition to the European patent granted. Notice of opposition CL shall be filed in a written reasoned statement. It shall not be deemed to have been filed until the opposition fee LU has been paid (Art. 99(1) European patent convention). Qj) Proprietor: A. AHLSTROM CORPORATION FIN-29600 Noormarkku (Fl) Proprietor: Kamyr, Inc. Ridge Center Glens Falls, New York 12801-3686 (US) @ Inventor: KEMPPINEN, Teuvo Kosselinkatu 6 SF-48600 Karhula (Fl) Inventor: OLKKONEN, Jorma Kihlinkatu 10 D SF-48600 Karhula (Fl) © Representative: Fuchsle, Klaus, Dipl.-lng. et al Hoffmann, Eitle & Partner, Patentanwalte, Arabellastrasse 4 D-81925 Munchen (DE) Rank Xerox ( U K ) Business Services (3.10/3.09/3.3.3)
  • 2. 1 EP 0 591 475 B1 2 Description The present invention relates to a method of and an apparatus for treating waste paper, the method and apparatus being specially suitable for comminuting those kinds of paper and board which are difficult to comminute, e.g. different packing and wrapping papers, corrugated boards, polyethyl- ene-covered wrappings, other plastic-covered boards, Tetrapak™ -packings and other layered pa- pers with a great amount of contaminants. The so-called Fibreflow™ -drum is previously known from, e.g., US Patents 4,518,500 and 4,687,146, and is a drum which is capable of defibrizing easily comminutable waste paper, such as newsprint or the like. Both the construction and operating principle of the Fibreflow™ -drum are rel- atively simple. The drum comprises two zones, separated by a partition wall, the first zone, the so- called comminuting zone, receives the material to be treated and is provided with a non-perforated mantle having ribs extending radially towards the axis of the drum. The ribs are to lift the material to be defibrized upwards and then to allow the ma- terial to fall down against the bottom of the drum, the impact comminuting the waste paper into fiber flocks. The flocculated fiber pulp is then led through an opening in the partition wall to the second, perforated, portion of the drum, where the accepted pulp particles are screened through the openings and the reject, such as pieces of plastic, thread, wire etc. are directed to a discharge via an outlet at the end of the drum. A characteristic feature of a drum such as this is that the more difficult the material is to defibrize, the longer it will be allowed to be tumbled in the drum. Another characteristic feature of a drum such as this is that difficult materials cannot be treated, as the opera- tion of the drum is very gentle, which as itself saves the fibres. Further, DE patent publication 32 25 538 dis- closes an apparatus for treating waste paper or the like, in which apparatus a drum-like screening de- vice is in communication with a high consistency pulper comprising a cylindrical vessel and a high speed rotor arranged at the bottom thereof, the rotor subjecting the pulp to strong shearing forces and naturally, to some extent, also physically cut- ting the pieces on its way, thus also physically cutting the fibres. According to said DE publication, pulp initially comminuted in a batch-type pulper is discharged at a consistency of a little over 10% to an intermediate or buffer vessel arranged on a horizontal axis, the wall of the vessel being pro- vided with a screw feeding the pulp towards a coaxial screen drum. The consistency of the pulp in the intermediate vessel is, as mentioned, about 10%, from which value the consistency is diluted to about 4-5% while the pulp is being conducted towards the screen drum. The screen drum com- prises two zones, a first, very short, non-perforated portion, into which the liquid needed for diluting the 5 pulp is directed via a concentric duct, and a sec- ond, long, conventional screening portion provided with relatively large (15 mm) perforations, in which portion the fibrous material is separated from the material to be rejected. io EP specification 194 332 discloses another pri- or art solution in which waste paper is treated in two subsequent drums arranged to rotate on sepa- rate shafts. In a way, in this solution the above- mentioned Fibreflow™ -drum is divided in two. In 75 the EP specification, nevertheless, the pulp pre- treated in the first drum is discharged via a con- necting tube to the inlet end of the second, mainly perforated, drum. Nozzles for introducing dilution liquid are arranged at the connecting tube. The 20 inlet end of the perforated drum comprises a so- called mixing zone, where the pre-comminuted pulp is diluted and mixed with water for the consis- tency to suit the screening. The mixing zone of the drum is provided with internal ribs like the 25 Fibreflow™ -drum. Both the Fibreflow™ -drums and the defibrizer according to the EP specification have the dis- advantage that they are hardly or not at all suitable for treating difficultly comminutable materials. In 30 order to achieve satisfactory results with the above defibrizers, the temperature of the treated suspen- sion has to be as high as 90 °C and chemicals have to be fed into the suspension so as to make the suspension heavily alkaline. Nevertheless, be- 35 cause of both the temperature and the alkalinity of the suspension the reject is also comminuted, dis- solved or melted into the suspension, thus leaving the result far from optimal. In addition to this, treatment times are long and energy consumption 40 accordingly high. Further, if a defibrizing drum only is used for treating difficultly comminutable waste paper, there will be problems with de-inking, as the drum does not physically stress the secondary material so as to cause the ink etc. particles to be 45 easily separable from the suspension in the screening/washing stage. The combination of a high consistency pulper and a screen drum as described in the above DE publication is not optimal, because the material is 50 comminuted solely in the so-called HC-pulper, which is, of course, capable of performing that task, but which in the process of comminuting the ma- terial also cuts the fibres and consumes large quantities of energy. As is known, the motors used 55 in HC-pulpers are of the order of 1000 kW, and in this case all the energy consumption of the waste paper treatment process can be considered to be due to the HC-pulper. A typical treatment time in a 2
  • 3. 3 EP 0 591 475 B1 4 batch pulper is about 15-30 minutes, and thus the energy consumption is about 250-350 kWh/batch. The object of the method and apparatus ac- cording to the invention is to optimize the treatment of waste paper, the optimal treatment including - reduced energy consumption - reduced amount of impurities and cut fibres - improved screening results - efficient deinking - efficient removal of stickies. A characteristic feature of the method accord- ing to the invention is that the treatment time in the HC-pulper has been considerably reduced, the time now being about 8-15 minutes. Accordingly, the screen drum has been provided with a further defibrizing zone, not only for diluting and evenly mixing the suspension, but also for further de- fibrizing the suspension, the defibrizing being as- sisted by the initial comminution in the HC-pulper. The bonds, whether glue- or other bonds, between the particles of the pulp discharged from the HC- pulper have been loosened to the extent that even the relatively gentle operation of the screen drum will attain practically the same result as an HC- repulping lasting twice as long, but without violently cutting the fibres the way an HC-pulper would do. The characteristic features of the apparatus and method according to the invention will become clear from the accompanying claims. In the following, the invention will be described by way of example in closer detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which Fig. 1 is a schematic cross-section of an appara- tus according to the invention, and Fig. 2 is a fragmentary elevation of an advanta- geous construction of a defibrizing drum of an apparatus according to the invention. As illustrated in Figure 1, the apparatus accord- ing to the invention generally comprises a con- veyor 2 or the like, by means of which the material to be treated is introduced into a high consistency pulper 4, wherefrom the partly comminuted ma- terial is discharged into the defibrizing drum 6. The high consistency pulper or, in short, the HC-pulper, comprises an actual pulper vessel 8, a rotor 10 arranged at the bottom thereof, advantageously in the central part of the bottom, a liquid inlet 12, and an outlet 14 for the initially comminuted material, advantageously arranged at an angle of about 35- 60 °, preferably at an angle of about 45 °. The outlet 14 is provided with a valve 16 for closing the outlet during the initial comminution in the pulper 4. A dilution liquid inlet 18 for controlling the consis- tency of the material to be treated further is ar- ranged to communicate with either the outlet 14 or the first end of the defibrizing drum 6. The inlet 18 can be replaced by a plurality of inlet nozzles connected to an annular dilution liquid inlet duct, the nozzles being arranged around the outlet and possibly slanted to the direction of the flow of pulp. The defibrizing drum 6 comprises parts described in the above-mentioned US patents, in other words 5 the drum 6 is divided into two parts by a partition wall 20, the receiving, first end 22 of which is non- perforated and provided with substantially axial in- terior ribs 24 for lifting the pulp as the drum rotates, after which the pulp is allowed to fall down io against the bottom of the drum, thus comminuting the low-consistency pulp further. This so-called fur- ther comminution zone is provided with either ad- justable or fixed baffles 30 for retaining the pulp in the zone long enough to achieve the desired de- 15 gree of defibrizing. As the material is treated in the defibrizing drum its consistency becomes that of being homogenized, after which it can be dis- charged by a feed scoop or the like through an opening 26 in the partition wall 20 into the screen- 20 ing portion 28 of the defibrizing drum. The screen- ing portion 28 is perforated, thus enabling all the pulp particles smaller than the openings to be accepted through the openings while the larger particles remain inside the drum, wherefrom they 25 are discharged via the second end of the drum to the rejects and for further treatment. The screening portion can be provided with, as illustrated in Fig. 2, a two-stage screening portion 28' consisting of two perforated drums 32 and 34, one within the 30 other, the inner drum 32 of which is provided with larger openings (7-10 mm) for separating the larg- est contaminant particles, whereas the outer drum 34 is provided with the actual screening openings (4-6 mm) for withdrawing the accept. 35 From the either single- or two-stage screening portion 28 the accepted pulp is discharged through the perforated drum to a vessel 40 preferably hav- ing a mixer 42 for keeping the pulp moving and preventing the pulp from settling down on the bot- 40 torn of the vessel. Dilution liquid can additionally be mixed into the pulp with the mixer, if needed. The pulp is discharged from the vessel by a pump 44, preferably a degassing centrifugal pump. Connect- ing such a pump to the process according to the 45 invention will further optimize the above-described process and contribute to the total economy there- of. At least some gas will in any case be mixed with the pulp during the repulping, while it is known that gas is disadvantageous to subsequent pulp 50 treatment stages. An apparatus according to the invention op- erates so that the secondary material to be de- fibrized is firstly conveyed to the pulper vessel 8 by conveyor 2, the pulper vessel being separated 55 from the defibrizing drum 6 by a valve 16. The consistency of the material is adjusted to the de- sired level, e.g. 12-18%, by feeding dilution liquid into the pulper via duct 12. The material is com- 3
  • 4. 5 EP 0 591 475 B1 6 minuted in the pulper by rotor 10. The rotor is rotated for, e.g., 8-15 minutes at 140-160 rpm, depending on the material to be defibrized. Subse- quent to that, the material initially comminuted by the HC-pulper is periodically discharged unscreen- ed to the defibrizing drum 6 by opening the valve 16, thus enabling the material to flow under gravity to the further comminuting/homogenizing portion 22. It is also possible, if the operation and the construction of the HC-pulper are optimized to the limit, to continuously discharge the HC-pulper by keeping the valve fully open or partly throttled. Liquid is introduced either into outlet 14 or to the further comminuting zone of the defibrizing drum for diluting the consistency of the initially com- minuted material to about 8-12% prior to further treatment, a consistency suitable for the screening portion. The material is treated in the further com- minuting zone of the drum as long as necessary to achieve the desired defibrizing efficiency. The pulp is thereafter allowed to be discharged into the screening portion, where the pulp is further diluted. In the screening portion the accepts fraction is separated from the pulp through the drum open- ings at a consistency of about 3-4%, while the rest of the material is discharged through the second end of the drum. The accepts fraction is withdrawn for further processing by a degassing centrifugal pump, thus eliminating the disadvantages caused by gas in further processing. It can exemplarily be stated that the length of the drum treatment zone is desirably about the same as the diameter of the drum or maybe even slightly more than that. The exact dimensions of the drum do naturally depend on how difficult the material is to treat. The diameter of the drum will usually be between 2-4 m, depending on the exact application, whereas a typical retention time, when utilizing the method according to the invention, is about 20-30 minutes, and the power consumption is 15-25kW/ton of pulp. If the same amount of pulp were to be defibrized utilizing a conventional Fibreflow™ -drum only, the retention time would be about 40-60 minutes, the treatment result, as far as yield is concerned, would be lower, and the con- sumption of hot water and chemicals would be remarkably higher. In addition to this, the process conditions in general would in most cases be nega- tive to the total process. As can be seen from the above, the method of defibrizing according to the invention clearly differs from the prior art solutions. Previously the material was completely comminuted in either a HC-pulper or a defibrizing drum. On the one hand, the violent treatment subjected to the fibres by the HC-pulper results in a great amount of chopped fibres and contaminants, thus causing the pulp to include a great amount of very short fibres and small con- taminants, e.g. plastic, but only a small amount of long fibres. Further, the HC-pulper had to be larger than that of the present invention, because it had, in a way, to perform the tasks of two different 5 apparatuses. On the other hand, the defibrizing drums previously used for defibrizing difficult ma- terials were large, gave a poor yield and the reten- tion times were long. Thus our invention has solved the disadvantages of the prior art and thereby io enables the defibrizing to be optimized, with the result that the length of the fibres is not reduced during the treatment, energy consumption and the size of the necessary machinery have been re- duced and treatment times have been shortened. is Further, removal of stickies and ink from the pulp is now considerably more efficient, as well as the removal of fibres from plastic and foils. In addition to that, the controllability and economy of the pro- cess of comminuting difficult materials have been 20 substantially increased, because there no more is a need for a high temperature or for the process to be strongly alkaline, but the pH of the process can as well be neutral. Finally, please note that the above is a descrip- 25 tion of only one embodiment of the method and apparatus according to the invention, with no inten- tion whatsoever of limiting the scope of protection from that described in the accompanying claims. 30 Claims 1. A method of treating waste paper and board, especially material that is difficult to defibrize, such as different packings and wrappings, cor- 35 rugated boards, polyethylene-covered wrapp- ings, other plastic-covered boards, Tetrapak- packings and other difficultly treatable layered papers, by means of initially comminuting the material to be treated so that the fibrous ma- 40 terial is separated from the plastic, foils, and other reject material, the method being further characterized in the steps of - comminuting said material further so that fibrous material is defibrized to the extent 45 that it can be screened, and - screening said material. 2. The method as recited in claim 1, character- ized by the following treatment steps of 50 - introducing the material to be defibrized into an HC-pulper, - introducing dilution liquid into the pulper, - performing the initial comminution in the HC-pulper, 55 - discharging the unscreened initially com- minuted material into the defibrizing drum for further comminution, 4
  • 5. 7 EP 0 591 475 B1 8 - diluting the consistency of the material so as to be suitable for the further com- minution, - comminuting the material further in the further comminuting zone of the defibriz- ing drum, - homogenizing the consistency of the ma- terial in the further comminuting zone; - discharging the material into the screen- ing zone, - separating the accepted fibrous material into the accepts, and - discharging the reject from the defibriz- ing drum. 3. The method as recited in claim 2, character- ized in the step of separating gas from accept by a degassing pump. 4. The method as recited in claim 2, character- ized in the step of diluting the the material in the HC-pulper to a consistency of between 12 and 18%. 5. The method as recited in claim 2, character- ized in the step of diluting the material in the defibrizing drum to a consistency of between 8 and 12%. 6. The method as recited in claim 2, character- ized in that the duration of the initial com- minution is about 8-15 minutes. 7. The method as recited in claim 2, character- ized in the step of performing screening in two stages. 8. The method as recited in claim 2, character- ized in the step of discharging the initially comminuted material into the defibrizing drum in a continuous flow. 9. An apparatus for treating waste paper and board, especially material that is difficult to defibrize, such as Tetrapak or like polyethyl- ene-covered wrapping papers, the apparatus including an initial comminutor (4), or a so- called HC-pulper, material inlet means (2) to the HC-pulper, and material discharge means (14) from the HC-pulper, and being further characterized in that it comprises - a defibrizing drum (6) with a further com- minuting portion (22) and a separate screening portion (28, 28') arranged therein, and - accept and reject discharge means (40, 44). 10. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char- 5 acterlzed in that said material discharge means (14) is a tube arranged at an angle of 35-60° with a valve (16) arranged therein. 11. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char- io acterlzed in that the further comminuting por- tion (22) of the defibrizing drum (6) is non- perforated and provided with substantially axial ribs (24) and baffles (30) for improving the homogenization of the pulp, the ribs and baf- 15 fles both being inside the drum (6). 12. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char- acterized in that the length of the further com- minuting portion (22) of the defibrizing drum 20 (6) is at least equal to the diameter of the drum (6). 13. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char- acterized in that the screening portion (28') of 25 the drum comprises two perforated drums (32, 34), one located within the other. 14. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char- acterized in that there is a partition wall (20) 30 inside the drum (6), located between the fur- ther comminuting portion (22) and the screen- ing portion (28, 28'), the partition wall being provided with an opening (26) and a lifting scoop or the like for discharging the material 35 from the further comminuting portion (22) to the screening portion (28, 28'). 15. The apparatus as recited in claim 9, char- acterized in that the accept discharge means 40 is a vessel (40) located below the screening portion (28, 28') with a degassing centrifugal pump (44) connected thereto. Patentanspruche 45 1. Verfahren zur Behandlung von Altpapier und -pappe, insbesondere von Material das schwer zu zerkleinern ist, wie verschiedenen Verpak- kungen und Umschlagen, Wellpappen, poly- 50 athylenbeschichteten Fabriksumschlagen, an- deren kunststoffbeschichteten Pappen, Tetra- pak-Verpackungen und anderen schwer zu be- handelnden mehrlagigen Papieren, durch Vor- zerkleinerung des zu behandelnden Materials 55 auf solche Weise, dal3 das Fasermaterial von den Kunststoffen, Metallfolienpapieren und an- derem Spuckstoff abgeschieden wird, welches Verfahren ferner durch die folgenden Schritte 5
  • 6. 9 EP 0 591 475 B1 10 gekennzeichnet ist: - Weiterzerkleinerung des Materials auf solche Weise, dal3 das faserhaltige Mate- rial in solchem Mal3e zerfasert wird, dal3 es sortiert werden kann, und - Sortieren des Materials. 2. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 1, gekennzeichnet durch die folgenden Behandlungsschritte - Einfuhrung des zu zerfasernden Materi- als in einen HC-Pulper, - Einfuhrung von Verdunnungsflussigkeit in den Pulper, - Durchfuhrung der Vorzerkleinerung im HC-Pulper, - Ableitung des unsortierten vorzerkleiner- ten Materials fur Weiterbehandlung in die Zerfaserungstrommel, - Verdunnung der Konsistenz des Materi- als so, dal3 sie fur die Weiterzerkleine- rung geeignet ist, - Weiterzerkleinerung des Materials in ei- ner weiteren Zerkleinerungszone der Zer- faserungstrommel, - Homogenisierung der Konsistenz des Materials in der Weiterzerkleinerungszo- ne, - Ableitung des Materials in die Siebzone, - Abscheidung des akzeptierten Faserma- terials zum Gutstoff, und - Austragung des Spuckstoffs aus der Zer- faserungstrommel. 3. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet durch den Schritt der Abscheidung von Gas aus dem Gutstoff mit einer entgasenden Pum- pe. 4. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet durch den Schritt der Verdunnung des Materi- als im HC-Pulper auf eine Konsistenz von 12 bis 18 %. 5. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet durch den Schritt der Verdunnung des Materi- als in der Zerfaserungstrommel auf eine Konsi- stenz zwischen 8 und 12 %. 6. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daB die Dauer der Vorzerkleine- rung ungefahr 8 bis 15 Minuten ist. 7. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet durch den Schritt der Durchfuhrung der Sortie- rung in zwei Stufen. 8. Verfahren gemaB Anspruch 2, gekennzeichnet durch den Schritt der Abfuhrung des vorzer- kleinerten Materials als kontinuierlicher Strom in die Zerfaserungstrommel. 9. Vorrichtung zur Behandlung von Altpapier und 5 -pappe, insbesondere schwer zu zerfaserndem Material, wie Tetrapak oder ahnlichen poly- athylenbeschichteten Umschlagspapieren, wel- che Vorrichtung einen Vorzerkleinerer (4) oder einen sog. HC-Pulper, Material-Eingabemittel io (2) in den HC-Pulper, und Material-Austrags- mittel (14) aus dem HC-Pulper umfaBt, und ferner dadurch gekennzeichnet ist, daB sie - eine Zerfaserungstrommel (6) mit einem Weiterzerkleinerungsabschnitt (22) und is einem darin angeordneten getrennten Siebabschnitt (28, 28'), und - Austragsmittel (40, 44) fur Gut- und Spuckstoff umfaBt. 20 10. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daB es sich bei den Material- Austragsmitteln (14) urn ein mit einem Winkel von 35 bis 60° angeordneten Rohr mit einem daran angeordneten Ventil (16) handelt. 25 11. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daB der Weiterzerkleinerungsab- schnitt (22) der Zerfaserungstrommel (6) nicht- perforiert und zur Verbesserung der Homoge- 30 nisierung der Pulpe mit hauptsachlich axialen Rippen (24) und Prallblechen (30) versehen ist, welche Rippen und Prallbleche sich beide auf der Innenseite der Trommel (6) befinden. 35 12. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daB die Lange der Weiterzerklei- nerungszone (22) der Zerfaserungstrommel (6) zumindest dem Durchmesser der Trommel (6) entspricht. 40 13. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daB der Siebabschnitt (28') der Trommel zwei ineinander angeordnete perfo- rierte Trommeln (32, 34) aufweist. 45 14. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daB es innerhalb der Trommel (6) eine Trennwand (20) gibt, die zwischen Weiterzerkleinerungszone (22) und Siebab- 50 schnitt (28, 28') angeordnet ist, welche Trenn- wand mit einer Offnung (26 und einer Forder- schaufel oder dergleichen versehen ist zur Austragung des Materials aus der Weiterzer- kleinerungszone (22) zum Siebabschnitt (28, 55 28'). 15. Vorrichtung gemaB Anspruch 9, dadurch ge- kennzeichnet, daf3 es sich bei den Gutstoff- 6
  • 7. 11 EP 0 591 475 B1 12 Austragsmitteln um einen unterhalb des Sieb- abschnitts (28, 28') angeordneten Behalter (40) mit einer damit verbundenen entgasenden Kreiselpumpe (44) handelt. Revendicatlons 1. Procede de traitement de papier de recupera- tion et de carton, en particulier de materiau difficile a defibrer, tel que les empaquetages et emballages divers, les cartons ondules, les empaquetages recouverts de polythene, autres cartons recourverts de matiere plastique, les emballages Tetrapak et autres papiers enduits difficilement traitables, par disintegration initia- le du materiau a traiter de fagon que le mate- riau fibreux soit separe du plastique, des feuil- les de metal et d'autre materiau rejete, le pro- cede etant en outre caracterise par les etapes consistant - a desintegrer davantage ledit materiau de maniere que le materiau fibreux soit defibre jusqu'a ce qu'il puisse etre tami- se, et - a tamiser ledit materiau. 2. Procede selon la revendication 1, caracterise par les etapes suivantes de traitement consis- tant - a introduire le materiau a defibrer dans un triturateur HC, - a introduire du liquide de dillution dans le triturateur, - a executer la desintegration initiale dans le triturateur HC, - a evacuer le materiau non tamise initiale- ment desintegre dans le tambour de defi- brage pour la desintegration ulterieure, - a diluer la consistance du materiau de fagon a ce qu'elle convienne a la desin- tegration ulterieure, - a desintegrer davantage le materiau dans la zone de desintegration ulterieure du tambour de defibrage, - a homogeneiser la consistance du mate- riau dans la zone de desintegration ulte- rieure, - a evacuer le materiau dans la zone de tamisage, - a separer le materiau fibreux accepte dans la partie acceptee, et - a evacuer la partie rejetee du tambour de defibrage. 3. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise par I'etape consistant a separer du gaz de la partie acceptee a I'aide d'une pompe de dega- zage. 4. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise par I'etape consistant a diluer le materiau dans le triturateur HC jusqu'a une consistance com- prise entre 12% et 18%. 5 5. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise par I'etape consistant a diluer le materiau dans le tambour de defibrage jusqu'a une consistan- ce comprise entre 8% et 12%. 10 6. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise en ce que la duree de la desintegration initiale est de I'ordre de 8-15 minutes. 15 7. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise par I'etape consistant a executer le tamisage en deux etages. 8. Procede selon la revendication 2, caracterise 20 par I'etape consistant a evacuer le materiau initialement desintegre dans le tambour de de- fibrage en un courant continu. 9. Dispositif pour traiter du papier de recuperation 25 et du carton, particulierement du materiau diffi- cile a defibrer, tel que Tetrapak ou les papiers d'emballage similaires recouverts de polythe- ne, le dispositif comprenant : - un desintegrateur initial (4), ou ce qu'il 30 est convenu d'appeler un triturateur HC, - un moyen d'admission (2) du materiau au triturateur HC, et un moyen d'evacuation (14) du materiau 35 depuis le triturateur HC, et etant en outre caracterise en ce qu'il comprend un tambour de defibrage (6) avec une por- tion de desintegration ulterieure (22) et une portion de tamisage separee (28, 28') dispo- 40 sees a I'interieur de celui-ci, et des moyens d'evacuation de la partie acceptee et de rejet (40, 44). 10. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise 45 en ce que ledit moyen d'evacuation (14) du materiau est un tube dispose sous un angle de 35° -60° avec une vanne (16) disposee dans celui-ci. 50 11. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise en ce que la portion de desintegration ulterieu- re (22) du tambour de defibrage (6) est non perforee et elle presente des nervures sensi- blement axiales (24) et des deflecteurs (30) 55 pour ameliorer I'homogeneisation de la pate, ces nervures et deflecteurs etant menages a I'interieur du tambour (6). 7
  • 8. 13 EP 0 591 475 B1 14 12. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise en ce que la longueur de la portion de desinte- gration ulterieure (22) du tambour de defibrage (6) est au moins egale au diametre du tambour (6). 5 13. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise en ce que la portion de tamisage (28') du tambour comprend deux tambours perfores (32, 34), I'un situe a I'interieur de I'autre. w 14. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise en ce qu'il existe une cloison (20) a I'interieur du tambour (6), situee entre la portion de des- integration ulterieure (22) et la portion de tami- is sage (28, 28'), la cloison comportant une ou- verture (26) et une ecope de relevage ou simi- laire afin d'evacuer le materiau de la portion de desingegration ulterieure (22) vers la portion de tamisage (28, 28'). 20 15. Dispositif selon la revendication 9, caracterise en ce que le moyen d'evacuation de la partie acceptee est une enceinte (40) situee au-des- sous de la portion de tamisage (28, 28') avec 25 une pompe centrifuge de degazage (44) reliee a celle-ci. 30 35 40 45 50 55 8
  • 9. EP 0 591 475 B1 3
  • 10. EP 0 591 475 B1 10