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History of SEMA
Terminal Learning Objective
Action: Define the Origins of the Special
Electronic Mission Aircraft Community
Condition: In ...
Administrative Data
SAFETY REQUIREMENTS: NONE
RISK ASSESSMENT LEVEL: IV/E – Low
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS: No
Impact.
E...
Agenda
•Discuss Origins of the Special Electronic
Mission Aircraft Community
•Aircraft
•Systems
•Organization
Project 134
1957 G-134
T-Tail

1959 YAO-1AF

1960 OV-1A STOL
JOV-1A
Five Mohawk Companies in Vietnam

“Spuds” – 131st
“Redeyes” – 245th

“Phantom Hawks” – 225t
“Warriors” – 73rd
“Delta Hawks...
OV-1A

Mission: Visual and Photographic Surveillance
OV-1B

Mission: Visual, Photographic, and Side-Looking-Airborne-Radar
(SLAR) Surveillance
OV-1C

Mission: Visual, Photographic and Infrared Surveillance
OV-1D

Mission: Interchangeable between SLAR and Infrared Surveillance
Photographic Surveillance
RV-1D Quick Look

Mission: Advanced Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) Reconnaissance
“A SEMA Contributor”
The Badlands Again
The Bad Guys
The Good Guys

AN/PRD-1 Radio Direction Finder Operator
Enter the RU-6A (Beaver)

Mission: Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
Setting up…..getting ready!!!!!
RU-8 (Seminole)

Mission: Airborne Radio Direction Finding
The 509th Radio Research Group

Army Security Agency (ASA)
509th Radio Research Group (RRG)

138 AVN CO

144 AVN CO

146 AVN CO

156 AVN CO
224th Aviation Battalion (RR)

138th Avn Co

144th Avn Co

146th Avn Co

156th Avn Co

1st Avn EW Co
RP-2E (Neptune)
CRAZY CAT and CEFLIEN LION

Mission: EW Jamming, HF and VHF COMINT collection
CV-2B (Caribou)
PATHFINDER
or GOPHER DELTA

Mission: HF/VHF Collection and ARDF
RU-1 (Otter)

Mission: Airborne Collection and Radio Direction Finding
RU- 21D “Laffing Eagle”

Mission: Sophisticated Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
JU- 21A “Left Jab”

Mission: Sophisticated Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
YO-3A

Mission: SILENT STEALTH night reconnaissance
Split Focus

•
•
•
•

BACK IN CONUS-1970
ASAs NEW CONCEPTS
PROJECT LEFT FOOT
PROJECT CEFLY LANCER
PROJECT CEFIRM LEADER
PR...
UH-ID/H Left Bank
SEMA’s Helicopter Fleet
MULTEWS

QUICKFIX

QUICKFIX
LEFT BANK

SOTAS
Vietnam Cease Fire
JU-21A Left Jab & RU-21 Laffing Eagle
(7th RRFS)

Udorn ,Thailand
Accomplishments
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

MARCH 1962 – MARCH 1973
11 YRS
MEGA HOURS OF COVERAGE
5 KIA (LEFT JAB), 9 KIA (LEFT BANK)
“...
RU-21A to RU-21E Left Foot
RU-21J Cefly Lancer
RU-21 A, B, C

Cefirm Leader
RC-12G Crazy Horse
“Outline” For The Future
• DEDICATED AIRCRAFT PARTNER
• TRANSITION TO DF PODS
• MULTIPLE AIRCRAFT - ELECTRONICALLY CONNECT...
•GUARDRAILDEDICATED AIRCRAFT PARTNER
• TRANSITION TO DF PODS
•
• MULTIPLE AIRCRAFT - ELECTRONICALLY CONNECTED
• DEDICATED ...
115Kts, FL230, Zero Zero
GUARDRAIL V
VV
“The Transition”
1978

1977

1976

MI CO/DET (AS)

I

ASA

INSCOM

O
S

Mohawks

CEWI

S
INSCOM

501st MI
Group

3rd MI BN...
Remote Relay

V
Integrate …….why not???

GUARDLOOK

V

GUARDRAIL
with
COMINT

Mohawks
with
ELINT
GUARDRAIL COMMON SENSOR

Systems
2, 1

Systems
4, 3
RC-7 ARL (Crazy Hawk)
RC-7 Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
Imagery

SAR
Side Scanning RADAR

MTI

Collect, analyze, & disseminate
IMINT (MTI/SAR/...
The Aerial Exploitation
Battalion (AEB)

MISSION
The Aerial Exploitation Military Intelligence Battalion (AE) rapidly
depl...
The Five Aerial Exploitation
Battalions (AEB)
204TH MI BN (AE)
FT. BLISS, TX

1ST MI BN (AE)
GERMANY

224TH MI BN (AE)
SAV...
RC-12D/H

3RD MI BN, KOREA
RC-12K
RC-12D/H/K Cockpit
RC-12N
RC-12N/P Cockpit
RC-12 (X)

FORT HUACHUCA, AZ (X)
RC-12X Cockpit
Guardrail Modernization
RC-12X
Guardrail / GRCS
XX

Theater Level Asset
XX
X

XX

XX

XX

XX
X

X

“EYES AND EARS”
Deep Battle
COMINT / ELINT
Emitter Tar...
Guardrail / GRCS
• The Guardrail system has an unclassified range of 300NM from ground
station, to target
• The RC-12 is a...
Guardrail / GRCS
• The unclassified collection footprint is a 150 NM radius from the aircraft
geographic location
• Of the...
Student Checks
STUDENT CHECK
Q: Guardrail/GRCS is a _____ level asset?

A: Theater
Guardrail / GRCS
THREE OR MORE LINES OF BEARING (LOBs) USED
TO DETERMINE THE GEO-LOCATION OF AN EMITTER

FIX

GUARDRAIL IS...
Guardrail / GRCS
Six Major Sub Systems
RC-12 AIRCRAFT
AIRBORNE
RELAY
FACILITY
ARF
REPEATER WITH
TRACKERS (TCDL)
GR/CS SYST...
Doctrinal Employment
XX

XX
X

XX
XX DIV

XX
X

XXX

TAC

XX
TEB

XX

X

XX DIV

X

XX

X

XX

XX
DIV

XXX

X

CORPS
OPS

...
Employment Scenarios (Korea)
Local Mode (Direct Tether)

TCDL’s

Operator Facility

GGB Shelter (S-280)

Mission Operation...
Employment Scenarios (224th, 1st MI, 15th MI)

Remote Mode (Splt-Based)

30 Workstations Provided, 10 With
Capability to g...
Student Checks
STUDENT CHECK
Q: Where does the processing and reporting of
intelligence occur within the Guardrail/GRCS
Sy...
Guardrail / GRCS IS
• Getting locations directly to the shooters that need it
• The number 1 tactical producer of SIGINT i...
USAF MC-12W Liberty
Task Force ODIN
Desert Owl
Description
•
•
•
•
•

Army C-12 Aircraft
Mission Operation Altitude: 5K-14K feet
Endurance: 5.5 Hours
ASE/ Blu...
ARMS
( Airborne Reconnaissance Multi-Sensor System )

Description
•
•
•
•

Army C-12R Aircraft
Mission Operation Altitude:...
MARSS
(Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance
System)
Description
•
•
•
•
•

Benefits/Capabilities
• WESCAM MX-15...
E-MARSS

(Enhanced-Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance System)

Description
•
•
•
•
•

Army C-12 Aircraft
Miss...
Summary
More then Four Decades of
Questions?
………..Flying the Frontiers of Freedom

E
WIN
GED VIGI LANC
Sema History and Overview
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Sema History and Overview

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History of United States Army Aviation Special Electronic Mission Aircraft (SEMA) from the Vietnam conflict to date.

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Sema History and Overview

  1. 1. History of SEMA
  2. 2. Terminal Learning Objective Action: Define the Origins of the Special Electronic Mission Aircraft Community Condition: In a classroom without reference for the written exam. Standard: IAW the Guardrail student evaluation plan.
  3. 3. Administrative Data SAFETY REQUIREMENTS: NONE RISK ASSESSMENT LEVEL: IV/E – Low ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS: No Impact. Evaluation: This material may be evaluated in the Common Core Evaluation. Classification: Unclassified.
  4. 4. Agenda •Discuss Origins of the Special Electronic Mission Aircraft Community •Aircraft •Systems •Organization
  5. 5. Project 134 1957 G-134 T-Tail 1959 YAO-1AF 1960 OV-1A STOL
  6. 6. JOV-1A
  7. 7. Five Mohawk Companies in Vietnam “Spuds” – 131st “Redeyes” – 245th “Phantom Hawks” – 225t “Warriors” – 73rd “Delta Hawks” – 244th
  8. 8. OV-1A Mission: Visual and Photographic Surveillance
  9. 9. OV-1B Mission: Visual, Photographic, and Side-Looking-Airborne-Radar (SLAR) Surveillance
  10. 10. OV-1C Mission: Visual, Photographic and Infrared Surveillance
  11. 11. OV-1D Mission: Interchangeable between SLAR and Infrared Surveillance Photographic Surveillance
  12. 12. RV-1D Quick Look Mission: Advanced Electronic Intelligence (ELINT) Reconnaissance
  13. 13. “A SEMA Contributor”
  14. 14. The Badlands Again
  15. 15. The Bad Guys
  16. 16. The Good Guys AN/PRD-1 Radio Direction Finder Operator
  17. 17. Enter the RU-6A (Beaver) Mission: Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
  18. 18. Setting up…..getting ready!!!!!
  19. 19. RU-8 (Seminole) Mission: Airborne Radio Direction Finding
  20. 20. The 509th Radio Research Group Army Security Agency (ASA)
  21. 21. 509th Radio Research Group (RRG) 138 AVN CO 144 AVN CO 146 AVN CO 156 AVN CO
  22. 22. 224th Aviation Battalion (RR) 138th Avn Co 144th Avn Co 146th Avn Co 156th Avn Co 1st Avn EW Co
  23. 23. RP-2E (Neptune) CRAZY CAT and CEFLIEN LION Mission: EW Jamming, HF and VHF COMINT collection
  24. 24. CV-2B (Caribou) PATHFINDER or GOPHER DELTA Mission: HF/VHF Collection and ARDF
  25. 25. RU-1 (Otter) Mission: Airborne Collection and Radio Direction Finding
  26. 26. RU- 21D “Laffing Eagle” Mission: Sophisticated Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
  27. 27. JU- 21A “Left Jab” Mission: Sophisticated Airborne Radio Direction Finding (ARDF)
  28. 28. YO-3A Mission: SILENT STEALTH night reconnaissance
  29. 29. Split Focus • • • • BACK IN CONUS-1970 ASAs NEW CONCEPTS PROJECT LEFT FOOT PROJECT CEFLY LANCER PROJECT CEFIRM LEADER PROJECT GUARDRAIL
  30. 30. UH-ID/H Left Bank
  31. 31. SEMA’s Helicopter Fleet MULTEWS QUICKFIX QUICKFIX LEFT BANK SOTAS
  32. 32. Vietnam Cease Fire
  33. 33. JU-21A Left Jab & RU-21 Laffing Eagle (7th RRFS) Udorn ,Thailand
  34. 34. Accomplishments • • • • • • • MARCH 1962 – MARCH 1973 11 YRS MEGA HOURS OF COVERAGE 5 KIA (LEFT JAB), 9 KIA (LEFT BANK) “ELECTRONIC HIGH GROUND” IT WORKED HI/LO MIX NEW CAREER FIELD
  35. 35. RU-21A to RU-21E Left Foot
  36. 36. RU-21J Cefly Lancer
  37. 37. RU-21 A, B, C Cefirm Leader
  38. 38. RC-12G Crazy Horse
  39. 39. “Outline” For The Future • DEDICATED AIRCRAFT PARTNER • TRANSITION TO DF PODS • MULTIPLE AIRCRAFT - ELECTRONICALLY CONNECTED • DEDICATED GROUND PROCESSING VAN - LECTRONICALLY CONNECTED • CONNECTIVITY AND REPORTING - ELECTRONICALLY CONNECTED • TO&E ASSIGNED TO BATTLEFIELD CHAIN OF COMMAND • EXTENDING PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE OF EMERGING INTELLIGENCE AVAITORS
  40. 40. •GUARDRAILDEDICATED AIRCRAFT PARTNER • TRANSITION TO DF PODS • • MULTIPLE AIRCRAFT - ELECTRONICALLY CONNECTED • DEDICATED GROUND PROCESSING VAN - LECTRONICALLY CONNECTED • CONNECTIVITY AND REPORTING - ELECTRONICALLY CONNECTED • TO&E ASSIGNED TO BATTLEFIELD CHAIN OF COMMAND • EXTENDING PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE OF EMERGING INTELLIGENCE AVAITORS
  41. 41. 115Kts, FL230, Zero Zero
  42. 42. GUARDRAIL V VV
  43. 43. “The Transition” 1978 1977 1976 MI CO/DET (AS) I ASA INSCOM O S Mohawks CEWI S INSCOM 501st MI Group 3rd MI BN (AE) (146th AVN Co & 704th MIDAS) Korea FORSCOM 641st AVN BN Reserves Ft Lewis, WA Aerial Exploitation Battalion WN I GE NCE D VIGILA 66th MI Group 2nd MI BN (AE) (330th EW & 73rd AS COs) Germany 205th MI BDE 1st MI BN (AE) 144th ASA Germany 525th MI Group 504th MI Group 15th MI BN (AE) 156th ASA CO & 131st AS CO III Corps CONUS 224th MI BN (AE) 224th ASA CO XVIII Abn Corps CONUS 151st AVN BN Reserves Atlanta, GA
  44. 44. Remote Relay V
  45. 45. Integrate …….why not??? GUARDLOOK V GUARDRAIL with COMINT Mohawks with ELINT
  46. 46. GUARDRAIL COMMON SENSOR Systems 2, 1 Systems 4, 3
  47. 47. RC-7 ARL (Crazy Hawk)
  48. 48. RC-7 Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Imagery SAR Side Scanning RADAR MTI Collect, analyze, & disseminate IMINT (MTI/SAR/FMV) AEB CORP S A ARM Y AIR FIELD
  49. 49. The Aerial Exploitation Battalion (AEB) MISSION The Aerial Exploitation Military Intelligence Battalion (AE) rapidly deploys from the Region to contingency AORs and conducts Aerial Reconnaissance Intelligence Electronic Warfare operations in support of The Military Intelligence Theater Brigade throughout the full spectrum of military operations.
  50. 50. The Five Aerial Exploitation Battalions (AEB) 204TH MI BN (AE) FT. BLISS, TX 1ST MI BN (AE) GERMANY 224TH MI BN (AE) SAVANNAH, GA 15TH MI BN (AE) FT. HOOD, TX 3RD MI BN (AE) REPUBLIC OF KOREA
  51. 51. RC-12D/H 3RD MI BN, KOREA
  52. 52. RC-12K
  53. 53. RC-12D/H/K Cockpit
  54. 54. RC-12N
  55. 55. RC-12N/P Cockpit
  56. 56. RC-12 (X) FORT HUACHUCA, AZ (X)
  57. 57. RC-12X Cockpit
  58. 58. Guardrail Modernization RC-12X
  59. 59. Guardrail / GRCS XX Theater Level Asset XX X XX XX XX XX X X “EYES AND EARS” Deep Battle COMINT / ELINT Emitter Targets XX X X XX X No “On-Board” Operators TCDL’s Collection / Reporting Mission Operations Facility (MOF) System Description
  60. 60. Guardrail / GRCS • The Guardrail system has an unclassified range of 300NM from ground station, to target • The RC-12 is an all weather high altitude (30,000-35,000 ft) aircraft with a 4 to 5 hour mission time • The Guardrail flies multi-aircraft missions with 2-3 aircraft. Target BIHAC BIHAC Ground station (MOF) 150 NM PRIJEDOR BRCKO BANJA LUKA DOBOJ BRCKO DOBOJ BANJA LUKA TUZLA ZVORNIK ZENICA TUZLA M. GRAD ZENICA JAJCE BUGOJNO GORAZDE SARAJEVO SARAJEVO MOSTAR 150 NM MOSTAR BILECA BILECA
  61. 61. Guardrail / GRCS • The unclassified collection footprint is a 150 NM radius from the aircraft geographic location • Of the six primary intelligence tasks (MI-METL) Guardrail provides: •Peace time operations = Indications and Warnings •War time operations = Target Intelligence (Target Development / Support to Targeting) 150 NM(radius from aircraft) 300NM diameter
  62. 62. Student Checks STUDENT CHECK Q: Guardrail/GRCS is a _____ level asset? A: Theater
  63. 63. Guardrail / GRCS THREE OR MORE LINES OF BEARING (LOBs) USED TO DETERMINE THE GEO-LOCATION OF AN EMITTER FIX GUARDRAIL IS THE ONLY SIGINT ASSET THAT FLYS 2-3 AIRCRAFT PER MISSION
  64. 64. Guardrail / GRCS Six Major Sub Systems RC-12 AIRCRAFT AIRBORNE RELAY FACILITY ARF REPEATER WITH TRACKERS (TCDL) GR/CS SYSTEMS 1, 2, 4 Satellite Link Forward TACTICAL MEDIUM EARTH TERMINAL (TMET) GR/CS SYSTEMS 1, 2, 4 Rear GUARDRAIL GROUND BASELINE (GGB) AUXILIARY GROUND EQUIPMENT (AGE) VAN MISSION OPERATION FACILITY
  65. 65. Doctrinal Employment XX XX X XX XX DIV XX X XXX TAC XX TEB XX X XX DIV X XX X XX XX DIV XXX X CORPS OPS TCDL’s ACE AEB EW MOF
  66. 66. Employment Scenarios (Korea) Local Mode (Direct Tether) TCDL’s Operator Facility GGB Shelter (S-280) Mission Operations Facility (MOF) • GGB Forward Elements are in a SCIF • No Satellite Connectivity Exists • Intelligence Operations in the Forward Area 2/2/06 UNCLASSIFIED 107AISR.2.021
  67. 67. Employment Scenarios (224th, 1st MI, 15th MI) Remote Mode (Splt-Based) 30 Workstations Provided, 10 With Capability to go Forward TCDL’s GGB TMET TST • Split-Based Option • GGB Forward Elements are in a SCIF 2/2/06 Mission Operations Facility (MOF) UNCLASSIFIED 107AISR.2.022
  68. 68. Student Checks STUDENT CHECK Q: Where does the processing and reporting of intelligence occur within the Guardrail/GRCS System? A: Mission Operations Facility* (MOF)
  69. 69. Guardrail / GRCS IS • Getting locations directly to the shooters that need it • The number 1 tactical producer of SIGINT in theater • Able to be dynamically re-tasked using multiple tracks to focus on specific target areas and AORS BOTTOM LINE IS THAT WE SAVE LIVES EVERY MISSION!
  70. 70. USAF MC-12W Liberty
  71. 71. Task Force ODIN
  72. 72. Desert Owl Description • • • • • Army C-12 Aircraft Mission Operation Altitude: 5K-14K feet Endurance: 5.5 Hours ASE/ Blue Force Tracker Aircrew of four: two pilots and up to two onboard analysts who provide real-time imagery analysis for the warfighter on the ground Benefits/Capabilities Status • WESCAM MX-15 –Enhanced FLIR –Laser Illuminator/Designator –NRT FMV downlink to OSRVT •SAR radar for IED change detection. •Capability to send the data to any command level in the theater • 1 OIF Systems Operational • CDRT – NICHE • SRI is the integrator for Desert Owl
  73. 73. ARMS ( Airborne Reconnaissance Multi-Sensor System ) Description • • • • Army C-12R Aircraft Mission Operation Altitude: 5K-14K feet Endurance: 5.5 Hours ASE/ Blue Force Tracker Benefits/Capabilities • WESCAM MX-15 –Enhanced FLIR –Laser Illuminator/Designator –NRT FMV downlink to OSRVT • Digital Pan Camera (PeARL) Capable of high resolution mapping Change Detection Spatial and Spectral filtering STATUS • 10 Systems Operational • Additional Systems Being Procured for TFO-A • Will be designated as MARSS • CDRT - NICHE
  74. 74. MARSS (Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance System) Description • • • • • Benefits/Capabilities • WESCAM MX-15 –Enhanced FLIR –Laser Illuminator/Designator –NRT FMV downlink to OSRVT •Airborne intelligence and C4I system that can conduct at the same time Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). •Communication Intelligence (COMINT) to provide real-time Electronic Order of Battle (EOB) for all communications networks and radars in the theater. •Capability to send the data to any command level in the theater Army C-12 Aircraft Mission Operation Altitude: 5K-14K feet Endurance: 5.5 Hours ASE/ Blue Force Tracker Aircrew of four: two pilots and up to two onboard analysts who provide real-time imagery analysis for the warfighter on the ground Status • 2 OEF Systems Operational • 4 additional Systems in retrofit • CDRT - NICHE
  75. 75. E-MARSS (Enhanced-Medium Altitude Reconnaissance and Surveillance System) Description • • • • • Army C-12 Aircraft Mission Operation Altitude: 5K-14K feet Endurance: 5.5 Hours ASE/ Blue Force Tracker Aircrew of four: two pilots and up to two onboard analysts who provide real-time imagery analysis for the warfighter on the ground Benefits/Capabilities Status • WESCAM MX-15 –Enhanced FLIR –Laser Illuminator/Designator –NRT FMV downlink to OSRVT •Under development •Initial 4 aircraft •Airborne intelligence and C4I system that can conduct at the same time Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). •Communication Intelligence (COMINT) systems to provide real-time Electronic Order of Battle (EOB) for all communications networks and radars in the theater. •Capability to send the data to any command level in the theater UNDER DEVLOPMENT
  76. 76. Summary
  77. 77. More then Four Decades of Questions? ………..Flying the Frontiers of Freedom E WIN GED VIGI LANC

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