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Writing process

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Writing process

  1. 1. Did you experience the following: <ul><li>Duplication of effort </li></ul><ul><li>False starts </li></ul><ul><li>Changes direction </li></ul><ul><li>Wasted time </li></ul><ul><li>Outright blunders </li></ul>
  2. 2. Writing process
  3. 3. Common Fears <ul><li>I don’t know how to say it </li></ul><ul><li>My thoughts may not be worth saying </li></ul><ul><li>What if my grammar’s all wrong </li></ul><ul><li>What if i make a mistake </li></ul>
  4. 4. Writing is a process. Writing is a matter of experience.
  5. 5. Finding a topic <ul><li>That interest you personally </li></ul><ul><li>That you are knowledgeable </li></ul><ul><li>Gather by </li></ul><ul><li>reading, </li></ul><ul><li>interviewing, </li></ul><ul><li>sharing, </li></ul><ul><li>listening </li></ul><ul><li>talking to </li></ul><ul><li>yourself </li></ul>
  6. 6. sources <ul><li>Memory </li></ul><ul><li>Experiences </li></ul><ul><li>Goals </li></ul><ul><li>Dreams </li></ul>
  7. 7. Prewriting <ul><li>Sifting through a number of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Restricting the scope </li></ul><ul><li>Devising an arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>Determine the language and tone </li></ul>
  8. 8. Restricting the scope <ul><li>Strategy : clustering </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul>enemies friends School student
  9. 9. Devising an arrangement <ul><li>Chronological order </li></ul><ul><li>Logical Order </li></ul><ul><li>Order of importance </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial order </li></ul><ul><li>Cause and effect </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental order </li></ul><ul><li>Comparison & contrast </li></ul>
  10. 10. The time line
  11. 11. Qualities of an effective paragraph <ul><li>Unity & cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>In each paragraph there is </li></ul><ul><li>A single experience </li></ul><ul><li>A unit of thought </li></ul>
  12. 12. Cohesion & coherence <ul><ul><ul><li>Are the thoughts hanging together? How? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Connective words such as conjunctions </li></ul><ul><li>- Pronouns looking back to antecedent </li></ul><ul><li>- Repetition of key words </li></ul>
  13. 13. Development of your thoughts
  14. 14. Where is the topic sentence? <ul><li>At the beginning </li></ul><ul><li>At the end </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  15. 15. Recall <ul><li>“Alice” & “Car Chase” follow a chronological arrangement </li></ul><ul><li>“The Rope” & “Helen” are chronological but the topic sentence or theme is found at the end. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Begin with a topic sentence Theme or topic sentence first <ul><li>To make the reader know what the writer is trying to say </li></ul><ul><li>To help the reader see how each detail contributes to the development </li></ul>
  17. 17. End with a theme or topic Sentence Topic sentence last <ul><li>Purposely the topic sentence is withheld until the last to gain emphasis or to allow the writer to present his evidence before he announces his topic. </li></ul>
  18. 18. How do you present your main thoughts? How does each of your paragraph begin <ul><li>With supporting details at the beginning? </li></ul><ul><li>With a topic sentence (an assertion such as your beliefs, </li></ul><ul><li>with descriptions crating a dominant impression, etc . </li></ul>
  19. 19. Where is you topic sentence? <ul><li>How do you begin? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the arrangement of your ideas? </li></ul><ul><li>How is the development of your composition? </li></ul>

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