DEQ Citizen Steering Committee South Deschutes &
North Klamath Counties
June 20, 2013
1
Agenda
 Introductions
 The Committee Activities
 Solution Scenarios
 Recommendations
2
Groundwater concerns over time
Where are you?
3
In 1949 "According to a nationwide survey:
More doctors smoke Camels than any other cigarette."
4
How did we dispose of chemicals?
In the 60’s, we disposed of chemicals such as:
 Paint
 Gasoline
 Paint thinner
 Used ...
We now know
 Substances poured on the ground or otherwise
introduced, often end up in the groundwater
 Substances in gro...
Where the committee started
 Steering Committee has been meeting at least
monthly for over 2 years
 Our purpose:
…provid...
Committee Activities
 Viewed presentation about:
 Health impacts
 Well test results and data trends
 The local environ...
Where we started
9
Sources of contamination
 Highly water soluble chemicals, including:
 Phosphates
 Pharmaceuticals
 Household cleaners ...
Our environment
 Porous soil
 Shallow groundwater
 Shallow wells susceptible
to contamination
 All onsite septic syste...
Real estate transaction (RET) well tests
12
Impacts
 Health concerns
 Property values
 Ability to sell properties
 Our environment
13
What do we do?
Solution Scenarios
1. Do nothing
2. Solve for drinking water only
3. Monitor groundwater
4. Develop a phase...
Do nothing
Currently, ATT Systems are required to be installed in
most areas as existing systems fail
Possible Outcomes Un...
Drinking Water and Groundwater
 Groundwater is found in
layers
 Gravity pulls the water down
 The lowest levels have th...
Solve for drinking water only
Public water systems eliminate health risk to drinking water
Possible Outcomes Unknowns
 El...
Monitor groundwater
Implement a regular groundwater testing program to
reveal contamination trends
Possible Outcomes Unkno...
Phased septic solutions
Implement septic solutions base on level of risk
Possible Outcomes Unknowns
 Costs are incurred a...
“One size fits all”
Require all lots to employ the same solution
Possible Outcomes Unknowns
 Inefficient: over-solve some...
Draft Recommendations
 Goal 11 exception to allow public systems
 Groundwater Monitoring
 Governance to monitor, manage...
Recommendation:
Goal 11 Exception
 Allow rural properties to connect to sewers or install
community systems
 Better trea...
Recommendation:
Groundwater Monitoring
 Test groundwater over time
 Design testing to:
 Effectively monitor contaminati...
Recommendation:
Governance Entity
 Groundwater Monitor
 Assist neighborhoods to implement community waste
water systems ...
 For the next 5 years ATT systems will not be required
 Systems can be repaired without upgrade
 Moratorium end criteri...
Recommendation:
Livestock (Deschutes County Only)
 Ordinance: limit number of livestock per acre
(Klamath ordinance is: 2...
Recommendation:
Point Sources
 Point Sources (nurseries, golf courses)
 Investigate establishing a permitting/groundwate...
Recommendation:
Community Education
 To ensure ongoing community involvement with
groundwater protection an outreach comm...
Recommendation:
Green Solutions
 There are many innovating approaches being
developed to deal with human waste.
 We must...
Recommendation:
Groundwater Monitoring Funding
 The DEQ shall pursue all sustainable funding for
groundwater monitoring (...
Long-Term Solution- To a Long-Term Problem
31
Goal 11 Exception
To provide solutions
that will protect ground
& drinking w...
Groundwater concerns over time
Where are you?
32
Contact co-chair DEQ citizen Advisory committee:
John - jblakinger@gmail.com or 541-593-9394
33
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Groundwater protection recommendations

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The citizen advisory committee for DEQ slide show that describe what has transpired and draft recommendations

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  • Every individual experiences a progression of reactions or stages when confronted with a problem. These stages are a gauge of the level of commitment the person has toward resolving the problemFirst: What “What are you talking about?” Second: No “No! That is not a problem for me – I’ve got other things to worry about”Third: Oh “Oh that will impact me, I guess I need to do something”Fourth: Whoa “Whoa, are these the only alternatives – I don’t like any of them”Fifth: Let’s Go “Let’s go, we picked the best alternative”Where are you on this curve?
  • Over 113,000 doctors surveyed
  • The first few meetings
  • The first few meetings we talked about a little bit of everything.To add focus to our meetings we broke the issue into 4 areasDescribe on another slide speakers/ findings and experiences
  • Note: Joint USGS Evaluation of Approaches for Managing Nitrate Loading from On-Site Wastewater Systems near La Pine, Oregon. Scientific Investigations Report 2007-5237
  • Real Estate Transaction well testsBlue less 1mg nitrates/literGreen 1 – 3Yellow 3 – 6Orange 6 – 10Red 10 and above
  • Could have multiple solutions
  • Goal 11 is a State land use rule that states public systems cannot be installed in rural areasDescribe the difference between drinking water and groundwater
  • Every individual experiences a progression of reactions or stages when confronted with a problem. These stages are a gauge of the level of commitment the person has toward resolving the problemFirst: What “What are you talking about?” Second: No “No! That is not a problem for me – I’ve got other things to worry about”Third: Oh “Oh that will impact me, I guess I need to do something”Fourth: Whoa “Whoa, are these the only alternatives – I don’t like any of them”Fifth: Let’s Go “Let’s go, we picked the best alternative”Where are you on this curve?
  • Groundwater protection recommendations

    1. 1. DEQ Citizen Steering Committee South Deschutes & North Klamath Counties June 20, 2013 1
    2. 2. Agenda  Introductions  The Committee Activities  Solution Scenarios  Recommendations 2
    3. 3. Groundwater concerns over time Where are you? 3
    4. 4. In 1949 "According to a nationwide survey: More doctors smoke Camels than any other cigarette." 4
    5. 5. How did we dispose of chemicals? In the 60’s, we disposed of chemicals such as:  Paint  Gasoline  Paint thinner  Used motor oil By pouring them on the ground Seemed like a good way to clean out the garage! 5
    6. 6. We now know  Substances poured on the ground or otherwise introduced, often end up in the groundwater  Substances in groundwater can:  Flow into rivers  Flow into drinking water wells 6
    7. 7. Where the committee started  Steering Committee has been meeting at least monthly for over 2 years  Our purpose: …provide recommendations to the DEQ on how to best protect the groundwater and prevent groundwater contamination of surface waters in the area … Committee members are volunteers, working together to achieve an outcome that is mutually acceptable and which satisfies, to the greatest degree possible, the interests of all citizens in the … area 7
    8. 8. Committee Activities  Viewed presentation about:  Health impacts  Well test results and data trends  The local environment  Possible solutions  USGS Study  Toured sanitation systems in the area  Published outreach articles  Developed outreach program and held initial outreach events  Formulated initial recommendation 8
    9. 9. Where we started 9
    10. 10. Sources of contamination  Highly water soluble chemicals, including:  Phosphates  Pharmaceuticals  Household cleaners and personal care products  Nitrates (a marker for other contaminants at low test cost and EPA has a maximum allowable level 10mg/l )  Herbicides  Potential contributors:  Livestock  Fertilizer & Herbicides  Septic systems  Ancient buried forests  Most contaminants in our area come from human septic waste * * USGS Evaluation of Approaches for Managing Nitrate Loading from On-Site Wastewater Systems near La Pine OR. Scientific Investigations Report 2007-523710
    11. 11. Our environment  Porous soil  Shallow groundwater  Shallow wells susceptible to contamination  All onsite septic systems discharge contaminants:  Leach line/drainfield  Sand filter  ATT  Any water soluble substance put on the ground 11
    12. 12. Real estate transaction (RET) well tests 12
    13. 13. Impacts  Health concerns  Property values  Ability to sell properties  Our environment 13
    14. 14. What do we do? Solution Scenarios 1. Do nothing 2. Solve for drinking water only 3. Monitor groundwater 4. Develop a phased approach to septic solutions 5. “One size fits all” 14
    15. 15. Do nothing Currently, ATT Systems are required to be installed in most areas as existing systems fail Possible Outcomes Unknowns  Government agency may require earlier deployment  Ongoing well contamination  Discharge into rivers may become a problem  Public health problems may occur  High cost to individuals when systems fail  High costs may be incurred if a management area is declared  Only ATT options available  What is the rate of contamination?  What is the impact to the river?  If groundwater becomes highly contaminated, what is the effect on properties, tourism and economic development? 15
    16. 16. Drinking Water and Groundwater  Groundwater is found in layers  Gravity pulls the water down  The lowest levels have the oldest water  Drinking water can be drawn from any layer of groundwater 16
    17. 17. Solve for drinking water only Public water systems eliminate health risk to drinking water Possible Outcomes Unknowns  Eliminate risks to drinking water  Government agency may require groundwater protection  Groundwater contamination may affect rivers  ATT systems will still be required as systems fail  Can we allow continued groundwater contamination?  How will the public water system be managed?  How will the cost of a public water system be covered?  Would a public system require a Goal 11 exception? * * Goal 11 is a State land use rule that prohibits public systems in rural areas 17
    18. 18. Monitor groundwater Implement a regular groundwater testing program to reveal contamination trends Possible Outcomes Unknowns  More and better data on groundwater contamination  Data may indicate something more must be done  Data may indicate nothing more must be done  What is the design of the program?  How will the program be managed?  How will the cost of the program be covered? 18
    19. 19. Phased septic solutions Implement septic solutions base on level of risk Possible Outcomes Unknowns  Costs are incurred as needed  Multiple solutions deployed (most effective and cost effective)  Solutions in one area may reduce the need for solutions in other areas  How will the high risk areas be determined?  How will the approach be managed?  How will the solution costs be shared and covered?  What are the solution options? 19
    20. 20. “One size fits all” Require all lots to employ the same solution Possible Outcomes Unknowns  Inefficient: over-solve some areas and under-solve others  High cost  Why would we choose this? 20
    21. 21. Draft Recommendations  Goal 11 exception to allow public systems  Groundwater Monitoring  Governance to monitor, manage and finance  ATT Moratorium  Livestock limit per acre  Monitor point (of contamination) sources  Community education  Allow green and sustainable solutions  Statement of impact to areas outside the affected area 21
    22. 22. Recommendation: Goal 11 Exception  Allow rural properties to connect to sewers or install community systems  Better treatment of contaminants beyond nitrates than ATT  Maintenance of systems managed by the community  Why we should be given an exception?  Lots were platted prior to land use goals  Now area is zoned for 10 acre lots  Of more than 14000 lots (without sewer) 58% are 1 acre or less 82% are 2 acre or less  This goal 11 exception would not mandate a system be installed. 22
    23. 23. Recommendation: Groundwater Monitoring  Test groundwater over time  Design testing to:  Effectively monitor contamination trends  Lowest cost  Pattern after DEQ monitoring approaches used in other locations Funding:  DEQ pursue all sustainable funding options including statewide monitoring programs 23
    24. 24. Recommendation: Governance Entity  Groundwater Monitor  Assist neighborhoods to implement community waste water systems (goal 11 exception required)  Provide maintenance for community waste water and on-site septic systems  Financing of activities through grants, loans and taxes  Manage performance based standards (green solutions)  Manage the overall basin nitrate (contaminant) load 24
    25. 25.  For the next 5 years ATT systems will not be required  Systems can be repaired without upgrade  Moratorium end criteria that the community must address  Goal 11 exception in place  Monitoring program in place  Governance entity in place  The governance entity with DEQ will determine what to do at the end of the moratorium.  If the moratorium end criteria are not met. All repairs and new installs done during the moratorium must upgrade  The moratorium would apply to new development 25 Recommendation: ATT Moratorium
    26. 26. Recommendation: Livestock (Deschutes County Only)  Ordinance: limit number of livestock per acre (Klamath ordinance is: 2 large animals (horse, etc.) and 24 small animals (chickens, etc. not dogs or cats) per acre.  Educate owners how to:  manage waste  dispose of deceased livestock 26
    27. 27. Recommendation: Point Sources  Point Sources (nurseries, golf courses)  Investigate establishing a permitting/groundwater monitoring program for all golf courses, nurseries and other point sources  RV and Manufactured/mobile Home Parks.  Require equivalent treatment as residential  Require a Water Pollution Control Facilities Permit for new and existing properties. 27
    28. 28. Recommendation: Community Education  To ensure ongoing community involvement with groundwater protection an outreach committee should be formed that will  Identify and outreach opportunities  Coordinate outreach delivery. Members from the current committee may be called on to participate in or lead the outreach events  Maintain and improve outreach materials  This committee should have access to enough funding to make outreach successful 28
    29. 29. Recommendation: Green Solutions  There are many innovating approaches being developed to deal with human waste.  We must be allowed to use new and better approaches when they are appropriate to the area.  Composting toilets as part of the grey water permitting established in Oregon.  Other performance based alternative solutions like contained wetlands should be allowed 29
    30. 30. Recommendation: Groundwater Monitoring Funding  The DEQ shall pursue all sustainable funding for groundwater monitoring (including state and federal programs) 30 Disadvantaged Community Financing Solutions  The DEQ shall research how other states have established financial aid for sewage treatment and propose an approach for Oregon
    31. 31. Long-Term Solution- To a Long-Term Problem 31 Goal 11 Exception To provide solutions that will protect ground & drinking water Monitoring To determine where solutions must be installed Governance To manage and finance monitoring and solution installation ATT Moratorium Prevent spending on ineffective systems and provide time for people to adopt real solutions The Solution Mechanism to Get There
    32. 32. Groundwater concerns over time Where are you? 32
    33. 33. Contact co-chair DEQ citizen Advisory committee: John - jblakinger@gmail.com or 541-593-9394 33

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