Erika Finkler Housing Discrimination as a Barrier to Affordable Housing
Agenda <ul><li>Housing Discrimination under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is Covered? </li></ul></u...
Who is Covered? <ul><li>Protected Classes:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Race  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disability  </li></ul><...
Jurisdiction of the Act <ul><li>Law of the Land: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies to unsubsidized (market rate) and subsidize...
Actions Prohibited by the Act  <ul><li>Failure to Rent or Sell  </li></ul><ul><li>Differential Treatment </li></ul><ul><li...
Failure to Rent or Sell  <ul><li>Landlord claims that apartment is no longer available </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord won’t se...
Differential Treatment <ul><li>Landlord won’t repair items in your apartment but will in apartments of tenants not in same...
Discriminatory Statements <ul><li>Can be verbal, letters, emails, advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>“ Adults only” </li></u...
Steering <ul><li>Landlord places families with children on the ground level floors of the building </li></ul><ul><li>Landl...
Retaliation <ul><li>Landlord sends a non-renewal or eviction notice after the tenant files a complaint with HUD </li></ul>...
Reasonable Accommodations/Modifications <ul><li>Reasonable Accommodations – Residents with disabilities have the right to ...
Disability Definition <ul><li>The Act defines a person with a disability to include:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals wi...
Reasonable Accommodations <ul><li>Don’t need to use the phrase “reasonable accommodation” or “reasonable modification” </l...
Reasonable Modifications <ul><li>Responsibility for cost of modifications depends on whether there are federal funds invol...
Filing a Complaint  <ul><li>Region V intake: call 1-800-765-9372 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington DC intake: call 1-800-669-97...
Housing Discrimination as a Barrier to Affordable Housing <ul><li>Cases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.justice.gov/crt/...
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Erika Finkler - Housing and Urban Development

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Housing and Urban Development presentation from One Minneapolis: A Call to Action! conference December 2, 2011 hosted by the Minneapolis Department of Civil Rights

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Erika Finkler - Housing and Urban Development

  1. 1. Erika Finkler Housing Discrimination as a Barrier to Affordable Housing
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Housing Discrimination under the Fair Housing Act (FHA) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who is Covered? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jurisdiction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Actions Prohibited </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Filing a Complaint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Housing Discrimination as a Barrier to Affordable Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cases </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Who is Covered? <ul><li>Protected Classes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Origin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Color </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Families with Children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Jurisdiction of the Act <ul><li>Law of the Land: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applies to unsubsidized (market rate) and subsidized properties </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Needs to be a violation of the Act </li></ul><ul><li>Needs to be within one year of the alleged discriminatory act </li></ul><ul><li>Other local ordinances and the Minnesota Human Rights Act </li></ul>
  5. 5. Actions Prohibited by the Act <ul><li>Failure to Rent or Sell </li></ul><ul><li>Differential Treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Discriminatory Statements </li></ul><ul><li>Steering </li></ul><ul><li>Retaliation </li></ul><ul><li>Not allowing a reasonable accommodation/modification </li></ul>
  6. 6. Failure to Rent or Sell <ul><li>Landlord claims that apartment is no longer available </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord won’t set up appointment to view apartment or real estate agent won’t show a property </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord denies your application but not those of another protected class </li></ul>
  7. 7. Differential Treatment <ul><li>Landlord won’t repair items in your apartment but will in apartments of tenants not in same protected class </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord requires an extra deposit for families with children or those with motorized scooters (disabled) </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord only evicts certain classes of tenants </li></ul>
  8. 8. Discriminatory Statements <ul><li>Can be verbal, letters, emails, advertisements </li></ul><ul><li>“ Adults only” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Able-bodied” or “Independent Living” </li></ul><ul><li>“ English only” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I don’t rent to families with small children” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Steering <ul><li>Landlord places families with children on the ground level floors of the building </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord places all the African American families in the building furthest from the road </li></ul><ul><li>Realtor suggests that the prospective buyer might feel more comfortable in certain neighborhoods or only shows houses to a buyer in certain neighborhoods </li></ul>
  10. 10. Retaliation <ul><li>Landlord sends a non-renewal or eviction notice after the tenant files a complaint with HUD </li></ul><ul><li>Landlord begins to send unwarranted lease violation notices once the tenant stands up for his/her fair housing rights and/or those of others in the building </li></ul>
  11. 11. Reasonable Accommodations/Modifications <ul><li>Reasonable Accommodations – Residents with disabilities have the right to request a change or exception to a rule/policy/procedure that is necessary to afford a person with a disability the equal opportunity to use and enjoy a dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable Modifications – Residents with disabilities have the right to request modifications to the physical aspects of their unit or the common areas of a building to afford such persons full enjoyment of the premises </li></ul>
  12. 12. Disability Definition <ul><li>The Act defines a person with a disability to include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals who are regarded as having such an impairment; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individuals with a record of such an impairment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major life activities include: seeing, hearing, walking, breathing, performing manual tasks, speaking, learning, caring for one’s self </li></ul>
  13. 13. Reasonable Accommodations <ul><li>Don’t need to use the phrase “reasonable accommodation” or “reasonable modification” </li></ul><ul><li>Requests must be related to the disability and reasonable (not a financial or administratvie burden, does not fundamentally alter operation/program) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailing rent to office, instead of dropping it off </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Companion/Service animal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra time to get apartment cleaned </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Reasonable Modifications <ul><li>Responsibility for cost of modifications depends on whether there are federal funds involved </li></ul><ul><li>The disability has to be related to the need and must be reasonable (not an administrative or financial burden, does not fundamentally alter operation/program) </li></ul><ul><li>Examples include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Installing grab bars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Installing accessible ramp to dwelling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widening doors </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Filing a Complaint <ul><li>Region V intake: call 1-800-765-9372 </li></ul><ul><li>Washington DC intake: call 1-800-669-9777 </li></ul><ul><li>Or file on the HUD website, www.hud.gov or at: https://www5.hud.gov/Hud903/main/pagHUD903Form.jsp </li></ul><ul><li>My contact information: 612-370-3000, ext. 2131, or Erika.S.Finkler@hud.gov </li></ul>
  16. 16. Housing Discrimination as a Barrier to Affordable Housing <ul><li>Cases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/hce/documents/beckcomp.pdf - United States v. Pearl Beck and Gregory Beck (D. Minn) 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/hce/documents/milwaukeecomp.php United States v. City of Milwaukee (E.D. Wis) 1997 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.justice.gov/crt/about/hce/documents/milwaukeecomp.php United States v. City of New Berlin (E.D. Wis.) 2011 </li></ul></ul>

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